A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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66 views

Copying Files in a Folder To Individual Folders

This might sound like something quite odd but for my HTPC, I need to rearrange how my files are stored such that each of the individual files in a folder needs to be moved to a subdirectory of its own ...
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3answers
1k views

rsync only subdirectories and content

I have a directory that contains a number of files and subdirectories. See below: baseDir bad1 bad2 subDir1 file1 subDir2 file1 I would like to rsync the contents of baseDir without ...
3
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2answers
280 views

Refer to an item in `dirs`

I use pushd to work with multiple directories in bash and zsh. I've aliased dirs to dirs -v so that I get an ordered list when I want to see what's on the directory stack: chb$ dirs 0 ...
4
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1answer
223 views

Customised vimrc for subfolders and projects

I use vim in many different contexts ... actually, probably most people do: There is the editing of configuration files, programming, documenting, email and so forth. I very frequently found myself ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Procmail standard base path for directory delivery

I had trouble with procmail not wanting to deliver my mail to a specific folder. I had: DEFAULT=/home/vmail/${ER_DOMAIN}/${ER_USER}/ :0 * ^To:.*my-email * ^Subject:.*some-filter .the-dir/ But got ...
2
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1answer
81 views

How can I make multiple copies of one folder without merging?

When two or more identically named folders are to be copied into or moved to the same location, the default option either in the GUI file manager, or using in a terminal cp -r --backup=numbered or ...
4
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2answers
7k views

Where do installed RPMs go?

I download and install packages on my Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 6 machine using YUM package manager in command-line mode. When I install apk files on my Android phone, they go to /data/app ...
4
votes
2answers
300 views

Permissions by path instead of file mode bits

I often find that the unix way of handling file permissions is powerful, particularly when combined with ACLs, but rather difficult to handle. Setting file modes, group ownership and extended ...
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3answers
1k views

Prevent creating directories but allow creating files

I have a directory shared through Samba. I want users to be able to create/modify/delete files but not create/erase directories. I haven't found a way to do it. Maybe with SELinux? But how?
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5answers
1k views

Making a directory protected from 'rm -rf'

I just lost some data in folder A which was inside folder B after doing rm -rf B. Before I could realize what have I done, it was all over. Now a lesson is learnt, I wish to make some of my folder ...
0
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1answer
92 views

What is the common name for directories . (dot) and .. (dot dot)? [closed]

The . (dot) and .. (dot dot) exist in every directory (and probably in every OS). As we all know (or at least should): . (dot) is the current directory .. (dot dot) is the parent directory Is ...
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2answers
8k views

cat files in current folder and all subfolders [duplicate]

I want to cat a file in current folder and all files in all subfolders (and subsubfolders). Here is my directory structure $ tree . ├── f │   └── foo └── yo I want to cat foo and yo. I've tried ...
5
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3answers
779 views

Walking through files in directory randomly

How to change for track in *.mp3; do so that all .mp3 files in the current directory are walked through but in a random way?
2
votes
4answers
137 views

find command: how to ignore pathname?

I have to find some type of files in a directory and it's subdirectories and I only have to print out the filenames. So here's the main command: find -type f -name "*.c" Now, how could I cut the ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

How can I delete a hardlink to a directory?

Before I get 100s of answers that tell me it is impossible to hardlink directories in linux: yes, I know that. The file in question appeared in lost+fount after I checked the filesystem with e2fsck ...
3
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1answer
2k views

ACL, ls, “permission denied” and a lot of questionmarks

I have two users, Alice and Bob. Bob should be allowed to list, ls, Alice's home directory. Alice also has a file in her home directory that Bob should also be allowed to read. I run these commands ...
3
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5answers
5k views

Find and copy directories containing file type

I have a directory "Movies" containing subdirectories "Movie Name". Each subdirectory "Movie Name" contains a movie file and related image/nfo files etc. I'm trying to copy all directories containing ...
0
votes
1answer
408 views

centos httpd.conf set different ip for a directory

I have 3 IPs in my server, i want use them to increase twitter API limits. How to set a different ip for a directory in centos 6.1 httpd.conf (apache 2.3.1) I added these line in the bottom of ...
2
votes
1answer
783 views

Share a directory over FTP with chroot_local enabled

I'm using vsftpd. By default, when I create a user, they are jailed in their directory which is /home/user. I have enabled chroot_local_user=YES. On the other hand, I also wanted to create a shared ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it possible to make multi-level directory? [duplicate]

Using mkdir() (the C function) I can create a 1-level directory, if I want to create multi_level directory like: folder/subfolder/subsubfolder is it possible? if so, how?
2
votes
3answers
8k views

using root to mkdir in another users home directory

having a bit of a difficult time trying to create a folder under another user's /home/devuser1/pubic_html folder. I'm trying to avoid using sudo and looking for an alternative. The permissions on the ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Passing multiple directories to the -prune option in find

I am using find to locate and delete backup files but wish to exclude certain directories from the search. The backup filenames could terminate in .bck, bak, ~, or backup. The Minimal Working Example ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Permissions for FTP directory: Inherit directory owner

I am making multiple folders for users (userA/, userB/, etc.) where anyone can create/read a file/folder in any directory (userC can make fileX inside userA/). However, only the directory's owner can ...
1
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1answer
86 views

Directory stack order in zsh

I am working on Zsh 5.0.2 (latest stable version), and I noticed that: dirs -v and cd -<TAB> show a different list of directories (or at least directories in different order). Moreover, ...
1
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8answers
163 views

remove content of directory in elegant way

I would like to remove all content of the current working directory. How to do it in efficient and elegant way? I have several files, directories and some of them starts with dot, like: touch .abc; ...
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4answers
3k views

Is there a command to list files, exclude sub-directories and display size and date?

Before I begin please assume I have only basic knowledge in UNIX. Basic meaning I have only started reading about it since last week for a work related purpose. I have been experimenting with the ls ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Listing both ls information and mount points of a directory?

On my Ubuntu Natty, typically all new drives inserted (e.g. USB Flash thumbdrives) are mounted under /media. So, on my system, I can do something like this: $ mount | grep '/media' /dev/sda6 on ...
1
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1answer
351 views

Apache created files and its permissions for CentOS 6.x

In short, I have an authenticated HTTP-POST that: posts a jpg image (created as 666 apache:www) into /directory1 (777 ftpuser:www) creates /directory2 (created as 666 apache:www) in a 777 ...
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2answers
244 views

How to strip directory structure with command line (or script)

I have a large collection of files packed into a two-level directory structure with many, many, many folders. In other words, I have a folder with a great many subfolders in it. There are no ...
2
votes
3answers
203 views

What has happened to the file when I entered “mv file.txt ../”?

I wanted to move 'file.txt' one folder up, but instead of mv file.txt ../file.txt I entered mv file.txt ../. Now the file is gone and I didn't get any error message. So it seems the some action was ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Why is the output of find sorted in Cygwin but not in Solaris?

I wonder why find does not behave in the same way in Solaris as in Cygwin or Linux. I have a bunch of directories that have files called CS##########. Each # is a digits but there are always 10 ...
1
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1answer
99 views

Error writing /home/alessiomtx/.config/tint2/tint2rc: Not a directory

I need to edit my ~/.config/tint2/tint2rc because the file is blank and so I don't have tint2 shown in my desktop, but when I try to save I have this error: [ Errore durante la scrittura di ...
0
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2answers
3k views

increasing a logical volume

I need to increase the logical volume of the var directory, the maximum size of var right now is 10GB, I need to make it 50GB. I have a Centos 6 server. The output of df -h is: Filesystem ...
1
vote
1answer
839 views

How do I manually modify an inode?

I am using Ubuntu Linux and, just for fun, I want to create a hardlink to a directory (as seen here). Because I'm just doing this for fun, I'm not looking for any sort of pre-developed ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

mark or color empty directories for `ls`

ls's -F flag allows to see the types of file and distinguish directories. Is there a way to add a functionality to distinguish an empty directory?
7
votes
3answers
14k views

How do I remove all sub-directories from within a directory?

This question is kind of a phase II to the first question I posted at here I have a directory that contains a bunch of sub-directories, .zip files, and other random files not contained within a ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Find directories that do not contain subdirectories

I'm writing script is ksh. Need to find all directory names directly under the current directory which contain only files, not subdirectories. I know that I could use ls -alR and recursively parse ...
0
votes
1answer
303 views

how are directories implemented in UNIX filesystem?

This question is extension to How are directories implemented in Unix filesystems? I'm aiming to implement basic filesystem: After reading inode number and name we come to know Name of file and hence ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Rsync adding a “?” at the beginning of directories

I currently have many of these commands running in a .sh file that looks like this: rsync -avz -e ssh --rsh='ssh -p1337' --bwlimit=10000 root@DestinationIP:/home/backup /home/localbackup rsync -avz ...
3
votes
2answers
533 views

Why do . and .. have a file size of 4 kB and 12 kB, respectively? [duplicate]

As displayed by ls -al, for example: drwxr-xr-x 9 jb jb 4.0K Mar 8 18:05 ./ drwx------ 49 jb jb 12K Mar 17 14:15 ../ I assume this is the minimum amount of space required to store the inode's ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

“Recently used” directories and files in bash

In Firefox under Ubuntu, when I try to save some webpages to my local computer by Ctrl+S, there will be a window popping out for me to select the destination, where I can choose "Recently Used" ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Using '@' for a directory name

Though Unix/Linux will technically allow any character in file and directory names, using punctuation is almost always fraught with peril due to the extensive use the O/S makes of punctuation for ...
13
votes
4answers
14k views

How to recursively find the amount stored in directory?

I know you are able to see the byte size of a file when you do a long listing with ll or ls -l. But I want to know how much storage is in a directory including the files within that directory and the ...
2
votes
5answers
269 views

move a directory with a single character (back quote) as its name [duplicate]

How can I move a directory whose name is just a space? ls -lah drwx------ 4 user1 user1 8.0K Mar 13 14:16 . drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 60 Mar 13 13:48 .. drwx------ 18 user1 user1 4.0K Mar 13 11:18 ...
4
votes
4answers
490 views

Determining number of files in a directory without counting them

Related: What's the best way to count the number of files in a directory? I have a system with a largish number of files in a directory $ ls -god xml drwxrwsrwx 7 7070720 Mar 12 11:51 xml ...
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1answer
157 views

Create a recursive diff directory. Copy reference and diff. Recreate original directory

I have several directories/web site resources, each has total size of several gigabytes. They are more than 90% the same. Sometimes only a few files are modified. I need to download these files for ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

PATH work with relative directories

I'm trying to get a program to work that isn't in my distro's package manager. It doesn't provide a makefile or sources, just binaries. If I copy the whole folder to /usr/local and then add that to ...
4
votes
1answer
614 views

Can I access Nautilus's bookmarks in terminal?

I have made a some bookmarks in Nautilus, i.e. shortcut links to some directories. I would like to cd to a directory which has been bookmarked in Nautilus. I was wondering if that is possible?
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Can one move a relpath in one command?

This question is similar to one I asked recently, but the answers to that question, for the most part, do not extend to this one, AFAICT. The main difference between the two questions is that the ...
5
votes
3answers
161 views

Filtering redundant paths from a list of paths

I have a list of relative paths such as this: dir1 dir2 dir2/dir3 dir2/file1 dir3/file2 dir3/dir4 dir3/dir4/file3 In the example above, the specifier dir2/file1 (for example) is redundant, because ...