The permission bit in a file mode that allows a file to be run as a program. Also, questions related the format of program files, and to locating and executing program files.

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42 views

Linux Executable with Unknown type asking to be executable every time I run it in Nemo

When I try to open an executable with the type Unknown I get a message saying: "The file 'file name' has no known programs associated with it. If you trust the source of this file, and have ...
6
votes
1answer
521 views

Can capabilities be used in scripts without setcap'ing the interpreter binary?

Right now I'm using cap_net_bind_service MY_USERNAME in /etc/security/capability.conf. Now I just need to set cap_net_bind_service+i on the interpreter of my favouite scripting language to be able to ...
108
votes
8answers
9k views

How to chmod without /usr/bin/chmod?

Today I was told a tale by a Unix trainer, a tale where the root password got leaked to the students, and one of the fellas removed the execute permission from /usr/bin/chmod itself. How do you ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Resolving the location/registration of an executable in the system?

I am on Ubuntu 11.04, Gnome 2. I had at a certain point installed Adobe Reader (acroread), however "off-tree" (at a non-standard location) - and I just noticed something weird about this executable. ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Is there on Ubuntu a best way to execute a program than terminal command “./”

Is there on Ubuntu an best way to execute an program than terminal command "./". I have put PhpStorm into an folder and when I want execute PhpStorm, I must cd bin/ and execute with this command: ...
1
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1answer
389 views

chroot segfault

I've been trying to create a LXC container (lxc create) but at the end I get these messages: W: Failure trying to run: chroot /var/cache/lxc/debian/wheezy_armhf.partial mount -t proc proc /proc W: ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How i make this script execute every minute without cron? [duplicate]

I have this: #!/bin/bash wlan=`/sbin/ifconfig wlan0 | grep inet\ addr | wc -l` if [ $wlan -eq 0 ]; then echo wlan0 not connected, connecting... echo sudo ifup wlan0 logger wlan0 reconnected. echo ...
11
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1answer
10k views

how to convert a shell script into binary executable?

I want to convert my shell scripts into binary executable so that nobody else could edit or read it.Is there any way to convert it into binary executable?
5
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2answers
251 views

How do I view executables run by a program?

Is there a way to view or get a list of executables that a program uses? A particular example is file-roller. Is there a way to see which executables it uses, if there is more than one executable it ...
1
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0answers
230 views

Can not execute Heroes of Neweth binary file

I'm trying to install Heroes of Newerth on openSUSE 13.2, KDE 4.14. I downloaded the client from official website. I checked is executable option in properties. But when i double clicked on the file ...
0
votes
1answer
15k views

How to install the real Thunderbird on Debian wheezy?

I have Crunchbang 64 bit, a debian wheezy distro. Debian have a rebranded Firefox called Iceweasel and a rebranded Thunderbird called Icedove. But I don't want any of them. I was able to install the ...
2
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0answers
299 views

/proc/self/maps - 3rd mapped piece of file?

I'm running Arch linux on my laptop, which is kernel 3.12.9 right now. Something has changed about the way the kernel maps in a dynamically-linked executable and I can't figure it out. Here's the ...
15
votes
4answers
6k views

Binary compatibility between Mac OS X and Linux

Brace yourselves, this question will likely appear naive and/or foolish, seeing as I am relatively new to the inner workings of unix like systems, and programming in general. Ready? Ok! I will go ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

How can one run a program installed in one machine from another machine?

Is it possible to have, say, one machine with software installed and call that software from another machine? I thought this would be called an "application server" but by googling I find things that ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Is it possible to call an executable's functions?

I want to find out whether it is possible to circumvent an executable's gui by calling the programs internal worker methods/functions directly. Assuming the executables are C/C++ programs with a ...
1
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2answers
83 views

How to execute Mach-O 32-bit C++ program on Linux?

I want to execute a program (which I know was written in C++), but I get this error: zsh: exec format error: ./myProgram Output of file myProgram: myProgram: Mach-O i386 executable My system is ...
29
votes
8answers
31k views

What is /usr/local/bin? Came across it in an script installation for Applescript but would like to know more

Before today, I've used Terminal to a limited extent of moving in and out of directories, changing the dates of files using the touch command, but had realised the full extent of Terminal after ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

shared libraries error trying to run executable

I'm trying to run an executable off the command line in a linux cluster environment. The error message I get states libssh2.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory I ...
0
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0answers
268 views

python error using an executable with Z shell

I'm getting this error from the Unix Z shell (I'm on Mac): python: posix_spawn: /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Resources/Python.app/Contents/MacOS/Python: No such file or ...
-1
votes
1answer
232 views

what is zsh: exec format error in redhat?

zsh: exec format error... his is the error I was getting when trying to execute a large application. I am using redhat Linux. What can I do to solve this?
1
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3answers
115 views

/home/amnesia/myfile: command not found — 64-bit executable, 64-bit kernel

Trying to run an executable file on terminal (I am using Tails live OS), but I keep receiving an error message. I have set permissions already. The command I wrote: sudo ./home/amnesia/myfile I ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Are Linux Executables Compatible through All (x86_64) Linux Systems? [closed]

The Windows desktop proprietary softwares I see are usually distributed as statically compiled binary only files, possibly with some dlls, and the needed data files bundled in a package unpacked in a ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Linux/Unix Executables && FSH with libs/executing sequence

Okay, relatively new Linux User here. (Messed around with Linux for ages, looking for more depth) I know that all files in Linux can be executed if they have the executable bit. What are these ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is permission denied for npm start using node-dev?

I am trying to start a node.js application with on a low permissions user. All the files I know of are owned by the correct user and have permissions set reasonably well. I'm trying to use a script ...
2
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0answers
157 views

Shebang: History and Purpose [closed]

I have few questions about the magic number #!, the shebang. I read that it was introduced by Dennis Ritchie in the 70s as a way to see a script as an executable file. I don't understand, why it was ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

print the /etc/shadow file in the console

How do I change the permissions of an executable file to access the /etc/shadow file? So far I have the following bash script: #!/bin/bash gcc print.c -o print chmod +s print ./print exit 0 and ...
1
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2answers
212 views

Installing a bz2 file

Coming from a windows platform I am a bit confused over how compressed files are installed in Linux . I am using fedora 20. Now I downloaded FoxIt pdf reader from here. I also read this post which ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Compiling for Red Hat 5.9

I need to compile a C++ application to run on Red Hat 5.9, but I don't have access to a development server that runs Red Hat 5.9. My current executable compiled on Ubuntu 10.04 produces the error ...
0
votes
4answers
113 views

how to execute a bash script without typing ./ [duplicate]

It has been bugging me for a very long time and I'm really sick of it. For example there's a script called testscript that compares two directories. In class the prof can just type testscript dir1 ...
25
votes
4answers
26k views

Why do we use “./” to execute a file?

Why do we use ./filename to execute a file in linux? Why not just enter it like other commands gcc, ls etc...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Find command: Searching for executable files

What type of parameter/flag can I use with the unix find command so that I search executables? (if this question is better suited for another stackexchange forum, I welcome you telling me so) p.s. ...
6
votes
3answers
15k views

Viewing Linux Library / Executable version info

In Windows, EXE and DLL have version info, including at least the following fields: file version product version internal name product name copyright In Linux Library / Executable: Which fields ...
0
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1answer
66 views

What is the difference between the built in echo command and /bin/echo? [duplicate]

I was playing around with the type and which commands and I discovered something strange. type either returns the path or says that a command is a Bash built in. which either returns the path or ...
7
votes
1answer
298 views

Portability of an executable to another Linux machine

I've installed the program Motion on one Linux machine (M1) and want the same program on another (M2). There are various builds of this program, and I have forgotten which one I have used, so can I ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

can't execute a command even i'm in the group and command is -rwx--x---

I'm in $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch directory and when I type opatch then I get the response as, -bash: opatch: command not found If I do ./opatch, then I get the response as, /bin/sh: ./opatch: ...
1
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2answers
91 views

Why the S_ISUID and S_ISGID mode bits got cleared when the owner or group of an executable file are changed by an unprivileged user

I was reading the man page of chown. I don't understand why S_ISUID and S_ISGID mode should be cleared when the function returns successfully.
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Find file names for executables, which are not used by other projects already

A new program which should be deployed as package for the major distributions should avoid name clashes. ls /usr/bin can show me that tail is a bad choice for a new binary file name. But how can I ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Installing Xcape (a newbie question involving the “make” command)

I executed the minimal building directions of xcape: $ sudo apt-get install git gcc make pkg-config libx11-dev libxtst-dev libxi-dev $ mkdir xcape $ cd xcape $ git clone ...
3
votes
2answers
200 views

place the aliased version of an existing command in /usr/bin/

I use Vim a lot, and I know how I can start vim in insert mode. So I have an alias named vii in my .bash_aliases file. On other hand I use Git a lot too, and I have this line in my .gitconfig: ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

“No such file or directory” on an executable, yet file exists and ldd reports all libraries present

So by any other command the executable file exists, yet when I try to execute it, it claims it is not there. It is not a special character in the name because I renamed it though a "cat". And it ...
10
votes
2answers
890 views

Run a binary owned by root without sudo

I had a question on a job interview: How can you execute (run) the program with the user user1 without sudo privilegies and without access to the root account: $ whoami # user1 $ ls -l ...
0
votes
0answers
138 views

Permission Denied on an Executable File

I am newbie to linux so any help would be greatly appreciated - I tried searching and am having trouble finding an answer. Downloaded a compiled executable file (source written in c) in ubuntu I ...
81
votes
3answers
17k views

How do I clear Bash's cache of paths to executables?

When I execute a program without specifying the full path to the executable, and Bash must search the directories in $PATH to find the binary, it seems that Bash remembers the path in some sort of ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Directories showing up in green(executable) even after removing execute permission for all. (Ubuntu 12.04) [duplicate]

I just copied a directory from a USB flash drive. I copied it from an NTFS drive and so all the files had execute permission. I executed chmod -x * to undo the execute permission. Despite that, all ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Preserve evidence of intrusion / deleted executable?

If you are faced with a non-root remote command execution vulnerability, and there is a foreign executable that's running on your Linux system from a user with only non-administrator privileges, ...
2
votes
1answer
749 views

How does bash execute an ELF file?

When I'm on my Linux Box I use bash as a shell. Now I wondered how bash handles the execution of an ELF file, that is when I type ./program and program is an ELF file. I grepped the bash-4.3.tar.gz, ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Running sh script: «Permission denied» despite the executable bit and root rights

I installed Debian in VirtualBox (for various experiments which usually broke my system) and tried to launch the VirtualBox guest addon script. I logged in as root and tried to launch autorun.sh, but ...
0
votes
2answers
382 views

Why setuid does not work on executable?

I know that enabling setuid on scripts has security issues and so is inactive by default, but expect that it works for executables. I created and executable which shows uid as an output following ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Can't run executable file on Ubuntu, terminal expects sudo, or gives errors like “Invalid or incomplete multibyte or wide character”

I'm trying to run executable files on Ubuntu, but it's not working, although the exact same executable file works fine on others' machines, which are also running Ubuntu 12.04 like me. Based on this, ...
2
votes
4answers
174 views

Execute all files in a list

I have a source tree which, when make is run, produces several executables named "001", "002", and etc. I'm trying to write a script which will find all of these executables in my source tree, and ...