The layout of the directory hierarchy — questions like “where does this file belong?” or “what is this directory for?”.

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1
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4answers
144 views

What code should I use to download and install my script into a user-writable directory in the user's PATH (without requiring sudo)?

Edit: places where I said $HOME/.bin I should have written $HOME/bin or any equivalent is fine. I.E, any user-writable directory that is in the user's PATH. So I have a bash script which I am ...
1
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1answer
173 views

Encrypt my disk but allowing to enter the password with SSH

Can you help me with this problem please? I need encrypt whole disk on Debian 7.5, (it will be work as server) but I need enter encryption password via SSH. So I need encrypt whole disk except primary ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Who should own files shared by a group and where should they go

I am configuring a Linux work station that will be used by a small number of users (20-30). These users will belong to a small set of groups (5-10) with each user belonging to at least one group and ...
-1
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4answers
3k views

How to exclude directories from `ls -R` output?

If ls -aR | grep ":$" returns ./.hiddendir2: ./dir1: ./dir3: ./dir3/.hiddendir4: then how can you update the pattern given to grep so that you only get ./dir1: ./dir3: (note that the last ...
3
votes
4answers
802 views

Is there a folder accessible to all process and users at all times?

I have a script that gathers debugging info from the running environment and I need to figure out were I can save that info. It may be called anytime: at boot when the system is running at ...
5
votes
4answers
13k views

Into which directory should I install programs in Linux?

I want to install a program in Linux and run it as a daemon. (Team Speak 3 in this case, but the question is general in nature). There is no package provided, only tarred binaries. Where in directory ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Is there a standards-specified location for user configuration files?

I'm talking about files like ~/.foo found on a user's home dir. I'm working on a program that reads from such a file, and I'd also like to clean up my user root directory if I can. Is there a ...
1
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2answers
437 views

How to know in which partition my application has been installed?

If I run df -h in an Oracle LINUX 5 server, I got below output: $ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 12G 8.8G 1.8G 84% / ...
5
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2answers
187 views

Why does a grep reboot the machine?

On a RHEL 6.5 Desktop, if I use: sudo grep -r foo /* my desktop reboots. Q: Why?? How to debug this? It's the third time my Desktop reboots because of this :D
2
votes
1answer
120 views

How can I know the default path for log directory?

I am programming in shell scripting, and would like to log results. Is there any way to know what is the default path storage for logfiles in my operating system? I have researched: set | grep ...
4
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2answers
98 views

convention regarding offline temporary data

When writing small utility programs, I sometimes want to keep small amounts of data around between executions, usually for caching purposes, but don't want the program to run as a daemon. Are there ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Where did this copy of my home directory come from?

I was working on a project to control my digital camera using Ubuntu and gphoto2. At one point I noticed a new "~" directory in my project folder, /home/greg/project/~. When I enter this new "~" ...
21
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1answer
832 views

At what point did the /home directory appear?

Originally in Unix, /usr was used for user (home) directories. So if I had a user named alex, my home directory would be /usr/alex. (Interestingly, Plan 9, the successor to Unix, still has user ...
1
vote
2answers
355 views

Location of Xorg headers on FreeBSD 10

I'm running FreeBSD 10 and I'd like to build dwm. I've installed Xorg using pkg install. Where are the headers located? Maybe I'm just old fashioned but I first looked in /usr/X11R6 ... not there. ...
3
votes
1answer
794 views

Why does installing to /usr/bin automatically install to /usr/bin/X11?

I am using the command: install ./prog /usr/bin to copy the program to the /usr/bin directory. Doing this automatically installs the prog to /usr/bin/X11. Deleting from /usr/bin also automatically ...
1
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3answers
159 views

Consistency in default installation directories

I am very new to Linux (Ubuntu 13.10) and having difficulty understanding the file system, particularly with regards to installing applications. In Windows, when I installed an application, it put the ...
8
votes
3answers
18k views

Adding to path vs. linking from /bin

Our sys admin installed a software application (Maven) on the server and told everyone to add the /usr/local/maven/bin/ folder to their path. I think it could be more convenient to just link the few ...
3
votes
1answer
799 views

Deploying my application

When deploying my application under linux, where do I put my libraries, executable and the desktop entry file? And what about other files my program needs? For example background pictures, audio files ...
2
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3answers
858 views

Where to put wrapper scripts?

I created some scripts for administrative tasks etc, I made them to be independent from environment - every dependency is injected through arguments. However it is annoying to provide to script ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Should my /usr/local/bin be 700 permissions?

I just installed npm and node.js, and I couldn't access npm. And I'm like "why?" and my OS is like "because /usr/local/bin is at 700 permissions" and I'm like "should it really be that way?" ...
11
votes
3answers
5k views

find with -execdir

I run a find with -execdir both I don't get the results I was expecting. SSCCE below: mkdir -p a/b/c find . -type d -execdir touch foo \; $ tree a a ├── b │   ├── c │   └── foo └── foo Directory c ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Redirect home to shared NTFS partition

I've installed windows 7 and linux dualboot. My partitions are: /dev/sda2: UUID="EC328C61328C329E" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sda3: UUID="800E88610E8851D8" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sda4: ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Server socket location, startup and monitoring

I'm writing a server on a shared development desktop that moonlights as a server. This is my first attempt at writing a linux server for someone else on a shared box. I'd like to conform to unix ...
2
votes
2answers
576 views

Directory structure for mounted disks in network storage

I have recently built a small homeserver, that I want to use as a NAS besides other applications like hosting VMs etc. The disk space should be accessible via NFS, SAMBA (and SSHFS), but that's not ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What is the tmp folder in /var?

I have a tmp folder in /var and it has the file channel.xml in it. I don't know what this is and if it should be there and what permissions it should have because at the moment it is wide open. Also ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Linux File Versioning?

We are migrating from A VMS environment to a Linux environment for some old alpha servers we are decommissioning. The one challenge I have not been able to overcome is file versioning. VMS keeps ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Splitting the Home dir two different partitions

I run a Ubuntu desktop environment with two harddisks. A small SSD and a large regular disk. Currently i run a setup where my home drive is located on /home/name, but some folders e.g. Downloads ...
3
votes
3answers
400 views

How do I search all subdirectories to find one with a certain name?

Let's say I have a top level directory called /dir and many sub directories. How do I search the subdirectories of /dir to find the one called x/x/dir/x/x/x/target? This question is similar to, but ...
80
votes
3answers
14k views

Why is the root directory denoted by a / sign?

I have done some research about this on Google, but the results were cloudy. Why is the / sign used to denote the root directory. Are there any solid reasons behind it?
0
votes
4answers
514 views

Does software installed in one distribution of linux run in another distribution of linux?

Suppose, I create seperate partition for "/usr" directory. This is the directory which contains all user programs. If I switch from one OS to other(for eg. From Ubuntu to Arch Linux or vice versa), ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Why does System V traditionally symlink /bin to /usr/bin?

This systemd wiki page about the /usr merge, under Myth #6, states that /bin has traditionally been a symlink to /usr/bin on System V UNIX. What is the motivation for this? For backwards ...
2
votes
2answers
777 views

Is there a --parents option for mv like for cp?

cp has a useful feature --parents that allows a file's directory structure to be copied to another directory: $ cp -v --parents source/directory/from target/ ‘source/directory/from’ -> ...
1
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3answers
81 views

Can tree be used to list the number of files per level?

As title, I need to look into a particular directory and list the number of files per level. The directory is pretty large, about 10-15 levels deep. For instance, if I have the following: D1 | |-- ...
4
votes
1answer
882 views

Cowfiles directory?

My bashrc issues a cow from cowsay and with a random fortune. Like this: echo -e "\e[00;33m $(fortune -a -o -s | cowsay -f $(ls /usr/share/cowsay/cows/ | shuf -n1) | sed -e 's/^/ /g')\e[00m" ...
2
votes
2answers
490 views

netcdf installation and usr/local… folders

I need to install netcdf on a SuSE Linux machine but I am having a few problems understanding the usr/local/ folders and my the myusername/local/ folders. What I think I need to do is go into the ...
76
votes
12answers
7k views

Why is Linux's filesystem designed as a single directory tree?

Can anyone explain why Linux is designed as a single directory tree? Whereas in Windows we can have multiple drives like C:\, and D:\, there is a single root in Unix. Any specific reason there?
1
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0answers
128 views

Where is the best place to put a local repo?

I've made a custom repo to install ruby 2.0 on Ubuntu 12.04 Currently, I have the repo in '/vagrant/files' for testing. root@gitlab:~# tree /vagrant/files/ /vagrant/files/ |-- default |-- ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Where to place source code for applications compiled from source?

In the past when I have compiled applications from source I have extracted the source code to ~/src and compiled from there. I realize now that there may be no need for me to create the ~/src ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Where to drop libraries according Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

I do operate a Linux-based build system. The build system itself is based on Jenkins, Nexus, Maven, Ant and Shell scripting. Some projects need some special tools and libraries for building. ...
5
votes
2answers
647 views

What does the jargon filesystem mean?

I know this question sound quite stupid. Sometimes when I go through sections of Linux books about filesystem, it may turn out that it is a chapter talking about the directory structure of a standard ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Bad to own a directory outside of your home directory?

Some how, can't remember why, I got into the habit of downloading source to the directory /opt, which I chown to my user/group. I have this feeling that it is not a good thing to do. Is there ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Idiomatic location for file based sockets on Debian systems

I am writing a daemon process for a Debian system in C that uses a Unix Domain Socket. If the deamon process's working directory is the root directory, is there an idiomatic directory to place the ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What can go wrong if /var/tmp is on a temporary filesystem?

I have read that I should not mount /var/tmp as a temporary filesystem (e.g., as tmpfs), because files in /var/tmp must not be deleted on reboot. Is that correct? Suppose I did mount /var/tmp as a ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it OK to store /var/tmp on a SSD? [duplicate]

I have read that you should not store /tmp on a SSD, because the frequent writes will shorten the lifetime of the SSD. But what about /var/tmp? Is it reasonable for /var/tmp to be stored on a SSD? ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Compiling PHP and installing it under one directory

I have to compile a few versions of PHP in work but I need an apache service for each version running like we have on Windows. However the configure options seem to have different folders for ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

Should /usr and /home be on different partitions?

In studying for the lcpi exam, I met the following statement. If multiple disks are available it is good practice to also have the /usr and /home directories on different partitions. ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Is there any common meaning to a `collects` directory?

I'm under the impression that there are a bunch of directory names that have common semantics, like (in no particular order): usr tmp src lib etc share opt bin sbin var data include There are ...
1
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1answer
558 views

Man folders and MANPATH

This thread What do the numbers in a man page mean? answers the question of the significance of the numbers between parentheses within a man page. My question is related. I have a local installation ...
1
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1answer
187 views

Fedora OS structure change

I recently noticed that the structure of 16: http://redhat.download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/16/Fedora/x86_64/os/ is different from 17: ...
3
votes
3answers
551 views

Should I use symlinks in /usr/bin or use the PATH variable instead?

I was looking to download some tool and it said to update your PATH variable, but I thought /usr/bin was the "standard".