A set of dynamic variables that can affect the running processes.

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90
votes
4answers
142k views

How to correctly add a path to PATH?

I'm wondering where a new path has to be added to PATH environment variable. I know this is accomplished editing .bash_rc (for example), but it's not clear how to do this. This way: export ...
5
votes
3answers
88 views

Run program with environment set to variables in a file

I would like to run a program (in this case Python) with only the environment variables defined in a file, say vars.env: FOO=bar X=12 Here's a simply Python script that prints the environment: ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

Messed up bash.bashrc file, commands not working anymore

Trying installing Java, I tried to add it to the executable path with the line: export PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.7.0_60/bin:$PATH in the system-wide /etc/bash.bashrc file. For some reason this ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

Adding directory to PATH through Makefile

I'm having some trouble in exporting the PATH I've modified inside the Makefile into the current Terminal. I'm trying to add to the PATH, the bin folder inside wherever the Makefile directory is. ...
2
votes
2answers
959 views

How can I keep *all* environment vars for a specific command in sudo?

I have a script that sets several environment variables and then finally calls another script using sudo. The script run with sudo must be able to pick up those variables, and I'm not always going to ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Reading from /etc/environment with sudo

Using Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, I'm having a problem trying to read environment variables from /etc/environment when using sudo env. Basically, they are not being displayed. When I do just env, these ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Keep getting the same result after “export PATH”

I am doing this: $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal $ export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.cabal/bin $ which cabal /usr/bin/cabal I expect to get /.cabal/bin/cabal for $ which cabal (this path exists) after this. ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How can I find where LANG, LANGUAGE and MAIL environmental variables are set?

I've had a few issues with environmental variables not set correctly in my Raspbmc Raspberry Pi. Specifically, I've had to manually specify the following in ~/.bashrc. export LANG='en_AU.UTF-8" ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

.bash_profile not sourced when running su

I have a user, say user1, which has modifications to its .bash_profile, one of them changing the PATH, e.g.: export PATH=/some/place:$PATH. This change works fine if I log on as user1 or do a su - ...
14
votes
2answers
398 views

How do I start all shell sessions in a directory other than $HOME?

When I open my non-login shell in Ubuntu, my present working directory is /home/user_name (my $HOME environment variable), but I want to change this such that when I start my terminal I am in some ...
12
votes
3answers
276 views

Using variables to store terminal color codes for PS1?

In my .bashrc, I use ANSI terminal color codes to colorize various bits. It looks like this: PS1='\u@\h:\w\[\033[33m\]$(virtual_env)\[\033[32m\]$(git_branch)\[\033[0m\]$ ' where virtual_env and ...
8
votes
4answers
94 views

Save output of command that modifies environment into a variable

How to save output of a command that modifies environment into a variable? I'm using bash shell. Assume that I have: function f () { a=3; b=4 ; echo "`date`: $a $b"; } And now, I can use commands ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Why do I have to execute bash programs with ./? [duplicate]

Why is it that some bash programs will only run on my system when I type ./ before their name? An example: In my [...]/android/sdk folders I have to execute adb like this: ./adb devices Why not ...
1
vote
1answer
242 views

Openbox doesn't seem to have correct environment variables set

I've installed Debian 7.0, and then installed Openbox on top of it. I've got some executable files in ~/bin, and this line in my .bashrc and .profile: export PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" I can normally ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

Executing commands with PHP: using normal user, but its home directory is /root

I'm using a custom compiled installation of Apache + PHP, listening on port 80. Apache is configured to run as a normal user, with the proper settings User and Group of the httpd.conf file. After ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Bash script for running python virtual environment does not execute

I am trying to wrap the following call into a script, which runs my Python virtual environment: [lucas@lucas-ThinkPad-W520]/home/lucas/bin$ source ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Programmatically obtain LILYPOND_DATADIR for execlp() call

I wrote an application that calls lilypond by execlp()ing it. However, when my app executes this line, the following error occurs: GNU LilyPond 2.16.2 warning: not relocating, no 2.16.2/ or current/ ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Multiple MODULEPATH entries in .modulesbeginenv

I'm switching between paths/code projects. At each place I have different modules. To handle this there is a setup script that modifies what to use. This is handled with the tool 'module'. NOTE: ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Parameters files, pfiles director: how to overwrite default settings

This is a quite general question that I am not sure to be able to address correctly. I must manage some bash or tcsh scripts that invoke other software's tools. These tools are invoked by name and ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

how to set environment variables from a shell script? [duplicate]

I'm trying to set environment variable through a shell script. Here is the script with various techniques: #!/bin/sh echo "export SOMEPATH=/root/some" >> /root/.bash_profile echo "export ...
5
votes
2answers
168 views

if statement in .bashrc not working correctly

I set up .bashrc to show a long prompt if the terminal is at least 80 characters wide. Otherwise it shows a degraded, smaller prompt. I use an if statement to achieve this: dp_smaller_than=80 if [ ...
5
votes
3answers
314 views

Is there any harm in using variables that aren't set?

Say I have the following code: # Check if the color prompt is enabled and supported on this system if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ] && [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 ...
2
votes
4answers
120 views

How do I pass a variable from my local server to a remote server?

I am trying to pass a variable from my local server (location1) to a remote server (location2). The purpose of the code is to copy a file from the remote server from a predefined location. In simpler ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What does the period indicate when an environmental variable is set like “VARIABLE_NAME=.”

What does the period indicate when an environmental variable is set like VARIABLE_NAME=.
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Setting PATH vs. exporting PATH in ~/.bash_profile [duplicate]

What's the difference and which is better to use when customizing my bash profile? Documentation on the export command is scarce, as it's a builtin cmd. Excerpt from version 1 of my ~/.bash_profile: ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

How to guarantee availability of $BASH_ENV

A non-interactive, non-login shell will try to source any script specified in $BASH_ENV. But how do I guarantee $BASH_ENV is set before a cron job or script has a chance to set $BASH_ENV for any ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I expose JAVA_HOME to applications running under X and/or Gnome?

I'm trying to run IntelliJ from Gnome3's Applications menu, but it complains the JAVA_HOME variable is not set. I have the Java installation under my home folder. I managed to export the variable in ...
26
votes
3answers
12k views

What does “LC_ALL=C” do?

What does the C value for LC_ALL do in Unix-like systems? I know that it forces the same locale for all aspects but what does C do?
5
votes
1answer
66 views

What else can break if I remove export from a variable?

My problem is that when I started coding my script I encountered several variable scope issues which resulted in the bad habit of exporting almost all my variables. Now that my code has got quite ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

How to make unix service see environment variables?

I have set my environment variable using /etc/profile: export VAR=/home/userhome Then if I do echo $VAR it shows /home/userhome But when I put reference to this variable into the ...
2
votes
0answers
8 views

Why does xdg-open text_file differ from sudo -u me xdg-open text_file?

If I run the following command, the text file opens in my preferred editor (kate). $ xdg-open text_file However, if I try the following, where sparhawk is my username, I get several warnings, and ...
3
votes
4answers
78 views

Protected environment variables?

Are there names of environment variables that cannot be overwritten by the user/a call to setenv? As I understand from POSIX1.2008, any process may edit the environment block, but must avoid ...
3
votes
1answer
470 views

Why can I only use apt-get when I use “su”?

Not sure what info you need here, if any. Just let me know. I have a proxy that bypasses the corporate net set in my profile file for both su and normal user. When I do a sudo or regular apt-get ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

how to make PKG_CONFIG_PATH variable to refer an installed library?

I am in the process of installing the required libraries for FireFox 3.6 on a Redhat Linux Nash 4.x system. I already have successfully installed the glib2.12.0 library, but When I ./configure the ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

How do I get a variable's value from one script and import it in another script?

How do I get a variable's value from one script and import it in another script? But the catch is that the script where I am going to get the variable's value has also some commands that I don't want ...
3
votes
3answers
112 views

Environment variables are not set when my function is called in a pipeline

I have the following recursive function to set environment variables: function par_set { PAR=$1 VAL=$2 if [ "" != "$1" ] then export ${PAR}=${VAL} echo ${PAR}=${VAL} shift ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Sourcing scripts with a for loop for different variables

I have several shell scripts that I summarised within a global script. I am using some variables that are the same across all scripts, and I wrote a separate script for this, which I am sourcing in ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Who sets $USER and $USERNAME environment variables?

Also, will these variables always match currently logged-in username (they do on my Debian system)? Can I assume their availability in other Unix(-like) systems? I'm also curious why one would use ...
4
votes
7answers
822 views

how to share environment variables between shells like globals related to a master pid?

So, I need to share environment variables between shells, and that the changes on the variables be promptly recognized by all shells, like global variables. But they must be related to a master pid, ...
21
votes
3answers
740 views

If processes inherit the parent's environment, why do we need export?

I read here that the purpose of export in a shell is to make the variable available to sub-processes started from the shell. However, I have also read here and here that "Processes inherit their ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Prevent SSH client passing TERM environment variable to server?

I'm currently using Fedora 18 gnome-terminal, then started tmux multiplexer in it. After I connected to a CentOS 5 server via ssh command, I find: ls result has no color tmux, screen, hexedit, htop ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Difference between “.” and “./” while setting the environment variables using export? [duplicate]

Please excuse me if I am not clear while asking questions. I will try my best to be very clear while asking questions. While learning Embedded Linux, we are setting an environment for our project. ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

How to run a program in a clean environment in bash?

I want to run a program in an empty environment (i.e. with no envariables set). How to do this in bash?
0
votes
4answers
76 views

Unset http_proxy enviroment variable

Updated 11/03: After doing some test with your suggestions, I only can be sure about one thing: there is something related to the graphical environment, because if I login through ssh or using ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Variable value is not recognized after using gnu parallel?

I have a below shell script from which I am trying to copy 5 files in parallel. I am running my below shell script on machineA which tries to copy the file from machineB and machineC. If the file is ...
0
votes
3answers
370 views

TERM variable in chroot

I've created a chroot with the help of jailkit and now I'm trying to install some other libraries and tools. First I tried to install clear library. I've copied the file from the /bin folder and ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Create global enviromental variable after boot

I know about /etc/profile and /etc/environment, but I would like to set a global environmental variable after boot and login. By global, I mean an environment variable that can be accessed by any ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

What environment and credential is used by startup, background and service processes

Startup scripts (on boot) Processes running in (or sent to) the background (when using SSH -fN for example) Services etc... What $path variable will they be using? What credentials? Anything else I ...
17
votes
5answers
975 views

why is setting a variable before a command legal in bash?

I've just encountered several answers such as to parsing a delimited text file... that use the construct: while IFS=, read xx yy zz;do echo $xx $yy $zz done < input_file where the IFS ...
17
votes
7answers
622 views

How do I source another process's environment variables?

If I examine /proc/1/environ I can see a null-byte-delimited string of process 1's environment variables. I'd like to bring these variables into my current environment. Is there an easy way to do ...