A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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1answer
607 views

How does apache determine what directory to show from public_html?

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and have configured apache to serve from ~/public_html. I am trying to serve some directory contents over http on LAN. When I did the following: ln -s ../Videos/android-...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

execute bit on directories, but not files [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to apply recursively chmod directories without affecting files? What is the command to apply execute permission for directories (for traversal), but leave the execute ...
2
votes
4answers
612 views

Say I have a file's path, how do I reference that file's directory from the command line?

I can type: dirname ~/home/blah/file.zip for instance, and this works fine alone, but when I use this syntax as the parameter for some command it always reads 'dirname' as the desired directory. i....
4
votes
1answer
35k views

How do I use sftp to get a directory and all its contents? [duplicate]

When I try to use the command get from sftp, I get the error saying that it is not a normal file. Is there a way around this?
76
votes
4answers
73k views

What is the 'working directory' when cron executes a job

I have a script that works when I run it from the command line, but when I schedule it with cron I get errors that it cannot find files or commands. My questions is twofold: When I schedule a cron ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

creating abbreviations for commonly used paths

I am new to linux and was wondering whether it is possible to create abbreviations that can be used in terminal. I know about alias command, but am not sure whether that can be used for what I am ...
5
votes
3answers
919 views

Need to delete a directory with name '~' created accidentally

I don't remember exactly how this directory got created. It's name is ~, the alternative we all use for home diretory. I also see a sticky bit attached with this directory. How shall I delete it? I ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

Unable to delete directory

On my OS X host, I am having trouble deleting the directory "foo". mymac:.Trashes joe$ ls foo mymac:.Trashes joe$ ls foo/ Ảnh011.jpg Ảnh012.jpg Ảnh013.jpg mymac:.Trashes joe$ ls -l foo/ ls: Ảnh011....
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4answers
3k views

Best method to collect a random sample from a collection of files

Suppose there is a directory holding 300 data files. I want to randomly select 200 of those files and move them into another directory. Is there a way to do that under Unix/Linux?
5
votes
2answers
7k views

What causes ln: //: Is a directory?

When linking a directory to root, I get this error: $ ln -s ~/inbox/ / $ ln: //: Is a directory Bash autocompletes the directory path by adding a /. I've tried escaping without success. $ ln -s ~/...
13
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4answers
14k views

How can I force unzip / zip not to create a subdirectory when I extract it?

Depending on how a zip file is created, sometimes it will extract all of the files directly, and sometimes it will extract the files into a subdirectory. If the latter is true, how can I force the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Bash prompt when my home directory is a symbolic link

I symlinked my /host/Users/Kevin folder to /home/Kevin. I also edit the /etc/passwd file to /home/Kevin. I logged out and logged back in, however when I open up a terminal it's a bash prompt like so: ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

Recursively rename subdirectories that match a regex

I have a media server with a folder called Series. (/media/Expansion2/Series/) In it, I have (surprise!) TV series. These are just the show names, e.g., /media/Expansion2/Series/The Big Bang Theory/ ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I create a ZIP archive that preserves only the structure of the target directory and below?

I need to create a zip archive where the unzipped result preserves the directory structure from the specified directory down. I also need to do this without actually switching to the directory. My ...
53
votes
5answers
2k views

cd by just typing the directory's name?

I either had this somewhere 20 years ago or I dreamed about it. Basically: If if type blobblob I get blobblob: command not found Fair enough. I would like it so that when my shell gets those ...
2
votes
2answers
370 views

Untar directory from large tarball

How do I untar a directory that I don't know the path to? I only know the directory name. I know how to untar a single file with a wildcard: tar -xf somefile.tar.gz --wildcards --no-anchored 'index....
12
votes
4answers
9k views

symbolic link to a directory and relative path

I've created symlink with absolute path to the directory (Blink) and have for example following tree: $ ls -l /tmp/A total 0 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 6 Apr 3 12:27 Blink -> /tmp/B -rw-r--r-- 1 root ...
68
votes
11answers
77k views

How do I get the MD5 sum of a directory's contents as one sum?

The md5sum program does not provide checksums for directories. I want to get a single MD5 checksum for the entire contents of a directory, including files in sub-directories. That is, one combined ...
1
vote
3answers
289 views

line count on all the PHP scripts within my webroot with wc

How can I do a line count on all the PHP scripts within my webroot? I am trying something like this below to no avail: wc -l *.php
-1
votes
2answers
2k views

Why can't I create a directory by full relative path argument?

Why can't I create a directory by full relative path argument? Here is what I try: #!/bin/bash args=("$@") # Print the command and run it. Exit the script on failure. run() { if $VERBOSE; ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to link a folder to create a shortcut

I have this folder: /var/www/vhosts/foo that I need to access often. If I do (I'm root): ln -s /var/www/vhosts/foo/ cd foo pwd tells me /root/foo What can I do to really go into the folder /var/...
4
votes
2answers
672 views

Force change of a user's cwd as root

I'm looking to change a user's process such that I can set it's cwd. Related, and secondary to the question, I have a filesystem I want to unmount but a user is sitting on it with a bash process. I ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

What is the tool that allows me to specify arbitrary directories using **

I once saw a colleague uses a tool which allows to use ** to represent any directories. For example: if a file called myfile.java sits deep inside: src/main/com/mycompany/product/store/myfile.java ...
2
votes
2answers
459 views

change owner of a file and it's parent directories

I have a file that has 10 parent directories. When I change the file's owner with chown command new owner still can't write to file because the file's parent directories still have a different owner. ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Find files with same name but different content?

I want to generate a list of files that have: Same name Different content in a directory (including all children directories and content). How to do? Bash, perl, anything is fine. So, two ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

process files in a directory as they appear [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to run a command when a directory's contents are updated? I'm trying to write a simple etl process that would look for files in a directory each minute, and if so, ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

do not allow a directory to be deleted but make new files in it?

The question in my assignment says this: create a directory temp with all permissions for everybody, that cannot be deleted and copy hello.sh in this directory giving execution rights for ...
23
votes
6answers
75k views

How can I list subdirectories recursively?

The obvious ls -dR does not work. I am currently using find /path/ -type d -ls but the output is not what I need (plain listing of sub-folders) Is there a way out?
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How to calculate in linux number of file inside nested directories?

I need to extract information how much files are in some directory tree: /.../testRoot/test1/test11/..../file1 /.../testRoot/test1/test11/file2 /.../testRoot/test1/test11/..../file3 /.../...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

Will tar -cvzf packed.tar.gz mydir take hidden files into account?

I need to create a tarball of a given directory. However, I need to make sure hidden files are included too (such as those beginning with .). Will the following command automatically take the hidden ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

Options for .hidden files?

What options exist for the .hidden file? I wanted to hide certain filetypes in a folder, but simply putting *.out, which I assumed would hide all files ending in .out, didn't work. :( I'm using ...
2
votes
1answer
757 views

Remapping keys in vim's “directory view”

The "Netrw Directory Listing" you get by opening a directory in vim (e.g. :e .) seems to use a different set of keybindings than plain vim for navigation I have my hjkl keys remapped thus: noremap d ...
3
votes
2answers
347 views

Is it possible to show the contents of a directory without changing into it?

I'd like to show the contents of a folder without first changing into it. for example: ---- Documents | | L_ Essays If I'm in Documents, how can I show the contents of ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

How to find all the links to a directory

When I stat a directory I get a listing that tell me there are 5 links to the directory. stat dir My question is how do I get information (names and locations) to all these 5 links?
5
votes
1answer
6k views

mv file without write permission to the source file

I just realised that I can move a file that I do not own and don't have write permissions on. I have write permissions to the directory, so I am guessing that is why I could move it, but in this ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Trailing slashes on symbolic links to directories

I'm trying to emulate the process of path resolution (see man page path_resolution) in unix-like systems. My OS is Linux with GNU coreutils 8.7. In order to clarify the meaning of extra trailing '/' ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

On deep-created directories

In Windows, there is a certain limit on the number of characters in a path, which restricts how deep a directory can be created. I was wondering what the case is like in Linux? Do you have some ...
68
votes
7answers
48k views

How to XZ a directory with TAR using maximum compression?

So I need to compress a directory with max compression. How can I do it with xz? I mean I will need tar too because I can't compress a directory with only xz. Is there a oneliner to produce e.g. foo....
3
votes
3answers
241 views

Permissions for a submission script

I'm a TA for an introductory Python programming class (all work is done from the terminal), and I'm writing a project submission script. Ideally I want a directory setup like this: submissions/ ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

What is the best way to find directories that exactly match a string irrespective of the path?

Suppose I have the directories: /foo/ /A/B/C/foo/D/E/ /F/foo/G/H/foo/I/ How can get a result that lists all the directories whose basename exactly matches a given string (for example foo in here)? ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I selectively copy files from one directory to another directory?

On Linux, how do I selectively copy most – but not all – files from a directory (dir1) to another directory (dir2)? I do not want to copy *.c and *.txt files to dir2. The cp man page ...
13
votes
3answers
12k views

Simplest way to password protect a directory and its contents without having to create new files?

I would like to password protect or encrypt a directory and all the files within it (for the whole directory tree below it). I do not want to bother the whole home directory, I want a specific ...
3
votes
2answers
189 views

How do I create a structured list of all the files and directories under a particular directory (recursively)?

I need to have an "image" of a file system without actual contents of the files - just all the names and the structure, so that I can read the file and know what files were stored there and how were ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I choose specific files in a different directory using bash?

I want to list (or delete, or do some other operation) on certain files in a directory, like this: $ ls /opt/somedir/ aa bb cc aa.txt bb.txt cc.txt $ ls /opt/somedir/(aa|bb|cc) ## pseudo-bash :...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Strange directory name, shown with a backslash

I have copied and pasted a directory of files into another. The result is now this one development\ / I do not know what that means? Linux does not even recognize it as a directory now. Also the ...
8
votes
8answers
12k views

What's the best way to count the number of files in a directory?

If parsing the output of ls is dangerous because it can break on some funky characters (spaces, \n, ... ), what's the best way to know the number of files in a directory? I usualy rely on find to ...
1
vote
2answers
221 views

is setting a 0 permission on a directory an effective way to protect its contents?

Let's say that permissions for user and group are set up correctly on a directory. Would a 0 permission for other on that directory provide effective access control for the directory's files and ...
2
votes
2answers
953 views

Can I share a folder inside my home directory with another user?

Can I share a folder inside my home directory with another user? I have two users on a system, agent and daemon. An external server connects as agent and rsyncs files to ~agent/incoming I want ...
2
votes
1answer
646 views

Why can I copy files to, but not create files in, this directory? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Redirecting stdout to a file you don't have write permission on I'm trying to create an md5sum for an ISO image created with the Ubuntu Customization Kit tools. The ...
16
votes
7answers
57k views

Using sftp to Transfer a Directory?

When I try to use sftp to transfer a directory containing files, I get an error message: skipping non-regular file directory_name The directory contains a couple of files and two subdirectories. ...