A set of dynamic variables that can affect the running processes.

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login loop after editing /etc/profile and /etc/login.defs

I am relatively new to Linux/Unix and I have a Debian Jessie 8 distribution installed in my laptop. I tried to install tex-live following the instructions in this link http://tex.stackexchange.com/...
0
votes
4answers
853 views

Unset http_proxy enviroment variable

Updated 11/03: After doing some test with your suggestions, I only can be sure about one thing: there is something related to the graphical environment, because if I login through ssh or using a ...
5
votes
5answers
20k views

Adding directory to PATH through Makefile

I'm having some trouble in exporting the PATH I've modified inside the Makefile into the current Terminal. I'm trying to add to the PATH, the bin folder inside wherever the Makefile directory is. ...
38
votes
5answers
19k views

How to run a program in a clean environment in bash?

I want to run a program in an empty environment (i.e. with no envariables set). How to do this in bash?
5
votes
1answer
45 views

Making environment variables available for downstream processes started within an init.d script

This questions stems from @FrustratedWithFormsDesigner comment. How do I make export environment variables set within an init.d script available to downstream processes started within that same init....
3
votes
1answer
57 views

set environment variables from stdout

How can you do the equivalent of piping stdout to 'export'? For background, I have a non-shell script that generates environment variables like so: DATABASE_URL='someurl' MAIL_KEY='key' REDIS_URL='...
4
votes
6answers
21k views

Removing a directory from PATH

I'm trying to compile wxWidgets using MingW, and I have cygwin in my path, which seems to conflict. So I would like to remove /d/Programme/cygwin/bin from the PATH variable and I wonder if there is ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

What will be the result when USERGROUPS_ENAB is set to no in /etc/login.defs and no groupname is specified when using the commnd useradd

The default command when we add a user is: sudo adduser -m -g initial_group -G additional_group -s login_shell user_name In /etc/login.defs USERGROUPS_ENAB is set to yes by default This means ...
30
votes
3answers
48k views

Refresh env variables after editing bashrc file

I frequently edited the .bashrc file to export new environment variables. Rather than close the console and start a new one to refresh the env variables, is there a convenient way to refresh?
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2answers
2k views

Installing netbeans on Scientific Linux- NoClassDefFoundError thrown from the UncaughtExceptionHandler in thread “main”

I'm installing netbeans 8.0.1 on Scientific Linux. I have executed the installer .sh but I get the error: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError thrown from the UncaughtExceptionHandler in thread "main" ...
1
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1answer
15 views

Ranger file manager - Open gnome-terminal instead of xterm

I recently started using Ranger as my default file manager, and I'm really enjoying it. Right now, I've managed to change rifle.conf so that when I play audio or video from Ranger, mpv opens in a new ...
43
votes
10answers
83k views

How can I run a cron command with existing environmental variables?

How can I run a cron command with existing environmental variables? If I am at a shell prompt I can type echo $ORACLE_HOME and get a path. This is one of my environmental variables that gets set in ...
13
votes
2answers
41k views

sudo as another user with their environment

$ whoami admin $ sudo -S -u otheruser whoami otheruser $ sudo -S -u otheruser /bin/bash -l -c 'echo $HOME' /home/admin Why isn't $HOME being set to /home/otheruser even though bash is invoked as a ...
64
votes
3answers
12k views

$VAR vs ${VAR} and to quote or not to quote

I can write VAR=$VAR1 VAR=${VAR1} VAR="$VAR1" VAR="${VAR1}" the end result to me all seems about the same. Why should I write one or the other? are any of these not portable/POSIX?
0
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1answer
52 views

/etc/environment: /root: Permission denied

Whenever I run apt install to install a package it fails. I get this output at the bottom. It seems to go fine until it asks for permission ([y/n]) then is immediately followed by this output, ...
0
votes
1answer
936 views

How to specify a custom include directory in Debian?

I am trying to compile my program on a Debian system via ssh and without root privileges. PRETTY_NAME="Debian GNU/Linux 7 (wheezy)" NAME="Debian GNU/Linux" VERSION_ID="7" VERSION="7 (wheezy)" I ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Use env with environment variables from file

Let's say I have a file (called e) with this content: a=3 b="5 6" How can I get each one to be interpreted as a separate argument to env? That is, to have it equivalent to: $ env a=3 b="5 6" ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How to save an alias of an eval $(other_comand) command

I've been using docker for a while and there's a command I write each time I boot up my docker: eval $(docker-machine env) I know eval shouldn't be used unless necessary, but it's mentioned by the ...
0
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1answer
3k views

Runtime parameters for a systemd service

I am a little confused about how runtime parameters are normally supplied to a systemd service. The general idea I have is that the following happens: There is a file that contains the environment ...
4
votes
3answers
280 views

Environment variables. Where are they saved in? [duplicate]

If I do not edit the .bashrc or other config files, the environment variables that I've setted are gone when I logout, or turn off the terminal. What I'm curious is, where are those 'temporary' env ...
1
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2answers
26 views

bash : export: `PATH:home/pi/netkit/bin:/usr/local … invalid indentifier [duplicate]

Currently I'm struggling with some notification every time I open terminal: bash: export: `PATH:home/pi/netkit/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:bin:/usr/local/games/:/usr/...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

What is ${PYTHON_REL} FreeBSD

I have an error whilst making a port, so I checked the makefile, and found the problematic line. The issue is that I don't know how to fix it, as I don't know how to change the Python_Rel variable. ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Locale environment variable settings do not take effect

I have a Debian 6 (64-bit) VPS where I cannot seem to get the locale environment variables LANG and LC_* set. (Everything below as root). vps:~# locale -a C POSIX en_US.utf8 nl_NL.utf8 vps:~# locale ...
5
votes
3answers
488 views

Exclamation mark variable `$!`

I have been studying for my Unix exam and I often saw exclamation mark variable - $! If I write echo $! on my Mac shell tells me something like "You have mail in…" Is purpose of this to store whether ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Makefile include env file

I'm trying to include some env vars into a Makefile. The env file looks like: FOO=bar BAZ=quux Note there's no leading export to each env var. If I add the leading export and just include the env ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Setting path environment variable for desktop launchers [duplicate]

I set a custom $PATH in ~/.bashrc with PATH=$HOME/.bin:$PATH. When I launch the geany from the terminal it is able to find my custom build tools that are located in $HOME/.bin. When I launch Geany ...
97
votes
3answers
11k views

VISUAL vs EDITOR what's the difference?

I generally set both VISUAL and EDITOR environment variables to the same thing, but what's the difference? Why would I set them differently? When developing apps, why should I choose to look at VISUAL ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Can I use an environment variable to define an alias?

I'm using an automation engine to run perl scripts. script_X requires a wrapper script so it's run like: wrapper_script script_X --parameters But the automation engine can't understand that ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

saving path on Debian

I add this to the end of ~/.profile PATH=/usr/local/texlive/2015/bin/x86_64-linux:$PATH export PATH but it is never saved. Close the terminal, open it again and the path is without the one to latex....
19
votes
4answers
26k views

What scopes can shell variables have?

I just ran into a problem that shows me I'm not clear on the scope of shell variables. I was trying to use bundle install, which is a Ruby command that uses the value of $GEM_HOME to do its work. I ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

how to export name of logged in user correctly?

I have the following script here. #!/bin/bash #some initial variables DLURL=https://raw.github.com/horvan/drubuntu/master DIRURL=/opt/.drubuntu #Get files to run the installation wget -O $DIRURL/...
4
votes
3answers
29k views

where is LD_LIBRARY_PATH? how do I set the LD_LIBRARY_PATH env variable?

I am trying to build a c++ program using Unix. I got the error Linking CXX executable ../../bin/ME /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_regex-mt I heard that I just need to set the location of ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

timestamping history file causing erroneous lines in history command

I have .bash_profile setup to export to a history file: export HISTFILE=/root/history/.bash_hist-$(who -m | awk '{print $1}') Then I am exporting time stamps for the history command. export ...
8
votes
2answers
195 views

Why is the ability to define functions in an environmental variable not a security risk in itself?

As I understand it, generally it is considered safe to let anyone provide information that will be stored in an environmental variable. The shellshock vulnerability is an issue here because it means ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

export (save) and import (source) shell variables

I need to save environment variables to a file and (later) a process should import them. I need this to workaround a program fooprog that nullifies the environment before executing a barscript, and I ...
4
votes
2answers
51k views

“not a valid identifier” when I do “export $PATH”

When I run export $PATH in bash, I get the error not a valid identifier. Why?
-1
votes
1answer
79 views

Where do C# executables running on an Ubuntu Linux 16.04 desktop which use source code that DLLImport's shared objects look for them at runtime? [closed]

Where do C# executables running on an Ubuntu Linux 16.04 Lenovo Thinkstation desktop which use source code that DLLImport's shared objects (so's) look for shared objects at runtime? Even if the shared ...
15
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the difference between 'env' and 'printenv'?

What is the difference between the two commands env and printenv? They both show the environment variables, and the output is exactly the same aside from _. Are there any historical reasons for there ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Is using env and export the same thing?

I'm wondering whether this (From https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-read-and-set-environmental-and-shell-variables-on-a-linux-vps): env VAR1="blahblah" command_to_run ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

no names in kali linux [closed]

I am running kali linux, which has gnome. I just updated with: apt-get update && apt-get upgrade that what happen apt-get update && apt-get upgrade
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I create a GUI application launcher for xfce4-terminal with fish but inheriting the environment variables from bash?

If I run fish from a bash prompt, it will inherit the environment variables I have set in my .bashrc and .profile files, including the important $PATH variable. So far so good. Now, I want xfce4-...
7
votes
2answers
19k views

How to export LD_LIBRARY_PATH to all users and system services

I want to export LD_LIBRARY_PATH to system services and all users. System services are run before login, so .bashrc is not applicable. How to achieve this?
0
votes
1answer
726 views

How to set & retrieve a cookie via an executable bash script that is on the web

A simple bash script that can set a cookie when executed via web : #!/bin/bash echo "Set-Cookie: eee=1" echo "Content-type: text/html" echo "" echo "test" I replaced the entire codes above with the ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

How to export a variable from a perl script into a shell script?

I have a shell script in which I am running perl script by below code. perl perlscript.pl In the perl script I have defined a variable called $circle. Now I want to use this variable value in my ...
134
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4answers
82k views

What does “LC_ALL=C” do?

What does the C value for LC_ALL do in Unix-like systems? I know that it forces the same locale for all aspects but what does C do?
1
vote
5answers
1k views

How to run my C program from anywhere within the System (Ubuntu 10.10)?

Friends, I want to add my C program's path to the environment variable PATH. My C program called "md5". So that I can execute it from anywhere (i.e any directory). My md5 program is located at /home/...
4
votes
2answers
361 views

SH: How to make vars from one script available in the main script?

I have two scripts that need to run and both require the same variables set the same way. As a result I figured I'd break the setting of the variables out into a separate script. However, I can't seem ...
4
votes
3answers
501 views

Is there a Unix equivalent of the Windows environment variable PATHEXT

I am wondering if there is a Unix equivalent for the Windows environment variable PATHEXT. For those with no Windows background: Adding a file suffix to PATHEXT allows me to execute a script without ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

cannot get screen command to execute code containing DISPLAY=:0

I am trying to ssh into a remote machine and run a shell script, which opens a GUI. I want the GUI to open on the remote machine and remain open (so I am using DISPLAY=:0 nohup). I tried: ssh -t &...