A file system structure in which to store computer files.

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0answers
16 views

how to find duplicate folders inside main folder

I've moved a lot of files and folders from my old nas to my new smb share. The problem is that someone made entire copies of nearly every folder on that thing. And I need the space. I'm currently ...
-1
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1answer
33 views

Sub Directories in sub directory using loop

On my CentOS machine, I need to create a main directory inside which I will have a few sub directories and, inside them, some subsubdirectories. Something like: main_directory->sub1,sub2,sb3.. ...
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1answer
18 views

Move all sub-directory content up one level

My top level directory contains a bunch of sub-directories: af ar ca cs da de el en ... (lots more) Each of these directories has the exact, same structure. They contain two directories: v2.3.0 ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Get parent directory in cshell script

Hi I'm trying to get parent directory in cshell script but the following code found not working in cshell script: #!/bin/csh -f set dir=$PWD set parentdir="$(dirname "$dir")" Error info: Illegal ...
0
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3answers
28 views

wget’s --output-document= option failed when contain ~ character

I wright a documentation so I prefer use long options because it’s self-descripting. --output-document= is more readable than his short equivalent -O. Then, I have to indicate a file in the home ...
3
votes
4answers
413 views

Bash script detecting change in files from a directory

I am a beginner in bash scripting and I am trying to make a script that detects if any of the files in a directory were changed within a 2 seconds interval. What I have so far is: #!/bin/bash for ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Prevent sudo user access to specific folder and files [duplicate]

How can I restrict sudo access to a specific user in the /var directory or its contents?
1
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2answers
28 views

How to use cloc to find lines of code in a debian package

cloc - statistics utility to count lines of code Now the manpage mentions that it can be used to count lines of code of a tarball cloc perl-5.10.0.tar.gz Now a debian package is just like a ...
1
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2answers
32 views

How to get all subfolder names consisting of uppercases only?

How to get the folders in a parent folder, the names of which are composed of A-Z, without lowercases, underscore, dot or any other things?
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2answers
29 views

Man directory layout — why the subdirectories?

Man expects the man directories listed in $MANPATH or $(manpath) to be split by section into directories named "man$section". This duplicates the section information that is already available in the ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Limited access to a directory's contents

There is a file in a directory that me and the other users want to be able to read. I want the other users not to be able to see the other files in the directory. They should be able to read a ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Why can I cd to // but not /// or //// or ///// or … [duplicate]

When I change directory to //, it seems to put me in a special directory that is very similar to but slightly different to /. However, trying to add any further slashes (///) simply drops me in /. $ ...
1
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2answers
53 views

expand wildcards “inside a command” instead of in the shell

(This is a simplest working example of something in a much messier context.) I have a directory d with files 1.txt 2.txt 3.txt 4.wav. My current directory is somewhere else. ls d reports 1.txt 2.txt ...
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2answers
25 views

How do I remove all files from wtihin a certain directory except for a child directory of that directory?

I’m using bash shell. I have this command to delete all JAR files within a particular directory find ~/.jenkins/jobs/subco/ -name '*.jar' -print0 | xargs -0 -r rm However, I want to modify the ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

How do I set up user quota for /var/www?

I want to add quota per user in my Apache2 webroot. My /var/www directory is not a partition. I've found tutorials on how to set up quota for partitions, but how do I set up /etc/fstab without moving ...
1
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2answers
29 views

How to work with symbolic links to directories

I am experimenting with symbolic links and I'm encountering a couple issues. The first is how after following a symbolic link to a directory to display the actual working directory instead of the ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

rsync wants to resend files after a recent run

I am using rsync to keep two directories in sync. Specifically I ran: rsync -avz /path/to/src /path/to/dest After this command finished, I ran: rsync --dry-run -avz /path/to/src /path/to/dest ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Delete directories that contain a certain file

I want to find all directories that contain a certain file and then delete those directories. With find . -name thatcertainfile -execdir pwd \; I get a list of all the directories I want to delete, ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How does 'Create New Folder' short-key work?

In many file managers there is a shortcut/key to create a new folder. In Nautilus, Thunar, Panthon-Files, this is Ctrl+Shift+N, in Dolphin it is F10. How does this shortcut work? I imagine that ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Directory became UNIX binary (OS X)

I recently fixed the file permissions of my home directory using System Recovery mode. But after rebooting I found that one directory had become a single unix binary. I have tried everything from ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Detect and remove empty directories from list

A common problem game developers have with the Unity3D engine and Git is that Unity and Git fight for whether an empty directory should exist or not - Git doesn't care, Unity3D will keep making git ...
0
votes
2answers
20 views

Ubuntu: Installing programs into specific locations

I have software which is built using a makefile. This makefile also contains (relative) paths to different programs (such as gsoap, postgresql and others) which provide stuff that I need to include. ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

A folder with d?????????? in the ls -l

I am running the EDG-12.2.1-Trn (CentOS 6.6 64-bit) VM on Virtual Box. This is the Oracle Database VM. When I try sharing a folder, through VirtualBox, it shares successfully (automatically), and ...
0
votes
3answers
23 views

How to get second directory name in the perforce file path?

I need to get the directory in the second column after depot. For example given the below file(s) list, I need "Directory2" as the output. //depot/Directory2/Dir3/Dir4/Dir5/Dir6/Filename1 ...
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votes
1answer
24 views

How can get back to directory line from mysql line

So I'm not sure what exactly do but enter to mysql and now I cannot return to directory line. I show in picture what exacly I mean: My question is: How can from this directory go in: Here I ...
1
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1answer
29 views

How can I get a persistent dirstack with unique entries in zsh?

The Arch Wiki has this interesting bit of zsh configuration: DIRSTACKFILE="$HOME/.cache/zsh/dirs" if [[ -f $DIRSTACKFILE ]] && [[ $#dirstack -eq 0 ]]; then dirstack=( ${(f)"$(< ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

(ls) command won't show exact size - Weird output [closed]

I am trying to find the size of the files on my hard drive in exact bytes, but whenever the size gets too big the number turns all weird (like 1.98329e+12). Can I stop it from doing this or convert ...
1
vote
3answers
641 views

tar excludes way too much

When running tar in /, how can i exclude e.g. "/sbin" while not also excluding "/usr/sbin"? Some details: It is widespread opinion that tar --exclude=dir only excludes "dir" and its subfolders seen ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

List all the files in ending with several file extensions?

If I want files ending with .fas I know I can do the following with ls command : ls -l /users/jenna/bio/*.fas and this lists out all the files ending with .fas. But how can I get files ending with ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Why does Linux not allow `cat`ing a directory? [duplicate]

I read in The Design of the UNIX Operating System that directories are files containing the names of each file they contain. So I tried cating one on my Mac, and it resulted in an error: cat: ./: Is a ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Trying to get files into individual folders (1 folder for each file)

from the comments here: https://generateme.wordpress.com/2015/08/12/training-own-dnn-for-deep-dream/ I have around 15k images and each one needs its own folder. I ran this once, when I had fewer ...
1
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1answer
75 views

What is the number at the top for the results for ls -l? [duplicate]

When you type in ls -l, there is a number on the first line labeled "total 22037"? What does this number mean? I am attempting to write my own version of ls -l( in C), and how do I get this value or ...
1
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1answer
50 views

How to copy files from one directory to another so that only new files are copied? [duplicate]

How would it be possible to copy all new contents from one directory to another so that only new files are copied from the source directory (both directories have the same naming tree). For example, ...
3
votes
3answers
53 views

How do I create and automatically sync a “merged” directory from multiple other directories without duplicating files?

If I have some number of source directories, e.g. dir1, dir2... dir5, how can I create an automatically syncing "merged" destination directory that has all the files and directories of the source ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Denying access to multiple directories in vsftpd.conf

I am trying to use the deny_file directive to prevent users from accessing several directories inside a local root, using vsftpd. For example, I would like to forbid users from entering inside the ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is this correct folder name `//` achieved via `cd //` [duplicate]

I never saw this before, nor I can track this via Google, and I thought interesting to share. If I set cd // and I pwd I get the output //. If I touch a.txt I checked this file belongs to / If I set ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the effect of “chattr +a” on a directory

The a Linux file attribute is often documented as applicable to files. chattr(1) manpage: A file with the 'a' attribute set can only be open in append mode for writing. ext4 wiki: 0x20 ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Moving non-writeable files vs moving non-writeable directories

I'm a bit puzzled about the following behavior (Linux, Debian 8.3, ext2 filesystem) test@linux:~$ ls -ld directory/ file drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Mar 10 18:51 directory/ -rw-r--r-- 1 root root ...
22
votes
8answers
1k views

Clipboard for copying and pasting files in command line?

In Bash, suppose I visit a directory, and then another directory. I would like to copy a file from the first directory to the second directory, but without specifying the long pathnames of them. Is it ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How to redirect file output to a different directory?

I have a program that regularly outputs files to a directory, let's say /a/b. I am utterly unable to change where these files are outputted. But for me to use them, I must first move them to, let's ...
-4
votes
1answer
41 views

how to move all files under one directory to home directory

I have the script files script1.ksh ...script10.ksh in the directory star2 PATH : home/aaa/star2 I need to move all the files under star2 to the home directory (home/aaa) NOTE : I do not want the ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

What does @ in front of a directory name imply?

On my Synology NAS, when I do ls on my volume, I see that a few directories a leading @ in their names. A few also have a trailing @. What does this imply? Examples: @optware @autoupdate
2
votes
4answers
65 views

How can I tell my program to save in ~

I'm using a program which processes some data and then saves it to a file. It is possible to specify the directory in which the data is saved, however the program is badly written, so if I put ~ it is ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

rmdir dir gives error 'Not a directory'

I have what looks to be a directory directory dir2, I once moved it from another directory dir1 to back it up and created a new dir1. Now I suddenly saw it again, realized I didn't need it and did rm ...
10
votes
2answers
156 views

Are there any filesystems for which `ln -d` succeeds?

From the manpage for ln: -d, -F, --directory allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser) Are there any ...
0
votes
4answers
69 views

How to merge one directory into other?

May somebody tell me if there is there some way to "merge" one dir into another? I.e. let I have /some/directories/structure with subdirs/files. And now I want to "implantate" it into /etc for ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

How do permissions on a directory affect files in it?

I just learned something that shocked me, because I did not have a clue it was a fact. If I have a directory with the following permissions: user@host:~$ ls -la testdir total 8 drwxrwxrwx 2 user ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Grep only in files that are in certain folders

I want to grep for interesting string, but only in specific folder/file combinations, such as myfolder/myfile.out. The directory I'm grepping from may have these combinations in subdirectories of ...
2
votes
4answers
129 views

Go through every subfolder, check for a folder and run script

I have a directory that contains subfolders of various depth. I want to go through all of them, check if they contain a folder with a certain name, and if that directory exists run a script (let's ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

SUID has no effect on directories with Linux

Why does the SUID bit have no effect when applied to directories in Linux? I clearly see that I can set it with 'chmod u+s'. But why does it not have "any" effect. What is the reason for implementing ...