The layout of the directory hierarchy — questions like “where does this file belong?” or “what is this directory for?”.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
1answer
33 views

Where to put files on a installer? [on hold]

I have a program that I am going to package in a .deb. Where should I put files for my program? I have had a look at the structure of things like Epoptes but I cannot figure out where I should put ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

Should I move a binary used by a non-root user from /usr/bin/ to /usr/local/bin/?

I have gone through a related thread here. A colleague of mine has copied the phantomjs binary to /usr/bin. In our system, this binary will be used only by a non-root user. At the moment, the regular ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Where to search for the core file generated by the crash of a linux application?

I am trying to find out the reason of crash for one of my Linux application. But I don't know where core is going. cat /proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern core.%e.%p Any Idea?
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Where does Linux store Wifi passwords?

I am going to write a simple replacement for Ubunutu's NetworkManager. Is there any place where the Wifi network passwords would be stored in Linux? I know about ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Where to store the SQL Server jdbc driver file for use by all users

I have downloaded the sqljdbc4.jar file which enables connecting to SQL Server via jdbc. I currently have this in a personal folder whilst I've been testing connectivity. I'm hoping to put this file ...
5
votes
2answers
452 views

Difference between /run and /var/run

Is there any difference between /run directory and var/run directory. It seems the latter is a link to the former. If the contents are one and the same what is the need for two directories?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

“Correct” place to store shared media on a single machine

This is a bit vague of a question, as I could just create a folder anywhere in the filesystem and set the permissions accordingly. However, I would like to know where the "correct" location to place ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Proper resource locations for software under /usr/local (var data like log)

I'm trying to put together a small piece of software, and I wanted to know the appropriate place to put various items if I'm setting to use /usr/local. For example, under /usr/local I will have: bin ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Creating a list containing filenames with paths

I have a directory(INPUTDIR) with sample names as subdirectories(508_C,540_C,570_D etc).Within those each subdirectories there is another directory called FASTQ which contains two kinds of files. ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Right way of creating a local filesystem hierarchy within /home [duplicate]

I am an user with no superuser rights. I normally build and install the tools I need within my /home/<user> directory, and then create aliases to be able to run my programs. However, this is ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Public, Non-Root Access to file system?

I'm trying to structure an android project for continuous integration/continuous delivery via gradle and git. The main code will be pulled from git on the build server without various files that ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Software installation trouble with Homebrew

I have previously custom installed Python and Homebrew on my OS X 10.9.5 system. I am now trying to install CMake and I am running into various errors such as: cd: /usr/local/src: No such file or ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Unable to view Applications Directory Content in Terminal

Not sure what I'm missing here, but when I try to list the contents of the Applications directory from the Terminal it produces a directory with a couple .dmg files and none of the actual application ...
0
votes
3answers
397 views

Root /home Directory vs ~ (tilde)

I have created a virtual image for Scientific Linux and came across this after I finished installing it: [root@ftpserver home]# pwd /home [root]@ftpserver home]# ls When I cd into ~ I get this: ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

What filesystem mount point am I currently working on?

I would like to know in what filesystem mount point I am currently on, similarly to using pwd to know what directory I am in. I know you can use df . (or df $(pwd) or many variants), but I find it ...
2
votes
2answers
215 views

Installing Matlab from an ISO image

I was trying to install Matlab, and used the following commands: # mkdir -p /mnt/disk # mount -o loop R2014a_UNIX.iso /mnt/disk # cd /mnt/disk # ls -l # ./install However, I don't want it in a ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

How shareable is /var/cache?

I know that some subdirectories of /var/cache are pretty much shareable, for example /var/cache/pacman (in case of ArchLinux), and possibly others (/var/cache/man?), but at least /var/cache/ldconfig ...
8
votes
2answers
939 views

What is this folder /run/user/1000?

What is this folder: /run/user/1000 on my Fedora system and what does it do? ~ $ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on tmpfs 1.2G 20K 1.2G 1% /run/user/1000
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How do folder name localizations work?

In Mac OS X, there are directories like Desktop, Users and Library. On localized systems, these would be named Skrivbord, Användare and Bibliotek (Swedish) But when I am in the terminal I can't ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

How to recreate /var/lib/dpkg/status?

I have deleted some files around /var/lib/dpkg/, namely: /var/lib/dpkg/status /var/lib/dpkg/available /var/lib/dpkg/info/* I understand Debian uses these files to keep some information about ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Custom desktop launcher search path in Ubuntu

I know I can write a .desktop file in /usr/share/applications or ~/.local/share/applications, but can I add new folders to the search path similar to the $PATH environment variable? For example, I ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Where should I mount a disk to store backups?

I'm new to Unix, and wanted to give it a try. I had an old PC lying around and decided to turn it into a network based backup system to keep the data in the other PCs safe. So I installed FreeBSD on ...
3
votes
2answers
240 views

Why does find -exec du sum up differently?

I have family pictures and movies in a folder /media/data/Selbstgemacht and I'd like to find the size of all pictures. In /media/data I use find Selbstgemacht -type f -iname '*.jpg' -exec du -ch '{}' ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

With “find /”, skip directories like “/proc”, “/sys” and similar

There are some directories that can cause problem with find, and especially find /. These are directories in which the OS creates files which are not really files. Among these directories are /proc ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Why do upgrades to KDM/KDE not preserve changes to configuration files?

The kdebase-workspace package on Arch Linux only preservers changes made to /usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc when the package is updated. I need to edit /usr/share/config/kdm/Xsetup to get my monitors to ...
5
votes
4answers
286 views

Ways to organize and access frequently visited directories and files?

In my Ubuntu, I have added some frequented directories to the bookmarks of Nautilus, for visiting them quicker. Nautilus can consume a lot of memory, when it has been kept open for long and there ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

What is the difference between ~ and / in paths [duplicate]

When I first log in to Unix on my Mac, I usually see a ~ after my username in the command line. However, if I look at the apps contained in that directory ~/Applications they are not all of my ...
1
vote
1answer
574 views

sudo chown -R $USER:admin /usr/local - revert back to ROOT?

On OS X, but may also apply to *NIX. This question was asked/answered previously, and I know it's safe to chown on /usr/local for my admin user account, which I've done to install git with homebrew ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Where is <libraryname>.pc?

When installing a library with configure, make and make install, does make install copy <libraryname>.pc to some place? If yes: Where is it? If no: Should we copy it somewhere rather than ...
2
votes
3answers
332 views

Is this command safe to run from / as root

find . * -depth -print0 | xargs -0 rmdir It finds and removes all empty folders (including hidden ones) recursively. I only tired it on my home folder and a pendrive in Linux PC and it worked but I ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the world writable directories by default?

In a standard Linux filesystem, which of these common directories are world-writable by default? /tmp /etc /var /proc /bin /boot /.... .... Why are they world-writable? Does that pose ...
2
votes
1answer
495 views

What are files in `/var/crash/`?

I know when a program crashes, some files creating in /var/crash/. But I don't know what these files are! Is that error logs?
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Strange kind of “stealth” directory on Linux

I am in a Linux machine and am working with a directory that is aptly named "stealth", because it runs and hides! Take a look at this behavior: bash-3.2$ ls /net bash-3.2$ ls -la /net total 4 ...
2
votes
3answers
62 views

Where should I place my websites files with multiple vhosts?

If vhosts are enabled, where should I place my website files? /home/aunser/www /var/www/site1, /var/www/site2 /usr/local/website/site1, /usr/local/website/site2 the systems is CentOS 6.x/RHEL ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

updatedb for a beginner

The updatedb command, as I understand it, is basically the utility that keeps the mlocate.db database file updated. And it's a good idea to keep it updated regularly. For that matter, I've kept a ...
0
votes
1answer
268 views

What are the advantages / disadvantages Linux file hierarchy has in compare to other OSs? [duplicate]

does it make any difference whether a file system hierarchy chooses to sort files by types and put them all under one directory (like all the binaries are under bin) or on the other hand sort them by ...
1
vote
3answers
111 views

mysql database no space available

I was restoring a 200 GB database into a newly installed RHEL machine. However, while restoring I ran into no space available issue. Is it possible to change the directory where the databases are ...
29
votes
1answer
1k views

Why aren't crontabs stored in user home directories?

I'm curious to know: why are crontabs stored in /var rather than in the user's home directories? It makes it a total pain to isolate these files for upgrades but I suspect that there is a logical ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Possible to move boot files?

I just bought an external hard drive that's 1TB. I formatted my laptop and burned Linux to it. The thing is, I also use my hard drive for other things. Can I move these boot files into a custom ...
1
vote
4answers
118 views

What code should I use to download and install my script into a user-writable directory in the user's PATH (without requiring sudo)?

Edit: places where I said $HOME/.bin I should have written $HOME/bin or any equivalent is fine. I.E, any user-writable directory that is in the user's PATH. So I have a bash script which I am ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Encrypt my disk but allowing to enter the password with SSH

Can you help me with this problem please? I need encrypt whole disk on Debian 7.5, (it will be work as server) but I need enter encryption password via SSH. So I need encrypt whole disk except primary ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Who should own files shared by a group and where should they go

I am configuring a Linux work station that will be used by a small number of users (20-30). These users will belong to a small set of groups (5-10) with each user belonging to at least one group and ...
-1
votes
4answers
750 views

How to exclude directories from `ls -R` output?

If ls -aR | grep ":$" returns ./.hiddendir2: ./dir1: ./dir3: ./dir3/.hiddendir4: then how can you update the pattern given to grep so that you only get ./dir1: ./dir3: (note that the last ...
2
votes
4answers
142 views

Is there a folder accessible to all process and users at all times?

I have a script that gathers debugging info from the running environment and I need to figure out were I can save that info. It may be called anytime: at boot when the system is running at ...
1
vote
4answers
703 views

Into which directory should I install programs in Linux?

I want to install a program in Linux and run it as a daemon. (Team Speak 3 in this case, but the question is general in nature). There is no package provided, only tarred binaries. Where in directory ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there a standards-specified location for user configuration files?

I'm talking about files like ~/.foo found on a user's home dir. I'm working on a program that reads from such a file, and I'd also like to clean up my user root directory if I can. Is there a ...
1
vote
2answers
216 views

How to know in which partition my application has been installed?

If I run df -h in an Oracle LINUX 5 server, I got below output: $ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 12G 8.8G 1.8G 84% / ...
5
votes
2answers
135 views

Why does a grep reboot the machine?

On a RHEL 6.5 Desktop, if I use: sudo grep -r foo /* my desktop reboots. Q: Why?? How to debug this? It's the third time my Desktop reboots because of this :D
2
votes
1answer
31 views

How can I know the default path for log directory?

I am programming in shell scripting, and would like to log results. Is there any way to know what is the default path storage for logfiles in my operating system? I have researched: set | grep ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

convention regarding offline temporary data

When writing small utility programs, I sometimes want to keep small amounts of data around between executions, usually for caching purposes, but don't want the program to run as a daemon. Are there ...