devices refers to questions about the Unix/Linux device special files, normally these are under /dev. Do not use this tag for physical devices (for that use e.g. usb or pci).

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3
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2answers
454 views

PCI configuration registers problem

I'm trying to get my new Realtek RTL-8169 NIC (over CardBus) to work, but I'm having this weird problem. My lspci -x output looks like this: [root@comp]# lspci -x -d *:8169 07:00.0 Non-VGA ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Two Linux Mint 16 systems Skyping--one can see both parties on webcam, the other can see neither

I installed Linux Mint 16 32-bit edition on my netbook and a friend's laptop. When we Skype, I can see her live image, and I can see my own live image, so everything looks and sounds right on my end. ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

what is the difference between Device driver and kernel module

i know that driver is a software that can communicate with the hardware in order to control the device that attached to the computer.whereas kernel module is a small piece of code that can inserted ...
22
votes
2answers
65k views

How can I find available network interfaces?

This is in regard to linux, but if anyone knows of a general *nix method that would be good. I booted a system yesterday with an ethernet cable plugged in. "NetworkManager" is not installed, so once ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

Check if a drive has been Zeroed with xxd and uniq?

I'm looking for a way to check if the entire binary contents of a USB device are purely 0s. I'm trying this command: sudo xxd /dev/sdb | uniq but it has no output and just runs forever. I've ...
11
votes
2answers
17k views

How does cat know the baud rate of the serial port?

I regularly use cat to view debugging information in the console from my FPGA development board over the serial connection, but I never have had to tell linux what the baud rate is. How does cat know ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

How to find which serial port is in use?

The Question: I plugged in a device (i.e. GSM modem) through a serial port (a.k.a. RS-232), and I need to see with which file in /dev/ filesystem this device was tied up, to be able to communicate ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Can I change devices permissions with chmod?

Before read: I don't want to use any udev rule. I need to change (programmatically) the permissions of some device. But first in order to underestand what I have to do (in code) I want to make the ...
2
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0answers
200 views

Debian - cannot find cdrom

Having a jessie/sid debian box on kernel 3.13 (had same issue on kernel 3.10) First thing I notices was that k3b didn't find any optical drives. Then: The optical drives (dvd-writers) are found in ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to get address of connected USB modem?

I just connected my N81 telephone as USB modem to Linux Mint 14. All works fine, just wondering how to find a full path to this device, something like /dev/tty*.
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Why does RTC device have 254,0 instead of 10,135 as Major,Minor numbers?

Why isn't /dev/rtc the well known "c 10 135" device that it's on x86, but a magic undocumented "c 254 0" device? Devices.txt lists this major number as LOCAL/EXPERIMENTAL USE. I'm working on a ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Unable to use busybox implementation of hwclock

I have a buildroot generated kernel (3.6.11) and root file system running on an x86 device. It uses busybox and I am trying to set the BIOS hardware clock using hwclock. I get this error whenever I ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How creation of new USB device file in /dev/bus/usb/001/ directory work?

I noticed that every time I connect a USB device, a new device gets created in the /dev/bus/usb/001/ directory. Further on each reconnection of the same device, the "Device Number" and "ID" change. ...
1
vote
0answers
202 views

Why is my embedded Linux unable to detect the sd device?

I have this ARM9 SAM9G25 embedded System, running a Linux 2.6.39 Kernel and a Busybox. I put the Images (of the bootloaders, and the linux+initramfs) on a SD so that in the end the system is booting ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Is there a way to change device names in /dev directory?

I wrote this rule for testing purpose: SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{manufacturer}=="Kingston", ATTRS{serial}=="001CC0EC34A2BB318709004B", ATTRS{idVendor}=="0951", ATTRS{idProduct}=="1642", ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

Mounting a device — role of /dev, /media and /mnt, and the mount command [closed]

I have several closely related questions about what happens when I insert a CD. The files on the CD /media/Ubuntu\ 11.04\ i386/, but from what I've seen /dev/cdrom is also involved. What is the ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

Unable to find root device / sda partitions missing

I have installed Archlinux, and after that GRUB. I manually entered menu entries for both my Windows and Arch installation. GRUB has no problems booting, and can successfully load in Windows. It ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Writing /dev/random to file?

If you ran the following, what would happen? cat /dev/random > ~/randomFile # don't run Would it be written until the drive runs out of space, or would the system see a problem with this and ...
0
votes
1answer
507 views

Confusion about group `cdrom` in linux system

When I type command groups ubuntu, the output would we like, ubuntu : ubuntu adm dialout cdrom floppy audio dip video plugdev netdev admin I am interested in the cdrom group. What does the group ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Execute command when mouse is pluged/unpluged on GNU/Linux

Is it possible to have something like event handler for plugging unpluggig a mouse in Unix System? I want to have a script that will enable/disable touchpad but not only on startup (you can find ...
2
votes
0answers
564 views

Fedora unable to detect USB or wireless networks? [closed]

I installed Fedora(Gnome) 19 on a Dell Inspiron with Intel i3 processor, and a factory built-in Windows 7 home premium OS. The installation process completed successfully. But now when I log into ...
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0answers
167 views

Mount partition with truecrypt using the commandline

I'm trying to mount a encrypted HDD with truecrypt, but I cann't find the device. Where can I finde my HDD and what is the command to mount it in truecrypt? I'm using Raspbian on Raspberypi.
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2answers
4k views

Allow non-root user to read/write /dev files

In my /dev folder, I would like the following files to be user readable and writable: /dev/ttyUSB0 /dev/gpib0 How do I do this without using chgrp? I can edit /etc/udev/rules.d but I do not know ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Getting message “Error trying to open /dev/dvd exclusively” at the end of a DVD burning process when using growisofs

I am using Linux Fedora Core 4 (have to work with a legacy system) and trying to burn DVDs as a non-root user using the growisofs utility. I seem to be getting this error message at the end of the ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Disable emulated scroll wheel (EmulateWheel) for specific programs

Is it possible to disable evdev's EmulateWheel option when using specific programs? In my use case, I would like to be able to interact with the Acme text editor and with some VMs using my Thinkpad's ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Permission of DVD device file not being retained when machine is rebooted

I am using Linux Fedora 4 and would like a non-root user to be able to write to DVDs using the DVD drive. I was able to do this by adding write access to the group of the device file /dev/scd0 and ...
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vote
0answers
110 views

Create a fake read only device like file with incrond

I need to generate UUID with uuidgen (not through any function call, but external command, because processes which will read the file cannot call any APIs or external commands directly). My idea is ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What happens under the hood when some data is sent/received on an uart (or similar)?

I am trying to understand how computers work and I was thinking about peripherals. Here is what I understand so far but some parts are missing. Using an Arduino, I send some text every second (a then ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

Is there a uniform way to discover information about devices?

UPD: Changed question title from manage devices to discover information about devices One of the frequent thing I do is look up info about devices on my systems. And I am constantly find myself ...
4
votes
1answer
21k views

/dev/sdb: No such file or directory (but /dev/sdb1 etc. exist)

I'm not sure what is wrong here but when running fdisk -l I don't get an output, and when running fdisk /dev/sdb # I get this fdisk: unable to open /dev/sdb: No such file or directory I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
187 views

Using USB hub for keyboard and mouse in multiseat

I want to configure a 2 user multi-seat in Linux. Is it possible to configure keyboard and mouse for second seat with a USB hub on a single USB port or I need to connect each of them to a separate USB ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Change the number of generated /dev/tty devices

I'm building an embedded Linux system, based on Gentoo. Using udev, all tty devices are probed with a PROGRAM stanza to determine if they are a modem. Right now the system boots up with 64 /dev/tty*. ...
0
votes
1answer
474 views

How to debug a device that changes from /dev/ttyUSB0 to /dev/ttyUSB1 at will?

I have a device plugged to a CentOS server that changes randomly from /dev/ttyUSB0 to /dev/ttyUSB1 and vice versa. The device I'm trying to connect is this one. How can I debug this?
4
votes
3answers
13k views

GSM modem does not create /dev/ttyUSB file

I installed Kannel in a server, and I want to use a GSM 3G USB modem to send/receive SMS messages, as described in section SMS Centers > GSM Modem of the Kannel User Guide. I have already installed, ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Difference between Device file and device drivers

I am beginner in device driver programming. I don't get the difference between device drivers and device files in Linux. Can anyone explain the difference?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to take sha-1, sha-256 or MD5 of CDs / DVDs?

I just tried burning both a Debian CD and a Debian DVD from their .iso files and I've got a weird behavior: the checksum of the CD is correct but the one of the DVD ain't. Here's what working: ...
3
votes
5answers
4k views

GNU/Linux (Debian): detecting hard-disks mappings?

Let's suppose you have two hard-disks: one internal (boots GNU/Linux); one external (USB). "fdisk -l" detects both, but will not tell you which is /dev/sda and which is /dev/sdb. "lsusb" will tell ...
2
votes
1answer
278 views

2 or more programs in same USB serial converter

Having a network of lets say 10 devices in RS-485, connected to the linux PC with a RS-485 to USB Converter. Already there is a C program interacting with the serial converter at /dev/ttyUSB0. My ...
1
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0answers
133 views

Which Unixes support cross-device filesystem links (in particular for rename)?

Just read the following on the FreeBSD man page for the rename syscall: ... [EXDEV] The link named by to and the file named by from are on different logical devices (file systems). Note that ...
5
votes
2answers
286 views

Can you identify transport via sysfs?

I'm writing a script, and I'm interested in being able to identify the transport class (fc - "fibre channel", scsi, iscsi, etc.) for a given block device. I can retrieve this information via ls -l ...
2
votes
0answers
584 views

Debian Wheezy USB2 ehci_hcd

I have a friend who decided to switch to Linux from Windows. I was helping her to get up and running as quickly as possible but we ran into a problem which I can't seem to solve. She uses Debian ...
3
votes
2answers
435 views

Permissions to print directly to USB printer

I've a netbook with Linux. I've a usb/serial printer and I added the line chmod 666 /dev/tty* to rc.local and it prints straight after a reboot. When I close the lid of a netbook for a while and then ...
1
vote
1answer
348 views

A drive changes device file name after resuming from suspend (Linux Mint 14)

I'm running into a very odd problem: When I resume Mint 14 from suspend, one of my drives (/dev/sdc) changes letter / device file name (to /dev/sdd). fdisk -l shows that it has the same partitions, ...
3
votes
0answers
202 views

How to rename devices for graphical output such as VGA0

On my Laptop the names of my graphical outputs change depending on what chip is activated in the BIOS. This leads to problems in some scripts where outputs such as VGA-0 or LVDS-0 are specified. So I ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Can I stop Linux from listening to a USB input device as a keyboard, but still capture events with a program?

I have a USB barcode scanner at /dev/input/event0 (/dev/input/by-id/usb-Metrologic_Metrologic_Scanner-event-kbd), and scanning a barcode causes it to send keypress events. I'm capturing these ...
0
votes
2answers
177 views

ECC on a single block device

I have an SSD that I suspect failing silently now and then. I have run badblocks on it and it is clear that it is not bad sectors but might instead be some race condition in the electronics, in which ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Random bug in Linux

Some time ago, I remember reading an article on randomization in computing, and how random you can actually get a system to be. The article came about, if I'm not mistaken, because of some seemingly ...
0
votes
2answers
425 views

IO utilization for /dev/null redirection?

I always use nohup to start my system. However, the output to nohup is so big that I'm thinking to redirect it to /dev/null. My concern is, will redirecting to /dev/null also incur some I/O operations ...
2
votes
1answer
242 views

GPS Device Attached to Linux Mint 15

I purchased a Silvercrest GPS device from Lidl recently, but the software that came with it is a tad "underpowered" to say the very least and has no Linux support. I'm attempting to get at the raw ...
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1answer
1k views

“Permission denied” when writing to /dev/stdout

Why cannot I write to /dev/stdout? I am logged in as the root user, what greater permission could I have? root@ubuntu:/# tcpdump -i 2 -w /dev/stdout tcpdump: /dev/stdout: Permission denied The ...