devices refers to questions about the Unix/Linux device special files, normally these are under /dev. Do not use this tag for physical devices (for that use e.g. usb or pci).

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7
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2answers
5k views

wlan number assignment

How or where does Linux determine the assignment of a network device? Specifically, wlan0 or wlan1 for wireless USB devices. I plugged in a TP USB wireless a while ago, and it was assigned wlan0. I ...
3
votes
2answers
344 views

Automated partition selection in bash script

I'm trying to write a bash script to run from Linux on a CD or flashdrive that can mount Windows and change stuff, but I don't know how to go about detecting which partition/drive is Windows. My best ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

How does cat know the baud rate of the serial port?

I regularly use cat to view debugging information in the console from my FPGA development board over the serial connection, but I never have had to tell linux what the baud rate is. How does cat know ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

How to grant non-root user access to device files

I have device file that appears in /dev when a specific board is plugged in. The read and write operations to it work just fine, but in order to open the device file the program needs to be executed ...
2
votes
1answer
498 views

open() console for default file descriptors

I'm reading a shell program implementation in C ( the xv6 shell from MIT's 6.828 Operating System Engineering course ). The main() function for this shell starts with the following code: //Assumes ...
2
votes
0answers
172 views

Block Devices & Partitions

I partitioned a microSD card (mmcblk1) into two partitions mmcblk1p1 and mmcblk1p2. If use a dedicated card reader I am able to see the entire SD card and its partitions using various disk management ...
1
vote
2answers
407 views

Perform an action when a wireless keyboard is connected

I need to perform a command when I connect a bluetooth keyboard. How can I 'listen' this event?
0
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0answers
21 views

How to associate device to sata port disk [duplicate]

I have 2 hard disks connected to 2 sata ports. The disks are associated to /dev/sda and /dev/sdb. These hard disks are in software raid so it happens that the system can go for some time with only ...
2
votes
0answers
232 views

Webcam Device Driver to support H.264

I have a Creative Live Cam Connect HD (id: 041e:4093) and this webcam has an on-board H.264 encoder. Unfortunately v4l2 only inputs the feed as MJPG. $ v4l2-ctl --list-formats ioctl: VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT ...
1
vote
1answer
318 views

A drive changes device file name after resuming from suspend (Linux Mint 14)

I'm running into a very odd problem: When I resume Mint 14 from suspend, one of my drives (/dev/sdc) changes letter / device file name (to /dev/sdd). fdisk -l shows that it has the same partitions, ...
3
votes
3answers
779 views

Why doesn't xsetwacom work from udev?

I made a script to rotate my Wacom Bamboo tablet 180 degrees. It works fine when I execute it as myself (user) or root, but when started from udev (i.e. when plugging the tablet into a usb port) it ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Changes to files don't show up until the partition is unmounted

I have a FAT32 filesystem mounted. After changing a file on it, I can read the file back and still see the old version. My changes don't actually persist until I unmount and remount the partition. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

What is the source of truth for currently active tty/pts connections?

I'm looking for a simple way to determine the number of currently logged in users, using only the filesystem and basic bash functions (instead of using binaries). The uptime binary appears to be ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Writing /dev/random to file?

If you ran the following, what would happen? cat /dev/random > ~/randomFile # don't run Would it be written until the drive runs out of space, or would the system see a problem with this and ...
0
votes
1answer
789 views

remove /dev/mapper/fedora-root and /dev/mapper/fedora-swap

I want to replace Fedora 18 with Ubuntu but I have these devices listed when partitioning. I only have a hard disk labelled sda, where does these virtual device come from? How I do remove them?
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Query USB current

How can I obtain information about the amount of current negotiated by a device attached to a USB port? I am looking for information similar to this presented by OS X in terms of current available ...
0
votes
2answers
431 views

Problem mounting my iRiver story HD on Ubuntu

I would like to connect my iRiver Story HD to my ubuntu 12.04 machine but as I connect it I get this error: Unable to mount Story HD Error mounting: mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad ...
3
votes
0answers
231 views

How to route one video device to multiple programs

I'd like to direct the output of a single capture card (Hauppauge PVR-150) to two programs: VLC (for streaming on LAN) and MythTV for scheduled recording. I think it's possible to do this with the ...
1
vote
4answers
6k views

Updated Fedora 18 - no sound devices, just dummy output

So, yesterday I updated the recently released Fedora 18, this has been done: Packages Altered: Updated grubby-8.20-1.fc18.x86_64 @?fedora Update 8.22-1.fc18.x86_64 ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Standard way to expose device file to userland applications running on an unprivileged user account?

I just finished the first version of a Linux kernel module I've written in C. The module creates a device file (/dev/wn0) that controls a USB device with three LED lights. For example, running as ...
5
votes
4answers
982 views

Testing, from a script, if audio devices are in silent?

Is there a default program where I can check if my audio devices are in silent? Edit: By silence, I mean that if there is something playing on that (not just activated or opened) Something like ...
0
votes
2answers
169 views

What files are being updated or written in /dev/sda?

root@host [/etc]# iostat -xk Linux 2.6.32-279.19.1.el6.x86_64 (host.superhostsite.com) 01/13/2013 _x86_64_ (24 CPU) avg-cpu: %user %nice %system %iowait %steal %idle ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are there so many virtual terminal devices?

I've been reading the Advanced Linux Programming book and it mentions about virtual terminals which, if I understood it correctly, it is a Linux-specific feature (not in Unix) to allow multiple login ...
15
votes
2answers
19k views

What are character special and block special files in a unix system?

How are character special files and block special files different from regular files in a Inix-like system? Why are they called “character special” and “block special” respectively?
2
votes
0answers
215 views

Connected Android device - brings the network down?

I have dealt with sensitive development under Android, and have recently decided to switch to Linux now sit under (Mint 13 - KDE). But strangely, when the Android device is connected, my network goes ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Why I have two /dev/sdx entries with a single disk?

In my laptop (running Linux) I have only one SSD, connected to the SATA3 port. Why I have two sdx entries in /dev directory? In particular I see /dev/sda and /dev/sdb, and /dev/sda is the SSD: # ...
7
votes
0answers
761 views

How do I let an SDL app (not running as root) use the console

I want to use an SDL-based program to display graphics on the console, without having to log on from the console, and without running the program as root. For example, I want to be able to run it via ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

How can I tell whether a network interface is physical (device) or virtual (alias)?

I have a small home router running OpenWrt (Kind of embedded Linux for routers). It has five Ethernet ports, one labeled WAN and four labeld LAN 1 to 4. It has the following Network Interfaces defined ...
4
votes
1answer
16k views

/dev/sdb: No such file or directory (but /dev/sdb1 etc. exist)

I'm not sure what is wrong here but when running fdisk -l I don't get an output, and when running fdisk /dev/sdb # I get this fdisk: unable to open /dev/sdb: No such file or directory I'm ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

What causes /dev/disk/by-label to be populated?

I've noticed that Linux distributions typically have a /dev/disk/by-label directory, but this isn't always the case (For example, the CirrOS Linux test image doesn't have one). What's required on a ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Prevent usbhid from claiming USB device

Directly related: Prevent claiming of novelty usb device by usbhid so I can control it with libusb? I want to access an RFID reader (works as HID device) from a program that uses libusb-0.1. In the ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I setup more then 10 loopback device?

From this answer the solution is to modprobe loop max_loop=64 Which makes me allowed to use 64 loopback devices then mknod -m 660 /dev/loop8 b 7 8 To create the devices. I did this for 8, 9, 10 ...
2
votes
1answer
704 views

Why are there symlinks in /dev? (LVM)

[root@SERVER ~] ls -la /dev/vg/root lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 17 2012-10-28 10:29 /dev/vg/root -> ../mapper/vg-root [root@SERVER ~] QUESTION: Why are there symlinks? Why there couldn't be only 1 ...
4
votes
0answers
2k views

How do I find out the device node corresponding to my device in SuSE 8?

I'm forced to work with a bunch of point-of-sale systems running SuSE 8. They are my client's computers. We are stuck dealing with these old systems until they get to upgrade their whole fleet to SLE ...
3
votes
3answers
781 views

Disk size management

I am using Fedora 16. My /dev/sda2, mounted on / (root) with something like 50G got filled 100%: [foampile@~ 13:13:39]> df Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on rootfs ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Is 'device' synonymous with 'drive' in Unix-like OS's?

In Unix/Linux terminology, are the words 'device' and 'drive' synonymous?
2
votes
1answer
351 views

Why slowusb and scandelay?

I'm running linux-3.4.9 compiled with genkernel, and booting from a USB HDD. I was slightly annoyed by the slow boot process, in particular, during the execution of genkernel scripts at the modprobe ...
2
votes
2answers
881 views

Chroot Risks w/ /dev and /proc

I am planning to set up a few chroot jails for some users to run/test Java applications (lets just assume each application is untrusted). Is there any risk involved with mounting /dev and /proc into ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

bash script to detect and record mouse movements?

I need to be able to record the mouse movements every so often (every .2 of a second for example) and have them in a coordinate representation instead of a diff. I found the following script: ...
3
votes
3answers
11k views

GSM modem does not create /dev/ttyUSB file

I installed Kannel in a server, and I want to use a GSM 3G USB modem to send/receive SMS messages, as described in section SMS Centers > GSM Modem of the Kannel User Guide. I have already installed, ...
9
votes
1answer
799 views

What happens when I do “cat debian.iso > /dev/sdX”?

I'm creating a live-USB and don't understand precisely: what happens when I copy a file (or even a file system) directly to a device node (as opposed to a file system)?
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Using USB hub for keyboard and mouse in multiseat

I want to configure a 2 user multi-seat in Linux. Is it possible to configure keyboard and mouse for second seat with a USB hub on a single USB port or I need to connect each of them to a separate USB ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Does the suid bit have any meaning for device files?

Does the suid bit have any special meaning for device files in Linux ?
3
votes
0answers
331 views

How to know the event by looking at /dev/input/by-id

I want to access the keyboard device driver. I usually accesses it by looking at /dev/input/by-name but the event provided by it gets changed every time I log in. After searchin on the Net, I found ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Debian USB automount

Got my USB flash automount broken after reboot. Using Debian 6, GNOME 2 My NTFS hard disk is still mounting correctly. When i connect my Android smartphone (with SD and local drive) my messages log ...
10
votes
1answer
8k views

Understand output of `udevadm info -a -n /dev/sdb`

I plug an external HDD into my laptop. I try to find out the information by $ udevadm info -a -n /dev/sdb Udevadm info starts with the device specified by the devpath and then walks up the chain of ...
3
votes
1answer
548 views

FreeBSD: Remove symlinks in devfs

Background I have been rebuilding a small home NAS. This server represents my first 'real' foray into the world of server administration and it has taught me quite a bit already. Originally, the ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What driver is behind a certain device file?

Given a device file, say /dev/sdb, is it possible to determine what driver is behind it? Specifically, I want to determine what driver my storage devices are using. fdisk -l lists 2 devices: /dev/sda ...
1
vote
1answer
373 views

Do I need ephemeral storage?

I was running a small instance on Amazon EC2. I'm trying to migrate it to a micro as it requires very minimal processing power. One thing I just learned though, is that micro instances do not come ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Limiting write rate of a device

How does one go about limiting the write/read rate of a device, E.G., USB drive, SD card? Motivation behind this question is covered here (superuser.com).