A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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0
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0answers
10 views

rsync wants to resend files after a recent run

I am using rsync to keep two directories in sync. Specifically I ran: rsync -avz /path/to/src /path/to/dest After this command finished, I ran: rsync --dry-run -avz /path/to/src /path/to/dest ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Delete directories that contain a certain file

I want to find all directories that contain a certain file and then delete those directories. With find . -name thatcertainfile -execdir pwd \; I get a list of all the directories I want to delete, ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

A folder with d?????????? in the ls -l

I am running the EDG-12.2.1-Trn (CentOS 6.6 64-bit) VM on Virtual Box. This is the Oracle Database VM. When I try sharing a folder, through VirtualBox, it shares successfully (automatically), and ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to count occurrences of all the words in all the files of a directory using grep? But with count incremented only once per word per file

I have already asked a similar question but people misunderstood what i was asking. I was asking how to generate a list of every word with a word count incremented only once per word per file. For ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

`ls` behavior on EACCES error for /root and /root/some-rubbish

I'm trying to code a clone of the ls command as part of a school exercise. I'm wondering why the following output is displayed by ls: $> ls -- -test_dir /root /root/some-rubbish ls: ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

How to scan a directory with a space in its name with maldet

I'm trying to scan some directories with Linux Malware Detect (command-line command maldet): maldet -a /SOMETHING\ 1/ But I get: maldet(13857): {scan} invalid path /SOMETHING 1/ I've tried ...
52
votes
8answers
44k views

Merging folders with mv?

If I use mv to move a folder called "folder" to a directory that already contains "folder" will they merge or will it be replaced?
1
vote
1answer
21 views

How does 'Create New Folder' short-key work?

In many file managers there is a shortcut/key to create a new folder. In Nautilus, Thunar, Panthon-Files, this is Ctrl+Shift+N, in Dolphin it is F10. How does this shortcut work? I imagine that ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Directory became UNIX binary (OS X)

I recently fixed the file permissions of my home directory using System Recovery mode. But after rebooting I found that one directory had become a single unix binary. I have tried everything from ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Detect and remove empty directories from list

A common problem game developers have with the Unity3D engine and Git is that Unity and Git fight for whether an empty directory should exist or not - Git doesn't care, Unity3D will keep making git ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Boot into a chroot?

I have Linux (Debian Jessie) installed on a hard drive. Drive - sda1, ext4fs, and sda2 - swap I have a /chroot folder. There is installed another system, in /chroot folder. Question: How to tell ...
0
votes
2answers
13 views

Ubuntu: Installing programs into specific locations

I have software which is built using a makefile. This makefile also contains (relative) paths to different programs (such as gsoap, postgresql and others) which provide stuff that I need to include. ...
0
votes
3answers
19 views

How to get second directory name in the perforce file path?

I need to get the directory in the second column after depot. For example given the below file(s) list, I need "Directory2" as the output. //depot/Directory2/Dir3/Dir4/Dir5/Dir6/Filename1 ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

How can I get a persistent dirstack with unique entries in zsh?

The Arch Wiki has this interesting bit of zsh configuration: DIRSTACKFILE="$HOME/.cache/zsh/dirs" if [[ -f $DIRSTACKFILE ]] && [[ $#dirstack -eq 0 ]]; then dirstack=( ${(f)"$(< ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Directory stack order discrepancy in zsh

I am working on Zsh 5.0.2 (latest stable version), and I noticed that: dirs -v and cd -<TAB> show a different list of directories (or at least directories in different order). Moreover, ...
62
votes
10answers
67k views

How do I get the MD5 sum of a directory's contents as one sum?

The md5sum program does not provide checksums for directories. I want to get a single MD5 checksum for the entire contents of a directory, including files in sub-directories. That is, one combined ...
-3
votes
1answer
24 views

How can get back to directory line from mysql line

So I'm not sure what exactly do but enter to mysql and now I cannot return to directory line. I show in picture what exacly I mean: My question is: How can from this directory go in: Here I ...
9
votes
4answers
407 views

Keeping history per working directory (cf. per shell session)

Is there a way to make a modern shell's history feature be scoped to a path? My working contexts are split up as paths on the file system, and the pattern of shell activity, such as repeatedly issued ...
90
votes
7answers
31k views

Why are hard links to directories not allowed in UNIX/Linux?

I read in text books that Unix/Linux doesn't allow hard links to directories but does allow soft links. Is it because, when we have cycles and if we create hard links, and after some time we delete ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

(ls) command won't show exact size - Weird output [closed]

I am trying to find the size of the files on my hard drive in exact bytes, but whenever the size gets too big the number turns all weird (like 1.98329e+12). Can I stop it from doing this or convert ...
1
vote
2answers
185 views

Aircrack-ng: No /pentest/passwords/wordlists/darkc0de directories

this is my fist question on this forum. I'm currently using Linux Mint 17.2 Cinnamon and trying to run Aircrack-ng to show the password of my own Wi-Fi connection, I got the Handshake too. The problem ...
1
vote
2answers
884 views

How to give sftp access to sub-directory only not to parent

I want to give SFTP access to user tom for directory /var/www/html/my_project/. while I don't want to give any SFTP access to directory /var/www/html/. currently /var/www/html/my_project/ and ...
1
vote
3answers
169 views

tar excludes way too much

When running tar in /, how can i exclude e.g. "/sbin" while not also excluding "/usr/sbin"? Some details: It is widespread opinion that tar --exclude=dir only excludes "dir" and its subfolders seen ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

List all the files in ending with several file extensions?

If I want files ending with .fas I know I can do the following with ls command : ls -l /users/jenna/bio/*.fas and this lists out all the files ending with .fas. But how can I get files ending with ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Why does Linux not allow `cat`ing a directory? [duplicate]

I read in The Design of the UNIX Operating System that directories are files containing the names of each file they contain. So I tried cating one on my Mac, and it resulted in an error: cat: ./: Is a ...
1
vote
1answer
777 views

Apache created files and its permissions for CentOS 6.x

In short, I have an authenticated HTTP-POST that: posts a jpg image (created as 666 apache:www) into /directory1 (777 ftpuser:www) creates /directory2 (created as 666 apache:www) in a 777 ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Trying to get files into individual folders (1 folder for each file)

from the comments here: https://generateme.wordpress.com/2015/08/12/training-own-dnn-for-deep-dream/ I have around 15k images and each one needs its own folder. I ran this once, when I had fewer ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

What is the number at the top for the results for ls -l? [duplicate]

When you type in ls -l, there is a number on the first line labeled "total 22037"? What does this number mean? I am attempting to write my own version of ls -l( in C), and how do I get this value or ...
14
votes
7answers
51k views

Using sftp to Transfer a Directory?

When I try to use sftp to transfer a directory containing files, I get an error message: skipping non-regular file directory_name The directory contains a couple of files and two subdirectories. ...
17
votes
2answers
25k views

rsync compare directories?

Is it possible to compare two directories with rsync and only print the differences? There's a dry-run option, but when I increase verbosity to a certain level, every file compared is shown. ls -alR ...
17
votes
7answers
11k views

How to check if $PWD is a subdirectory of a given path

E.g. check if $PWD is a subdirectory of /home. In other words I'm searching for a bash string operation to check if one string starts with another.
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to copy files from one directory to another so that only new files are copied? [duplicate]

How would it be possible to copy all new contents from one directory to another so that only new files are copied from the source directory (both directories have the same naming tree). For example, ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Check in ksh if a directory is empty

How do I check if a directory is empty or not in ksh on AIX? If files exist I need to remove files only.
3
votes
3answers
52 views

How do I create and automatically sync a “merged” directory from multiple other directories without duplicating files?

If I have some number of source directories, e.g. dir1, dir2... dir5, how can I create an automatically syncing "merged" destination directory that has all the files and directories of the source ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Denying access to multiple directories in vsftpd.conf

I am trying to use the deny_file directive to prevent users from accessing several directories inside a local root, using vsftpd. For example, I would like to forbid users from entering inside the ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is this correct folder name `//` achieved via `cd //` [duplicate]

I never saw this before, nor I can track this via Google, and I thought interesting to share. If I set cd // and I pwd I get the output //. If I touch a.txt I checked this file belongs to / If I set ...
22
votes
8answers
1k views

Clipboard for copying and pasting files in command line?

In Bash, suppose I visit a directory, and then another directory. I would like to copy a file from the first directory to the second directory, but without specifying the long pathnames of them. Is it ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Moving non-writeable files vs moving non-writeable directories

I'm a bit puzzled about the following behavior (Linux, Debian 8.3, ext2 filesystem) test@linux:~$ ls -ld directory/ file drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Mar 10 18:51 directory/ -rw-r--r-- 1 root root ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the effect of “chattr +a” on a directory

The a Linux file attribute is often documented as applicable to files. chattr(1) manpage: A file with the 'a' attribute set can only be open in append mode for writing. ext4 wiki: 0x20 ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to redirect file output to a different directory?

I have a program that regularly outputs files to a directory, let's say /a/b. I am utterly unable to change where these files are outputted. But for me to use them, I must first move them to, let's ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

mkdir -p for files

mkdir -p will create a directory; it will also make parent directories as needed. Does a similar command exist for files, that will create a file and parent directories as needed?
0
votes
2answers
107 views

rmdir dir gives error 'Not a directory'

I have what looks to be a directory directory dir2, I once moved it from another directory dir1 to back it up and created a new dir1. Now I suddenly saw it again, realized I didn't need it and did rm ...
-4
votes
1answer
39 views

how to move all files under one directory to home directory

I have the script files script1.ksh ...script10.ksh in the directory star2 PATH : home/aaa/star2 I need to move all the files under star2 to the home directory (home/aaa) NOTE : I do not want the ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What does @ in front of a directory name imply?

On my Synology NAS, when I do ls on my volume, I see that a few directories a leading @ in their names. A few also have a trailing @. What does this imply? Examples: @optware @autoupdate
2
votes
4answers
62 views

How can I tell my program to save in ~

I'm using a program which processes some data and then saves it to a file. It is possible to specify the directory in which the data is saved, however the program is badly written, so if I put ~ it is ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Trouble installing lxml with custom install location for libxml2/libxslt

I am attempting to install a python module called lxml to my account on a supercomputer running RHEL. I do NOT have root access or super user status. lxml requires the dev/devel versions of libxml2 ...
10
votes
2answers
155 views

Are there any filesystems for which `ln -d` succeeds?

From the manpage for ln: -d, -F, --directory allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser) Are there any ...
0
votes
4answers
65 views

How to merge one directory into other?

May somebody tell me if there is there some way to "merge" one dir into another? I.e. let I have /some/directories/structure with subdirs/files. And now I want to "implantate" it into /etc for ...
21
votes
8answers
4k views

Any way to sync directory structure when the files are already on both sides?

I have two drives with the same files, but the directory structure is totally different. Is there any way to 'move' all the files on the destination side so that they match the structure of the ...
7
votes
4answers
21k views

“cannot remove 'some_directory': Directory not empty”

I tried to delete some directory, but $ rm DE.aspx_files -r rm: cannot remove `DE.aspx_files': Directory not empty But listing its content returns none $ ls DE.aspx_files $ Added: Actually $ ...