The permission bit in a file mode that allows a file to be run as a program. Also, questions related the format of program files, and to locating and executing program files.

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6
votes
1answer
613 views

Can capabilities be used in scripts without setcap'ing the interpreter binary?

Right now I'm using cap_net_bind_service MY_USERNAME in /etc/security/capability.conf. Now I just need to set cap_net_bind_service+i on the interpreter of my favouite scripting language to be able to ...
22
votes
1answer
838 views

How does Linux determine what facilities to use to run a (non-text) binary?

I understand that Linux uses shebang line to determine what interpreter to use for scripting languages, but how does it work for binaries? I mean I can run Linux binaries, and having installed both ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Executable script can't run directly from desktop in Arch Linux

Before, I was using Linux Mint and I can run bash script directly from desktop just with chmod the script to executable. For example, I have a script like this: #!/bin/bash VBoxSDL --startvm ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

set default process and IO priority on Linux for given application/executable

Is it possible to set up some sort of default process and IO priority for given application/executable? I am thinking some sort of FS extended attribute or loadable "policy" of sort?
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Can I run files from Ubuntu in Mint?

I was wondering, since recently I've decided I want to move from Ubuntu 14.04 to XFCE mint linux, if games installed in Ubuntu will run in Mint? I've copied my home folder onto an external hard drive, ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

What does 'wine: Bad EXE format for Z:\m\Desktop\PortForward Network Utilities.desktop' mean?

Installed wine on Debian to run a Windows exe - specifically the PortForward Network Utilities bundle: http://portforward.com/help/setup_static_ip_address.htm ). Input: wine '/m/PortForward ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

does not execute a file on os x with $PATH

I have dowloaded blat from here. I have also added in to executable path: PATH=$PATH:/Users/katja/Desktop/MyDocuments/Programms/blat But I can run the program only from the folder where it is ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

About executing shell script

Suppose I have a shell script file foo.sh. I can do chmod + x foo.sh and change it into an executable file. In Kernighan-Pike: Unix Programming Environment (UP) they show that after this typing ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Open/read Unix Executable file [closed]

Is there a native way (no installing or downloading extra stuff) to read a Unix executable file? I just need to read file to see what's in it and learn what I can use it for. What I'm really trying ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Gnomes .desktop current path

Im trying to make a desktop file to start Strife but it doesnt work as it should. For the current Path im using this here: '"$(dirname "$1")"' And to run the executable I use this command: '"$(dirname ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Why when we run a executable file we need to add ./ ahead? [duplicate]

Say I have a somecommands.sh and I use chmod 777 to make it executable. Why I have to type ./scommand.sh instead of typing just somecommand.sh to run it from its own directory? Does this make any ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

How to add 'Make executable' and 'Run' entries to Elementary OS file manager context menu?

I know this is to be done by creating a .contractor file in /usr/share/contractor. For example, one like this will add a menu option to open a folder as root. [Contractor Entry] Name=Open folder as ...
13
votes
1answer
13k views

How to convert a shell script into a binary executable?

I want to convert my shell scripts into binary executable so that nobody else could edit or read it. Is there a way to convert it into a binary executable?
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Why won't my python scripts run without the python command when moved from Windows to Linux? [duplicate]

I have some Python files that I wrote on my Windows PC and then sent over to a Linux machine using pscp. They work as intended on Windows, but when I try to execute them on the Linux machine, I always ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

/usr/bin/time cannot execute binary file

I believe I've corrupted the /usr/bin/time executable as when I try to run it, this is the message that shows up: bash: /usr/bin/time: cannot execute binary file It was working till I inadvertently ...
2
votes
3answers
504 views

Installing a bz2 file

Coming from a windows platform I am a bit confused over how compressed files are installed in Linux . I am using fedora 20. Now I downloaded FoxIt pdf reader from here. I also read this post which ...
1
vote
6answers
4k views

File extensions and association with programs in linux

In windows we can associate a file's extension with programs. E.g. a file test.pl can be run by the installed Perl interpreter due to the pl extension. In linux though it needs #!/usr/bin/perl as the ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

“exec format error” on docker run

I have a MacBook Pro running Yosemite. On this I have Virtualbox installed with an Ubuntu system running within it. All packages on both are reasonably up to date (within a month of current). ...
1
vote
1answer
489 views

chroot segfault

I've been trying to create a LXC container (lxc create) but at the end I get these messages: W: Failure trying to run: chroot /var/cache/lxc/debian/wheezy_armhf.partial mount -t proc proc /proc W: ...
5
votes
1answer
667 views

No such file or directory but I can see it!

I'm trying to run a python script, on a headless Raspberry PI using winSCP and get the following error message: Command '"./areadetect_movie_21.py"' failed with return code 127 and error message ...
0
votes
2answers
149 views

Java does not run with error “No such file or directory”, despite it exists and is x86_64

The file exists but bash complains it doesn't when asked to execute it. $ ./Libs/openjdk-1.8.0_60-eap/bin/java bash: ./Libs/openjdk-1.8.0_60-eap/bin/java: No such file or directory $ ls -l ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

How do I add a program with a directory of dependencies to $PATH?

I want to add a program to my $PATH, but its code is split into various files that it imports at run-time from a lib/ in its root directory. projectRootDirectory ├ programBinary └ lib ├ someLibrary ...
9
votes
1answer
224 views

When can I edit strings in an executable binary?

I have an executable binary; let's call it a.out. I can see the binary contains strings $ strings a.out ... /usr/share/foo .... I need to change the string /usr/share/foo to /usr/share/bar. Can I ...
22
votes
4answers
8k views

What makes OSX programs not runnable on Linux?

I know there are many differences between OSX and Linux, but what makes them so totally different, that makes them fundamentally incompatible?
21
votes
4answers
6k views

Does the shebang determine the shell which runs the script?

This may be a silly question, but I ask it still. If I have declared a shebang #!/bin/bash in the beginning of my_shell_script.sh, so do I always have to invoke this script using bash ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Error while executing a.out from C shell

I am in my home directory. And there is an executable a.out in there. I want to execute it like- /bin/csh ~/a.out ^F^E@@@@@▒^A▒^A^H^C^D^B^B@^B@^\^\^A^A^E@@: Event not found. Its not that I cannot ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

File that is only readable with root privileges

I have a binary file that needs to run at startup on all accounts (including unprivileged user accounts), so a command to run it will be put into /etc/rc.local. The program itself will have only ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

“No such file or directory” when executing a cross-compiled program on a Raspberry Pi

I recently bought a Raspberry Pi. I already have configured it, and I install a cross compiler for arm on my desktop (amd64). I compiled a simple "hello world" program and then I copy it from my ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Linux Executable with Unknown type asking to be executable every time I run it in Nemo

When I try to open an executable with the type Unknown I get a message saying: "The file 'file name' has no known programs associated with it. If you trust the source of this file, and have ...
112
votes
8answers
10k views

How to chmod without /usr/bin/chmod?

Today I was told a tale by a Unix trainer, a tale where the root password got leaked to the students, and one of the fellas removed the execute permission from /usr/bin/chmod itself. How do you ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Resolving the location/registration of an executable in the system?

I am on Ubuntu 11.04, Gnome 2. I had at a certain point installed Adobe Reader (acroread), however "off-tree" (at a non-standard location) - and I just noticed something weird about this executable. ...
0
votes
2answers
188 views

Is there on Ubuntu a best way to execute a program than terminal command “./”

Is there on Ubuntu an best way to execute an program than terminal command "./". I have put PhpStorm into an folder and when I want execute PhpStorm, I must cd bin/ and execute with this command: ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How i make this script execute every minute without cron? [duplicate]

I have this: #!/bin/bash wlan=`/sbin/ifconfig wlan0 | grep inet\ addr | wc -l` if [ $wlan -eq 0 ]; then echo wlan0 not connected, connecting... echo sudo ifup wlan0 logger wlan0 reconnected. echo ...
5
votes
2answers
270 views

How do I view executables run by a program?

Is there a way to view or get a list of executables that a program uses? A particular example is file-roller. Is there a way to see which executables it uses, if there is more than one executable it ...
1
vote
0answers
250 views

Can not execute Heroes of Neweth binary file

I'm trying to install Heroes of Newerth on openSUSE 13.2, KDE 4.14. I downloaded the client from official website. I checked is executable option in properties. But when i double clicked on the file ...
1
vote
1answer
18k views

How to install the real Thunderbird on Debian wheezy?

I have Crunchbang 64 bit, a debian wheezy distro. Debian have a rebranded Firefox called Iceweasel and a rebranded Thunderbird called Icedove. But I don't want any of them. I was able to install the ...
2
votes
0answers
404 views

/proc/self/maps - 3rd mapped piece of file?

I'm running Arch linux on my laptop, which is kernel 3.12.9 right now. Something has changed about the way the kernel maps in a dynamically-linked executable and I can't figure it out. Here's the ...
15
votes
4answers
6k views

Binary compatibility between Mac OS X and Linux

Brace yourselves, this question will likely appear naive and/or foolish, seeing as I am relatively new to the inner workings of unix like systems, and programming in general. Ready? Ok! I will go ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

How can one run a program installed in one machine from another machine?

Is it possible to have, say, one machine with software installed and call that software from another machine? I thought this would be called an "application server" but by googling I find things that ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

Is it possible to call an executable's functions?

I want to find out whether it is possible to circumvent an executable's gui by calling the programs internal worker methods/functions directly. Assuming the executables are C/C++ programs with a ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

How to execute Mach-O 32-bit C++ program on Linux?

I want to execute a program (which I know was written in C++), but I get this error: zsh: exec format error: ./myProgram Output of file myProgram: myProgram: Mach-O i386 executable My system is ...
31
votes
8answers
35k views

What is /usr/local/bin? Came across it in an script installation for Applescript but would like to know more

Before today, I've used Terminal to a limited extent of moving in and out of directories, changing the dates of files using the touch command, but had realised the full extent of Terminal after ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

shared libraries error trying to run executable

I'm trying to run an executable off the command line in a linux cluster environment. The error message I get states libssh2.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory I ...
0
votes
0answers
274 views

python error using an executable with Z shell

I'm getting this error from the Unix Z shell (I'm on Mac): python: posix_spawn: /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Resources/Python.app/Contents/MacOS/Python: No such file or ...
-1
votes
1answer
2k views

what is zsh: exec format error in redhat?

zsh: exec format error... his is the error I was getting when trying to execute a large application. I am using redhat Linux. What can I do to solve this?
1
vote
3answers
377 views

/home/amnesia/myfile: command not found — 64-bit executable, 64-bit kernel

Trying to run an executable file on terminal (I am using Tails live OS), but I keep receiving an error message. I have set permissions already. The command I wrote: sudo ./home/amnesia/myfile I ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Are Linux Executables Compatible through All (x86_64) Linux Systems? [closed]

The Windows desktop proprietary softwares I see are usually distributed as statically compiled binary only files, possibly with some dlls, and the needed data files bundled in a package unpacked in a ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Linux/Unix Executables && FSH with libs/executing sequence

Okay, relatively new Linux User here. (Messed around with Linux for ages, looking for more depth) I know that all files in Linux can be executed if they have the executable bit. What are these ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is permission denied for npm start using node-dev?

I am trying to start a node.js application with on a low permissions user. All the files I know of are owned by the correct user and have permissions set reasonably well. I'm trying to use a script ...
2
votes
0answers
167 views

Shebang: History and Purpose [closed]

I have few questions about the magic number #!, the shebang. I read that it was introduced by Dennis Ritchie in the 70s as a way to see a script as an executable file. I don't understand, why it was ...