Escape sequences such as encodings of terminal commands and function keys

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8
votes
3answers
658 views

Escape sequences in output of script called from ncurses application

I'm currently running mcabber as my Jabber client (which uses ncurses) in a tmux session on my homeserver. Locally i run iTerm2 as a terminal emulator, which supports the triggering of growl ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

using ansi escape codes to change the background color in xfce4-terminal

This works to change the background color for the entire terminal with xterm: printf '\033]10;%s\a\033]11;%s\a' Blue Red It doesn't work in xfce4-terminal, tho. Is there something that will work? ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Trouble in script with spaces in filename

I've got a script that scp's a file from remote host back to local. Sometimes the file names contain spaces. scp does not like spaces in its file names. For some reason my attempts at handling the ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Proper escaping of double quotations for curl post data?

I'm trying to test out a server, by sending it JSON data and reading the response. I need to POST data like {"item":"value with spaces"} but when I use curl I find that it sends the backslashes as ...
4
votes
4answers
48 views

Viewing man pages with scroll wheel support

I'd like to use the scroll wheel (xterm mouse escape codes) to scroll through man pages, like I can in emacs with xterm-mouse-mode. less doesn't seem to have support for that and short of recompiling ...
20
votes
6answers
10k views

Removing control chars (including console codes / colours) from script output

I can use the "script" command to record an interactive session at the command line. However, this includes all control characters and colour codes. I can remove control characters (like backspace) ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

How to remove junk characters from the file generated by script command in linux [duplicate]

I am using script command to record everything from terminal. But when I am opening the generated file its having lots of junk character. Can anyone help me to remove these junk characters from file ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Escaping strings in associative arrays (bash)

I am writing a script which executes a number of programs with arguments. To simplify it as much as possible, consider the following example: programs=( "ls" "echo" ) declare -A parameters ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How to escape in yaml the correct way?

On CentOS 7 I am using cloud-init to spin off a droplet using the DigitalOCean API which requires yaml formatting. I got most parts working fine, but struggle on escaping the commands running at ...
6
votes
2answers
95 views

How to determine the current color of the console output?

I know that, if a coloured terminal is available, one can colour the output of it using escape characters. But is there a possibility to find out, which colour the output is currently being displayed ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

Remove escape characters using sed

I have input coming from pipe which contains special escape characters. For illustration, the stream looks like this: printf "foo.bar\033[00m" > file cat file How can I remove the trailing ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Substituting \ for \\ in column

I exported a column of thousands of salts from Mysql for hashcat. Every instance of the character \ was replaced with a double character \\ in the exported column. Is there a way to either sed or awk ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

How to use ESC sequences to make terminal region scrollable

I have a stm32f1 controlled device that uses USART/USB port to implement a user control interface. Using a standard terminal software (putty/minicom) a user has an ability to enter simple command in ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Shell string escape for command arguments [duplicate]

I'm trying to create "/tmp/pwet/foo bar" with this: DIR="/tmp/pwet/foo bar" ARGS="-p ${DIR}" mkdir $ARGS For integration reasons, I have to keep the ARGS building in 2 steps: ARG = some_options + ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Echoing Backspace Characters in the Terminal

I'm working with picocom running inside gnome-terminal. I have local echo switched on inside picocom using the -e option, and when I backspace I can see that caret moves backwards, however the ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

cssh intercepts F10

I am using cssh (cluster-ssh) to ssh to multiple machines simultaneously. Everything works great, except that cssh intercepts F10 key (which in cssh opens menu. This is very unfortunate, because I ...
1
vote
4answers
88 views

What is '“^[b” backward-word' When trying to configure ZSH?

I am on a MAC, and I am trying to figure out shortcuts for my ZSH running on Iterm2. When I type bindkey in the shell, I see (among other mappings), the following: "^[b" backward-word "^[f" ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

ANSI escapes in Pash prompt are displayed as garbage in Gnome terminal

I would like to use Pash, a PowerShell implementation for mono on my CentOS box. After compilation I started it and got $ mono Source/PashConsole/bin/Debug/Pash.exe ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

How can you (programatically) detect the ANSI escape code supported by terminal?

I am playing around with shell scripts that use ANSI codes and found that for one reason or another different escape codes are supported depending on your terminal/os.. In some cases I get a dump of ...
4
votes
2answers
471 views

How to escape single quotes correctly creating an alias

I've been given this one-liner to know how much memory my processes consume. $ ps -u $USER -o pid,rss,command | \ awk '{print $0}{sum+=$2} END {print "Total", sum/1024, "MB"}' Now I'd like to ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

Sorting strings with ANSI escape codes

I am trying to print a sorted list of all zsh options, with set options colored green and unset options colored red. I cannot get sort to work properly with on the colored lines though.The below ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Non-printing escape sequence: when?

Recently, I have been playing around a lot with color in the terminal and, therefore, with escape sequences, too. I've read the relevant parts of the Bash manpage along with numerous helpful pages on ...
3
votes
4answers
158 views

is there a pastebin service that supports terminal escape sequences?

Is there a pastebin service that supports colors? I understand some of them have syntax hilighting, but I'd like to do arbitrary coloring, preferably using the terminal escape sequences. Example, i'd ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

How to printf an exclamation point in tcsh?

What's the best way to printf an exclamation point in tcsh? It seems like using single or double quotes has no effect on escaping the exclamation point; and using a backspace does work, but then it ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

When to use bash ANSI C style escape, e.g. $'\n'

I don't use bash often but I recall in the past to pass a tab or newline on the command line I would have to escape the character using the special $ character before a single quoted string. Like ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Can I get my iTerm key-combos working in tmux?

I have some shortcut keys defined in iTerm, and I use them for key-mappings in Vim. For example, I map Ctrl-Enter to send a ^[O2P escape code, which I then use to define a Ctrl-Enter key-mapping in ...
2
votes
3answers
770 views

What is the problem with the output of plink?

On my Windows7 machine, I'm traversing to the installed path of PuTTy Application and running: plink <hostname> to connect to my remote Linux host. I see some unrecognized characters in the ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

What does xterm's Escape Sequence option do and how do I enable it?

xterm's control-right-click menu contains an option named Escape sequence. It is always disabled ("grayed out") in Ubuntu-14.04. What is this option is used for? How do I enable it? I am looking for ...
5
votes
2answers
221 views

Escape code 50 in xterm

My coworker has the following in the ~/.bash_profile of many of our servers: echo -e "\033]50;SetProfile=Production\a" The text doesn't seem to matter, since this also works: echo -e ...
2
votes
2answers
27 views

How to escape a Whole Variable?

In the answer of thisquestion: https://superuser.com/questions/163515/bash-how-to-pass-command-line-arguments-containing-special-characters It said that we have to put an arg of a function in ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Tar actions not working as intended

I have a huge uncompressed tar file (1 tb) and I want to check it, therefore I am trying to extract it to see if everything goes well. Since it is going to take a long time, I'd like to have some info ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What standard shell command can evaluate escaped Unicode in a stream?

I'm looking for a pipeable command that will convert substrings in the form of ‘\unnnn’ to the actual characters. For example: $ echo 'co\u00ebfficient' | what_command coëfficient
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Why does sed globally substitute only the first occurence in multiple substiutions?

I want to globally substitute all \n new line characters with their \n escape sequence and all ' single quote characters with two '' of them like so: function esc_foobar { # Escapes any "'" ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Meaning of backslash

Why the following command prints Smith but not \Smith? echo \Smith
5
votes
1answer
843 views

Why do I have to escape a “dot” twice?

I know that we can escape a special character like *(){}$ with \ so as to be considered literals. For example \* or \$ But in case of . I have to do it twice, like \\. otherwise it is considered ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to change font colors in terminal?

I know how to change the font color via preferences, but it changes the color of ALL text, as in below:     What I'm going for is something more like this:     Any ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

How to avoid escape sequence attacks in terminals?

Reading the details of CVE-2009-4487 (which is about the danger of escape sequences in log files) I am a bit surprised. To quote CVE-2009-4487: nginx 0.7.64 writes data to a log file without ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Proper use of escape characters in desktop file

I have a command with a working .desktop Exec key as follows: Exec=env XDG_CONFIG_HOME=/home/bean/.config/gedit/ gedit %U I would like to use the $HOME variable instead and it works in the terminal ...
1
vote
1answer
397 views

Exit of “> ” mode in Unix shell

In sh (not Bash), how would we abort execution of command when the prompt is in > mode? For example, when entering a string with quotes only at the beginning, it makes the prompt look like >, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Visualizing ansi color escape codes in log files correctly in Emacs [duplicate]

I have some log files that have ansi-color codes in them. When I open them in Emacs I see garbage:           As an example, I run the following: ls --color=yes -ald -- * ...
19
votes
5answers
15k views

How to clear terminal completely?

When we use clear command or Ctrl+L in terminal, it clears terminal but we can still scroll back to view the last used commands. Is there a way to completely clear the terminal?
4
votes
1answer
320 views

How to find out the escape sequence my keyboards sends to terminal?

Let's say we have a generic keyboard with some unknown keys which may send escape sequences to terminal. The keyboard is connected to an xterm terminal emulator running on a generic BSD/Linux. To ...
1
vote
1answer
306 views

Cat and Less give different output

I executed the following command # top > /home/user/top_output.txt Nothing Happened for a while and then i pressed Ctrl+C. When i checked the file that was created, it had the contents in it. So ...
4
votes
2answers
355 views

Is there a way to lock terminal's title?

Sometimes there're lots of different sessions opened in own terminal's tabs and it's rather desirable to have theirs initial titles (named by session name) locked since local title tweaks make those ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

Why does Ctrl-D (EOF) exit the shell?

Are you literally "ending a file" by inputting this escape sequence, i.e. is the interactive shell session is seen as a real file stream by the shell, like any other file stream? If so, which file? ...
2
votes
2answers
233 views

Weird escape sequence

I need help identifying what this escape sequences represents. I see this sequence is autogenerating on my server's console, but I'm not sure what is the reason for that. Escape sequence: ^[[[D I've ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

ESC-q doesn't work in tmux with zsh

The title says it all. I use Escq a lot (stashing the current line while I execute another command), and it works fine with Gnome Terminal 3.6.0 + zsh. However, if I start tmux, then it stops working: ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

How do I generate the sequence “\e[Z” in a terminal?

It is bound to menu-complete in GNU readline. $ bind -p|grep menu "\e[Z": menu-complete # menu-complete-backward (not bound) # old-menu-complete (not bound) I think it's Meta-something.
3
votes
5answers
855 views

What are the special characters to print from a script to move the cursor?

I found that by printing \r from a script the cursor moves to the beginning of the line. What character will move the cursor up one line? Where is a list of these special characters? EDIT: Working ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there any reason why I get ^[[A when I press up arrow at the console login screen?

Whenever I'm at the console login, I press up arrow intentionally to see the previously typed commands. But I see this ^[[A. But when I press Ctrl Alt Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause Break Page Up ...