Questions about either the shell builtin or `/bin/echo`. This tag should not be used if your question is simply about printing to the terminal, only apply it if your question is specific to the `echo` command.

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-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Is it possible to use cron with a bash sh script that creates scripts via echo, which the main script then executes?

Is it possible to use cron with a bash sh script that creates scripts via echo, which the main script then executes? Cron appears to take over control of the outputs to be either the given email ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Remove the exact same matching lines with sed

I have this bash script: sed -i -r '/deb http\:\/\/httpredir\.debian\.org\/debian jessie main/d' /etc/apt/sources.list sed -i -r '/deb http\:\/\/httpredir\.debian\.org\/debian jessie\-updates main/d' ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

echo a colored text with tabs

I have the line below to echo values with tab between them. The text is also colored, however, some\t does not work. The output of this one below will have the first two \t not working. echo ...
4
votes
4answers
52 views

Echoing something with multiple quotes and key characters (&, $, !, etc.)

Let's say you have to echo this into a file: RZW"a4k6[)b!^"%*X6Evf How do you do it? My actual "line" to echo is a 2048 characters line.
28
votes
6answers
3k views

Is 'cat' a shell built-in or an external program?

When I use the type command to find out if cat is a shell built-in or an external program I get the output below: -$ type cat cat is hashed (/bin/cat) -$ Does this mean that cat is an external ...
7
votes
1answer
139 views

Why there isn't a new line at the end of quoting a subshell and passing the results to echo?

When I do ls | grep png the output of grep is: 2015-05-15-200203_1920x1080_scrot.png 2015-05-16-025536_1920x1080_scrot.png (filename,newline,filename,newline) then, echo $(ls | grep png) outputs: ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

displaying output in a single line

How to display output in a sinlge line. My code is: echo "total directories:" && find $DIR -type d | wc -l echo "total files:" && find $DIR -type f | wc -l output displays as ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

echo result from subshell in zsh

In zsh, the following 2 commands results differently: a=$(</etc/hosts) && echo $a echo $(</etc/hosts) The 1st prints contents line by line, while the 2nd prints contents as a whole in ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

echo with backspace

I am trying to figure out why this happens in bash. Ok this is easy enough. $ echo -e 'a\txy\bc' a xc Ok this is easy enough. $ echo -e 'a\txy\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\bc' ac xy Ok this is easy ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Background processes mix up order of shell script execution

Can someone explain me why the script echo one && echo two & echo three && echo four gives me [1] 3692 three four one two [1]+ Done echo one && ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Bash script strange behavior with echo - printf in a file

I want to print part of the content of a .csv file in another file if there is a match with some condition: The csv content is like this abc test;ABCtest.it xyz test;XYZtest.com I read the content ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

echo `“hello terminal” > /dev/terminal` - works for /dev/tty[2-5] but not for /dev/pts/n

I'm trying to get to know the input output systems of unix/linux systems better. Since terminals and devices are implemented to interface as ordinary files, I assumed I could on any desired terminal ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Glob pattern argument for echo command

echo *.c in bash, treats the argument as a constant and prints *.c. How to force it to consider it as a glob pattern and print the list of files/folders ending with .c?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to configure the system in order beeing able to hear the sound of the \a escape character?

I read, that if I execute: echo -e "\a" a sound emerges, but frankly speaking, i executed this command several times and no sound happened.
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to put a newline special character into a file using the echo command and redirection operator?

I would like to create a file by using the echo command and the redirection operator, the file should be made of a few lines. I tried to include a newline by "\n" inside the string: echo "first ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

using ! character in echo

I am messing with echo and having issues with echo displaying the ! character. I tried this. echo -e "Wake!\nUp! bash: !\n!: event not found Then this # echo "Wake\!\nUp!" Wake\! Up! Well now ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Using echo to alter a files md5

I need to alter the md5 for some of my files, I was told to run the following echo >> /path/to/file.iso I was just wondering, What does actually do to the file. It seems to work and change ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Not getting the desired output for echo command [duplicate]

Below is my script. #!/bin/bash SERVERS="sl20rht00-t" #SERVERS="shcbrht01-t" USR="adm-dt-c" for host in $SERVERS do ssh -tt $USR@$host 'sudo cp /etc/sudoers /Backups/sudoers_11thmarch2015; sudo cp ...
1
vote
4answers
65 views

echo \\* - bash backslash escape behavior, is it evaluated backwards?

So in bash, When I do echo \* * This seems right, as * is escaped and taken literally. But I can't understand that, when I do echo \\* \* I thought the first backslash escaped the second one ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Why does the input to xargs is 1 string but without is strings in separate line?

I am trying to pipe file to rm via xargs. I understand that what I am tryng to do could be done by git clean but I am practicing the cli. I tried this: for files in $(git status --porcelain| sed ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

sudo issue during echo something to a root file [duplicate]

I have a problem, during write something into a root file: $ ll /sys/bus/usb/devices/3-2/power/wakeup -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4096 Feb 16 17:28 /sys/bus/usb/devices/3-2/power/wakeup $ sudo echo ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

How do I add a \n to the end of the record on file using AWK

I have a file that can contain 1 or many lines oracle1.txt oracle2.txt oracle3.txt How do I using AWK put a \n after the last line only so it will show oracle1.txt oracle2.txt oracle3.txt\n I ...
0
votes
3answers
895 views

create XML file using bash script

I want create simple xml file using bash script ( not with dom ) but when I set value in the line then echo print the $lorem word and not the val lorem=LOL echo '<root><foo ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Is there a difference between double quoting a variable or a whole line in echo

When you type, for example, echo Variable "$var" is not initialised. and echo "Variable $var is not initialised." the front end result is the exact same (as far as I know, at least). But I was ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Avoid backslash expansion with echo in dash

First create a file with this exact content: a\nb I named this file foo, if I run the following, it prints the exact content of the file: bash -c 'bar=$(cat foo);echo "$bar"' But if you run it ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Echo newline with quotes [duplicate]

For: $hello="hello > world" Why does echo not print the newline for: echo -e $hello But if I put $hello in quotes it does. $ echo "$hello" hello world Is this because of ANSI-C Quoting? ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

echo colored text which changes colors dynamically

Is there any way that i can print a colored text on console which keeps on changing its colors dynamically(with or without a specified time interval) just like some greeting cards in which the ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

how to `echo` 'formatted' man page of some command to text file [duplicate]

When I execute echo `man ls` > tem.txt I get unformatted output in the text file, I mean output without any new lines, just continues sentences. How do I get formatted output ? For example, ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

How would I loop this command?

A snippet of my code is shown below. The script currently closes if its not able to find the path. [echo "could not find $REPLY, ensure the path is correct and try again"] Instead I would like it ...
1
vote
2answers
225 views

How do I expect 'echo -e “? \c”'?

I'm an absolute newbie to the UNIX world and have been asked to write a script that interacts with another one - but I'm stuck. The script that I interact with echos the following and I need to send a ...
1
vote
3answers
169 views

How to print new lines at the end of functions?

If I type echo hello, my terminal looks like this: My-Computer:~ user$ echo hello hello My-Computer:~ user$ But if I have a function like this stringen () { cat /dev/urandom | env LC_CTYPE=C tr ...
6
votes
4answers
560 views

Back to back Pipes into a Command

Is there a way to pipe back to back values into a command? e.g. If I can command.pl and want to pipe in response, then y to confirm (because it doesn't have a way to auto confirm)? I've tried echo ...
7
votes
3answers
500 views

in Bash, how to not include extra arguments in an alias?

I am trying to do something like alias ftp='echo do not use ftp. Use sftp instead.' just so that ftp will not be accidentally used. But I noticed that ftp abcd.com will cause the command to ...
3
votes
2answers
544 views

What is the format for piping a message into sendmail?

I am using the following command to create messages on the fly, and send them: echo "Subject:Hello \n\n I would like to buy a hamburger\n" | sendmail email@example.com It seems that when you send ...
6
votes
3answers
526 views

How do I print '-e' with echo?

I know that echo -e is not an ordinary command. I have tried echo '-e' and echo \-e but they still don`t work.
3
votes
2answers
390 views

Bash - echo line by line, ignoring the space between the lines

I had read the post on: bash - replace space with new line, but it does not helped to solve my issue. [My Directory] [root@testlabs Config]# ls Archive Backup_Files config_file.tgz ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

zsh function output removes leading whitespace

Consider the following two commands and their outcome: 14:57 : echo $(echo " ABC") ABC 14:57 : echo " ABC" ABC Version of zsh: zsh 5.0.5 (x86_64-apple-darwin14.0) Why does the first one ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Add text with echo but start with new line if file not empty

I'm trying to create next script echo "#!/bin/sh" >/script echo "del x.txt" >>/script witch is ok if /script file is empty, if not - will append first line to last text #!/bin/sh del ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

What does echo $-1 display?

What does the output of echo $-1, echo $-2, echo $-3.. mean? On one of my Linux boxes, it shows me: echo $-1 imsBEl1 echo $-2 imsBEl2 And on another Linux box, it shows: echo $-1 himBH1 echo $-2 ...
5
votes
3answers
781 views

Why does “$ sudo echo 'yo' ” work even though echo is a shell built in function? [duplicate]

I understand that sudo cd /directory will return: sudo: cd: command not found because cd is a shell builtin and not a binary. But then, why does sudo echo 'this is a test' works fine? What ...
0
votes
0answers
430 views

BC returns syntax error

#!/bin/bash cd ~/simplesim-3.0/benchmarks INSTS=$(grep "sim_num_insn" ./anagram.txt | awk '{print $2}'); IL1_ACCESSES=$(grep "il1.accesses" ./anagram.txt | awk '{print $2}'); IL1_MISSRATE=$(grep ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

What is the difference between the built in echo command and /bin/echo? [duplicate]

I was playing around with the type and which commands and I discovered something strange. type either returns the path or says that a command is a Bash built in. which either returns the path or ...
3
votes
2answers
220 views

How do I echo a lot of content in a bash script?

I would like to do echo "[this thing]" This thing is \documentclass{article} \usepackage{rotating} \usepackage{pdfpages} \usepackage{verbatim} \usepackage{amsmath, amsfonts, amssymb, textcomp, ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

./a.out && echo $? only prints return value if return = 0

echo $? in the following scenario does not display the return value, i.e. 1. echo "int main() { return 1; }" > foo.c gcc foo.c && ./a.out && echo $? However, echo $? works when ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

What is the reverse of echo -e?

If I have a string with nonprintable characters, new lines, or tabs, is there a way I can use echo to print this string and show codes for these characters (e.g., \n for new line, \b for backspace)?
4
votes
3answers
234 views

How do I capture stdin to a variable without stripping any trailing newlines?

In a shell script... How do I capture stdin to a variable without stripping any trailing newlines? Right now I have tried: var=`cat` var=`tee` var=$(tee) In all cases $var will not have the ...
5
votes
2answers
286 views

echo of a string with an exclamation point

Here are what I put in bash and the results I got about 'echo': $ echo '!$' !$ $ echo "!$" echo "'!$'" '!$' I'd like to know how 'echo' deals with the second input. It seems to me that ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

why 'echo --help' doesn't give me help page of echo?

I tried 'man echo' in Bash and it told me that 'echo --help' will display help then exit, and similarly, that 'echo --version' will output version and exit. But why it doesn't work ? 'echo --help' ...
9
votes
3answers
686 views

Why does “wc -c” print a value of one more with echo?

When running echo abcd | wc -c it returns 5. But the word abcd is only 4 characters long. Is echo printing some special character after the word abcd? And can I prevent echo from printing that? ...
2
votes
5answers
333 views

How to overwrite stdout using echo? [closed]

We know to overwrite bar.txt, we can use this: echo "foo" > bar.txt but how can we overwrite to the standard output? I tried this command: echo "foo" > but it failed. I want this because ...