A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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1answer
61 views

Understanding directory symlinks traversals and the parent directory

Let's say you have directories /dir1 and /dir2/linked, where the later is a symlink to the former. When you cd to linked and pwd, you get the output /dir2/linked. If you then cd .., you'll be put on ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

How to gunzip files present in multiple subdirectories in subdirectories

I am learning Linux and I was trying the gzip command. I tried it on a folder which has a hierarchy like Personal/Folder1/file1.amr Personal/Folder2/file2.amr Personal/Folder3/file3.amr ...
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3answers
51 views

/mnt directory is removed undesirable!

Accidentaly I have removed my /mnt directory... how can I restore it? with the exact permissions and etc??? This directory was empty.
2
votes
2answers
43 views

How to copy a folder by another, but NOT by merging/adding

I am doing backups of a directory with a simple: cp -R /production/directory /backups/location Sometimes I need to restore a backup, but doing: cp -R /backups/location/* /production/directory or ...
4
votes
2answers
818 views

Why does ls display a non-existing file?

I want to list all the files whose name begins with uppercase: [root@localhost /]# ls /usr/bin/[[:upper:]]* /usr/bin/AtoB /usr/bin/GenIssuerAltNameExt /usr/bin/PKCS12Export ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Hide directory listing? chmod 730 /home/share? [duplicate]

So I want to hide the listing of all files to a particular group, yet I want them to be able to create/read files in that same folder. The following permissions on the folder appears to work (write ...
1
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1answer
631 views

rsync recursively with a certain depth of subfolders

I want to rsync a folder recursively but want subfolders included only to a certain depth. For example I would want a depth of 1,2,3 or 4 subfolders like this: source/ ├── subfolder 1 │   ├── ...
1
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1answer
34 views

How to commit a directory in CVS?

I know CVS is pretty old but have to use it in company. Recently we have upgraded a library to the latest version. Now we want to replace the old library with new library. So basically we want to ...
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0answers
18 views

How can I set a folder undeletable but have R/W permissions to it's content [duplicate]

I have a directory which I'd like to mark as not deleteable, but have all the usual permissions of read/write/delete on all subdirectories and files. How can I achieve this? I tried setting the ...
0
votes
5answers
121 views

Difference between including / at the end of a directory path and and omitting it [duplicate]

I am just wondering is there a difference in what happens when I leave / at the end of a file path for example: root /var/www/website.com/ And omitting it like: root /var/www/website.com How is ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Tiny directory on ext4 file system taking up 2024 blocks? [closed]

I have an ext4 file system on my work computer and I came across a directory that is taking up >1 mb of space. There are 7 entries in the directory. The directory hasn't ever contained more than 20 ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Multiple users' access to directory

I'm running Arch Linux. My website's files are in /home/user/www/ directory. Another users also have their website's files in /home/foo/www/ directories. Now if I want to change something on their ...
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votes
2answers
135 views

Can I copy multiple directories into a single directory with a single command?

I have used photorec to recover data from a HDD and now have many directories /home/ray/recup_dir.1, to /home/ray/recup-dir.598 taking up valuable space in my Home directory. I want to copy them ...
2
votes
3answers
250 views

How can I determine if an NFS remote is exporting a directory?

In my script, I have several layers of statusing: remote is available (ping) remote NFS service is active remote NFS is exporting a certain directory remote NFS is mounted (mount) For (2) and (3), ...
3
votes
2answers
307 views

Symlink aliasing files in subdirectories without changing current directory

It seems like it should be simple to symlink one file to a new file in a subdirectory.... ....without moving subdirectories. But something about the syntax is perplexing and counter to what I would ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Is it a bad habit to move things to tmp?

Im not sure what type of issues this could cause (might be none, of course). But when I had a folder a few days ago that could not be deleted even after running: chflags nouchg -R and then sudo rm ...
1
vote
1answer
498 views

ls -lh vs du -sh * for file sizes within a directory

This might be a simple question to ask but I guess I am little confused in terms of 2 commands so I need help In a particular directory I have some files. If I want to check the size of the files, I ...
1
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2answers
160 views

How to change dir to the last directory?

I have very long directories list, like /dir/dir/dir/../../../../../../../../../.. ../../ ../../last dir Is it possible to change to the last dir immediately?
17
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3answers
672 views

Finding the correct tmp dir on multiple platforms

I have a script that needs to create temporary files for its work, and clean up after itself. My question is about finding the right base directory for the temporary files. The script needs to work ...
-1
votes
2answers
397 views

Cannot access a directory with permissions drw-rw-r— [duplicate]

I am having a very strange permission issue when trying to access any of the files in a certain directory as a specific user (adventho). This has been working fine for several months and I just ...
1
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2answers
70 views

May cp override subdirectories with the same name?

I downloaded an Adobe flash plugin, It includes a .so file and a directory called usr. In this folder, it has sub-folders like bin, lib, lib64, share. In the readme file, it says I need to do the ...
2
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1answer
381 views

How to count occurrences of all the words in all the files of a directory using grep? But with count incremented only once per word per file

I have already asked a similar question but people misunderstood what i was asking. I was asking how to generate a list of every word with a word count incremented only once per word per file. For ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

I accidentally moved a directory to '..'. Where did it go?

I accidently left a trailing slash on my directory name when renaming a folder in Linux, mv /images/images/ .. Now the folder has vanished, But I know it's still there due to the space it's using, ...
2
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2answers
169 views

How to create an alias to the directories and copy one file to another?

I want to copy a file from /home/e_empid/file1 to /home/e_empid /dir1/dir2/dir3/Backupfile1. User does not want to write a long command each time. Write a command to set an alias for above action? I ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

find command sometimes results in non-matching files being zipped

I'm trying to make a zip file of all the files in a specific directory which were modified in the last x minutes. Here's my command: find "/path/to/dir" -mmin -30 -not -name ".*" -exec zip -r ...
1
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1answer
115 views

Copy directory with SCP

I'm trying to copy directory from local drive to remote server with -r parameter, however I'm getting: scp: System error: 1633648 (Failed to retrieve error string (err:317)) This is the syntax I ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Cache directory and file list to prevent hard drive access when browsing contents

I have 7 hard drives that are in a virtual pool (mhddfs) so they appear as one directory. I put them to sleep after 5 minutes of inactivity to save a significant chunk of power. The problem with this ...
2
votes
0answers
313 views

xdg user dirs: not relocating although set?

I relocated my home directories using XDG user dirs as mentioned here: how to make gnome use my home folder as Desktop folder? However, this does not work for me so far. I have set the Downloads ...
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2answers
711 views

How to find number of Subdirectories under a given directory

In windows you get a count of the number of subdirectories within a directory.Is there any equivalent on Linux ? I'd like it to count recursively & Not stop at a single level.
3
votes
1answer
106 views

The history of ../ [duplicate]

I was wondering if there's a known reason behind the use of .. to represent the parent of the current directory in most operating systems. The reason I ask this question is because I think that the ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

inotifywait to monitor shared directory on laravel homestead

I need to watch a directory that is shared on a network for new files. I used inotifywait from inotify-tools and it is great except when the file is added from the other place. For example: I am ...
5
votes
3answers
84 views

Is there an easy way to change directories from within one duplicate folder structure to another?

On our server, we have several duplicate-ish folder structures for testing, staging, and production. Other than minor changes, the folder structure between all three are generally the same. When I'm ...
4
votes
1answer
750 views

how to make gnome use my home folder as Desktop folder?

Environment: Debian 7, gnome-shell. I dislike having a Desktop folder and a Home folder. I like all the applications to use my home folder. Specifically I am concerned about nautilus and ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Failed to list directory contents: process waits infinitely

I use Linux Mint 13, and sometimes (rarely) I find myself not being able to list my home directory contents. When I try to do so: $ cd $ ls then, ls just waits indefinitely. The same with any other ...
1
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2answers
41 views

Tool for visual directory comparison

This question is not about visual diff -- i.e. file comparison. Is there a tool which let me compare directory A and B (recursively), and as the output I would get two panes, with lists -- files in A ...
2
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2answers
81 views

ls doesn't give me the same as cd + ls to the same folder

$> ls ../../../../.. Doesn't give me the same result as $> cd ../../../../.. $> ls Why? Something with links? What's going on? [ johanrj@jamin ] ...
0
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4answers
50 views

number of folders in a directory (recursive)

I would like to find the number of folders (recursive, excluding hidden folders) in a given root directory. What command, or series of commands can I use to ascertain this information?
3
votes
1answer
163 views

How to update directory size after file removal?

This is mostly theorethical question without real practical usage. As you may know, filenames are stored in directory inode. That means the more files we have and the longer filenames are the more ...
1
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1answer
64 views

du -sh on a new directory gives different results in different locations

Here's what happened when I created a new directory and immediately ran du on it. There are no contents in this directory. me@mybox[~]$ mkdir /scratch/test2 me@mybox[~]$ du -sh /scratch/test2 4.0K ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between 'ls' and 'ls -l' when I don't have execute permission on that directory?

I created a directory called folder and took away execute permission. $ mkdir folder $ touch folder/innerFile $ mkdir folder/innerFolder $ chmod -x folder Now if I do $ ls folder it outputs a ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Problem with install command to copy a whole directory

So I have a repo with some of my config files and I'm trying to create a makefile to install them in the homedir. The problem I have is that when I run the following command straight in bash install ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Extracting tar.gz from distance

I would like to extract a single file from a tar.gz file, but its in another folder than I am currently in. Is it possible to extract from "distance"?
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Adding files to .tar from directory

Is there a way to add files to .tar file in one directory from an another directory? And at the same time list the content of the tar to see if its added. I only found ways to add files if its in the ...
0
votes
1answer
580 views

Why the size of an empty directory in Linux is 4KB? [duplicate]

I'm using Ubuntu 14.04 and I made an empty directory on /tmp with the mkdir command: cd /tmp mkdir foo and then I checked it's size using ls: ls -ldh foo and the result shows that the size of ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Help understanding and using Symlinks

I have a bit of a situation with a virtual server running some RHEL distro. The server is hosted on a Win2008 server via VMPlayer ( I'm going to smack the guy who set this up.) When it was created ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

What filesystem mount point am I currently working on?

I would like to know in what filesystem mount point I am currently on, similarly to using pwd to know what directory I am in. I know you can use df . (or df $(pwd) or many variants), but I find it ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to output the directory structure to Json format [duplicate]

I have been using 'find' to output the directory structure from the root down and I don’t mind that it takes a while. My problem is that I want to cut down on the redundant info of repeating every ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Linux: Recovering a deleted dir that another terminal is still cd'ed into

I accidentally deleted the dir, /path/to/dir, and all its contents from an application. However, I still have a terminal window open, still cd-ed in /path/to/dir! Q: Is there any way to recursively ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Executable directory? And chmod o+w changing the terminal directory color?

What does an executable directory mean? If o+w is set the directory changes colors to a background green, what does this mean? Why doesn't it do it for ug+w, but only for o+w? Additional question ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

Folder alias / Symbolic link to return to back folder

I need to create a folder "2015" which re-routes to ./ but I don't know what the command is. Not sure if the term is called in this case an alias (or symbolic link). So I need to make the same ...