Questions specific to the Debian official distribution (stable, testing, or unstable); if you are using a derivative of Debian (e.g. Mint, Ubuntu, Kali, etc), then use that distribution’s tag instead.

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42
votes
2answers
49k views

How do I run 32-bit programs on a 64-bit Debian/Ubuntu?

I have a 64-bit (amd64 a.k.a. x86_64) Debian or Ubuntu installation. I need to run 32-bit (i386/i686) programs occasionally, or to compile programs for a 32-bit system. How can I do this with a ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

How can I install more recent versions of software than what Debian provides?

Suppose I want a more recent version of software than is available for my current version of an operating system, what can I do? Cases to consider: There are semiofficial/official sources of ...
11
votes
4answers
7k views

What should I do before dual-booting Windows 7 and Debian on EFI?

I'm about to purchase an Asus motherboard with EFI firmware and wanted to prepare myself for installing Windows and Debian once the hardware arrives. I was hoping that someone who has gone down this ...
13
votes
2answers
73k views

Can I resize the root partition without uninstalling and reinstalling Linux (or losing data)?

I have started using a machine that has both Debian and Windows 7 installed. However, after installing some programs I started getting a message that there is not enough space. I knew that the system ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

Automount USB drives with no GUI requirement (halevt replacement)

For minimal installations of Debian, I have been using halevt to enable automounting of USB drives. Halevt is reliable and requires no configuration aside from installing the package. Now, halevt has ...
34
votes
2answers
29k views

What does adduser do that useradd doesn't?

In addition to the more widespread useradd, Debian based systems also contain an additional adduser command which provides a higher level interface for adding users and some related tasks. There are ...
45
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is 'ls' suddenly wrapping items with spaces in single quotes?

I just noticed that on one of my machines (running Debian Sid) whenever I type ls any file name with spaces has single quotes surrounding it. I immediately checked my aliases, only to find them ...
14
votes
2answers
12k views

Debian based system, only one gui program, nothing else

I would like to make a debian system where you can only open one GUI program at boot, no other graphical interface, no minimize, or any X apart from that program, is there a way to do it on debian if ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Access to original contents of mount point

On my headless NAS I have sdf1 (a flash-card) mounted as / while /home is mounted from lv00 (an LVM volume backed by a software RAID). To be able to access the machine when the RAID fails, I have a ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Can not create SFTP user Debian 7

I have a linode and I access via ssh throw terminal. I need to create an sftp user which his default directory (and the only he can access) is /var/www/xxxxxx.com/public_html/directory Now, I did it, ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

SSH tunnel through middleman server - how to connect in one step (using key pair)?

My question is basically how to turn my existing two steps into one step. I have a working SSH tunnel set up between two computers using a middleman server like this: ...
190
votes
10answers
72k views

What is the real difference between “apt-get” and “aptitude”? (How about “wajig”?)

I know that both apt-get and aptitude are command line package management interfaces on Debian derived Linux, with different options, but I'm still somewhat confused. Under the hood, aren't they ...
46
votes
6answers
34k views

List packages by installation date

How can I list installed packages by installation date? I installed a lot of stuff to compile a certain piece of code, and I want to get a list of the required packages, which are the ones I installed ...
20
votes
7answers
25k views

How to create a DEB file manually?

I want to create a DEB file manually. I would like to just provide a folder which contains data to install, and a script to be executed after installation. Is this possible?
9
votes
9answers
24k views

How to clean up unnecessary files

Please suggest me any particular unnecessary file that I can clean to back everything to normal condition(temporarily). (i.e. any log or archieve or anything ). My var/log has only 40MB and Home ...
15
votes
3answers
23k views

Installing a .deb package in home directory

Is it possible to install a .deb package completely under my home directory at debian?
13
votes
1answer
6k views

Installing two glibc alongside in debian/ubuntu

Is it possible to install and use two different glibc versions on the same machine. Where one version is only used to run legacy software, which relies on old glibc binaries? Is it possible to do ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I replicate installed package selections from one Debian system to another? (Debian Wheezy)

I am trying to set up a staging environment in a VM, in order to test updates before applying them to my main system. In order to do so, I have done a basic installation of Debian Wheezy (same as on ...
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Wi-Fi problems using ASUS USB-N13 adapter

I have recently bought an ASUS Wi-Fi adapter (USB-N13), and I seem to be having some trouble with it. Every so often, the Wi-Fi connection just stops working, but the indicator says that I'm still ...
65
votes
4answers
153k views

How to add repository from shell in Debian?

In Ubuntu one can add a repository to apt-get via the following command - sudo add-apt-repository ppa:yannubuntu/boot-repair As Ubuntu is based on Debian code base, I was expecting that the same ...
38
votes
1answer
11k views

What is $debian_chroot in .bashrc?

What is the debian_chroot variable in my bashrc file? and what is it doing here? PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
8
votes
4answers
19k views

Automounting USB sticks on Debian

I'm running Debian Squeeze on a plug computer (so SSH only, no GUI) and what I'm trying to do is get it so that when a USB stick is plugged in, it gets automatically mounted. What I've done is ...
10
votes
4answers
10k views

Legacy Debian versions and Bash Shellshock

We are running Debian Etch, Lenny and Squeeze because upgrades have never been done in this shop; we have over 150 systems running various Debian versions. In light of the "shell shock" of this ...
26
votes
3answers
24k views

How to install a single Jessie package on Wheezy?

I want to install a single package (and its dependencies, but only to the extent those are not satisfiable in Wheezy) from Debian Jessie onto my Wheezy system, without upgrading "everything and the ...
15
votes
4answers
32k views

Purpose and typical usage of /etc/rc.local

The header looks like this: #!/bin/sh -e # # rc.local - executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel # # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # value on error. What is ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

Get newest gcc for debian?

I can't build my apps on gcc since I use various c++0x features. I'm on Debian 6 (Lenny) and after upgrade/updating I have gcc version 4.4.5-8. I'm unsure which version is required but mingw 4.6.2 ...
17
votes
2answers
21k views

How to undo sudo add-apt-repository?

I run sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/indicators to install my-weather-indicator but it requires GTK3 and I don't want to proceed. So I'd like to undo that command. I'd checked my ...
12
votes
2answers
12k views

What packages are installed by default in Debian? Is there a term for that set? Why some of those packages are `automatically installed` and some not?

It's a very simple question, but I wonder, is there a term to refer to the subset of packages that is automatically installed by Debian distribution? I though that it had something to do with ...
11
votes
4answers
7k views

Why is the US international keyboard layout on Debian different?

Edit: I realized that the "problem" was not only in Ubuntu but in Debian itself and Ubuntu just inherited it, so I had this migrated from Ask Ubuntu I have been using Linux on and off for 10 years, ...
4
votes
1answer
17k views

Running a 32-bit application in Debian Wheezy 64 bits: Missing libraries

I want to play the game Aquaria in a Debian Wheezy 64 bits. The installation went ok, but when trying to play the game I get these errors: ALSA lib conf.c:3314:(snd_config_hooks_call) Cannot open ...
11
votes
3answers
12k views

apt-get - autoremove wants to uninstall Gnome

As empathy 2.30 in Debian Wheezy didn't meet all my preferences I tried out empathy 3.1 from experimental, using the command: apt-get -t experimental install empathy I had to find out, this version ...
3
votes
1answer
479 views

recurrent loss of wireless connectivity

My wireless connection is frequently terminated (reason unknown). I can remedy the problem either by rebooting or by unloading and reloading the kernel module for my wireless network interface ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Openssl upgraded via apt-get, `openssl version` showing previous version

I am running Debian Wheezy. I have just upgraded my system and should have the latest version of openssl (1.0.1g which fixes a critical bug), but it does not appear to be being used. I have run: ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to see password as we type it

In debian wheezy terminal i type su - It ask for password, which i type but it dont show anything as Password: I want to it to show at least some asterisks as the placeholder for the password ...
5
votes
1answer
837 views

Problem with locale: “Setting locale failed.”

I have a problem with locale and I can't found any solution that work ! Every tutorial are similar like this: http://www.thomas-krenn.com/en/wiki/Perl_warning_Setting_locale_failed_in_Debian So, ...
13
votes
7answers
26k views

System image of running Debian system?

Is it possible to backup a running Debian system to some kind of image file, that could simply be written back to another hard disk using dd in case of failures of the original (backed up) Debian ...
35
votes
8answers
30k views

Differences between Debian and Ubuntu

I'm getting sick of Ubuntu's seemingly random changes. I'm thinking of switching to Debian permanently. Does anyone know if there's a list of changes between the two distros somewhere? I want to know ...
5
votes
2answers
22k views

Two interfaces, two addresses, two gateways?

I have a system that has two network interfaces with different IP adresses, both of which are in the public address range (albeit via NAT in the case of the first one) and both of which have different ...
22
votes
3answers
7k views

Why does the 'bin' user need a login shell?

During an audit of /var/log/auth.log on one of my public webservers, I found this: Jan 10 03:38:11 Bucksnort sshd[3571]: pam_unix(sshd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 ...
10
votes
3answers
7k views

Simplest way of forwarding all mail from server? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Lightweight outgoing SMTP server I am looking for a minimal mail solution (MTA) for a headless server which generate e-mails for local users and and fully qualified ...
3
votes
3answers
27k views

Disabling graphical login in Debian wheezy

I have installed Debian wheezy on my machine with a netinst image, now I would like to deactivate the desktop and boot straight to the command line, not only that but I would like to not waste any ...
2
votes
3answers
8k views

How to create a customized distribution based on Debian?

I need to create a network with a small group of users. I thought about using Debian distro within computers. To automate it, I searched for automatic installation and customization tools for Linux ...
26
votes
3answers
48k views

Installing a .deb package on Arch - Is it possible?

The problem is simple - I have a .deb package and I want to install it on my Arch Linux. Is this possible? If yes, how?
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I reliably “hold” a package in Debian?

I have a package in Debian that has been manually patched (not ideal, I know) that I must hold at its current version so upgrades don't overwrite the patched changes (I will manually inspect and apply ...
10
votes
4answers
5k views

Reassign Ctl and Alt keys - xmodmap error

I am attempting to remap my keyboard in order to make emacs usable. My ergonomic keyboard puts its single Control key in an isolated 4-key island way off to the left. The OS is Debian squeeze. Here ...
9
votes
4answers
19k views

What can I use to monitor and log incoming/outgoing traffic to/from remote hosts?

I run a web server (Debian Squeeze on a VPS), and the graphs provided by the hosting company show consistently that around twice as much traffic is incoming to the server compared to the outgoing ...
8
votes
1answer
8k views

How to install some packages from “unstable” Debian on a computer running “stable” Debian?

On a computer running "stable" Debian, when trying to install a package which is in the unstable list on the Debian web site using the aptitude install <package>/unstable command, I get output ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between the “jessie” and “jessie-updates” distributions in /etc/apt/sources.list?

The debian wiki page for the apt sources list gives this example file: deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian jessie main deb-src http://httpredir.debian.org/debian jessie main deb ...
5
votes
4answers
11k views

How do I upgrade the Debian Wheezy kernel offline?

I using Debian (Wheezy) with the 3.2.0-4 amd64 kernel version and want to upgrade my kernel to newest version, like 3.13.3 stable, but I have no internet connection to my Debian OS. I have installed ...
5
votes
3answers
13k views

Missing init.d/apache2 file

I am new to linux and just recently messed up my first apache/tomcat configuration. After trying to delete apache and tomcat, and now trying to reinstall apache 2, I am missing the init.d/apache2 file ...