A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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7
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4answers
3k views

What are the advantages of the Unix file system structure

If I install an application in Linux for example Debian/Gnu Linux, the files of the applications are copied to many different directories in the file system. Some scripts goes into /usr/share .. /usr/...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Read a directory to see the file to inode mapping

I'm just learning about filesystems and it is said that a directory is just an ordinary file which keeps a list of file-inode pairs. If I try to open the directory Downloads with any of the following ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

rm -fr not working

I have a directory that was generated by mistake by an application and this directory has a structure that involves more than 2000 directories, one inside a another, something like: Directory aaaa ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Knowing if a directory is modified

I have a server online and I am wondering if there's a way to know if some file on the server is modified or a new file is added to certain directories. For example, I have this public_html/myblog/...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I set a directory maximum size?

Is there an easy way to cap the size of a directory? I don't think there is but just wanted to make sure. I would like to set max directory sizes for some user home dirs as well as some other dirs, ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

what is wild card to select all directories in a directory

i want to set sticky bit for all directories in a directory excluding files. is there any wild card to do this? #sudo chmod g+s /var/www/<WILD_CARD_FOR_ALL_DIRECTORIES>
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Help renaming folder according to date

I have the folder "Backup yzT Jan-01-2013". I've made also a script for do a backup everyday. The problem I'm facing is how to rename the folder day by day according to date? Get the new name is ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

Delete all folders containing files which match pattern

I'm trying to delete all subdirectories of my current working directory which contain a rar file. My first attempt: find -name *.rar -exec rm -r {}/.. ';' failed because that is not a valid directory....
3
votes
1answer
10k views

Wallpapers' s folder in XFCE4

I've just installed XFCE4 on Arch Linux, now I'd like to add an image in the wallpaper folder, someone know the full path. I'm searching, but I haven't found yet.
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Can we use symbolic link and hard link for directories?

I know we can do that for files. What about directories? It seems that cpanel uses that a lot.
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I point certain directory to /dev/null?

I am running CentOS with cPanel, which creates a custom log directory and writes the logs there. The result is that the IO for the hard disk goes sky high. If I do lsof I got: hostsite.com httpd ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Dots in path name

I am receiving an error from an application I am running. The error looks like this: john@john-replacement:~/Desktop/yarbu-1.4.8/bin$ sudo yarbu-engine --VERBOSE /usr/local/bin/yarbu-engine: line ...
5
votes
3answers
443 views

What's the best way to list size of / in Terminal?

I want to see how much total space / is taking, but I don't know how to do that. I can use ls -hal and add up the subtotals, or I can use fdisk to tell me the size of that partition, but is there a ...
4
votes
2answers
643 views

How to lock a directory?

I want to block any kind of access to a certain directory unless a password is provided. It could be my root or account password. The directory is residing on an NTFS partition, and this method needs ...
1
vote
2answers
531 views

Dir diff and removal

Is there a simple way to (recursively) remove all files from a directory A that are identical (same name and same hash) to files in directory B while preserving the structure? e.g. A/file1 gets ...
0
votes
1answer
541 views

Create a File with Touch on a specific Directory

I want a create a file with a specific extension(.done). I am using the command touch. Something Like: touch `basename $UNZIPFILE`".done" It's creating the file but in current directory. I want to ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Find all folders in a directory with the same content

In Ubuntu, is there any to find duplicate folders in a directory (i. e., folders with the same content)? I think there are already some command-line tools available for finding duplicate files (such ...
0
votes
2answers
588 views

/: is a directory issue in bash

I'm quite new to bash scripting and have been going reasonably well but have run into an issue. I am trying to create a script that uses a forward slash (/), however, I keep getting the error message ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

How to unzip a directory inside a zip file

I want to unzip a certail directory inside a zip file using the following command: unzip -oq vqmodmanager.zip upload -d temp/ But the system gives the following error: caution: filename not ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

How to change the current directory graphically using the keyboard only?

There was a program named NCD (Norton Change Directory) a few years ago that did a good job at helping me change directory back in the DOS days. This programs displayed a tree, and you could navigate ...
2
votes
3answers
339 views

I can not remove folder from server

Accidentall I created the folder on remotely server (Server OS is Linux) using php: mkdir("folder_name",0); Now I can not delete this folder from server. I think this is from permission, because 0 is ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How to visualize directory tree structures?

I know I can use tree to show the nested content of a directory. Alas, its output is hardly beautiful as I want to include it in a documentation. So eye-candy is a requirement. So I was wondering if ...
0
votes
2answers
147 views

Change/Create permissions for a folder

How can I create (if the folder is new) or change (if the folder was already existent) permissions for a folder? In particular, I want to create a subdirectory in /etc/bind/ where I can put the ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Does tar -x Extract to Current Directory or Does it Extract to the Source of the Archive?

Does tar -x by default just extract to the current directory or does it try to reproduce the original directory structure including overwriting the original source? I know I can specify a folder to ...
0
votes
1answer
540 views

pwd resolving symbolic links [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: pwd without symlinks Imagine I have a directory /home/me/dir and a symbolic link to it called /home/me/dirlink now if I enter dirlink and use pwd, it of course prints ...
21
votes
2answers
27k views

rsync compare directories?

Is it possible to compare two directories with rsync and only print the differences? There's a dry-run option, but when I increase verbosity to a certain level, every file compared is shown. ls -alR ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Home directory vs Working directory

In unix like systems what is the difference between a home directory and working directory ?
1
vote
3answers
538 views

I want to run commands like make, make install, python setup install without changing directories

I have written a script which will download software from the internet to the current user's home directory and then untar it. And then I have to make and make install it and in some software I have ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Why could the size of the “dot” file “.” exceed 4096?

Today I found an "empty" directory with a size of 4MB. It had no visible contents, so I tried ls -lah. This showed me some hidden files (not very large). Searching for the reason why the directory ...
10
votes
5answers
6k views

pv for directory copy

I need to copy a very large directory (talking in terabytes here) and want to monitor the progress. I found that pv is a nice utility, but how can I use it for copying directories recursively? (pv ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

What does - mean with association to Linux files and directories [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What does “--” (double-dash) mean? What does '--' (two dashes) mean with association to Linux files and directories. I've found something else but not too sure if it is ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Very basic question, ls a different directory and save file

I seriously can't understand where I'm going wrong with his question. The first part is. List all the file and directory names in /etc which have 1 or more numbers in their name. Remember to use "-d"...
2
votes
4answers
428 views

Ghost directory in home directory

I am using following command to check the disk usage in my home direcory. du -sk * | sort -n I am getting the following output 273240 AQP 707720 oradiag 3176872 J2EEServer 23628720 var ...
2
votes
5answers
11k views

Get the newest file from directory structure year/month/date/time

I store backups of databases in a directory structure year/month/day/time/backup_name an example would be basics_mini/2012/11/05/012232/RATIONAL.0.db2inst1.NODE0000.20110505004037.001 basics_mini/...
2
votes
1answer
556 views

Hide parent directory but allow to view dir

I would like the following result on my UNIX system: ls -l /users/test -> permission denied, or any other way so I can't see the content of it. ls -l /users/test/testdir/ -> shows all files in the ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

Rename directory based on date of file in directory

I am looking for a smart way to bulk rename directories in my photo library based on the date the pictures were taken. My specific use case: Export the image library from iPhoto or Aperture on OS X ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

cannot 'ls' /mnt directory

I have a CentOS-6 machine that I'm working on that is running a live database. It's having a problem with the /mnt directory. I cannot ls the directory for some reason. stat is working and shows ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is bash giving me (apparently) conflicting information about a file?

Background I am working on a RHEL 5 cluster. I want my Fortran program to read the file /home/bob/inputs/input_1 I asked Bob to give me permission to read all contents of inputs: [bob@server]$ ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How to set an alias on a per-directory basis?

Suppose you have an alias go, but want it to do different things in different directories? In one directory it should run cmd1, but in another directory it should run cmd2 By the way, I have an ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Get directory that script was called from

I have a script doSmth in /usr/bin. Is it possible to print the directory the script was called from is printed out by the script? So If I call doSmth from /home/me the output will be /home/me.
30
votes
3answers
11k views

Flattening a nested directory

This is probably very simple, but I can't figure it out. I have a directory structure like this (dir2 is inside dir1): /dir1 /dir2 | --- file1 | --- file2 What is ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Using wildcards to match a directory in bash

Lets say the folder structure is like so: /home/ --user1/asdf --user2/asdf1234 --user3/asdf325234 --cool/asdf How could I change to asdf1234 without specifying the user? For example: cd /home/*/...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

How to switch to the directory listing from file view in vim?

I have opened a dir vim some/dir. I can navigate within the tree, yet once I opened a file I wonder, how do I close the file view in order to go back to the directory listing to navigate to another ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to go back n levels of directories from the command line?

For example, I do the following cds in succession- cd /tmp cd /home/admin cd /root/ cd /some_other/directory Now I am in /some_other/directory. Now, is there anyway to go back to /tmp, the ...
3
votes
1answer
814 views

How come I can append to files to a directory without write permissions?

I understand this first example: > mkdir foo > chmod u-w foo > touch foo/test touch: cannot touch `foo/test': Permission denied > echo "BAD" >> foo/test bash: foo/test: Permission ...
25
votes
3answers
12k views

When should I use a trailing slash on a directory? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How linux handles multiple path separators (/home////username///file) Most commands I use in linux behave exactly the same whether I include the trailing slash / character ...
3
votes
3answers
952 views

How can I automate the process of copying files from one folder to another in Centos

I have a statistical application which runs every minute and creates charts accordingly. In order to make these charts available to other users, I need to copy the whole folder containing the charts ...
1
vote
3answers
176 views

Restructuring directories into a hierarchy

I have the following type of folder structure containing thousands of folders. The folder names are as such with different names etc .test .test.subfolder .test.subfolder.subsubfolder .folder ....
0
votes
2answers
20k views

How to change the working directory of invoking shell using a script? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: changing current working dir with a script I am trying to create few scripts that would change the working directory of the main shell/terminal. Not able to do so. I tried ...
12
votes
1answer
219 views

How to log all the events performed on directory?

How can I log all the events performed on a particular directory? I want to log the entry of each directory modified within some time duration. I am using find . -type d -mmin -5 command. In ...