Debian is a community-driven GNU/Linux distribution which provides a large range of packages and supports a large range of architectures. It strongly focuses on free software. It has several derivatives, notably Ubuntu and Linux Mint.

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How can I install more recent versions of software than what Debian provides?

Suppose I want a more recent version of software than is available for my current version of an operating system, what can I do? Cases to consider: There are semiofficial/official sources of ...
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How do I run 32-bit programs on a 64-bit Debian/Ubuntu?

I have a 64-bit (amd64 a.k.a. x86_64) Debian or Ubuntu installation. I need to run 32-bit (i386/i686) programs occasionally, or to compile programs for a 32-bit system. How can I do this with a ...
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What should I do before dual-booting Windows 7 and Debian on EFI?

I'm about to purchase an Asus motherboard with EFI firmware and wanted to prepare myself for installing Windows and Debian once the hardware arrives. I was hoping that someone who has gone down this ...
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Debian based system, only one gui program, nothing else

I would like to make a debian system where you can only open one GUI program at boot, no other graphical interface, no minimize, or any X apart from that program, is there a way to do it on debian if ...
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How to find out which (not installed) package a file belongs to?

On Debian systems (and derivatives): $ dpkg --search /bin/ls coreutils: /bin/ls That is, the file /bin/ls belongs to the Debian package named coreutils. But this only works if the package is ...
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Automount USB drives with no GUI requirement (halevt replacement)

For minimal installations of Debian, I have been using halevt to enable automounting of USB drives. Halevt is reliable and requires no configuration aside from installing the package. Now, halevt has ...
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1answer
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What does adduser do that useradd doesn't?

In addition to the more widespread useradd, Debian based systems also contain an additional adduser command which provides a higher level interface for adding users and some related tasks. There are ...
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Access to original contents of mount point

On my headless NAS I have sdf1 (a flash-card) mounted as / while /home is mounted from lv00 (an LVM volume backed by a software RAID). To be able to access the machine when the RAID fails, I have a ...
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List packages by installation date

How can I list installed packages by installation date? I installed a lot of stuff to compile a certain piece of code, and I want to get a list of the required packages, which are the ones I installed ...
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Can I resize the root partition without uninstalling and reinstalling Linux (or losing data)?

I have started using a machine that has both Debian and Windows 7 installed. However, after installing some programs I started getting a message that there is not enough space. I knew that the system ...
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6answers
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How to create a DEB file manually?

I want to create a DEB file manually. I would like to just provide a folder which contains data to install, and a script to be executed after installation. Is this possible?
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9answers
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What is the real difference between “apt-get” and “aptitude”? (How about “wajig”?)

I know that both apt-get and aptitude are command line package management interfaces on Debian derived Linux, with different options, but I'm still somewhat confused. Under the hood, aren't they ...
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2answers
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Get newest gcc for debian?

I can't build my apps on gcc since I use various c++0x features. I'm on Debian 6 (Lenny) and after upgrade/updating I have gcc version 4.4.5-8. I'm unsure which version is required but mingw 4.6.2 ...
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4answers
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Legacy Debian versions and Bash Shellshock

We are running Debian Etch, Lenny and Squeeze because upgrades have never been done in this shop; we have over 150 systems running various Debian versions. In light of the "shell shock" of this ...
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1answer
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Installing two glibc alongside in debian/ubuntu

Is it possible to install and use two different glibc versions on the same machine. Where one version is only used to run legacy software, which relies on old glibc binaries? Is it possible to do ...
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Installing a .deb package in home directory

Is it possible to install a .deb package completely under my home directory at debian?
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1answer
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Running a 32-bit application in Debian Wheezy 64 bits: Missing libraries

I want to play the game Aquaria in a Debian Wheezy 64 bits. The installation went ok, but when trying to play the game I get these errors: ALSA lib conf.c:3314:(snd_config_hooks_call) Cannot open ...
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2answers
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Openssl upgraded via apt-get, `openssl version` showing previous version

I am running Debian Wheezy. I have just upgraded my system and should have the latest version of openssl (1.0.1g which fixes a critical bug), but it does not appear to be being used. I have run: ...
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2answers
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SSH tunnel through middleman server - how to connect in one step (using key pair)?

My question is basically how to turn my existing two steps into one step. I have a working SSH tunnel set up between two computers using a middleman server like this: ...
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What is $debian_chroot in .bashrc?

What is the debian_chroot variable in my bashrc file? and what is it doing here? PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
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3answers
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Why does the 'bin' user need a login shell?

During an audit of /var/log/auth.log on one of my public webservers, I found this: Jan 10 03:38:11 Bucksnort sshd[3571]: pam_unix(sshd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 ...
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3answers
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Simplest way of forwarding all mail from server? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Lightweight outgoing SMTP server I am looking for a minimal mail solution (MTA) for a headless server which generate e-mails for local users and and fully qualified ...
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1answer
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Two interfaces, two addresses, two gateways?

I have a system that has two network interfaces with different IP adresses, both of which are in the public address range (albeit via NAT in the case of the first one) and both of which have different ...
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4answers
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Why is the US international keyboard layout on Debian different?

Edit: I realized that the "problem" was not only in Ubuntu but in Debian itself and Ubuntu just inherited it, so I had this migrated from Ask Ubuntu I have been using Linux on and off for 10 years, ...
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What packages are installed by default in Debian? Is there a term for that set? Why some of those packages are `automatically installed` and some not?

It's a very simple question, but I wonder, is there a term to refer to the subset of packages that is automatically installed by Debian distribution? I though that it had something to do with ...
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Automounting USB sticks on Debian

I'm running Debian Squeeze on a plug computer (so SSH only, no GUI) and what I'm trying to do is get it so that when a USB stick is plugged in, it gets automatically mounted. What I've done is ...
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4answers
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How do I upgrade the Debian Wheezy kernel offline?

I using Debian (Wheezy) with the 3.2.0-4 amd64 kernel version and want to upgrade my kernel to newest version, like 3.13.3 stable, but I have no internet connection to my Debian OS. I have installed ...
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3answers
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apt-get - autoremove wants to uninstall Gnome

As empathy 2.30 in Debian Wheezy didn't meet all my preferences I tried out empathy 3.1 from experimental, using the command: apt-get -t experimental install empathy I had to find out, this version ...
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1answer
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recurrent loss of wireless connectivity

My wireless connection is frequently terminated (reason unknown). I can remedy the problem either by rebooting or by unloading and reloading the kernel module for my wireless network interface ...
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1answer
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Equivs: enhance or update an existing package without uninstalling?

Some background: I'm using Debian 7 as my main environment, and I want to tell my system that I have glibc = 2.15 in addition to the environment's required glibc = 2.13 for the purposes of using some ...
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2answers
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What can I use to monitor and log incoming/outgoing traffic to/from remote hosts?

I run a web server (Debian Squeeze on a VPS), and the graphs provided by the hosting company show consistently that around twice as much traffic is incoming to the server compared to the outgoing ...
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Automatically update GCC to a later release without upgrading distribution

My understanding is that C++11 support in G++ 4.7.2 wasn't great (it gives me a warning everytime I try to compile my C++ code, presumably there are good reasons for these warnings), so thought I ...
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1answer
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apt installing more packages than specified as dependencies

I was trying to install texmaker from the repository. For installing the texlive I followed the steps described here. For this the control file I used is this. It has the file texlive-binaries in it. ...
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6answers
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Differences between Debian and Ubuntu

I'm getting sick of Ubuntu's seemingly random changes. I'm thinking of switching to Debian permanently. Does anyone know if there's a list of changes between the two distros somewhere? I want to know ...
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7answers
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Is there a difference of stability between Linux distros?

I've using Debian since 2010 for some home purposes and it has been stable. Is Debian still a good option if I need a server for heavy network, cpu, disk and memory usage? Last month I listened to ...
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2answers
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Why is Debian not creating the 'wheel' group by default?

It appears to be Unix tradition that a wheel group is created automatically, but Debian (and children, naturally) doesn't do so. Is there a rationale somewhere? Where else have you seen this tradition ...
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How to circumvent “Too many open files” in debian

If I want to see all relevant log files of my apache2 server at once, I use tail -f /var/kunden/logs/*log /var/kunden/logs/*log /var/log/apache2/*log |grep -v robots|grep -v favicon But since those ...
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Why is there a separate package repository for Debian security updates?

Why don't they upload packages to the normal package repository? Is this a general convention (IE, do other distros separate the repositories also)?
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Making Debian Bleeding Edge

I have Debian 6 installed on my computer and when I installed it a year ago, I was all about having a stable system for my needs; I didn't care about the recency of the packages. Now, my opinions have ...
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How to boot Debian into text mode without using GUI?

How can I boot Debian into text mode? My mouse and keyboard are working in GRUB, but when the login screen appears they don't, so I can't do anything.
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1answer
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Aptitude on Debian 6.0.4 “media change” to CD ROM

I've just installed Debian 6.0.4 on VirtualBox, and I'm trying to install g++. So, into the terminal I typed: aptitude install build-essential But it's trying to get the package from disk: Media ...
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2answers
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USB storage devices aren't automatically mounted when inserted on a fresh install of Debian 6.0

I installed Debian 6.0 (squeeze) a few days ago on my machine. I installed the default GNOME desktop, standard settings. Unfortunately, I just noticed that when I plug in USB storage devices (external ...
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4answers
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Purpose and typical usage of /etc/rc.local

The header looks like this: #!/bin/sh -e # # rc.local - executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel # # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # value on error. What is ...
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1answer
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Hopelessly stuck on making Nvidia Driver work on Debian

Before I posted question here, I'd been hacking around for the solution for my problem, but none of them worked. Here is my situation. I had a Win7 OS before I put a Debian Squeeze on it, now I got a ...
3
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1answer
867 views

listing packages in Debian, a la `dpkg -l`, but including the package origin/source

I want to list all packages of the form $ dpkg -l libav\* but in addition to this output, I would like the origin/source (I'm not sure of the preferred term) of each package. If the package doesn't ...
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Handbrake for wheezy?

Has anyone figured out how to install/backport a Debian Handbrake package on Debian wheezy? The only version of Handbrake currently in Debian is in experimental, and the dependencies are not available ...
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1answer
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Recover ext3 files from hard disk with bad sector [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Recover formatted ext3 partition I have a folder of about 5GB that suddenly disappeared. When I checked its hard disk, I found out it has bad sector for about 2-3MB on ...
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31 Debian CDs — Why? and which do I need for a vanilla desktop install?

I've been using Linux (Ubuntu) for a couple of months now, and I want to try Debian to see how different it is. Well, I've already found a couple of differences.. The first one that Debian-Live ...
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1answer
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After upgrade, X button in titlebar no longer closes xterm

In theory, pressing the close button should close an xterm. It did before I did an aptitude upgrade. (I'm running Debian testing). But now it doesn't—clicking the X does nothing—but only for some ...
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4answers
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Find which process is modifying a file [duplicate]

A specific file on our production servers is being modified at apparently random times which do not appear to correlate with any log activity. We can't figure out what program is doing it, and there ...