The layout of the directory hierarchy — questions like “where does this file belong?” or “what is this directory for?”.

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1answer
18 views

Where (the directory) should I put my newly created module in the kernel?

I have created new module code. And want to compile it for my kernel. But I am not sure about I thing. Should I copy it to some designated directory before I start the compilation? Or I can just ...
1
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0answers
19 views

How to duplicate my installation partition onto a btrfs partition?

I initially installed Linux Mint 17.1 on a ext4 partition, with the /home on a different partition. The intention is to be able to multi-boot and share the /home data. I'm planning to copy it to a ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Copy tree directory from specific point

I am now sure how to word this, but: I am copying all the newest .zip files each recursive sub directory inside this original folder: "/Users/Stu/Documents/Hoffi Work/FTP Backup Shell ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Laptop unusable after deleting /bin

For a long time I've been wanting to get into Linux so I asked my friend if I could borrow his laptop (he's running Ubuntu). I was playing with it for a while and getting used to it, I saw his ...
2
votes
2answers
459 views

What is an appropriate naming structure for storing application packages?

I need to determine an appropriate directory naming structure for a package management system. The original directory structure was not POSIX-compliant in any way and certainly not UNIX-style (you'll ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Where should generated scripts be placed in the filesystem?

I am writing a piece of software (C++) which generates Python scripts. Where should these temporarily existing scripts be placed in the file system? I read a couple pages about the Filesystem ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

copy files from the parent location when I am inside a symbolically linked folder

Suppose I have created two folders in /tmp called parent and child. child contains a file called test-child.txt and parent contains a file called test-parent.txt. Now lets go inside the parent and ...
4
votes
2answers
49 views

Where should an app save working files?

I'm designing a GUI application that works with scanned documents. It allows the scans to be manipulated before they are saved/exported, so it needs to store the data for each scanned page ...
3
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1answer
47 views

Linux, SVN and Dropbox — Which directory should store my svn repository?

I'm trying to set up a linux server for a small team of programmers / artists to use as a svn repository. This repository will be restricted to lan usage but will be backed up online using dropbox. ...
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2answers
1k views

The common practice to share file for all users on the same machine? [duplicate]

There is a server with several users. A user may want to read another user's files (few gigabytes) and may want to put processed files in other's directory. What's the common practice to do it? I ...
1
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2answers
21 views

recommended storage location for multiple users [duplicate]

Is there a conventional location to store non-secret bulk files that can be accessible by multiple users? I know that I can create a new folder (and set the right permissions) in most places in the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

moving binaries from bin to specific folder

I want to install RNAhybrid tool so I downloaded it and configured it. I wanted to keep in a directory called programs, so I downloaded the tar.gz in that directory, extracted it and then used ...
3
votes
2answers
998 views

What are files in `/var/crash/`?

I know when a program crashes, some files creating in /var/crash/. But I don't know what these files are! Is that error logs?
1
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1answer
42 views

Saving result between script executions

I have a script in /opt which is called regularly by Cron. The script needs to write and read a status flag between executions. In what directory should I store the flag? I'm thinking that /tmp might ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What is this folder /run/user/1000?

What is this folder: /run/user/1000 on my Fedora system and what does it do? ~ $ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on tmpfs 1.2G 20K 1.2G 1% /run/user/1000
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Where to put files on a installer? [closed]

I have a program that I am going to package in a .deb. Where should I put files for my program? I have had a look at the structure of things like Epoptes but I cannot figure out where I should put ...
46
votes
8answers
28k views

What does etc stand for?

What does the "etc" folder in the root directory stand for? I think knowing this will help me remember where certain files are located. Update: Might be useful for others, the folder is used for ...
1
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2answers
73 views

Should I move a binary used by a non-root user from /usr/bin/ to /usr/local/bin/?

I have gone through a related thread here. A colleague of mine has copied the phantomjs binary to /usr/bin. In our system, this binary will be used only by a non-root user. At the moment, the regular ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Where to search for the core file generated by the crash of a linux application?

I am trying to find out the reason of crash for one of my Linux application. But I don't know where core is going. cat /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern core.%e.%p Any Idea?
11
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5answers
16k views

Find the total size of certain files within a directory branch

Assume there's an image storage directory, say, ./photos/john_doe, within which there are multiple subdirectories, where many certain files reside (say, *.jpg). How can I calculate a summary size of ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Where does Linux store Wifi passwords?

I am going to write a simple replacement for Ubunutu's NetworkManager. Is there any place where the Wifi network passwords would be stored in Linux? I know about ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Where to store the SQL Server jdbc driver file for use by all users

I have downloaded the sqljdbc4.jar file which enables connecting to SQL Server via jdbc. I currently have this in a personal folder whilst I've been testing connectivity. I'm hoping to put this file ...
45
votes
8answers
26k views

Why is the root directory on a web server put by default in “/var/www”?

Tuxfiles says the following about the Linux directory structure: /var: This directory contains variable data that changes constantly when the system is running. FHS on /var says the ...
5
votes
2answers
526 views

Difference between /run and /var/run

Is there any difference between /run directory and var/run directory. It seems the latter is a link to the former. If the contents are one and the same what is the need for two directories?
0
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1answer
40 views

Where is <libraryname>.pc?

When installing a library with configure, make and make install, does make install copy <libraryname>.pc to some place? If yes: Where is it? If no: Should we copy it somewhere rather than ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

Difference between “/export/home” and “/home”

In our UNIX machine my home path looks like /home/<userid> and we have another batch user whose home looks like /export/home/<userid> I want to know whats the difference between ...
1
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1answer
46 views

“Correct” place to store shared media on a single machine

This is a bit vague of a question, as I could just create a folder anywhere in the filesystem and set the permissions accordingly. However, I would like to know where the "correct" location to place ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Proper resource locations for software under /usr/local (var data like log)

I'm trying to put together a small piece of software, and I wanted to know the appropriate place to put various items if I'm setting to use /usr/local. For example, under /usr/local I will have: bin ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Right way of creating a local filesystem hierarchy within /home [duplicate]

I am an user with no superuser rights. I normally build and install the tools I need within my /home/<user> directory, and then create aliases to be able to run my programs. However, this is ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Creating a list containing filenames with paths

I have a directory(INPUTDIR) with sample names as subdirectories(508_C,540_C,570_D etc).Within those each subdirectories there is another directory called FASTQ which contains two kinds of files. ...
1
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2answers
53 views

Public, Non-Root Access to file system?

I'm trying to structure an android project for continuous integration/continuous delivery via gradle and git. The main code will be pulled from git on the build server without various files that ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

Should I put application into /usr/local or /usr/local/share?

What are the "standards" -- should I put application (not just binary, but entire distribution) to /usr/local or /usr/local/share. For example scala or weka -- it contains examples, binaries, ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Software installation trouble with Homebrew

I have previously custom installed Python and Homebrew on my OS X 10.9.5 system. I am now trying to install CMake and I am running into various errors such as: cd: /usr/local/src: No such file or ...
81
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5answers
23k views

What is the difference between /opt and /usr/local?

According to the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard, /opt is for "the installation of add-on application software packages". /usr/local is "for use by the system administrator when installing software ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Unable to view Applications Directory Content in Terminal

Not sure what I'm missing here, but when I try to list the contents of the Applications directory from the Terminal it produces a directory with a couple .dmg files and none of the actual application ...
31
votes
8answers
35k views

What is /usr/local/bin? Came across it in an script installation for Applescript but would like to know more

Before today, I've used Terminal to a limited extent of moving in and out of directories, changing the dates of files using the touch command, but had realised the full extent of Terminal after ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

Adding to path vs. linking from /bin

Our sys admin installed a software (Maven) on the server, and told everyone to add the "/usr/local/maven/bin/" folder to their path. I think it could be more convenient to just link the few programs ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Root /home Directory vs ~ (tilde)

I have created a virtual image for Scientific Linux and came across this after I finished installing it: [root@ftpserver home]# pwd /home [root]@ftpserver home]# ls When I cd into ~ I get this: ...
3
votes
2answers
109 views

What filesystem mount point am I currently working on?

I would like to know in what filesystem mount point I am currently on, similarly to using pwd to know what directory I am in. I know you can use df . (or df $(pwd) or many variants), but I find it ...
2
votes
2answers
568 views

Installing Matlab from an ISO image

I was trying to install Matlab, and used the following commands: # mkdir -p /mnt/disk # mount -o loop R2014a_UNIX.iso /mnt/disk # cd /mnt/disk # ls -l # ./install However, I don't want it in a ...
1
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0answers
43 views

How shareable is /var/cache?

I know that some subdirectories of /var/cache are pretty much shareable, for example /var/cache/pacman (in case of ArchLinux), and possibly others (/var/cache/man?), but at least /var/cache/ldconfig ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

How do folder name localizations work?

In Mac OS X, there are directories like Desktop, Users and Library. On localized systems, these would be named Skrivbord, Användare and Bibliotek (Swedish) But when I am in the terminal I can't ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

How to recreate /var/lib/dpkg/status?

I have deleted some files around /var/lib/dpkg/, namely: /var/lib/dpkg/status /var/lib/dpkg/available /var/lib/dpkg/info/* I understand Debian uses these files to keep some information about ...
55
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does '/' have an '..' entry?

This just baffles me. Why does the root directory contain a reference to a parent directory? bob@bob:/$ ls -a . build home lib32 mnt .rpmdb sys vmlinuz .. cdrom ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

Custom desktop launcher search path in Ubuntu

I know I can write a .desktop file in /usr/share/applications or ~/.local/share/applications, but can I add new folders to the search path similar to the $PATH environment variable? For example, I ...
30
votes
1answer
1k views

Why aren't crontabs stored in user home directories?

I'm curious to know: why are crontabs stored in /var rather than in the user's home directories? It makes it a total pain to isolate these files for upgrades but I suspect that there is a logical ...
1
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2answers
258 views

With “find /”, skip directories like “/proc”, “/sys” and similar [duplicate]

There are some directories that can cause problem with find, and especially find /. These are directories in which the OS creates files which are not really files. Among these directories are /proc ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Where should I mount a disk to store backups?

I'm new to Unix, and wanted to give it a try. I had an old PC lying around and decided to turn it into a network based backup system to keep the data in the other PCs safe. So I installed FreeBSD on ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

use `/run/shm` (formerly `/dev/shm`) as a temp directory

Is it good practice to create a directory in /run/shm (formerly /dev/shm) and use that like a temp directory for an application? Background: I am writing black box tests for a program which does a ...
1
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3answers
408 views

Are .bz2 files inside /var/lib/pengine safe to delete?

My problem is that my /var partition is over 80% (total size: 4.9G). I was reviewing the files into this partition and I saw a file which has 3.4G. (/var/lib/pengine) I dig into that /pengine file ...