The permission bit in a file mode that allows a file to be run as a program. Also, questions related the format of program files, and to locating and executing program files.

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6
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3answers
2k views

If I see a process running using ps, how can I find the executable?

If I can see a process running using ps -e, how can I find the file which launched it?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Trouble creating symbolic link [closed]

I installed a software on OpenSUSE. However, to open it one has to type /usr/local/software/start_software everytime. I tried creating a symbolic link using sudo ln -s ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Can't run executable file on Ubuntu, terminal expects sudo, or gives errors like “Invalid or incomplete multibyte or wide character”

I'm trying to run executable files on Ubuntu, but it's not working, although the exact same executable file works fine on others' machines, which are also running Ubuntu 12.04 like me. Based on this, ...
8
votes
3answers
159 views

where to put binaries so they are always in path and can be found easily

I am making quite some binaries, scripts etc that I want to install easily (using my own rpms). Since I want them accessible for everyone, my intuition would be to put them in /usr/bin; no need to ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Running python script from terminal without .py extension

I want to call a python script script.py from the terminal by simply typing script. Is this possible? If so, how? I know I can avoid typing python script.py by adding #!/usr/bin/env python to the top ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

List files, directories and executables in current directory

I have php shell and I have function that do just that (but it give me error when I call scandir($path) function because of restriction in php), so I need to use my bash shell to do the same. It can ...
1
vote
5answers
71 views

override hardcoded paths in executables

I'd like to override some hardcoded paths stored in pre-compiled executables like "/usr/share/nmap/" and redirect them to another dir. My ideal solution should not require root priviledges, so ...
10
votes
1answer
229 views

Loading of shared libraries and RAM usage

I'm wondering about the way Linux manages shared libraries. (actually I'm talking about Maemo Fremantle, a Debian-based distro released in 2009 running on 256MB RAM). Let's assume we have two ...
4
votes
6answers
130 views

List all binaries from $PATH

Is there one-liner that will list all executables from $PATH in bash.
7
votes
2answers
693 views

Test whether Linux binary is compiled as position independent code

I recently learned that (at least on Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux), executable programs that are compiled as Position Independent Executables (PIE) receive stronger address space randomization ...
2
votes
3answers
233 views

How to recover from recursive 'chmod -x' on my home folder

I pressed ENTER after typing the following stupid command on my home directory: find . -type f -exec chmod -x '{}' ';' What do you advise as a fix for this. My guess is that I can't do anything but ...
15
votes
1answer
259 views

How to trick a particular command into thinking it is a different date?

How can I execute a command making it believe that is on a different date than system one? For instance, if I have this script: #!/usr/bin/env bash date +"%B %d, %Y" It prints the actual date: ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How to find out the dynamic libraries executables loads when run

I want to find out the list of dynamic libraries a binary loads when run (With their full paths). I am using CentOS 6.0. How to do this?
92
votes
6answers
5k views

How to chmod without /usr/bin/chmod?

Today I was told a tale by a Unix trainer, a tale where the root password got leaked to the students, and one of the fellas removed the execute permission from /usr/bin/chmod itself. How do you ...
5
votes
3answers
342 views

Why does this executable still execute after I deleted it?

I deleted the executable, so why is it still running? root@raspberrypi:/test# ls -la total 11096 drwxrwxrwx 2 pi pi 4096 Mar 12 18:26 . drwxrwxr-x 11 pi pi 4096 Feb 28 13:50 .. -rwxrw-rw- 1 ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

How are system commands like ls created?

I'm a *nux newbie and I have some doubts regarding *nix. I don't know which type of executable file is ls, whether it is .sh or .ksh or any other kind of system executable if it is, what is that? ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Viewing Linux Library / Executable version info

In Windows, EXE and DLL have version info, including at least the following fields: file version product version internal name product name copyright In Linux Library / Executable: Which fields ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Set list of applications allowed for execution by unprivileged user

I am working on a project of security enforced Linux-based system (kernel 2.6.32 + Gnome 2 + Centos package base mostly). We need to implement the restriction of execution of unallowed executables. ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

/proc/self/maps - 3rd mapped piece of file?

I'm running Arch linux on my laptop, which is kernel 3.12.9 right now. Something has changed about the way the kernel maps in a dynamically-linked executable and I can't figure it out. Here's the ...
4
votes
2answers
116 views

run perl script with unknown perl location

I'm developing a perl script which expected to be downloaded by Mac users with a very small knowledge of shell, linux etc, let's say office managers and accountants. After the downloading the script ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Restore system with no execute permissions for bash and chmod [duplicate]

Good day everyone! One of my friends asked me a question: how to restore an unbootable Linux system (let it be CentOS or whatever) in the following situation: no execute permissions for bash no ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

#!/bin/bash - no such file or directory

I've created a bash script but when I try to execute it, I get #!/bin/bash no such file or directory I need to run the command: bash script.sh for it to work. How can I fix this?
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Why is permission denied for npm start using node-dev?

I am trying to start a node.js application with on a low permissions user. All the files I know of are owned by the correct user and have permissions set reasonably well. I'm trying to use a script ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

Why does sshd requires an absolute path?

Why does sshd require an absolute path when restarting, e.g /usr/sbin/sshd rather than sshd Are there any security implications? P.S the error message: # sshd sshd re-exec requires execution with ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

File executable by all, yet still cannot be executed?

As shown by the following code: ll total 136 -rwxr-xr-x 1 kaiyin kaiyin 19067 May 9 2013 dbmeister.py -rwxr-xr-x 1 kaiyin kaiyin 1617 Jul 29 2011 locuszoom -rwxr-xr-x 1 kaiyin kaiyin 112546 May ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

What does this command actually cause?

Once while talking with my friend I was trying to joke that we might stand a better chance of completing our project if we just run loads of random programs and expect one of them to solve our ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

permission denied when executing binary despite “rwx” priviledge and root user

I'm trying to execute some binary with bash. I am getting a "Permission denied" message despite having given the full privileges (chmod 777) and being the 'root' user: This is the file description: ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What are the ramifications of running binaries over NFS?

Our small business has about 10 employee workstations and an LDAP/NFS server infrastructure. We need to deploy our proprietary application (a compiled binary) on all of the workstations. But since we ...
0
votes
5answers
167 views

On executable files in Linux [closed]

It is said that in linux, unlike Windows, there's not a clear border between executables and other files. Well, in Windows, I write a C++ program, then it is precompiled, compiled and then linked to ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

permission denied on scripts in ~/bin

I set some additional locations to the PATH environment variable in my ~/.bashrc so that these are included/sourced in logins and non-interactive scripts that are scheduled with cron. I've noticed ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Mark as executable

I'm using Elementary OS. How do I mark a .jar file as executable. I do have JDK installed, but I get an error saying it isn't marked as executable.
0
votes
3answers
180 views

noexec on /tmp and /var/tmp directory

Our client servers are running old version of jboss (Jboss 4.0) which has lots of known vulnerabilities. Result is that the server is hacked and we are seeing some unknown executables running from ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

chroot segfault

I've been trying to create a LXC container (lxc create) but at the end I get these messages: W: Failure trying to run: chroot /var/cache/lxc/debian/wheezy_armhf.partial mount -t proc proc /proc W: ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

ELF interpreter error - Can't install on my CentOS

I don't know if I'm permitted to ask about zPanel here, but I'll go ahead and try and hope for the best. Stackexchange has helped me a lot in different areas... I was following the instructions to ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

How to Create a Unix Executable File [closed]

Is it possible to create what the Mac Finder specifies as a "Unix Executable File" and run it in Terminal like any other command instead of creating a .sh or .command file? If so how and where can I ...
22
votes
7answers
20k views

What is /usr/local/bin? Came across it in an script installation for Applescript but would like to know more

Before today, I've used Terminal to a limited extent of moving in and out of directories, changing the dates of files using the touch command, but had realised the full extent of Terminal after ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

setxkbmap configuration

I'm using Lubuntu 13.04 without executing lxpanel (I killed it on purpose because I don't want to use it for the project I'm working on now). The problem is that, without lxpanel executing, the run ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Can't execute a file with execute permission bit set [duplicate]

Well I'm just too green to Linux, but I'm stuck with a thing that I should know, and I don't. My file has the following permission bits sets: -r-xr-xr-x is owned by root ( but it should not matter ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What does `init [2]` mean in the COMMAND column of ps?

Reading What do the brackets around processes mean? I understand that the executable name is printed. Linux ps man page: Sometimes the process args will be unavailable; when this happens, ps will ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Updating the desktop icons after moving a manually-installed program

I'm new here. I've installed a program manually and now I've moved the program files to a new location. How do I update the path of the program for my old launcher icons to work properly? -- without ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

NFS - What does the “sticky bit” mean?

I'm trying to figure how is the sticky bit used in NFS v3. RFC 1813 says on page 22: 0x00200 Save swapped text (not defined in POSIX). What do they mean by "swapped text"? In "NFS Illustrated", ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

“No such file or directory” lies on Optware installed binaries

I've been using Optware to install packages on my ARM-based NAS for a while - the usual stuff like Transmission, Samba and others. However, I'd been having problems with Transmission hanging not long ...
1
vote
1answer
376 views

“No such file or directory” when executing a cross-compiled program on a Raspberry Pi

I recently bought a Raspberry Pi. I already have configured it, and I install a cross compiler for arm on my desktop (amd64). I compiled a simple "hello world" program and then I copy it from my ...
0
votes
3answers
927 views

I get “bash: …: No such file or directory” even though the executable is there [duplicate]

Operating system: Lubuntu 13.10, 64-bit. I installed the Seamonkey browser from http://www.seamonkey-project.org/ following the instructions quoted below from ...
4
votes
2answers
14k views

./executable: cannot execute binary file

I have a script that works well when I ssh to the server to execute it myself, but has problems when Hudson, a continuous integration server, runs it. I am automating tests on an embedded linux ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Executable not visible when run with sudo [duplicate]

Platform: Ubuntu 10.04 VM running out of VirtualBox File details: -rwxr-x--- 1 myuser myuser 123 2013-10-31 16:10 myscript.sh The executable is visible in the directory: >type myscript.sh ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

lsof - debug the output information

I was going through the questions of this site. In this particular question, I see the command lsof being used to list the files that are open for a particular user. I ran the below command in my ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

How to install the real Thunderbird on Debian wheezy?

I have Crunchbang 64 bit, a debian wheezy distro. Debian have a rebranded Firefox called Iceweasel and a rebranded Thunderbird called Icedove. But I don't want any of them. I was able to install the ...
53
votes
2answers
11k views

How do I clear Bash's cache of paths to executables?

When I execute a program without specifying the full path to the executable, and Bash must search the directories in $PATH to find the binary, it seems that Bash remembers the path in some sort of ...
3
votes
4answers
753 views

Running python script from Linux Terminal

I have downloaded this script named, pyAES.py and put it in a folder name codes, inside a Desktop directory of my Linux, According to this example, ...