is a process of finding and reducing the number of bugs, or defects, in a computer program, thus making it behave as expected

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31
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0answers
525 views

How did `git pull` eat my homework?

I feel like a kid in the principal's office explaining that the dog ate my homework the night before it was due, but I'm staring some crazy data loss bug in the face and I can't figure out how it ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Kernel Hacking Environment

I have been working in embedded OS like uCOS, ThreadX. While I have coded apps in Linux, now I’m planning to start learning Linux Kernel. I have few questions regarding the environment. Which is ...
14
votes
2answers
960 views

Running application ends with “Segmentation Fault”

I have a command line application that when run does not do what it is supposed to do and at a certain point leaves the message: Segmentation fault What does this mean? What should I do?
12
votes
2answers
936 views

Equivalent of “truss -T” and “truss -U” on Linux?

Is there an equivalent of what the -T and -U option of the truss Solaris utility does on Linux. Those are to specify a system call (-T) or library function (-U) which when called by the traced ...
11
votes
5answers
7k views

Can we get compiler information from an elf binary?

Is there some chance to know how a binary was built, under Linux? (and or other Unix) Compiler, version, time, flags etc... I looked at readelf and couldn't find much, but there might be other ways ...
11
votes
2answers
739 views

How to find out what process is writing to STDOUT?

I have two instances of a process running. One of them is "frEAkIng oUT!" and printing errors non stop to STDOUT. I want to kill the broken process but I have to make sure I don't terminate the wrong ...
10
votes
2answers
741 views

Observing a hard-disk write in kernel space (with drivers/modules)

Apologies in advance if this post is a bit dense/messy, but I'm having a hard time formulating it better... Basically, I would like to study what happens upon a hard disk write, and I'd like to know: ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I debug a Suspend-to-RAM issue on Linux?

I'm hoping to get experience-based suggestions on how to go about debugging suspend-to-RAM issue. Advice specific to my situation(detailed below) would be great, but I am also interested in general ...
9
votes
4answers
289 views

How can I tell if the currently executing bash script has been invoked with -x for debugging?

I have a script launch.sh that executes itself as another user so as to create files with the correct owner. I want to pass -x to this invocation if it was originally passed to the script if [ ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

strace for library calls

I know of strace, which is super handy for watching system calls. Is there an equivalent that can trace calls to external libraries? For example, I'm trying to debug some SSLeay misbehavior with a ...
9
votes
3answers
7k views

Linux network troubleshooting and debugging

From time to time Linux and Unix users faced with various network problems. Many of these problems are presented here and at some others troubleshooting forums, but the are very concrete and contains ...
8
votes
1answer
7k views

how can I make cron run a job right now, for testing/debugging? without changing the schedule!

I have a cron job that is scheduled to run everyday, other than changing the schedule, is there any other way to do a test run of the command right now to see if it works as intended?
7
votes
2answers
701 views

How exactly does printk work internally?

I know printf needs help from the OS to do its job. I also know printf does not work in the Linux source code as there is no library. And so we have printk for debugging. How does printk work ...
7
votes
3answers
632 views

Best practise to diagnose problems [closed]

As Linux/Unix users, we run into problems frequently. And after long hours of problem solving, we develop the skill of debugging. Now, what are good principles, methods or best practises when trying ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How to debug a suspend problem?

I used to have Fedora 14 installed on this HP Compaq 610, and the suspend feature worked fine. Now that I've installed Scientific Linux 6.1 suspend doesn't work anymore. How do I debug/fix it?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How to debug system freeze?

I'm experiencing strange bug when I close lid of my laptop - system freezes (no reaction on keys, no response form ssh) hard and displays some strange colour effects. The kernel log (after reboot) ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I debug a kernel module in which a NULL pointer appears?

I have a custom kernel module that I compiled from this patch that adds support for the logitech G19 keyboard among other G series devices. I compiled it just fine against Ubuntu's maverick kernel's ...
6
votes
2answers
346 views

bash: escape individual lines from `-x` echoing

In bash, when running with the -x option, is it possible to exempt individual commands from echoing? I'm trying to make the output as neat as possible, so I am running certain parts of my script in a ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I find what is interfering with CTRL+F?

I'm running LinuxMint12 with Gnome with Cario-Dock and I have a logitech G15 keyboard. I set up a bash script with the extra keys to take the active window, resize it, and move it to a specific ...
6
votes
1answer
149 views

Sending commands to dbx from Vim

Using this information, I've been able to debug code using dbx and display the code from within Vim. What would be really cool is if I could send commands (step, next, print, stop in ... etc) to dbx ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

How to track/fix a memory-related issue in a large C/C++ code on *nix systems

What strategy you use while tracking a memory-related issue? What tools do you use (open source as well as proprietary) to identify memory leaks, memory corruption etc? How would you track memory ...
5
votes
2answers
233 views

How to determine what instructions a process is executing?

I know about strace and ltrace, but that only tells me what system calls and library calls a process is executing, respectively. I would like to know exactly what instructions a process is executing. ...
5
votes
2answers
444 views

Is it possible to strace the builtin commands to Bash?

Inspired by this question, titled: When are the built-in commands loaded to memory, while attempting to answer this I tried the following command and was a bit surprised that I couldn't run it: $ ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Debugging Linux machine freezes

I have 15 identical Linux RH 4.7 64-bit severs. They run cluster database (cluster is application level). On occasion (every month or so) a random box (never the same though) freezes. I can ping the ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

How do I view executables run by a program?

Is there a way to view or get a list of executables that a program uses? A particular example is file-roller. Is there a way to see which executables it uses, if there is more than one executable it ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Dump process core without killing the process

Is there a way to get a core dump (or something similar) for a process without actually killing the processes? I have a multithreaded python process running on an embedded system. And I want to be ...
5
votes
1answer
182 views

Debugging lock-up - systemd loses my logs

Ever since I have "upgraded" to systemd on Arch Linux, I keep losing logs when an unexpected lockup happens. I hit the same log-losing issue one month ago and just hit the issue again. There are also ...
5
votes
2answers
321 views

Unclaim a device

So I am using Ubuntu and trying to use some hardware which I had some problems with before. The problem before was that the company who made my hardware sold their internal parts to another company ...
4
votes
3answers
150 views

Adding comments using 'set -x'

Sometimes it is really handy to just add set -x to the top of your script to show all commands before they are executed. There is only one drawback creating scripts with a decent output: I don't ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Can gdb debug suid root programs?

I wrote a program that calls setuid(0) and execve("/bin/bash",NULL,NULL). Then I did chown root:root a.out && chmod +s a.out When I execute ./a.out I get a root shell. However when I do gdb ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

How to dump USB traffic?

I got an USB gamepad and I would like to see and inspect the signals and commands that this peripherals is actually sending to my PC/kernel: how I can do that ? I was assuming that something like ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Install debug flash player in Chrome?

I am trying to adapt the instructions from here, here, and here to install the debug version of the flash player on my Ubuntu 13.04 installation such that Chrome 30.0.1599.66 can use it. ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between /proc/self/stack and output from pstack?

I have been looking through the documentation for /proc and the "stack" object being a new'ish object in proc, I have also looked through the kernel commit to create it -- however the documentation ...
4
votes
5answers
453 views

Unpredictable memory explosions

The main server at my company has recently been having a lot of downtime. For reasons that neither I nor the other admins can determine, it has random (VERY sudden) explosions in memory. It becomes ...
4
votes
2answers
333 views

How to debug an inserted kernel module?

I would like to debug a loaded kernel module I don't have the source code to; I suspect it's a virus. Is there a way to feed it into GDB for analysis?
4
votes
2answers
717 views

Unix/Linux C++ debugger that supports STL containers?

Currently I am using gcc-4.3.6 and Eclipse IDE for c++ development. I want to debug my project in Eclipse with gdb. I am having a hard time debugging code when it contains STL containers. Also I am ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to enable crash reports/core dumps/stack trace logging globally?

Crashing bugs can be the most annoying ones, leading to data loss, downtime and frustrated users. It would be good if applications crashed less. Because of the complexity of the machine context, ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Methods to diagnose why an application works for local user account but fails on a network user account?

I have setup a CentOS 6.5 machine that is attached to my company's domain. The OS is configured to allow Active Directory authentication so we do not have to have separate usernames and passwords to ...
3
votes
1answer
676 views

How does a debugger work in Linux?

How does a debugger work in Linux? How does it gets 'attached' to an already running executable or process. I understand that compiler translates code to machine language, but then how does debugger ...
3
votes
2answers
316 views

Is there a way to find out which program is segfault-ing?

I have a Busybox/Linux system where a mystery program is segfaulting rarely. Is there a way to find which program is doing this?
3
votes
3answers
677 views

Debugging ethernet before NFS boot

I'm trying to boot Linux from U-boot on an embedded ARM board using a filesystem on a remote machine served via NFS. It appears that the ethernet connection is not coming up correctly, which results ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

How to view core files for debugging purposes in Linux?

I want to view the contents of a core file while debugging a program. How can I view the contents of a core file?
3
votes
1answer
469 views

Capture and log GDB backtraces without stopping the process

First, a brief description of the situation: a computer sits hidden near a display in a gallery of some sort, acting as the silent workhorse for a piece. Despite its programmer's best intentions the ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Missing separate debuginfo for - GDB

I have mentioned -g option along with -Wall in the Makefile. When I run gdb onlineSunday, I get: Missing separate debuginfo for /usr/lib64/kde4/plugins/imageformats/kimg_dds.so Try: zypper install ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Methods to find out which (configuration) files are read by executable when started

What are the clever ways to find out which (configuration) files are read by executable if started? For example snmpd or sshd. One option is probably to check the CONFIGURATION FILES or FILES section ...
3
votes
2answers
559 views

Shell script debugging

I was wondering if there is an IDE that would allow me to define an ssh connection to a remote host, connect, and locally debug a script running remotely (kind of like you can debug a remote Java app ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

How to debug a buggy running GUI application?

Suppose the GUI applications are not given names in its GUI, so you don't know what to check in 'ps -A', i.e. the nameless applications in the task bar. How do I know which GUI application belong to ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Sound Problems with pulseaudio

The overall question that my whole problem is kind of based on is regarding sound in linux. Should I be using alsa or pulse or what? I'm using pulse at the moment and this is my problem: I was in the ...
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Kernel bisect: when a patch is failing for a reason other than original bisect purpose, what do you do?

Let's say you're trying to find the cause of a bug between 3.11.0 and 3.12.0. The bug is really difficult to catch, because it may or may not manifest itself over several days of regular workload ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Understanding line numbers reported when using eval

Okay, so I'm stuck working with a shell script that needs to use eval (I know, I know, ultimate evil etc…) however I'm having difficulty debugging some of the line numbers being thrown out by errors. ...