A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why can't I have a folder and a file with the same name?

I've never had this problem before, but for some reason, I can't rename my folder to packages/. This is the structure: root - packages_old/ - packages When I try to rename the folder with ...
6
votes
3answers
522 views

Read a directory to see the file to inode mapping

I'm just learning about filesystems and it is said that a directory is just an ordinary file which keeps a list of file-inode pairs. If I try to open the directory Downloads with any of the following ...
5
votes
1answer
460 views

Why could the size of the “dot file” /. exceed 4096?

Today I found an "empty" directory with a size of 4MB. It had no visible contents, so I tried ls -lah. This showed me some hidden files (not very large). Searching for the reason why the directory ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

On deep-created directories

In Windows, there is a certain limit on the number of characters in a path, which restricts how deep a directory can be created. I was wondering what the case is like in Linux? Do you have some ...
3
votes
3answers
180 views

Permissions for a submission script

I'm a TA for an introductory Python programming class (all work is done from the terminal), and I'm writing a project submission script. Ideally I want a directory setup like this: submissions/ ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

Permissions of webserver's root directory

I've had this issue on several setups, and I'm unsure of how to handle it. At first, all of /var is owned by root:root. Clearly I don't want the web directory to be owned by root, so I do chown ...
5
votes
3answers
121 views

Filtering redundant paths from a list of paths

I have a list of relative paths such as this: dir1 dir2 dir2/dir3 dir2/file1 dir3/file2 dir3/dir4 dir3/dir4/file3 In the example above, the specifier dir2/file1 (for example) is redundant, because ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

What is the tool that allows me to specify arbitrary directories using **

I once saw a colleague uses a tool which allows to use ** to represent any directories. For example: if a file called myfile.java sits deep inside: src/main/com/mycompany/product/store/myfile.java ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Test for link with trailing slash?

I created in /tmp/test/ mkdir somedir ln -s somedir/ somelink I want to loop through only directories: for file in */ ; do if [[ -d "$file" && ! -L "$file" ]]; then echo "$file is a ...
3
votes
2answers
555 views

A question about permissions of hierarchical directories

I have some directories, with following permissions: drwxr-xr-x 18 user1 root 4096 Oct 27 11:25 /home/test1/test2 drwxr-xr-x 24 user1 root 4096 Oct 21 08:38 /home/test1 drwxr-xr-x 492 root root 12288 ...
2
votes
4answers
678 views

Make directory copies using find

I have a directory with a bunch of subdirectories in it. Thus /usr/local/src/ccl/ccl-1.8/x86-headers$ ls elf gl gmp gnome2 gtk2 jni libc Each of these directories has a further subdirectory C ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Why can't list file/directory relative to .. from a symbolic link directory (No such file or directory)?

I have a /usr/tomcat6/logs directory linked to /var/log/tomcat6. When I changed directory to /usr/tomcat6/logs and try to ls files using a relative pathname ../conf/Catalina/localhost, a No such file ...
1
vote
2answers
622 views

Find and move directories based on file type and date

I have a directory "New Movies" containing 200+ subdirectories "Movie Name (year)". The subdirectories "Movie Name (year)" contains a single video file (avi/mkv) and several related jpg/xml files. I ...
1
vote
2answers
337 views

Can one copy a relpath in one command?

I find myself doing this often enough that I wonder if there's a standard Unix way to do it: % mkdir -p /TARGETDIR/relative/path/to % cp ./relative/path/to/somefile /TARGETDIR/relative/path/to In ...
1
vote
2answers
811 views

Why can I only run a .sh file from the parent directory, not the child directory

I am a Linux noob. I noticed that this does not work: /tomcatDirectory/bin $ startup.sh //command not found but this does work /tomcatDirectory $ bin/startup.sh I am used to Windows. It seems ...