devices refers to questions about the Unix/Linux device special files, normally these are under /dev. Do not use this tag for physical devices (for that use e.g. usb or pci).

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Linux UART IO File

How bytes received on UART device are stored in some serial Linux devices /dev/ttyS? How to read them? What is the procedure? Should that device file be closed, when new data is arriving?
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745 views

Can I use a parallel port as a CUPS input device?

I have an old piece of a hardware that does diagnostics on medical equipment. It prints out results over a parallel port. Is there any way to have CUPS accept jobs from a parallel port and redirect ...
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1answer
24 views

How many distinct video cards do I have?

I'm logged on to a remote machine and I'm trying to determine how many video cards are installed. The machine was built for CUDA operations so it's likely to have more than one NVIDIA card. > ...
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2answers
1k views

Debian USB automount

Got my USB flash automount broken after reboot. Using Debian 6, GNOME 2 My NTFS hard disk is still mounting correctly. When i connect my Android smartphone (with SD and local drive) my messages log ...
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1answer
23 views

how to set i2c bus to soc audio codec

I'm working on an audio codec driver for cs4245 device. It's controlled by i2c. I have 2 hardwares (devel-board), one of the them has the codec attached to i2c-1 and another to i2c-2. The first one is ...
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1answer
47 views

Which device is working

I have one dvb-t and one dvb-s card in my system which are in /dev/dvb/adapter0 and /dev/dvb/adapter1 Is there a way to find out which card is currently working? and which one isn't?
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Write shrunken .img file to device file

I have a backup image of a device file /dev/sda3 that I created using: dd if=/dev/sda3 of=~/sda3.img. The image is very large, so I have re-sized it to remove empty space. My question is can I ...
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3answers
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Understanding /dev and its subdirs and files

$ ls -l /dev/stdin /dev/fd/0 lrwx------ 1 tim tim 64 2011-08-07 09:53 /dev/fd/0 -> /dev/pts/2 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 2011-08-06 08:14 /dev/stdin -> /proc/self/fd/0 $ ls -l /dev/pts/2 ...
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1answer
244 views

Webcam Device Driver to support H.264

I have a Creative Live Cam Connect HD (id: 041e:4093) and this webcam has an on-board H.264 encoder. Unfortunately v4l2 only inputs the feed as MJPG. $ v4l2-ctl --list-formats ioctl: VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT ...
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0answers
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Unable to find Documents on iPad device when mounted

It seems that this is a common problem, but there haven't been any satisfactory solutions posted yet, despite existing for years. Briefly, the problem is that when I mount my iPad in Linux Mint, I ...
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0answers
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Help me to find my speakers and headphone paths (name of PCM device)

I am really confused trying to get my speakers and headphone device PCM names like a "hw:x,x" or something like that; cat /proc/asound/devices 2: [ 0] : control 3: [ 0- 0]: digital audio ...
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2answers
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How can I create a direct 8khz audio pipe in Ubuntu?

I'm interested in creating musical programs like these: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GtQdIYUtAHg&feature=player_embedded Essentially these programs just generate sequences of integers, which ...
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18 views

KVM and peripheral devices

How does KVM work with peripheral devices? Are devices emulated in user space or in kernel space through the device driver? The host and guest operation system cannot claim both a device, and how ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the difference between loop device and block device? [closed]

I want to create a loop device myself, I want it to have a special name, say /dev/loop-test-0. I want it to be up after I reboot the machine. I though that I can use mknod for this, but this doesn't ...
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1answer
41 views

How to get /dev/ttyUSB* to show up?

I've been using FTDI usb serial cables on OSX with really no thought for years. Now, I'm trying to get the same cables working on Linux (Linux Mint, Debian Edition 2). What I understand so far is... ...
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12answers
292k views

How do I find out what hard disks are in the system?

I need to know what hard disks are available, including ones that aren't mounted and possibly aren't formatted. I can't find them in dmesg or /var/log/messages (too much to scroll through). I'm hoping ...
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1answer
31 views

Is there any way to prevent a bad drive from disappearing from /dev?

I'm trying to recover a partition on a bad drive with ddrescue. I run: $ sudo ddrescue -r -1 -v /dev/sdd3 OUT.img dd_rescue_logfile and it seems to do great for a while, but after about an hour, ...
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1answer
27 views

give group permissions to specific device

I have a panning web camera I built, (future robot arm). The camera pans via a web interface (cgi scripts and JS interface) which access an arduino. To enable sending of commands via the interface, I ...
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1answer
64 views

Platform Device Drivers

I was just going through the code of kernel. I have a raspberry Pi board. I want to interface the touch screen with my board. I want to develop the Platform driver for that. As per the documentation ...
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1answer
746 views

How to get device filename from lsusb output or by device path

Related question: USB connect/disconnect notification When the device is plugged/unplugged, I get instant notification, that's great. But to make it (almost) perfect, I also want to get device ...
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1answer
90 views

Is the device tree compiler tied to the kernel version?

I have a situation in which same device trees are used with different kernels. Can the device trees be build only once and used with all kernels? The reason I ask this is because I found the device ...
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1answer
36 views

To which device file is particular storage device mapped?

I noticed that I never figured this out completely. Linux maps SATA and USB (and many more kind of) storage devices to /dev/sd[a-z] device files in the order in which they were "found". Now given that ...
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1answer
34 views

Redirect or trigger on dev node input event

Is it possible to trigger an event when data is available at a dev node? Very simply, if some widget device sends information over usb to my linux box, would it be possible to trap into some event ...
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1answer
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How can I give a user the CAP_MKNOD capabillity?

Following on from this question: rsync's relationship with special files In order to back up device files, rsync at the destination needs to be able to call mknod. The usual approach would be to ...
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1answer
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rsync's relationship with special files

I'm trying to transfer some existing backups from one system to another. The older backup system seems to have managed to back up special files like /dev/hda, /dev/tty0, and /dev/null which look like ...
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1answer
399 views

LVM unknown device: how to recover?

I have a server with two hard drives that I thought I had correctly installed with LVM, until I discovered that the second hard-drive did not actually seem to be used. I investigated the problem and ...
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4answers
5k views

Can I setup a loopback audio device?

If I can send audio to the output devices, then I can record the same audio as a wave. With filesystems, you can just setup a loopback filesystem and write binary data on a file instead of a device. ...
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7answers
2k views

How can I put a bit mask on /dev/zero so that I can get bytes other than zero?

How can I put a bit mask on /dev/zero so that I can have a source not only for 0x00 but also for any byte between 0x01 and 0xFF?
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1answer
824 views

What are high level and low level device drivers

Recently I read that there are two types of drivers (at least for disk), one that are called high level drivers and another called low level device drivers. Can some one tell me what these are, and ...
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2answers
107 views

How to skip special / socket files during rsync transfer?

Using the following command. rsync --archive --delete --partial --progress --recursive --no-links --no-devices --quiet source target Using --no-links and --no-devices already. Getting the error ...
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1answer
50 views

What are some common use cases for creating block/character device files from the shell with mknod?

I understand that block/character device files are created programmatically (by the drivers themselves?) to facilitate communications with device drivers using standard I/O calls. But why one would ...
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1answer
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Changing the /dev/tty* permissions at startup

My solution (ArchLinux ARM on RaspberryPi) requires that a non-privileged user has to have access to the /dev/ttyAMA0 port. In final implementation that user will be automatically logged in and a ...
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1answer
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why isn't monitor listed under /dev in linux?

If /dev is suppose to list all the devices that is connected, like usb, hdd, webcam, how come on my ubuntu 15 VM I don't see a monitor? I am running the desktop edition so there should be a monitor. ...
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3answers
280 views

USB device to be detected at the “same” /dev point always?

In Linux (actually I'm with CentOS v6.5), whenever I plug in my USB Terminal/Character Device (some kind of USB Adapter) for the first time (after booted), it is detected at: /dev/ttyUSB0 But ...
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4answers
4k views

Prevent claiming of novelty usb device by usbhid so I can control it with libusb?

I have a USB rocket launcher that I wish to experiment with through libusb. However, libusb cannot claim the interface; presumably because the output of usb-devices lists 'usbhid' as the driver for ...
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Discrepancy in Owncloud drive size

I have ownCloud running on Debian Raspberry Pi with an 8Gb USB as the drive. Checking the USB is mounted correctly: df -h /dev/sda1 7.3G 20M 6.9G 1% /media/owncloud But my ownCloud Mac ...
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1answer
54 views

How do I check if sound card is in use and, if possible, which process is using it?

I want to know if a program is using my sound card without my knowledge. I thought about building a program that uses low-level device driver code to do the trick, but am now interested in seeing if I ...
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3answers
8k views

How can I tell whether a network interface is physical (device) or virtual (alias)?

I have a small home router running OpenWrt (Kind of embedded Linux for routers). It has five Ethernet ports, one labeled WAN and four labeld LAN 1 to 4. It has the following Network Interfaces defined ...
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2answers
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How do I recreate /dev/ttyUSB## devices that I deleted?

Background It seems I only know enough linux to get myself in trouble. I'm working on a couple of embedded systems (two different models) both running linux. I've been troubleshooting a modem ...
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1answer
101 views

How to associate physical usb port with usb device number

I'm using Ubuntu 12.04. I need to send a command to a device that I have connected on a port of my PC. I can send the command by finding out what the Bus and Device number are. For example, lsusb ...
2
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1answer
93 views

mmap /dev/random

Why is it that I cannot mmap /dev/random or /dev/urandom on Linux? I get errno 19 which is ENODEV. When I try the same code with /dev/zero it works. int fd = open(path, O_RDONLY); assert ...
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1answer
217 views

Lvreduce online on RHEL 6 or centos 6 with ext4 file systems

Is it possible to reduce a mounting lv safely at RHEL6/CentOS6 with ext4 file system? If it is, how can I do that?
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1answer
48 views

OSX: MBP: How does system detect sd card inserted?

I have a MacBookPro running Mavericks. I can insert one sd card into the slot and it mounts just fine. Another sd card I slip in and nothing happens. It does not appear in disk utility. It does ...
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1answer
3k views

Why is my Mac, upgraded from Mavericks to Yosemite, no longer giving VMware Fusion needed resources?

I have a Mac upgraded from Mavericks to Yosemite. When I tried to run VMware Fusion, I got an error stating: Could not open /dev/vmmon: No such file or directory. Please make sure that the kernel ...
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2answers
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Can a linux filesystem be backed up by copying the file structure tree only?

This might be considered to be more of an academic question but here goes. Returning to Linux after some years away, I installed Ubuntu 15.04 Desktop on a small PC. Looking around the file system ...
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How to get a list of major number -> driver associations

http://www.nostarch.com/tlpi states: "Each device driver registers its association with a specific major device ID, and this association provides the connection between the device special file and the ...
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USB bar code scanner not working on Raspbian

My USB bar code scanner (SYMBOL LS2208) is recognized as a HID. hid-generic 0003:05E0:0600.000F: hiddev0,hidraw0: USB HID v1.10 Device [\xffffffef\xffffffbe\xffffffa9\xffffffbe\xffffffa9Symbol ...
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1answer
9k views

How to Reset/Cycle Power to a PCIe Device?

I have a PCIe device that only works correctly when the computer is fully powered off then on again. Issuing a simple reboot or reboot -p command does not appear to cycle the power to the PCIe card, ...
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1answer
100 views

Capturing data from a Fluke 1620a via Bash /dev/tcp file descriptor

I am currently trying to develop a script that will connect to a Fluke DewK 1620a Themo-Hygrometer and pull the current temperature and humidity readings from the device. While these devices have a ...
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4answers
5k views

Why are network interfaces not in /dev like other devices?

I'm mostly curious, but why aren't network interfaces in /dev? Are there any other kinds of devices that aren't represented as a node under /dev?