A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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0
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2answers
1k views

Remove soft link but not the target

I have a directory that contains a link to another directory that I just created. I would like to remove the link but preserve the directory my link was pointing to. How do I do this? > mkdir rgac ...
4
votes
8answers
1k views

Run a command on all subfolders

If you have a series of subfolders (like from a to z) and want to run a command on each one of them (like rm *.pdf or ls *.pdf), how do you do that? The "manual" approach would be cd a, rm *.pdf, or ...
2
votes
1answer
928 views

Makefile $wildcard only matches top directory

I am trying to implement a makefile for my C project which has a directory structure as follows: PROJECT_FOLDER: folder1 folder2 folder // n number of folders main.c FOLDER1: ...
20
votes
4answers
882 views

Is there any way attacker could use mkdir to compromise a system?

I'm setting up a restricted user account for user ricardo, a troublesome user on my system. I want to grant him the right to make directories using sudo, which he sometimes needs to do. I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Why would running a directory path as a command return “permission denied” and not “command not found”? [duplicate]

I am an a redhat box and I noticed that if I accidentally type in a dir path without cd in front of it, I get a /path/to/dir/: Permission denied.; however, I would expect it to say /path/to/dir/: ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

find flags: -exec rm -rf vs -delete

I thought the flags I mentioned in the question are the same, but I get the following message with the former, but nothing with the latter: $ find . -mindepth 1 -type d -exec rm -rf {} \; find: ...
-1
votes
2answers
70 views

Using .. and . to copy files from dirctories

I'm trying to copy a file from the home directory to the current directory( which is a subdirectory of a directory in home) using .. and . instead of path names or ~ This is what I tried, but it ...
1
vote
1answer
501 views

Total vs listed directories [duplicate]

On a server when I type in ls -al I get a list of the directories -bash-3.2$ ls -al total 12 drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 0 Feb 13 2011 . drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 May 11 2011 .. drwxr-xr-x 55 ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Why can I only run a .sh file from the parent directory, not the child directory

I am a Linux noob. I noticed that this does not work: /tomcatDirectory/bin $ startup.sh //command not found but this does work /tomcatDirectory $ bin/startup.sh I am used to Windows. It seems ...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

have /home/user/Downloads (and other user folders) on a different partition

I recently got an SSD. I use it to store my / as well as my /home directories (on different partitions). For each user, I would like to have most of their folders on my big RAID-1 with 2 hard drives ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I mount a directory of the host system for use inside a FreeBSD jail?

I am performing the following on FreeBSD 9.0-STABLE: mount_nullfs /foo /jail/foo After that, from within the host system, the mount works. So this works: touch /foo/bar && ls /jail/foo/bar ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Passing all files of specific filetype in current and subdirectories

I have constructed an elaborate 500+ character command with many arguments and switches to autosign multiple PDF documents. I'm using JSignPDF and I'd like to use it's batch mode including the ...
8
votes
3answers
372 views

What are ./ and ../ directories?

Simple question, but I'm not sure where to look and google doesn't respond to periods and slashes. I'm just trying to count the # of files & directories in the current directory (not including ...
3
votes
4answers
454 views

mkdir -p for files

mkdir -p will create a directory; it will also make parent directories as needed. Does a similar command exist for files, that will create a file and parent directories as needed?
33
votes
6answers
4k views

The result of ls * , ls ** and ls ***

I know using the command ls will list all the directories. But what does the ls * command do ? I used it and it just lists the directories. Is the star in front of ls means how deep it can list the ...
0
votes
1answer
761 views

How to display directory permission without listing permission for their contents [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I make ls show information about the directory specified only, not info about its sub-files or folder contents? I am new to UNIX and I want to display the ...
5
votes
2answers
319 views

Can a user brute-force a directory listing without having read permission on the directory?

I noticed that when a user is working in a directory to which he does not have read permission that using cd produces different error messages, depending on whether or not a subdirectory exists: $ ls ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

How to make a Desktop “shortcut” that opens the terminal but under a different directory than the default home?

Objective I am looking for an easy way to consistently run a terminal that automatically opens to a specific directory. Is there a way to do that without changing the default directory? Preferably I ...
1
vote
2answers
653 views

How can be monitored I/O stream in a particular Linux directory or file?

I have a problem with monitoring of i/o stream in the particular directory(amount of read and written bytes during specified period). I have been trying to use iostat, inotifywait and inotifywatch, ...
7
votes
1answer
327 views

What is the significance of the dot in bash commands and how is it different from an asterisk?

I'm trying to understand the significance of the dot in bash and how it differs from an asterisk. Can someone please elaborate? For example, what's the difference between cp -ar /foo/. /foo2/ and cp ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

File- and directory-based workflow

I work at a company where third party contributors transfer files, typically by FTP, to our site. Depending on which account the file is uploaded to, some scripts are triggered and the file is ...
23
votes
1answer
3k views

Why was '.' chosen to represent the current directory and '..' for parent directory?

After reading this question Design question: Why was '~' chosen to represent the home directory?, next obvious question on my mind was why '.' and '..' was used to represent current directory ...
8
votes
7answers
4k views

How do I create a directory in all subdirectories?

Suppose I have a directory structure like this: $ [~/practice] ls a/ b/ c/ d/ Now I want to create a directory tmp1 in all sub directories of practice and I do this: $ [~/practice] mkdir */tmp1 ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

What is the “~/” directory?

I'm trying to locate where some files are stored and I can easily browse to them via ssh by going to "cd ~/foldername", however, I have no idea what directory "~/" actually is. When I browse around ...
5
votes
3answers
878 views

What are the advantages of the Unix file system structure

If I install an application in Linux for example Debian/Gnu Linux, the files of the applications are copied to many different directories in the file system. Some scripts goes into /usr/share .. ...
6
votes
3answers
734 views

Read a directory to see the file to inode mapping

I'm just learning about filesystems and it is said that a directory is just an ordinary file which keeps a list of file-inode pairs. If I try to open the directory Downloads with any of the following ...
3
votes
2answers
672 views

rm -fr not working

I have a directory that was generated by mistake by an application and this directory has a structure that involves more than 2000 directories, one inside a another, something like: Directory aaaa ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Knowing if a directory is modified

I have a server online and I am wondering if there's a way to know if some file on the server is modified or a new file is added to certain directories. For example, I have this ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

How can I set a directory maximum size?

Is there an easy way to cap the size of a directory? I don't think there is but just wanted to make sure. I would like to set max directory sizes for some user home dirs as well as some other dirs, ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

what is wild card to select all directories in a directory

i want to set sticky bit for all directories in a directory excluding files. is there any wild card to do this? #sudo chmod g+s /var/www/<WILD_CARD_FOR_ALL_DIRECTORIES>
1
vote
1answer
442 views

Help renaming folder according to date

I have the folder "Backup yzT Jan-01-2013". I've made also a script for do a backup everyday. The problem I'm facing is how to rename the folder day by day according to date? Get the new name is ...
2
votes
2answers
361 views

Reorder folders on FAT32 drive

My car can read MP3 files from a FAT32 flash drive. I have a folder for each artist on the drive, then MP3 files in those folders. However the car does not read the folders alphabetically, but by the ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Delete all folders containing files which match pattern

I'm trying to delete all subdirectories of my current working directory which contain a rar file. My first attempt: find -name *.rar -exec rm -r {}/.. ';' failed because that is not a valid ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Wallpapers' s folder in XFCE4

I've just installed XFCE4 on Arch Linux, now I'd like to add an image in the wallpaper folder, someone know the full path. I'm searching, but I haven't found yet.
4
votes
2answers
385 views

Can we use symbolic link and hard link for directories?

I know we can do that for files. What about directories? It seems that cpanel uses that a lot.
4
votes
3answers
579 views

How do I point certain directory to /dev/null?

I am running CentOS with cPanel, which creates a custom log directory and writes the logs there. The result is that the IO for the hard disk goes sky high. If I do lsof I got: hostsite.com httpd ...
4
votes
2answers
310 views

Dots in path name

I am receiving an error from an application I am running. The error looks like this: john@john-replacement:~/Desktop/yarbu-1.4.8/bin$ sudo yarbu-engine --VERBOSE /usr/local/bin/yarbu-engine: line ...
5
votes
3answers
264 views

What's the best way to list size of / in Terminal?

I want to see how much total space / is taking, but I don't know how to do that. I can use ls -hal and add up the subtotals, or I can use fdisk to tell me the size of that partition, but is there a ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

How to lock a directory?

I want to block any kind of access to a certain directory unless a password is provided. It could be my root or account password. The directory is residing on an NTFS partition, and this method needs ...
1
vote
2answers
195 views

Dir diff and removal

Is there a simple way to (recursively) remove all files from a directory A that are identical (same name and same hash) to files in directory B while preserving the structure? e.g. A/file1 gets ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Create a File with Touch on a specific Directory

I want a create a file with a specific extension(.done). I am using the command touch. Something Like: touch `basename $UNZIPFILE`".done" It's creating the file but in current directory. I want to ...
5
votes
1answer
806 views

Find all folders in a directory with the same content

In Ubuntu, is there any to find duplicate folders in a directory (i. e., folders with the same content)? I think there are already some command-line tools available for finding duplicate files (such ...
0
votes
2answers
245 views

/: is a directory issue in bash

I'm quite new to bash scripting and have been going reasonably well but have run into an issue. I am trying to create a script that uses a forward slash (/), however, I keep getting the error message ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

enable apache mod rewrites to load clean-urls

In CentOS, a2enmod rewrite results in “command not found” but httpd -M lists rewrite module as listed and shared. I'm trying to enable it so can then have these rewrite rule apply so I can switch back ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to unzip a directory inside a zip file

I want to unzip a certail directory inside a zip file using the following command: unzip -oq vqmodmanager.zip upload -d temp/ But the system gives the following error: caution: filename not ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

How to change the current directory graphically using the keyboard only?

There was a program named NCD (Norton Change Directory) a few years ago that did a good job at helping me change directory back in the DOS days. This programs displayed a tree, and you could navigate ...
2
votes
2answers
257 views

I can not remove folder from server

Accidentall I created the folder on remotely server (Server OS is Linux) using php: mkdir("folder_name",0); Now I can not delete this folder from server. I think this is from permission, because 0 is ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How to visualize directory tree structures?

I know I can use tree to show the nested content of a directory. Alas, its output is hardly beautiful as I want to include it in a documentation. So eye-candy is a requirement. So I was wondering if ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

Change/Create permissions for a folder

How can I create (if the folder is new) or change (if the folder was already existent) permissions for a folder? In particular, I want to create a subdirectory in /etc/bind/ where I can put the ...
4
votes
1answer
722 views

Does tar -x Extract to Current Directory or Does it Extract to the Source of the Archive?

Does tar -x by default just extract to the current directory or does it try to reproduce the original directory structure including overwriting the original source? I know I can specify a folder to ...