1
vote
3answers
46 views

Consistency in default installation directories

I am very new to Linux (Ubuntu 13.10) and having difficulty understanding the file system, particularly with regards to installing applications. In Windows, when I installed an application, it put the ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

netcdf installation and usr/local… folders

I need to install netcdf on a SuSE Linux machine but I am having a few problems understanding the usr/local/ folders and my the myusername/local/ folders. What I think I need to do is go into the ...
5
votes
5answers
287 views

Which is better for installed applications: /usr/bin or user's home directory?

It's not entirely clear to me whether it would be better to install a GUI application in /usr/bin or my home directory. I've read through this article and this one, but it doesn't really talk about ...
0
votes
1answer
241 views

Install GCC at a custom location without machine prefix

When installing GCC, libraries, header files and some executables are placed in directories similar to /usr/lib/gcc/i686-pc-linux-gnu/4.5.4/ and /usr/libexec/gcc/i686-pc-linux-gnu/4.5.4/. I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
602 views

Where to install applications

I'm a long-time Windows user in the middle of a multi-year personal migration to Linux-based development. On Windows when I installed an application it got put in the Program Files folder and I'd ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

How should I install software from source so that I can make my configuration manageable and reproducible?

I work with a lot of scientific software on Linux distributions (normally Debian variants and Red Hat variants). In order to maximize performance and get access to the latest features, it's often ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Where should a local executable be placed?

I have an executable for the perforce version control client (p4). I can't place it in /opt/local because I don't have root privileges. Is there a standard location where it needs to be placed under ...
5
votes
2answers
195 views

Where should I place a downloaded tarball?

I have downloaded the ChromePlus tarball and extracted it to my home directory. The extracted folder contains an executable that I can double-click to launch ChromePlus. So I assume I do not need to ...
4
votes
2answers
122 views

Where is a good place to put applications that come pre-compiled?

Certain applications like Blender and Eclipse come precompiled in a tarball. Usually I put the directories in my home folder and access them from the command line. Is there a better place to put them ...
50
votes
7answers
11k views

What is the Linux equivalent to C:\Program Files?

I understand that in Windows as well as Linux and Unix, a program|application|software can be installed in any directory. Also if packages are installed using the distribution's packaging system, ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

What do I install into a given install prefix

Which directories should I expect to have in an install prefix when I'm writing makefiles? I've noticed that in the common prefix /usr, there is no /etc, yet there is an /include dir, which isn't in ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Where should I copy-paste-install software to?

I'm installing IntelliJ, and the readme tells me to choose an installation folder. Where is a good, standard place to put installed programs?
40
votes
4answers
2k views

How do I know where to put things in linux?

Installing something in windows takes a click of a button. But every time I try to install something in linux, which is not found in APT, I get so confused. You download a zipped folder, then what? ...
55
votes
17answers
5k views

Where should I put software I compile myself?

I need to compile some software on my Fedora machine. Where's the best place to put it so not to interfere with the packaged software?