A file system structure in which to store computer files.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
2answers
71 views

Unzip into directory, independent if directory is contained in ZIP

Let's assume I've a ZIP file whichs content may look like # file: with_out_dir.zip file1.txt file2.cpp file3.js some_sub_dir/ - file_in_subdir.txt file4.xml but it may also look like this # file: ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

How do I execute a command in each subdirectory? [duplicate]

I'm using Puppet and I need to create symlinks between two folders. I have around 10 folders with the same structure and I always want to execute my link command in xx/yy/zz. Something like this: ln ...
3
votes
1answer
466 views

mv and cp directory hierarchy? [duplicate]

Can I also move or copy directory hierarchy of a file when I mv or cp the file? For example, if I mv or cp dir1/dir2/file elsewhere, it will only mv or cp file. What if I want to also mv or cp ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Why are my directories and files created with bashscripts ending with \r? (Script Example) [duplicate]

Okay so I'm really confused but that is cause I know next to nothing about bash scripting. My problem is when I get the script to work it creates directories and files with the \r ending and that ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Is possible to change the value of '.' without actually change the current directory? [closed]

Can I make the value of . to be a different directory from the current directory? Background I'm learning Java. In the directory of my program, I have two sub-directories, src and bin. Every time I ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

How to let a user create a directory although not create a sub directory

I'm trying to create a Bash shell script that allows for the transfer of files from a flash device to a archive in which the user will specify. Although I'd like to restrict this user from not being ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

“mv: cannot move `.' to `../general/.': Device or resource busy”

$ mv . ../general/ mv: cannot move `.' to `../general/.': Device or resource busy Does it mean that the current directory is a busy device or resource, and can't be moved away? Why is it?
0
votes
2answers
121 views

ls hard link question

I run ls -la on the Volumes directory. It shows the MM dir to have 9 hard links and the Media dir to have 12. If I then cd to the MM directory and run ls -la, it shows only 7 items whereas if I cd to ...
0
votes
4answers
128 views

Is /home a subdirectory of /?

In my Ubuntu 12.04, /home and / are different partitions. But why does /home look like a subdirectory of /? Is it because it is a hard link: Are there five hard links which link to the same dir as ...
6
votes
1answer
165 views

cd and ls behave differently when inside a softlink to a dir

When we cd into a dir via its softlink, i observe: ls .. will show the content of the parent dir of the linked dir, while cd .. will go under the parent dir of the softlink. Why are they different? ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How to set a different directoy for a FTP folder in FreeBSD

I am kind of new to FreeBSD and the idea is to set up a FTP server with specific users. I have created the users but I don't want to use their home directory to store the uploaded files. I want to set ...
2
votes
1answer
539 views

What are functional differences between tree-like/hierarchical and flat file systems?

The only differences I can think of are all aesthetic. E.g. When you have many files, it will be hard for the user to navigate to the desired file because it wouldn't be organised nicely like in a ...
5
votes
1answer
260 views

Ability to add files to a directory but not remove existing files

Is there some permissions setup that would allow a user, say, john, to add a file to a directory d, but not be able to remove an existing file owned by another user, say, root? My understanding is ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Why are execute permissions required to rename files in a directory?

Say I'm the owner of a directory and I have read and write permissions, but not execute permissions, where the directory structure is like this: x/ (drw-r--r--) y (-rw-r--r--) ...
0
votes
2answers
648 views

No such file or directory when copying files to current directory

I am trying to copy a file from inside a bunch of folders to the current directory I am in. Playing around with the terminal, I see that when I specify the entire location it works: joostin@ubuntu:~$ ...
4
votes
2answers
215 views

Go n directories down

I would like to perform some processing on files that are 6 directories down in my tree (for example copying). The directory names on each directory level are entirely irregular (random numbers and ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

get the name of new directory that created out of tar command

How can I get the name of new directories that were crated out of tar -xvf command? For ex. When I run the command tar -xvf jdk-7u17-linux-x64.tar.gz the contents of this tar extracted in a new ...
5
votes
3answers
367 views

Open a directory and let it update itself using “tail -f”

Similar to my last question: Open a text file and let it update itself; is there a way I could do the same but for a folder instead? As I have a log folder, can I use tail -f with a folder? i.e. $ ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Unnest directories that have same name [closed]

I have too many files being in directories with same name EXAMPLE: ~/foo/bar/foo/bar/1.flac ~/foo/bar/foo/bar/bar/foo/foo/0.flac I want to have ~/foo/bar/0.flac ~/foo/bar/1.flac
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How to make partitions with in /home/user/ writable by user?

I have a partition scheme like this: / /home/ /home/user/files/ When logged in as user, I cannot save any files at /home/user/files/. The only solution I can find is to create a new subdirectory as ...
1
vote
2answers
364 views

How to give sftp access to sub-directory only not to parent

I want to give SFTP access to user tom for directory /var/www/html/my_project/. while I don't want to give any SFTP access to directory /var/www/html/. currently /var/www/html/my_project/ and ...
5
votes
7answers
1k views

Linux command line. Move all files and directories in directory, except some files and directories

I have a folder A which has files and directories, I want to move all those files and directories to another folder B, except file, file2, directory, and directory2. How can this be done?
3
votes
2answers
126 views

Go up one level from a nonexistent path

I have some code like this in a script (bash) file: if [ ! -d $dir ]; then cd $dir/.. git clone http://... fi Of course as written this doesn't work since $dir does not exist. Is there a ...
14
votes
1answer
264 views

When did directories stop being readable as files?

I have the 1st edition of The Unix Programming Environment book. In chapter 2, the authors state that directories are readable as files, and mention some facts about the format of these files. They ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Is there any useful purpose for directories with permissions -w-? [duplicate]

Being aware of this answer I wonder whether there is any useful purpose for write-only directories, i.e. directories with permissions -w-. Any directory-"writing" operation I know of (such as creat, ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Link value is 2 by default for folders

Can anyone help me to understand the logic behind the link value being "2" for the first time when we create any folders/ directory in linux. I searched a lot , but couldn't get satisfactory logic
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Two users, full access to same folder

I have a laptop running Arch Linux, and an owncloud-client. I have an owncloud server on my local network. When outside of my local network, I must use a dyn dns URL to get to my server. When on the ...
1
vote
2answers
834 views

Create a directory if it doesn't exist in TCL

I write expect script that login to remote machine and run there some scripts But I need also to verify the following Verify if directory /var/cti/adm/APP exists. If APP not exists under adm ...
1
vote
3answers
110 views

How do I delete a folder but not the contents?

My directory (in Linux) looks like com/com/{various,files} where com and com are folders of the same name and the second com holds the various files. I want the first com removed, but the second and ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Can I start a background process with a specific working directory?

Say I have this structure /masterscript /a/script1 /a/b/script2 In masterscript I spawn the other scripts as background processes: "/a/script1" & "/a/b/script2" & The problem is that ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Permissions to change only directory content and not itself

We have a directory and want to protect that from remove and rename, but we need to be able to rename, remove and create contents. What we can do?
4
votes
2answers
618 views

How To Synchronize Directories in two different external hard disks?

I have few big folders "cosmo_sim_9", "cosmo_sim_10".... in one of my external hard disk, and a old copy of this on another external hard disk. I want to Synchronize old directories with the new ...
7
votes
1answer
242 views

Why are rmdir and unlink two separate system calls?

Here's something that kept me wondering for a while: [15:40:50][/tmp]$ mkdir a [15:40:52][/tmp]$ strace rmdir a execve("/usr/bin/rmdir", ["rmdir", "a"], [/* 78 vars */]) = 0 brk(0) ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Mounted volume name in terminal is different from in GUI

The basic problem is that in the GUI shows a directory name with no space but when I cd to it in the terminal, the directory name has a space in it. What would cause the names to be different? The ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Regarding identical copies of gedit files

When ever I save a gedit file in a directory, two copies of it get saved with identical content. Ex: If the gedit file is named as file_name and saved in Home directory then when u ls the Home ...
0
votes
1answer
654 views

What does “execute” permission on a folder means? [duplicate]

I have read this topic, which gave me some info but I feel I am not fully getting it. What does the execute permission actually means on a folder? I fully understand what it means on a file, but on a ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

How to copy-merge two directories?

I have two directories images and images2 with this structure in Linux: /images/ad /images/fe /images/foo ... and other 4000 folders and the other is like: /images2/ad /images2/fe ...
-2
votes
2answers
90 views

Getting a propmt when deleteing a non-directory

I want to get a prompt when attempting to delete a non-empty directory with rmdir. Is this possible?
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Copy directory not just the contents

I want to copy a directory into another directory. For example, cp -r dir1 dir2 copies the contents of dir1 into dir2. I want to copy dir1 itself into dir2 so that if I ls dir2 it will output dir1 ...
6
votes
2answers
175 views

Folder with ONLY write permission is useless… right?

Having worked with Linux for years, and finding myself with some free time, I decided to revisit some basics. So I re-read the stuff about permissions (without checking source code), and its special ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Why does `cp -a . /dir` copy contents instead of directory?

I wanted to copy a directory that I was presently in. I tried cp -a . ~/xyz It copied the contents of the directory, yet this worked: cp -a "$(pwd)" ~/xyz [As desired, this copied the directory ...
0
votes
4answers
175 views

Find a directory created today

How can I find a directory whose name starts with cy and that was created today?
0
votes
1answer
191 views

Delete ghost files with special characters

I have read several ways to delete files with special characters, but none of them works for me in one special folder in my cache system. I have no idea how the files got there, and why they turned ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Fine-tune LS_COLORS for directory suffixes?

I’m fine customizing most settings in LS_COLORS. I don’t need help customizing the colors for different file suffixes. What I would like to do is configure special colors for certain directories, ...
4
votes
3answers
186 views

How to securely delete a directory without leaving a trace?

I already know that using shred will overwrite my files in such a way that leaves them unrecoverable. However shred can't be used to hide directories. Error Message: failed to open for writing: ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are some files and folders hidden?

I can understand the rationale of hiding files and folders in the /home/user directory to prevent users from messing around with things. However, I do not see how the same rationale can be applied to ...
7
votes
1answer
367 views

Expand ~, . and `..`

Since ~, . and .. are special directories, why are they handled differently in the following example? $ echo ~ /home/tim $ echo .. .. $ echo . . ~ is expanded into the dir, but the other two are ...
0
votes
3answers
116 views

How do pwd and . determine the current path differently?

Is it mainly because pwd is not a builtin, while . is builtin to the bash shell? For example, they differ in the following example: /tmp/ttt$ mv ../ttt ../tttt /tmp/ttt$ pwd /tmp/ttt /tmp/ttt$ cd . ...
3
votes
5answers
89 views

How to find and empty some directories

I'd like to find and delete the contents while leaving the directories themselves intact. The following find /data1 -name MyTargetDir -type d -exec rm -rv {} \; and find /data1 -name ...
31
votes
8answers
7k views

How to delete this undeletable directory?

I untarred a corrupt tar file, and managed to end up with some directory that I can not delete, If I try to delete it, it seems like it can not be found, but ls shows it's present, both with bash and ...