Escape sequences such as encodings of terminal commands and function keys

learn more… | top users | synonyms

27
votes
6answers
20k views

Removing control chars (including console codes / colours) from script output

I can use the "script" command to record an interactive session at the command line. However, this includes all control characters and colour codes. I can remove control characters (like backspace) ...
16
votes
4answers
30k views

How to escape quotes in shell?

I'm having trouble with escaping characters in bash. I'd like to escape single and double quotes while running a command under a different user. For the purposes of this question let's say I want to ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

Trouble in script with spaces in filename

I've got a script that scp's a file from remote host back to local. Sometimes the file names contain spaces. scp does not like spaces in its file names. For some reason my attempts at handling the ...
16
votes
2answers
29k views

Why does Ctrl-D (EOF) exit the shell?

Are you literally "ending a file" by inputting this escape sequence, i.e. is the interactive shell session is seen as a real file stream by the shell, like any other file stream? If so, which file? ...
14
votes
3answers
8k views

Where do I find a list of terminal key codes to remap shortcuts in bash?

For example: "\e[1;5C" "\e[Z" "\e-1\C-i" I only know bits and pieces, like \e stands for escape and C- for Ctrl, but what are these numbers (1) and letters (Z)? What are the ;, [ and - signs for? ...
17
votes
5answers
5k views

Is there any reason why I get ^[[A when I press up arrow at the console login screen?

Whenever I'm at the console login, I press up arrow intentionally to see the previously typed commands. But I see this ^[[A. But when I press Ctrl Alt Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause Break Page Up ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

In Bash, why is PROMPT_COMMAND set to something invisible?

On RHEL6 and CentOS 6, /etc/bashrc sets PROMPT_COMMAND here: case $TERM in xterm*) if [ -e /etc/sysconfig/bash-prompt-xterm ]; then PROMPT_COMMAND=/etc/sysconfig/bash-prompt-xterm ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

How to escape a single quote? [duplicate]

This works fine: sed -i 's# @driver.find_element(:xpath, "//a\[contains(@href,##' temp_spec.rb against a source of @driver.find_element(:xpath, "//a[contains(@href,'change_district')]").click ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Where do my ANSI escape codes go when I pipe to another process? Can I keep them?

I sometime want to pipe the color-coded output fror a process, eg. grep... but when I pipe it to another process, eg. sed, the color codes are lost... Is the some way to keep thes codes intact ? ...
9
votes
3answers
23k views

Escape sequences with “echo -e” in different shells

I just noticed that it seems like the flag -e does not exist for the echo command in my shell on Linux. Is this just a messed up setting or is it "normal"? Some code as an example: #!/bin/sh echo -e ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Escape sequences in output of script called from ncurses application

I'm currently running mcabber as my Jabber client (which uses ncurses) in a tmux session on my homeserver. Locally i run iTerm2 as a terminal emulator, which supports the triggering of growl ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I background an SSH session? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I break away from an SSH session that has crashed? I have started an SSH session on the command line, but now I want to get back to my local command line. For ...
7
votes
2answers
609 views

How to determine the current color of the console output?

I know that, if a coloured terminal is available, one can colour the output of it using escape characters. But is there a possibility to find out, which colour the output is currently being displayed ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the problem with the output of plink?

On my Windows7 machine, I'm traversing to the installed path of PuTTy Application and running: plink <hostname> to connect to my remote Linux host. I see some unrecognized characters in the ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Calling bash from sh (dash) with commands read from args, and “Unterminated quoted string”/“unexpected EOF”

Just thought I'd document this: I'm trying something very simple - set env variable in bash, and print it out: $ bash -c "a=1; echo a$a;" a $ bash -c "a=1; echo a\$a;" a1 Now I'd want this same ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

Could someone please explain some of these escape codes?

I'm seeing this in my .bashrc file: PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\ [\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ ' and I have absolutely no idea what all those ...
7
votes
2answers
607 views

DEC ANSI command sequence questions; cursor movement

So I'm writing a terminal emulation (I know, I should just compile putty, etc.) and am at the stage of plodding through vttest to make sure it's right. I'm basing it on the VT102 for now but will add ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Why do I have to escape a “dot” twice?

I know that we can escape a special character like *(){}$ with \ so as to be considered literals. For example \* or \$ But in case of . I have to do it twice, like \\. otherwise it is considered ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

how to escape “\”in ssh-copy-id?

I'm connected to Ubuntu server that is a member of a corporate Active Directory domain via likewise-open. The users are in the form mydomain\myuser. I can connect to it via ssh, escaping the \ with ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Backspace, del, arrow keys not working with interactive programs in Tilda

I currently run Openbox on a light netinstall of Debian. In Tilda, when I use a program like nslookup or winexe, some of my keys do not work properly. Backspace generates ^? Up generates ^[[A ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Trying to print up down arrow keys

I have this: I read down arrow key abc@abc-ubuntu:~/bashpratice$ read -n 3 key ^[[Babc@abc-ubuntu:~/bashpratice$ I am able to grep for it abc@abc-ubuntu:~/bashpratice$ echo $key | grep '\[' [B ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

How can a bash script detect support for window titling escape characters?

I have a debug trap that runs every time I enter a command in bash that sets the window title to indicate what command is running. I'm leaving out all the configuration details and boil it down to: ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Modifying a set of binary files

I have several binary files with the character 0x04 in them, and I'd like to add an escape \ character before each. Is there a script I can use to do this without needing to manually edit each one?
1
vote
1answer
149 views

ANSI escapes in Pash prompt are displayed as garbage in Gnome terminal

I would like to use Pash, a PowerShell implementation for mono on my CentOS box. After compilation I started it and got $ mono Source/PashConsole/bin/Debug/Pash.exe ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Using tput in $PS1 is breaking line wrapping [duplicate]

Good Morning- I'm trying to use tput outputs in my $PS1 to set the background color to red in the event I'm on a production server: if [[ `hostname -s` = prod-db ]]; then export ...
0
votes
1answer
435 views

Shell string escape for command arguments [duplicate]

I'm trying to create "/tmp/pwet/foo bar" with this: DIR="/tmp/pwet/foo bar" ARGS="-p ${DIR}" mkdir $ARGS For integration reasons, I have to keep the ARGS building in 2 steps: ARG = some_options + ...
0
votes
1answer
275 views

Can I get my iTerm key-combos working in tmux?

I have some shortcut keys defined in iTerm, and I use them for key-mappings in Vim. For example, I map Ctrl-Enter to send a ^[O2P escape code, which I then use to define a Ctrl-Enter key-mapping in ...