Questions about disk drives under the UNIX and Linux systems. See also the "filesystems" tag.

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Parallel vs Distributed vs Traditional File system

I am trying to understand the difference between these three file system at a very basic level. Distributed FS: HDFS Parallel FS : Lustre Tradational FS : ext4/ext3/ NTFS/FAT etc. I want to ...
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1answer
23 views

Official resources about disc management on linux / distributions [closed]

My question is about official linux and common distributions (e.g. fedora/debian) on learning disk management in practice on linux / linux distributions. The layout, may be including the file system, ...
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1answer
19 views

Deleted boot partition accidentally with gpart

I just typed gpart delete -i 1 ada0 when I was supposed to write gpart delete -i 1 ada1 and unfortunately typed reboot before I noticed my mistake. The disk ada0 had the default GPT layout that ...
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2answers
38 views

how can I sync a specific device? [duplicate]

Is there a way to sync a specific device in Linux? This would be used to ensure that, e.g., writes to a USB thumb drive have taken place without waiting for queued writes from a video processing job ...
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2answers
81 views

How to construct a GPT-only partition table on Linux?

All of the tools I've tried until now were only capable to create a dual (GPT & MBR) partition table, where the first 4 of the GPT partitions were mirrored to a compatible MBR partition. This is ...
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44 views

CloneZilla, does exist a simpler method?

While browsing the web for backing up my disk, I often see CloneZilla in the results. As a beginner with Linux, the process seems tricky to me (Live USB, etc). Note: I plan to back up my whole disk ...
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17 views

How do I identify which disk(s) make up a vxfs disk group?

In case it matters, system in question is Solaris installed on SPARC. System contains two HDDs, same make/model/capacity. On one HDD are the root and var partitions/slices. /etc/mnttab shows me that ...
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21 views

List partition type GUID's for all disks from command line?

I need to list the partition type GUID's from the command line. Note: This is not the same as the partition UUID. Basically I'm needing to search for all disks that have the Ceph OSD type GUID: ...
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53 views

Disk configuration options, what can affect performance

I have 2 disks, the same model and vendor, first one , probably performs faster. We do write into multiple files. Can you compare 2 configurations and tell what can affect performance? 1. (faster) ...
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1answer
55 views

Access Macintosh HD from Ubuntu - Permission denied

I've followed this instructions and now I'm able to access my Machintosh HD from Ubuntu, the problem is that I can't access the folder I need (example Desktop), it say that I haven't enough ...
0
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1answer
34 views

LinuxMint “File System” shows no space when many GB exist

I have a VM running LinuxMint 17.1. I just resized the virtual disk, then used a live CD to resize the system partitions. I now have 18GB+ free. However, when I look in Files, "File System" shows as ...
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1answer
36 views

how to fetch SMART attributes in SSD?

I have a SAS SSD and I want to know few things like "Perc_Lifetime_Remain", etc. In the exisiting SATA SSD drive, we are fetching these info by using smartctl tool ("smartctl -A diskname"). But the ...
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1answer
138 views

“fdisk -l” output: what are Disk label type“ and ”Disk identifier"

fdisk -l output: . . Disk label type: dos Disk identifier: 0x0006a8bd . . what are Disk label type" and "Disk identifier" Also, apart from the manuals, where else can I find more information ...
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2answers
320 views

Unable to copy large file onto ext2 usb stick [closed]

I have an 8G usb stick (I'm on linux Mint), and I'm trying to copy a 5.4G file into it, but getting No space left on device The filesize of the copied file before failing is always 3.6G An output ...
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0answers
62 views

While executing vgdisplay gives below errors [closed]

/dev/mapper/mpathcq: read failed after 0 of 4096 at 107374116864: Input/output error /dev/mapper/mpathcq: read failed after 0 of 4096 at 107374174208: Input/output error /dev/mapper/mpathcq: read ...
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0answers
68 views

/proc/diskstats and iostat are right? strange values on my test

My question is quite simple.. I am doing some tests to confirm the perfect work of both (diskstats and iostat) disk meters and something is wrong here. I write this command on cmd and I get the ...
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1answer
27 views

What are the commands to discover lun disks [closed]

What are the commands to discover LUN disks in linux and esxi?
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1answer
78 views

Remove all traces of GPT disk label

I've got an USB pen drive and I'd like to turn it into a bootable MBR device. However, at some point in its history, that device had a GPT on it, and I can't seem to get rid of that. Even after I ran ...
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2answers
35 views

3tb external hard disk on 32 bit system

i have a 3tb hard disk with an external docking station that i can not use on my (old 265 mb) windows xp pc, because the pc is only 32 bit. I plan to use a usb2 flash drive to boot into linux (e.g. ...
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0answers
19 views

Add Disk Google Cloud

Sorry by my english. I have this situation: 1.create a instance, in google, this load with 10GB. 2.add (in google cloud) a disk persistent with 200Gb I need save all my websites in the disk ...
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2answers
52 views

Debian : Mounting a raid array

I have a Debian system on which we migrated to a SSD for faster execution. Before that we had a 2.0Tb hard disks in RAID. Now we want to use the RAID drives to perform storage generated by the ...
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0answers
59 views

How can I get read/write instant speed of a Hard Drive using /proc/diskstats data?

I know that the proc/diskstats file presents these data columns: 1 - major number 2 - minor mumber 3 - device name 4 - reads completed successfully 5 - reads merged 6 - sectors read 7 - time spent ...
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1answer
32 views

Increase disk space without losing any data

I have a server running webmin/virtualmin in debian 7 with one 80GB hard drive. I want to increase disk space adding a second 1TB disk, but without losing any data as I'm hosting a few websites. Any ...
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2answers
75 views

Where are all the disks used?

This is almost a little embarrassing to ask, but I just can not figure this one out myself really. I'm trying to find out where the disks of my machine are used and if they are actually used at all. ...
2
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1answer
80 views

how to check default cache mode for disk in kvm

KVM/qemu support various types of cache - none, writethrough, writeback. How to check which one is default and is used on system when no cache= is specified? For RHEL6 i found that it's writethrough ...
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2answers
62 views

How to determine whether the data is written to disk or cached?

I'm learning file operation calls under Linux. The read() and write() and many other functions use cache to increase performance, and I know fsync() can transfer data from cache to disk device. ...
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63 views

How do I decrypt this hard drive?

In 2011 I installed Ubuntu server edition on an old Dell that I had laying around. During the install process I was using the gui installer and opted to set disk encryption on the disk drive. During ...
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1answer
86 views

Recognizing GPT partition table created with different logical sector size

I have a 3TB drive which I have partitioned using GPT: $ sudo sgdisk -p /dev/sdg Disk /dev/sdg: 5860533168 sectors, 2.7 TiB Logical sector size: 512 bytes Disk identifier (GUID): ...
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1answer
43 views

Disk numbering a drive then mounting in solaris 10

I've a rescued sun v240 (2x 73Gb scsi drives). Trying my best to get onto the Solaris 10 OS. Managed to get via console lead and putty on windows machine . Managed to get cdrom-s single user (used ...
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0answers
29 views

How to prepare for a possible unreadable disk from bios after swapping disks?

How to prepare for a possible unreadable disk from bios after swapping disks? I want to switch out my old disk with my working linux mint 16 os and plug in a new disk and install linux mint 17. I am ...
8
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1answer
779 views

reference whole disk (/dev/sda) using UUID

On my system (Debian), I can see the UUID identifier for all of my disks partitions (i.e. /dev/sda1, dev/sda2, ..) ls /dev/disk/by-uuid/ However, I don't see the UUID identifier for /dev/sda ...
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1answer
76 views

Very slow file operation

I recently rebuild a machine with Centos 5.8 with a brand new disk. This machine is old and has been running 5.8 for a long period with no issues so the only thing which changed recently is the new ...
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72 views

Flash memory and set to read only , Is it virus?

Becuase some of limitation of MS.Windows, my friends and my family gime their flash memory to solve their problem. Such as format, partitioning in Linux with the cfidsk ,parted, sfidsk(dump and ...
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0answers
105 views

Syncing an iPod classic with Rhythmbox, but it is read-only

I have an old iPod classic (2006 model, I believe) and I recently built my own computer, thus transitioning away from my old iMac and moving onto my own Fedora 21 desktop. Despite my negative opinion ...
2
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0answers
71 views

View syscalls/kernel activity for I/O from a running process

I'd like to be able to view syscalls or kernel activity for a process...I'm not actually sure of the terminology I need here! Specifically I'm looking for the difference between I/O going to local ...
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0answers
53 views

Separating SAS from SATA drives

I have to list all SAS drives and separately list all SATA drives, I'm working on CentOS6 and tried lots of commands which will give some specific information about bus of disks. Let me show you ...
3
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2answers
464 views

Replace both disks in a raid 1 mirror

I have a 3 years old server with two same disks. I'm planning to replace both before they fails. Can I add two more new disks to the raid and (after it has been rebuild) eventually remove the two old ...
4
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2answers
897 views

Eject / safely remove vs umount

I'm using Ubuntu 12.04, and when I rigth click on a my flash drive icon (in the Unity right bar) I get two options that have me confused: eject and safely remove. The closer I came to answer was this ...
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1answer
481 views

In smartctl output, what does LifeTime(hours) mean?

Specifically, in smartctl output, how is LifeTime(hours) calculated? I'm assuming it's one of the following: The difference (in hours) between the time of the test and the manufacture date of the ...
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0answers
56 views

Any tool or command can detect flash disk or SSD memory type?

Here I mean "SLC" or "MLC", basically, how many bits per cell for the NAND memory. Is there anything we can get? Thanks.
2
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1answer
289 views

how to read any process' /proc/pid/io

I'm trying to monitor disk activity of each process. One way that I found how to do this is to read /proc/pid/io file and compare fields with previous read. That works fine except my monitoring ...
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0answers
33 views

Why does reading from a symlink to network location cause local disk activity?

I am running RHEL 6.4 and have a symbolic link in my home directory to a large file stored elsewhere on a network. My home directory is a network location as well. I've noticed that when I run a ...
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1answer
475 views

How to find out which file is affected by a bad sector?

Consider you've been informed about a bad sector like this: [48792.329933] Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed [48792.329936] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] CDB: [48792.329938] Read(10): ...
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0answers
55 views

Shared NTFS partition conflict, files written under Debian gone

I have a dual-boot W7-Debian Jessie on my laptop, and a NTFS partition initially left for sharing data between OS and keeping big files. With myself getting used to Linux, rebooting to windows became ...
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1answer
55 views

1kb partition: is it a problem, can it be removed?

I have a 1KB partition on my drive, sda4. Here is the output of lsblk NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 698.7G 0 disk ├─sda1 8:1 0 500M 0 part /boot ├─sda2 8:2 ...
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0answers
397 views

How do I get ata-style IDs in /dev/disk/by-id to work for USB disks?

I have USB drive dock that I'm plugging SATA drives into. The way they show up in /dev/disk/by-id seems to be dependent on whether the drive has a partition table (usb if not, ata if yes). This makes ...
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1answer
70 views

Disk is a bottleneck. Background processes make things worse. How to improve responsiveness?

Often, the bottleneck of my laptop is the disk. When doing some disk-intensive computations, automatically-started background processes like updatedb, find /something etc. kick in, making things even ...
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1answer
1k views

“Spare” disk in a 2-disk mdadm RAID1 array?

I recently had a RAID1 volume fail. It had three primary partitions in it, all participating in separate, but similarly configured VGs. This configuration comes from the fact that the machine is ...
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1answer
625 views

getting system level error in solaris system

I am getting below errors, what does it means? Oct 19 01:02:25 amra02 scsi: [ID 107833 kern.warning] WARNING: /pci@7c,0/pci10de,377@f/pci1077,142@0/fp@0,0/disk@w5006016841e00513,0 (sd6): Oct 19 ...
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3answers
450 views

Why is dd not protected against writing on the active disk ?

I use dd a lot. I live in a contant fear of making a mistake one day, for example writing on sda (computer disk) instead of sdb (USB disk) and then erasing everything I have on my computer. I know dd ...