A set of dynamic variables that can affect the running processes.

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2
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3answers
143 views

setting environment variable as a function of another env variable [duplicate]

I would like to set an environment variable (that we'll call "TEST") to store the path to a sub-directory of my home directory : something like /home/myself/dir/. I would like to use the $HOME ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

What does `env COLUMNS=%S ps …` do?

I have seen the syntax env COLUMNS=%sin shell scripts, e.g. see the line below from the Helm package in Emacs: env COLUMNS=%s ps -axo pid,user,pri,nice,ucomm,tty,start,vsz,%%cpu,%%mem,etime,command ...
4
votes
3answers
113 views

Why does export -p exclude $_ variable?

As far I know, there are 3 ways to see exported variables: $ export -p | wc -l 50 $ env | wc -l 51 $ printenv | wc -l 51 As you can see, export -p misses single variable. It's a $_ one: $ diff ...
5
votes
2answers
11k views

How to permanently set environmental variables

My variables are LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64/lib ORACLE_HOME=/usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64 How to save these variables permanently ?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Who is setting http_proxy?

On an Ubuntu system with bash as the default shell for the interested user, the http_proxy environment variable is set to a specific value in a fresh GNOME Terminal. The .bashrc file for this user ...
3
votes
2answers
368 views

Using environment variabless in Tmux status bar shell commands

I am attempting to create a tmux status bar which shows three timezones: US Eastern Time :: UTC :: Central European Time. Using the TZ environment variable makes the date command show the time in a ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Where do I place commands to automatically be exported for all users?

I have an embedded platform running an Arago linux distribution. Right now the only "user" is root but there will eventually be others, but I don't know how many or what user IDs they will have. ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Permanent Environment Variable with # linux Ubuntu

I am trying to set some environment variables permanently by editing the /etc/environment file. One of my environment variables has a "#" in it and some text after the "#". Everything after the "#" ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

How to specify a custom include directory in Debian?

I am trying to compile my program on a Debian system via ssh and without root privileges. PRETTY_NAME="Debian GNU/Linux 7 (wheezy)" NAME="Debian GNU/Linux" VERSION_ID="7" VERSION="7 (wheezy)" I ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Restricting grep's --color option to the interactive shell

I have the following variable I want to set to make grep behave a certain way: GREP_OPTIONS=--color=always The problem is, I only want this environment variable to be set on the command line. I ...
1
vote
2answers
233 views

cd ${DIR_PATH} returns 'No such file or directory'

OS = MacOS 10.8.5/Darwin Kernel Version 12.5.0. In my .bash_profile I have: export DIR_PATH=~/concrete/path At the terminal >echo ${DIR_PATH} ~/concrete/path Also explicit cd works: ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

How can I make shell aliases available when shelling out from Vim?

In my .zshrc, I declare some aliases. Eg, which dbstart shows the contents of that alias. If I open vim from that shell, it is a child process. In Vim, I can run shell commands with :! some_command. ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

$@ and 'set env $PATH' - Why should this statement go into .inputrc?

I have a line in my .zshrc that says: set env $PATH Apparently this affects the value of $@. I have read that $@ should be empty and that I should not have any set statements in my .zshrc (at least ...
5
votes
2answers
640 views

Local variables in zsh: what is the equivalent of bash's “export -n” in zsh

I'm trying to contain the scope of a variable to a shell, and not have children see it, in zsh. For example, I type this in .zshrc: GREP_OPTIONS=--color=always But if I run a shell script with the ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Environment variable for command called via nice

I need to set an environment variable for a command that is being called via nice. [Bash and dash, Slackware and FreeBSD.] $ JIM=20 nice -n 10 echo $JIM $ Nope, echo can't see JIM $ nice -n ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

How to read value of variable, where the name of variable is the value of another variable

I think an example is in order. Consider I have these two environment variables setup (by a Continuous Delivery tool): PACKAGE_VER=1.2.3 and USE_VERSION_FROM=PACKAGE_VER. What I want now is a script ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

How to set environment variables under MATE?

I have just installed MATE under Ubuntu Saucy. No problems. Except I am trying to setup Texmaker, the LaTeX IDE, and cannot figure out how to set the paths to the LaTeX tools (pdflatex, etc.) which ...
1
vote
3answers
309 views

HowTo Chroot to BSD

I recently tried FreeBSD [9.2]. I installed it but as i found out it doesn't install any bootloader by default. So now i want to find out HOW it is possible to chroot to the installed BSD via a ...
3
votes
3answers
587 views

How do I create a GUI application launcher for xfce4-terminal with fish but inheriting the environment variables from bash?

If I run fish from a bash prompt, it will inherit the environment variables I have set in my .bashrc and .profile files, including the important $PATH variable. So far so good. Now, I want ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

Expansion of a shell variable and effect of glob and split on it

This post actually contains two separate questions but I think grouping them together will give some more context. I have gone through this question on quotes around variables but I do not quite ...
2
votes
2answers
809 views

Removing a directory from PATH

I'm trying to compile wxWidgets using MingW, and I have cygwin in my path, which seems to conflict. So I would like to remove /d/Programme/cygwin/bin from the PATH variable and I wonder if there is ...
0
votes
3answers
351 views

I have an environment variable for LANG set in ~/.profile but it is not getting set

I want to set the locale. I have this in my ~/.profile #language export LANG=en_GB.utf8 export TESTING123=en_GB.utf8 But when I type: echo $LANG $TESTING123 I get (LANG not set, but TESTING123 ...
9
votes
2answers
823 views

using export in .bashrc

I have noticed in my .bashrc, that some lines have export in front, such as export HISTTIMEFORMAT="%b-%d %H:%M " ... export MYSQL_HISTFILE="/root/.mysql_history" whereas other have not, such as ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

local shutdown scripts (do's and don't's)

At work, I'm running linux, and use vagrant on a daily basis. What I find annoying is that the system often hangs when I reboot/shut down, if I forgot to vagrant halt any virtual boxes I may have ...
2
votes
2answers
306 views

From where does printenv command read environment variables which I have not defined?

The printenv command lists a number of environment variables most of which I have not defined. From where does it read these values? Where are the environment variables stored in Linux? strace ...
1
vote
2answers
300 views

How to loop through xargs where each script uses a common env variable

Is it possible to initiate 10 of the same shell scripts which also initiate more copies, and have them all use the same env variable? For example: script.sh: #!/bin/bash export ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

ENV variables in relation to xargs loops

Are env variables (set using export) treated differently when the same script is run multiple times simultaneously? That's a weird question, so here's an example I built out which is similar to my ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Application does not see environmental variables

I am running following 32 bit command on 64 bit system: LIBGL_DEBUG=verbose glxinfo32 -v -t | head -5 It's output says direct rendering: No (If you want to find out why, try setting ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Running a program to output in Dutch

I'm running KDE Arch linux and trying to update my system using pacman and have it output in Dutch. I've tried the following sudo LANG=nl_NL.UTF-8 pacman -Syy sudo KDE_LANG=nl_NL.UTF-8 pacman -Syy ...
-3
votes
1answer
82 views

where is this HOME environment variable and what do I have to add -H too it?

I recently attempted to run a boot up script which failed I didn't know why it failed so I posted a question about that here. chkconfig bootup script failing, script runs good manually Where the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

How to avoid warnings from subshells if the function in PROMPT_COMMAND is not defined?

I'm using the following code to get a nice prompt (including git information etc.): function set_prompt { # magic happens in here ;) } export PROMPT_COMMAND='set_prompt' However, sometimes I ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

modify user-defined System Variables(that is a number) of remote Server machine using ssh?

I want to modify the value of a System Variable of a remote server . The IP of server is 172.16.22.53. The server runs Windows OS,and Cygwin instlled in it.In ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Setting the TOPCOLORS environment variable

I don't seem to be able to find any examples on the Internet for this environment variable, which top will apparently read and use to display colours. How would I set this variable correctly so top ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

bash set env variable is not working in pdsh

I am using PDSH to control multiple servers through one command line. The command below works fine on individual servers, but when I enter the export command within PDSH, echoing it back is empty. ...
5
votes
4answers
159 views

How do I use which(1) with the system's default $PATH?

I would like to use which with the system's default path, ignoring any embellishments from the user's shell configuration files. Motivation I am attempting to write a script to find the system's ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

exported variable disappears when I open a new terminal

I type this: export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk so that I can access that directory by typing cd $JAVA_HOME but every time I close and open the terminal I have to do this again and ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How to retrieve environment variable from string name in KSH

I've the following variable : x="envVar" and 'envVar' is the one of my environment variable's name containing a path (of a folder by instance). So I'd like to do cd $x but it doesn't work. ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Set environment variable automatically upon SSH login (no root access)

The situation: I run Ubuntu 12.04 LTS on a virtual machine. I regularly have to connect to my account on a university server, I do this by opening up terminal and using ssh -Y username@server.com. ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

rkhunter warn me about root.rules

I run : :~$ sudo rkhunter --checkall --report-warnings-only One of the warnings I've got : Warning: Suspicious file types found in /dev: /dev/.udev/rules.d/root.rules: ASCII text and ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

How to undo DISPLAY export in linux?

I have exported my X display to another computer using this command: export DISPLAY=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:0.0 How can I undo it?
1
vote
4answers
164 views

How do I run a program in a fresh shell?

I have a program that does a LOT of env manipulation. It sets PYTHONPATH and LD_LIBRARY_PATH and stuff like that. This program needs to run ANOTHER program, but in a fresh env, without all of the ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How do I display contents of a file where PATH environment changes are made?

Say I change the $PATH environment variable. If I'm asked to display the contents of the file where this change happened, how would I do this?
0
votes
4answers
81 views

Unset http_proxy enviroment variable

Updated 11/03: After doing some test with your suggestions, I only can be sure about one thing: there is something related to the graphical environment, because if I login through ssh or using ...
3
votes
3answers
398 views

Adding prefixes/suffixes to file names without typing it all over again?

I would like to do something like the following $ tmp=name* $ mv $tmp new_$tmp $ ls new_* $ new_name-with-stuff-i-dont-want-to-type name-with-stuff-i-dont-want-to-type Setting the environment ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

Restrictions of /etc/profile in Gnome

I have an issue which bugs me for a long time. I'm using the Intel C++ compiler which includes shell scripts to set up environment variables for library paths, include paths and more. Sourcing these ...
4
votes
1answer
401 views

Escape hash mark (#) in /etc/environment

I am adding an env variable to /etc/environment but because the variable value contains # sign, string is striped. MYSQL_PWD="something#no" Now if I do env above code yields MYSQL_PWD=something. ...
3
votes
3answers
484 views

Setting hostname variable right after SSH login

I have set of some (third-party) shell scripts, which are supposed to connect to remote host and start some daemons (hadoop, if that matters). These scripts rely heavily on hostname in order to ...
0
votes
0answers
675 views

Removing path in env variable PATH permanently [duplicate]

I have recently installed Code Sourcery's ARM EABI Tool Chain. All the executable binaries were installed in a separate folder. I thought that the bin path will be added to env variable $PATH. ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Checking the order of items in a shell environment variable

I am wanting to check that a certain directories always appear after other directories in an environment variable. List items are separated by a colon, as with the PATH variable. This is not simply ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Appending values to environment variables from within Emacs

I am new to Elisp. I would like to do the following in my init file: ; Retrieve the value of LD_LIBRARY_PATH ; Append '/path/to/some/lib/:'to it ; Save the new value of LD_LIBRARY_PATH So far I ...