A set of dynamic variables that can affect the running processes.

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944 views

ssh-agent error on ubuntu server 10.04 LTS

I have an Ubuntu Server 10.04 installation on Linode. I am trying to use ssh-agent to stop typing my passphrase everytime I need to push some changes to GitHub. I am using the script provided by ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you make RPROMPT in zsh update itself on every enter?

My RPROMPT is set to display svn info using vcs_info. It reads RPROMPT=${vcs_info_msg_0_}. vcs_info is called using precmd(). However, RPROMPT doesn't update when I change directories. It works only ...
5
votes
3answers
8k views

“No protocol specified” when running vim with sudo

Recently I start to get "No protocol specified" when using sudo vim. It's just a warning I guess, because everything was working normally (I can open, edit and save files). The message doesn't appear ...
5
votes
1answer
16k views

how to make PKG_CONFIG_PATH variable to refer an installed library?

I am in the process of installing the required libraries for FireFox 3.6 on a Redhat Linux Nash 4.x system. I already have successfully installed the glib2.12.0 library, but When I ./configure the ...
9
votes
2answers
322 views

best way to set up separate linux environment in ~

I do most of my work (involves a lot of C/Python) on a development server that is shared with several other people. As a result we all seem to do a bit of the system administration chores (there is ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I set env variables so that KDE recognizes them?

I need to set some environment variables such as the XDG spec ones, before KDE starts in such a way that kwin and any apps run from KDE will inherit them. Where could I do this, and how?
12
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2answers
15k views

JAVA_HOME not set in script when run using sudo

I'm trying to run an install script that requires java to be installed and the JAVA_HOME environment variable to be set. I've set JAVA_HOME in /etc/profile and also in a file I've called java.sh in ...
6
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4answers
9k views

Can I spawn a new terminal that is a clone of the current terminal?

So let's say I'm developing code in directory /asdf/qwer/dfgh/wert/asdf/qwer and I've added about three more directories like that to my path and I have a bunch of arcane environment variables set. ...
14
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4answers
1k views

keep duplicates out of $PATH on source [duplicate]

I have the following code that's source-d by my .shellrc PATH="${PATH}:${HOME}/perl5/bin" PATH="${PATH}:${HOME}/.bin" export PATH but if I make changes to other code and then source this file, my ...
55
votes
2answers
9k views

$VAR vs ${VAR} and to quote or not to quote

I can write VAR=$VAR1 VAR=${VAR1} VAR="$VAR1" VAR="${VAR1}" the end result to me all seems about the same. Why should I write one or the other? are any of these not portable/POSIX?
87
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2answers
10k views

VISUAL vs EDITOR what's the difference?

I generally set both VISUAL and EDITOR environment variables to the same thing, but what's the difference? Why would I set them differently? When developing apps, why should I choose to look at VISUAL ...
8
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3answers
393 views

Is it possible to find out which files are setting/adding to environment variables, and their order of precedence?

Some of my environment variables ($PATH, $MANPATH and friends) are partially set up in different source files. I find myself wishing for a command or method to quickly gather what part, in a specific ...
13
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2answers
4k views

Correctly setting environment

I'm using zsh and gdm to run gnome. Some time ago I discovered that variables are not set correctly. For example LANG/LC_ALL are incorrect ("" instead of en_GB.UTF-8). I split the .zshrc into .zshrc ...
28
votes
6answers
12k views

How to print only defined variables (shell and/or environment variables) in bash

The bash builtin command set, if invoked without arguments, will print all shell and environment variables, but also all defined functions. This makes the output unusable for humans and difficult to ...
21
votes
1answer
7k views

Difference between environment variables and exported environment variables in bash

Bash seems to differentiate between variables which have been exported and those which have not. example: $ FOO=BAR $ env | grep FOO $ set | grep FOO FOO=BAR set sees the variable but env does ...
65
votes
4answers
7k views

Alternative to .bashrc

Is ~/.bashrc the only place where I can specify user specific ENV Variables, aliases, modifications to PATH variable, etc? I ask because it seems that ~/.bashrc would be BASH only...
2
votes
1answer
319 views

Gconf profiles personalized with environment variables

What is best practice for creating mandatory or default gconf-profiles using the users environment variables. That would make it easy to maintain system-wide profiles and distribute profiles in a ...
35
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7answers
11k views

How to determine where an environment variable came from

I have a linux instance that I set up some time ago. When I fire it up and log in as root there are some environment variables that I set up but I can't remember or find where they came from. I've ...
7
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2answers
592 views

Set the language for a single program execution

Complete C++ i18n gettext() “hello world” example. sets the LANG environment variable using export before executing the program (Linux): export LANG=es_MX.utf8 ./hellogt Is there a way to set the ...