A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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3
votes
6answers
784 views

Make directory copies using find

I have a directory with a bunch of subdirectories in it. Thus /usr/local/src/ccl/ccl-1.8/x86-headers$ ls elf gl gmp gnome2 gtk2 jni libc Each of these directories has a further subdirectory C ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Rename multiple directories

I want to find all directories with the last subdirectory named doc, for then rename them to Doc. How can be renamed? I've the first part: find -type d -name 'doc' which returns directories paths ...
3
votes
2answers
822 views

How can I stop ls from descending into directories, similar to prune for find?

If I type ls *ro* I also get files in subdirectories that match the *ro* pattern. Is there any option for ls similar to prune? Ideally a flag, otherwise perhaps an exec?
4
votes
1answer
140 views

od emulation for directories

I was wondering why od(1) used to work in UNIX but doesn't work in GNU/Linux. There is a nice answer on serverfault. The next question is, are you aware of any tools that can emulate od behavior to ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

What does it mean when the output of $ls -lasrt includes '.' and '..'

I input the command: $ ls -lasrt And the output includes (there are more results, these are the ones that confuse me): 4 drwxr-xr-x 5 tuc40953 stdchem 4096 Jul 3 17:48 .. 4 drwxr-xr-x ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I rename all files in the current directory having a particular extension to another extension? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Renaming multiple files (changing extension) Suppose that in my current/working directory I have five files: file1.xvg file2.xvg file3.xvg file1.eps file2.eps Is ...
3
votes
3answers
13k views

How can I delete all files with a particular extension in a particular folder?

If I set the current/working directory (navigating to it using cd) to some particular directory and then type: rm *.xvg What will this command do? Is it true that the above command will only delete ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How can I copy a file and create the target directories at the same time?

I want to cp aaa/deep/sea/blob.psd to bbb/deep/sea/blob.psd How do I do the copy if the deep and sea directories don't exist under bbb so that the copy both creates the directories that are needed ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

How to find/correct error in a path

It's often that a long path is mistyped or you get a log file entry that a path does not exist. Is there a command or shell function that navigates the path hierarchy until it finds a matching path? ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Find the total size of certain files within a directory branch

Assume there's an image storage directory, say, ./photos/john_doe, within which there are multiple subdirectories, where many certain files reside (say, *.jpg). How can I calculate a summary size of ...
3
votes
2answers
648 views

I want to tar X directory not including its parents

tar cvf /var/lib/backup/sample.tar /home/user/.project However, when I extract, I get its parents as well /backup/ - /home/ - /user/ - .project/ This tar commands does it job ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

Where do the files go if you mount a drive to a folder that already contains files?

I just accidentally mounted a new drive to a folder that already contained files. I don't care about them and have them somewhere else, but that folder appears empty now. I'm curious what happened ...
8
votes
3answers
915 views

How can I cd to the previous/next sibling directory?

I often have a project directory layout like this project `-- component-a | `-- files... `-- component-b | `-- files... `-- component-c `-- files... I'll usually be working in one of the ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Stay at same working directory when changing to sudo

When working on the command line, I often change to sudo using sudo -i. However, my working directory changes automatically to /root. I never want to go there; I want to stay where I was! How can I ...
4
votes
3answers
781 views

Infinitely Nested Directories

Let me start off by saying this is a Mac Terminal I'm using. Not Linux, but I assumed I would get the best answers here as it has to do with Unix and the command line not really anything about Mac ...
0
votes
1answer
525 views

OSX : rmdir “permission denied” but directory removed

This is a question from a newbie trying to learn UNIX commands. I was trying to test the rmdir command by removing a test directory located in my Downloads directory. I have read and write rights on ...
5
votes
4answers
446 views

How can I use locate only for a directory

This finds a large number of files that are under various subdirectories of "Dropnot" $ locate Dropnot Can I find just the directory location with locate? (which directory "Dropnot" is in) So if ...
12
votes
4answers
42k views

“Input/output error” when accessing a directory

I want to list and remove the content of a directory on a removable hard drive. But I have experienced "Input/output error": $ rm pic -R rm: cannot remove `pic/60.jpg': Input/output error rm: cannot ...
1
vote
1answer
487 views

How does apache determine what directory to show from public_html?

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and have configured apache to serve from ~/public_html. I am trying to serve some directory contents over http on LAN. When I did the following: ln -s ...
2
votes
2answers
372 views

execute bit on directories, but not files [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to apply recursively chmod directories without affecting files? What is the command to apply execute permission for directories (for traversal), but leave the ...
2
votes
4answers
225 views

Say I have a file's path, how do I reference that file's directory from the command line?

I can type: dirname ~/home/blah/file.zip for instance, and this works fine alone, but when I use this syntax as the parameter for some command it always reads 'dirname' as the desired directory. ...
4
votes
1answer
18k views

How do I use sftp to get a directory and all its contents? [duplicate]

When I try to use the command get from sftp, I get the error saying that it is not a normal file. Is there a way around this?
25
votes
4answers
18k views

What is the 'working directory' when cron executes a job

I have a script that works when I run it from the command line, but when I schedule it with cron I get errors that it cannot find files or commands. My questions is twofold: When I schedule a cron ...
3
votes
1answer
785 views

creating abbreviations for commonly used paths

I am new to linux and was wondering whether it is possible to create abbreviations that can be used in terminal. I know about alias command, but am not sure whether that can be used for what I am ...
4
votes
3answers
366 views

Need to delete a directory with name '~' created accidentally

I don't remember exactly how this directory got created. It's name is ~, the alternative we all use for home diretory. I also see a sticky bit attached with this directory. How shall I delete it? I ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Unable to delete directory

On my OS X host, I am having trouble deleting the directory "foo". mymac:.Trashes joe$ ls foo mymac:.Trashes joe$ ls foo/ Ảnh011.jpg Ảnh012.jpg Ảnh013.jpg mymac:.Trashes joe$ ls -l foo/ ls: ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Best method to collect a random sample from a collection of files

Suppose there is a directory holding 300 data files. I want to randomly select 200 of those files and move them into another directory. Is there a way to do that under Unix/Linux?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What causes ln: //: Is a directory?

When linking a directory to root, I get this error: $ ln -s ~/inbox/ / $ ln: //: Is a directory Bash autocompletes the directory path by adding a /. I've tried escaping without success. $ ln -s ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

How can I force unzip / zip not to create a subdirectory when I extract it?

Depending on how a zip file is created, sometimes it will extract all of the files directly, and sometimes it will extract the files into a subdirectory. If the latter is true, how can I force the ...
2
votes
2answers
682 views

Bash prompt when my home directory is a symbolic link

I symlinked my /host/Users/Kevin folder to /home/Kevin. I also edit the /etc/passwd file to /home/Kevin. I logged out and logged back in, however when I open up a terminal it's a bash prompt like so: ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Recursively rename subdirectories that match a regex

I have a media server with a folder called Series. (/media/Expansion2/Series/) In it, I have (surprise!) TV series. These are just the show names, e.g., /media/Expansion2/Series/The Big Bang Theory/ ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I create a ZIP archive that preserves only the structure of the target directory and below?

I need to create a zip archive where the unzipped result preserves the directory structure from the specified directory down. I also need to do this without actually switching to the directory. My ...
42
votes
4answers
1k views

cd by just typing the directory's name?

I either had this somewhere 20 years ago or I dreamed about it. Basically: If if type blobblob I get blobblob: command not found Fair enough. I would like it so that when my shell gets those ...
2
votes
2answers
282 views

Untar directory from large tarball

How do I untar a directory that I don't know the path to? I only know the directory name. I know how to untar a single file with a wildcard: tar -xf somefile.tar.gz --wildcards --no-anchored ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

symbolic link to a directory and relative path

I've created symlink with absolute path to the directory (Blink) and have for example following tree: $ ls -l /tmp/A total 0 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 6 Apr 3 12:27 Blink -> /tmp/B -rw-r--r-- 1 root ...
25
votes
8answers
16k views

How do I get the MD5 sum of a directory's contents as one sum?

The md5sum program does not provide checksums for directories. I want to get a single MD5 checksum for the entire contents of a directory, including files in sub-directories. That is, one combined ...
1
vote
3answers
159 views

line count on all the PHP scripts within my webroot with wc

How can I do a line count on all the PHP scripts within my webroot? I am trying something like this below to no avail: wc -l *.php
-1
votes
2answers
589 views

Why can't I create a directory by full relative path argument?

Why can't I create a directory by full relative path argument? Here is what I try: #!/bin/bash args=("$@") # Print the command and run it. Exit the script on failure. run() { if $VERBOSE; ...
1
vote
1answer
591 views

How to link a folder to create a shortcut

I have this folder: /var/www/vhosts/foo that I need to access often. If I do (I'm root): ln -s /var/www/vhosts/foo/ cd foo pwd tells me /root/foo What can I do to really go into the folder ...
4
votes
2answers
393 views

Force change of a user's cwd as root

I'm looking to change a user's process such that I can set it's cwd. Related, and secondary to the question, I have a filesystem I want to unmount but a user is sitting on it with a bash process. I ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

What is the tool that allows me to specify arbitrary directories using **

I once saw a colleague uses a tool which allows to use ** to represent any directories. For example: if a file called myfile.java sits deep inside: src/main/com/mycompany/product/store/myfile.java ...
2
votes
2answers
245 views

change owner of a file and it's parent directories

I have a file that has 10 parent directories. When I change the file's owner with chown command new owner still can't write to file because the file's parent directories still have a different owner. ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Find files with same name but different content?

I want to generate a list of files that have: Same name Different content in a directory (including all children directories and content). How to do? Bash, perl, anything is fine. So, two ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

process files in a directory as they appear [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to run a command when a directory's contents are updated? I'm trying to write a simple etl process that would look for files in a directory each minute, and if ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

do not allow a directory to be deleted but make new files in it?

The question in my assignment says this: create a directory temp with all permissions for everybody, that cannot be deleted and copy hello.sh in this directory giving execution rights for ...
7
votes
4answers
20k views

How can I list subdirectories recursively?

The obvious ls -dR does not work. I am currently using find /path/ -type d -ls but the output is not what I need (plain listing of sub-folders) Is there a way out?
0
votes
2answers
1k views

How to calculate in linux number of file inside nested directories?

I need to extract information how much files are in some directory tree: /.../testRoot/test1/test11/..../file1 /.../testRoot/test1/test11/file2 /.../testRoot/test1/test11/..../file3 ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Will tar -cvzf packed.tar.gz mydir take hidden files into account?

I need to create a tarball of a given directory. However, I need to make sure hidden files are included too (such as those beginning with .). Will the following command automatically take the hidden ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Options for .hidden files?

What options exist for the .hidden file? I wanted to hide certain filetypes in a folder, but simply putting *.out, which I assumed would hide all files ending in .out, didn't work. :( I'm using ...
0
votes
1answer
343 views

Remapping keys in vim's “directory view”

The "Netrw Directory Listing" you get by opening a directory in vim (e.g. :e .) seems to use a different set of keybindings than plain vim for navigation I have my hjkl keys remapped thus: noremap d ...