The base software for Debian/Ubuntu/Mint package management. Use this tag for questions about dpkg and its companion utilities and the .deb file format.

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146
votes
5answers
27k views

I deleted /bin/rm. How do I recover it?

Just for fun, I thought I would use this command on my Raspberry Pi running Raspbian: sudo rm -f /bin/rm I thought I could just reinstall coreutils: I was wrong! apt-get install --reinstall ...
128
votes
12answers
65k views

What are the pros/cons of deb vs. rpm?

For whatever reasons, I've always used RPM based distros (Fedora, Centos and currently openSUSE). I have often heard it stated that deb is better than rpm, but when asked why, have never been able to ...
53
votes
4answers
122k views

Install from a deb file, by dpkg -i or by apt?

I have a deb package for installation. Shall I install by dpkg -i my.deb, or by apt? Will both handle the software dependency problem well? If by apt, how can I install from the deb by apt?
26
votes
1answer
78k views

“E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1) ” What does this mean?

I've seen this message several times whenever someone has a problem installing, upgrading or removing some piece of software, but I wonder, what does it mean, and more importantly, is possible to ...
19
votes
6answers
11k views

What's .deb and .rpm and how is it different from .msi?

What are these file formats and how do they differ from the .msi format in Windows? Also what are the pros and cons of these package management schemes?
17
votes
1answer
311 views

dpkg replacing files on a FAT filesystem

When you upgrade or reinstall a package with dpkg (and ultimately anything that uses it, like apt-get etc) it backs up the existing files by creating a hard link to the file before replacing it. That ...
15
votes
3answers
24k views

Installing a .deb package in home directory

Is it possible to install a .deb package completely under my home directory at debian?
14
votes
5answers
6k views

feeding input values to dpkg-reconfigure in non-interactive way

I would like to configure ubuntu package via dpkg-reconfigure with all the values supplied via non-interactive mode (in the script). In fact my case is firebird confiiguration ...
12
votes
2answers
13k views

What packages are installed by default in Debian? Is there a term for that set? Why some of those packages are `automatically installed` and some not?

It's a very simple question, but I wonder, is there a term to refer to the subset of packages that is automatically installed by Debian distribution? I though that it had something to do with ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I reliably “hold” a package in Debian?

I have a package in Debian that has been manually patched (not ideal, I know) that I must hold at its current version so upgrades don't overwrite the patched changes (I will manually inspect and apply ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

How to make dpkg faster?

Package (un)installation on a Debian system is horribly slow, partly because it works with a whole bunch of (small) files. Short of getting faster storage, how do I speed it up? I'm thinking maybe ...
10
votes
1answer
14k views

dpkg cannot find ldconfig/start-stop-daemon in the PATH variable

I was trying to install bsd-mailx utility the package got installed however I am wondering about the error. This is the error I get: Preconfiguring packages ... dpkg: warning: 'ldconfig' not found ...
8
votes
2answers
320 views

Re-installing apps after a fresh install?

I'm on Debian and I want to re-partition my drive and reinstall. Is there an easy way to restore all currently installed packages after a fresh installation? I'm thinking of doing it by making a ...
7
votes
3answers
621 views

Why do package managers need lock files?

dpkg uses a lock file (/var/lib/dpkg/lock), when in use. Why are these lockfiles needed? Why are multiple instances not possible?
7
votes
2answers
225 views

building Debian package with non-standard options

I would like to build Debian package from source, using dpkg-buildpackage. I have downloaded package source: apt-get -t wheezy-backports source gnucash Inside the file gnucash-2.6.9/configure I ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Debian's dpkg store the time/date of package changes (.i.e. installation/purges)?

I know that dpkg and dpkg-query are good tools to find out about packages currently installed on a Debian system. Besides the information logged to the files /var/log/dpkg.log.* is there any other ...
7
votes
2answers
868 views

How to automatically generate .desktop file?

There's a .deb software that doesn't have a .desktop file, I created that file. I want to create another package for that software, when the user installs it, I want the .desktop file to be generated ...
6
votes
2answers
484 views

backup list of installed packages

I want to reinstall my linux system (specifically linux mint). I have kept important data elsewhere, so I can safely remove everything. However, I want to do the following: save the list of ...
6
votes
1answer
17k views

Not able to lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock (read only)

I was trying to install ruby on my remote server(this is a vm machine(debian) in a esxi server . ) I got this error: The Command: sudo apt-get install ruby1.8 Error : W: Not using locking for read ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Can I determine what changed in an upgraded package using apt or dpkg on Debian 6?

I just did an apt-get upgrade on my Debian 6 development server and noticed that a certain package named tinyproxy was upgraded. I have a particular interest in seeing precisely what changed in that ...
5
votes
3answers
891 views

List all software installed from particular component (non-free, contrib)

Is there a way to list all non-free and contrib software installed in Debian via apt? /etc/apt/sources.list is as follows deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main non-free contrib deb-src ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

I cannot install new packages: “Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock”

I am new to Linux (installed Ubuntu for the first time yesterday), and have never dealt with any unix-based OS. I started using Linux for the sole purpose of collaborating code with my partners via ...
5
votes
2answers
397 views

Check if all listed packages are installed in bash

My binary depends on these boost libraries and respective packages: NAME | PACKAGE: ...
5
votes
1answer
588 views

dpkg, apt, synaptic. aptitude: can user customizations cause conflicts?

So, I ssh into a (very) remote Ubuntu 10.4 server to do some admin and web dev+design. And I was looking through the various package manager options. There's a lot. The big ones are dpkg, apt, ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

How to configure the MySQL APT repo on Ubuntu, on a non-interactive shell?

I want to install MySQL 5.7 on Travis CI, which runs Ubuntu 12 virtual machines. I'm willing to use the official MySQL APT repo: wget ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I replicate installed package selections from one Debian system to another? (Debian Wheezy)

I am trying to set up a staging environment in a VM, in order to test updates before applying them to my main system. In order to do so, I have done a basic installation of Debian Wheezy (same as on ...
5
votes
4answers
266 views

Install a .deb completely 'by hand'

So, I recently acquired a brand new Nokia N900 phone off of an online auction site for a fairly reasonable price. The N900 is a Linux phone, and it came out a long time ago, but it's only just now ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

What's the difference between DPkg::post-invoke and DPkg::post-invoke-success?

There are two suggested configuration options to install post-install hooks into Debian's apt/dpkg system: DPkg::post-invoke(1) and DPkg::post-invoke-success(2). For me, only post-invoke seems to ...
5
votes
1answer
552 views

Firefox circular-dependency hell on Linux Mint 13

Having difficulty re-installing Firefox, after an installation to resolve places.sqlite issues. It appears that I'm trapped in circular dependency hell. Need to resolve firefox dependency hell to ...
5
votes
1answer
454 views

Backtrace of “git clone” running inside qemu-user-emulation based arm-chroot

I'm running a wheezy:armhf chroot using qemu user emulation on my jessie:x86_64 system. Somehow, a git clone on a particular private repository will hang inside the chroot, while succeed natively. ...
4
votes
6answers
13k views

How to recreate /var/lib/dpkg/status?

I have deleted some files around /var/lib/dpkg/, namely: /var/lib/dpkg/status /var/lib/dpkg/available /var/lib/dpkg/info/* I understand Debian uses these files to keep some information about ...
4
votes
2answers
17k views

dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of initramfs-tools

I started an upgrade of my Kubuntu 12.04 system with this command, as usual: sudo apt-get --show-upgraded dist-upgrade I came back later and it had failed: Preconfiguring packages ... (Reading ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to list currently not installed packages?

I'd like to output a list of all, currently not installed, packages (they are visible in Synaptic for example) using only shell commands. How do I do this?
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to remove Dropbox

I am trying to remove Dropbox from my computer. So far I have done the following: sudo aptitude remove dropbox sudo aptitude purge dropbox But this didn't get rid of it 100% oshiro@debian:~$ ...
4
votes
2answers
553 views

Debian: prevent particular file from being overwritten during package upgrade

I understand that a package has two components: config and data files. During package upgrade (i.e. security upgrade) data files can be overwritten, but config files should always stay the same. Also ...
4
votes
5answers
817 views

Get package sources and repository link

Is there any way (dpkg, apt?) to get a package's sources and URL to repository, if available, in Debian ?
4
votes
3answers
503 views

How to find out if a specific package is installed on Debian?

I'm working with a Raspberry Pi B+ and Raspbian 5/5/2015 and some guides that are a few years old. I've got an external NTFS HDD hooked up to the Pi. Due to the articles age(s), common practices ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to uninstall a .deb installed with dpkg?

I installed Unified Remote using dpkg: dpkg -i urserver.deb How do I uninstall it so I can reinstall from scratch?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

After creating a .deb: dpkg:warning while removing, directory /usr/local/bin not empty so not removed

I have created a package of zsh 5.0.7 from sources and now I can install it successfully but when I try to remove it I get this: $ sudo dpkg -i zsh_5.0.7_amd64.deb Selecting previously unselected ...
4
votes
1answer
15k views

I can't install new packages and can't update and upgrade

I'm trying to install some program on Ubuntu, but when I try it I got the following error.- E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11: Resource temporarily unavailable) E: Unable to lock ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Can removed Debian packages have leftover files?

I noticed a weird thing in my /etc/init.d files and tried to look a bit what was going on. Here's my problem: # apt-file search /etc/init.d/minissdpd minissdpd: /etc/init.d/minissdpd # ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Is dpkg available for Cygwin?

I don't use Windows all that often, but I've found my self in a position where I'm stuck in front of one quite a bit temporarily. So I've been investigating Cygwin. My question is dpkg available for ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Help me repair my python - I think dpkg has to be reset (very tricky issue)

first question in Unix & Linux - I really hope, someone can help... Summary (TL;DR) On my Kubuntu 14.4 (which has python 2.7.6 as standard) my python is broken after I tried to install python ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Sort installed applications according by usage frequency?

My / is running low. So I am considering freeing up some space by uninstalling some packages. “Which installed software packages use the most disk space on Debian?” already covers sorting by size, but ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Debian dpkg broken after apt-get upgrade

I have been running Debian Wheezy for a long time. Today I ran a dpkg upgrade, which has somehow broken things badly. The upgrade aborted, and now apt-get and dpkg are not running. # dpkg dpkg: error ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I remove persistent config data from APT?

When I remove packages from my system with APT-based programs, they often leave behind some kind of residue (referred to as "residual config") that seems to serve no purpose other than annoying me. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

listing packages in Debian, a la `dpkg -l`, but including the package origin/source

I want to list all packages of the form $ dpkg -l libav\* but in addition to this output, I would like the origin/source (I'm not sure of the preferred term) of each package. If the package doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Installed using apt-get, then ran out of storage

I attempted to install a large package, forgetting that I had little space left, and now I am a little stuck. When I attempt to remove any packages I get the following error: E: dpkg was ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Is that possible to know the user that installed a spcify package?

I don't feel easy with Unix package tools, and I wonder whether it is possible in Ubuntu to list all installed packages, and see the users that installed them ?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Unable to remove openmediavault package due to postrm script error

I'm a Unix noob so struggling a bit with the commands. Managed to set up SABnzb, Sickbeard and Couch Potato and all working nicely I have a problem with Ubuntu 12.04 server. When trying to upgrade or ...