A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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11
votes
1answer
6k views

Create a symbolic link relative to the current directory

I'm trying to create a symbolic link in my home directory that points to a directory on my external HDD. It works fine when I specify it like this: cd ~ ln -s /run/media/name/exhdd/Data/ Data ...
6
votes
1answer
575 views

Why could the size of the “dot” file “.” exceed 4096?

Today I found an "empty" directory with a size of 4MB. It had no visible contents, so I tried ls -lah. This showed me some hidden files (not very large). Searching for the reason why the directory ...
4
votes
5answers
294 views

Bash pattern to match all files but directories

In bash, how do I specify a pattern that matches everything but subdirectories in current directory. Given that the pattern */ matches all the subdirectories, I tried (with extglob turned on): $ echo ...
0
votes
3answers
33 views

cd to the most recently created directory [duplicate]

I have a directory in which a number of directories are created daily. I want to enter into the directory which is created recently whose name starts with cy. How can I find this directory? Could ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

How to recursively list all hidden files and directories?

I want to list all hidden files and directories and then save result to file. Is there any command for this?
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Trouble installing lxml with custom install location for libxml2/libxslt

I am attempting to install a python module called lxml to my account on a supercomputer running RHEL. I do NOT have root access or super user status. lxml requires the dev/devel versions of libxml2 ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

Remove empty directory trees (removing as many directories as possible but no files)

Suppose I have a dir tree like this: ROOTDIR └--SUBDIR1 └----SUBDIR2 └----SUBDIR3 I am looking for a command such that when I input: $ [unknown command] ROOTDIR The whole ...
1
vote
3answers
141 views

Removing a directory that has no files in it

I recently created a username and a group called gamesForAdmin. Since then I deleted it and the folder I made for it is still there: drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 Jul 4 11:28 . drwxr-xr-x ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

enable apache mod rewrites to load clean-urls

In CentOS, a2enmod rewrite results in “command not found” but httpd -M lists rewrite module as listed and shared. I'm trying to enable it so can then have these rewrite rule apply so I can switch back ...
28
votes
5answers
10k views

How can I create a /dev/null-like “blackhole” directory?

I would like to create a "/dev/null" directory (or a "blackhole" directory) such that any files written to it are not really written, but just disappear. I have an application that writes out large ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

remove special character from files in directory

I need to remove special characters from all .htm files in a directory. Ideally I need to keep the file name but if I have to I can copy each file to 1 or something like that. Here is the command I ...
9
votes
4answers
310 views

Recursively iterate through files in a directory

Recursively iterating through files in a directory can easily be done by: find . -type f -exec bar {} \; However, the above does not work for more complex things, where a lot of conditional ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Create directory using filenames and move the files to its repective folder

I have a folder with around 150 text files. I would like to create folders in the name of the 150 files. After that I would like the text file to be moved to its respective folder. Example names of ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Do Links to /tmp files get deleted?

I have a script that creates a temp directory using mktemp -d. A folder generated in the temp directory is the output of the script that will be copied to another part of the machine. I was ...
2
votes
2answers
252 views

I can not remove folder from server

Accidentall I created the folder on remotely server (Server OS is Linux) using php: mkdir("folder_name",0); Now I can not delete this folder from server. I think this is from permission, because 0 is ...
5
votes
1answer
800 views

Find all folders in a directory with the same content

In Ubuntu, is there any to find duplicate folders in a directory (i. e., folders with the same content)? I think there are already some command-line tools available for finding duplicate files (such ...
7
votes
4answers
20k views

How can I list subdirectories recursively?

The obvious ls -dR does not work. I am currently using find /path/ -type d -ls but the output is not what I need (plain listing of sub-folders) Is there a way out?
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Find files in directory with paired names

I'm running tests of a variable-size-and-contents test set. Data files are added and removed frequently. I'm looking for an automated way of gathering a file list. All files are in subdirectories of ...
3
votes
6answers
778 views

Make directory copies using find

I have a directory with a bunch of subdirectories in it. Thus /usr/local/src/ccl/ccl-1.8/x86-headers$ ls elf gl gmp gnome2 gtk2 jni libc Each of these directories has a further subdirectory C ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

tar compression without directory structure

Under my current directory, I have two sub-directories: dir_1/ - file1.png - file2.png ... - fileN.png dir_2/ - fileA.txt - ... - fileZ.txt When I tar compress the two ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Only write permission for a directory doesn't allow to rename (move) files inside?

In fact, I would like to ask more general question -- "what does write permission for a directory allow you to do exactly?" -- but let's approach it with a concrete example. It is a long question, if ...
5
votes
3answers
868 views

What are the advantages of the Unix file system structure

If I install an application in Linux for example Debian/Gnu Linux, the files of the applications are copied to many different directories in the file system. Some scripts goes into /usr/share .. ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

inotifywait different action on file or dir

I'm trying to make a inotifywait script take different actions for files vs folders if it sees a close_write flag being raised in the watched directory, but cannot seem to get the checks working. In ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Moved folder into other has now disappeared

Two folders in same directory and I wanted to move one into other with command mv foo /foo2 but now foo has vanished.
9
votes
3answers
337 views

How to spoof/mock a directory used by a binary application as another directory?

Suppose there's a binary application that always writes its data to /tmp. How could I spoof/mock /tmp for the sake of this binary as some other directory (e.g. home/tmp)? Let's assume I have no ...
-2
votes
2answers
43 views

List the file permissions of only the current directory [duplicate]

ls -la . will show this in it: insgesamt 1312 drwxrwxr-x 6 ruben rubo77 4096 Feb 23 06:20 . drwxrwxr-x 23 ruben rubo77 4096 Feb 6 21:48 .. ... But it will show the whole content of the ...
3
votes
3answers
173 views

Return to directory location prior to cd-ing to home directory

As is well known, cd without an argument changes one's current directory to their home directory. I am wondering if there is any way, after using the cd command like this, to return to the directory ...
4
votes
4answers
740 views

Can the /home folder in Linux contain anything else but user folders?

Can the /home folder contain anything else but user folders? I have a folder I want to share between Windows and Arch - can it go in the home folder under a name not belonging to any existing user? ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Mount a dropbox directory without installing the dropbox application

This is most likely to be a duplicate question, but I could not find a simple answer for my problem. My situation is as follows: I have multiple accounts on different computing clusters. I want to ...
2
votes
3answers
81 views

What is the difference between path and directory?

I don't understand the difference between path and directory. Could someone explain to me with examples?
2
votes
0answers
36 views

One way diff between 2 directories

I am looking to perform a diff between 2 directories, both of which contain may files and subdirectories. I am hoping to perform a one-way diff between a source and target directory that will return ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

lost directory cannot find it with testdisk

I was moving a directory on my parents computer using a teamviewer session. The session responds slow and somehow, when I was moving the directory (location: /sdb/synchronisatie/nel/) something went ...
4
votes
2answers
62 views

setting default permissions with setfacl

I am trying to set default permissions on my directory structure using acl. I would like to have following default permissions for directories and for files respectively: drwx--x--- -rw-r----- but ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

untar specific directory

tar tvf filename.tar gives me: -rwxrwxrwx 0/0 544795 2010-03-15 12:49 35 WOO WORDPRESS THEMES/bloggingstream.zip -rwxrwxrwx 0/0 1659095 2010-03-15 12:51 35 WOO WORDPRESS ...
4
votes
2answers
214 views

Determine what device a directory is located on

If I do # cd / # ln -s /home test # cd test # mount --bind $PWD /mnt the entry in /proc/mounts is /dev/sda2 /mnt ext4 rw,noatime,data=ordered 0 0 which is the device that is mounted to /home and ...
42
votes
4answers
1k views

cd by just typing the directory's name?

I either had this somewhere 20 years ago or I dreamed about it. Basically: If if type blobblob I get blobblob: command not found Fair enough. I would like it so that when my shell gets those ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How can I copy a file and create the target directories at the same time?

I want to cp aaa/deep/sea/blob.psd to bbb/deep/sea/blob.psd How do I do the copy if the deep and sea directories don't exist under bbb so that the copy both creates the directories that are needed ...
2
votes
4answers
79 views

Wrapper command that runs program in temporary directory and deletes it after execution [duplicate]

I want to write a command that: takes another command as its arguments does a 'cd' to a temporary folder executes the command passed in the arguments removes the temporary folder afterwards ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

Preventing accidental directory deletion. Making an alias that contains options?

I use an alias to prevent me from accidentally deleting files, and I would like to do something similar for directories. For files, I have the following added to my .bashrc: alias rm="rm -i" I ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

On why touch, mv, etc., won't create subdirectories “as needed”

There are many Unix commands that will fail unless some subdirectory already exists, even though it would be a trivial matter for such commands to go ahead and create the missing subdirectory before ...
3
votes
2answers
168 views

Command for creating a directory and navigating into it directly? [duplicate]

Quite often I need to perform this two commands: mkdir abc cd abc I am curious whether there is a simple command (or an alias that I can create and use) to do it in one go, like user@GROUP:~$ mdcd ...
4
votes
3answers
354 views

Merging folders with mv?

If I move a folder with mv called "folder" to a directory that already contains "folder" will they merge or will it be replaced?
1
vote
2answers
38 views

`ls` fails for directory copied from Win and OSX [closed]

I'm not able to ls on a folder that I have just transferred from win7 to OSX via a FAT32 drive. I don't know how to search for an answer for this issue. I've attempted the following: sudo chmod ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Delete files/ folders with .nfs files

A lot of time when I delete a folder, it says cannot be deleted because of .nfs files Error - Device or resource busy How can I delete a folder ignoring these errors ( is there any flag in rm ...
4
votes
2answers
696 views

Getting new files to inherit group permissions on Linux

I am having a problem with permissions on a Linux server. I am used to BSD. When a directory is owned by a group the user who owns it isn't in such as www-data, files created in it will be owned by ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Dropbox on both Windows and Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS

I have Dropbox installed on both Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS and there are two separate folders that are being synchronized so there is some waste of disk space. I would like to have only one ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

cd to a name-unknown directory in a known path

I am trying to automate the deployment of a webapp under development that is frequently updated. The webapp comes in the form of a zip file with unknown name, and this directory structure: ...
39
votes
7answers
3k views

cd .. on root folder

Why cd .., typed at root folder, does not warn or fails with an error? I would expect: /$ cd .. -bash: cd: ..: No such file or directory Instead, I'm left at /. Of course, this is since .. does ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Find files with same name but different content?

I want to generate a list of files that have: Same name Different content in a directory (including all children directories and content). How to do? Bash, perl, anything is fine. So, two ...
-1
votes
2answers
158 views

FTP clients only showing 9998 folders in a directory with many more

How can I increase the limit of files or folder in linux? Right now when I use any ftp software it shows that there are only 9998 folder in that directory. But I ran a simple php script that would ...