Debian is a community-driven GNU/Linux distribution which provides a large range of packages and supports a large range of architectures. It strongly focuses on free software. It has several derivatives, notably Ubuntu and Linux Mint.

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Is Grub installed to all the MBR of a RAID array by default by the Debian Installer?

If I use the Debian Stable (Squeeze) Installer to install Debian, booting from a RAID1 pair of drives, does it write grub to the MBR of both drives - if not, how should I best protect against a drive ...
7
votes
1answer
18k views

Unable to install ia32-libs in Debian Wheezy

I was trying to install ia32-libs in Debian Wheezy. I got the error The following packages have unmet dependencies: ia32-libs : Depends: ia32-libs-i386 but it is not installable E: Unable to correct ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

How to find out if a system uses SysV, Upstart or Systemd initsystem [duplicate]

Is there a simple way to find out which initsystem is being used e.g by a recent Debian wheezy or Fedora system? I'm aware that Fedora 21 uses systemd initsystem but that is because I read that and ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

What directories do I need to back up?

What are the directories one should back up, in order to have a backup of all user-generated files? From a vanilla debian install, I can do enough apt to get the packages that I want. So if I don't ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Debian: Which firewall for a newbie?

I have to install a firewall on my server (so without X Server). It's a debian lenny. If it is possible, I want to avoid the use of iptables. Is there a way to install/configure a firewall for a ...
16
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2answers
9k views

Is sudo not installed by default in Debian?

I was reading a guide to install some software and came reading until this shocking statement: sudo is not installed on Debian by default. Make sure your system is up-to-date and install it. As ...
10
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5answers
35k views

lvm devices under /dev/mapper missing

I'm using Debian squeeze, and running LVM on top of software RAID 1. I just accidentally just discovered that most of the links under /dev/mapper are missing, though my system seems to be still ...
9
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4answers
8k views

Debian Testing or Debian Sid?

I'm currently downloading Debian 6 DVD. I don't want to use Stable, I want to use Testing or Sid, but I don't know wich one is better for me. Is Sid really unstable ? Is Testing up-to-date like Arch ...
9
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2answers
15k views

How to check on which drives grub2 has actually installed an MBR?

I'm on a Debian/Squeeze system (with a history going back to at least Woody) which was upgraded to grub2 as part of the Squeeze upgrade. All works well, but I'm about to mess with the disk ...
8
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2answers
11k views

Uninstalling default VBoxGuestAdditions on Debian

When I ran sh /media/cdrom/VBoxLinuxAdditions.run I got the following warning message: You appear to have a version of the VBoxGuestAdditions software on your system which was installed from a ...
6
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2answers
14k views

Why can't I run GUI apps from 'root': “No protocol specified”?

I installed debian onto my machine last night. Now, I don't understand why I can't run GUI apps from a terminal when running as root. For example: sudo -i glxgears Generates the following output: ...
20
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2answers
10k views

Upstart on Debian?

I created an upstart script in Ubuntu, thinking it would be the same for Debian. But Debian doesn't have a /etc/init folder that Ubuntu has. I went to the upstart download page and seeing that they ...
12
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3answers
7k views

Will Debian Wheezy (stable) automatically upgrade to Jessie once Jessie becomes the stable release?

I am on Debian Wheezy (stable) and routinely update my system via the basic: sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get dist-upgrade In the future, once Jessie becomes the stable release, I wonder whether ...
9
votes
3answers
29k views

How to bring up a wi-fi interface from a command line?

I can't figure out how to properly bring up the wi-fi card on my laptop. When I turn it on and issue $ sudo iwconfig wlan0 txpower auto $ sudo iwlist wlan0 scan wlan0 Interface doesn't support ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Finding an earlier version to downgrade to

On my Debian server, I upgraded the SQLite package to version 3.7.7 but discovered that it contains a critical bug that breaks several things including my Subversion repository. So, I would like to ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

How to launch an application with default “terminal emulator” on Ubuntu?

I wanted to execute some command in terminal emulator, like Konsole, but I need to make this cross-desktop. Is there some command like xdg-open, but for getting the default terminal emulator? I'm ...
7
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2answers
5k views

How do I start Xvfb on startup on Debian?

I’ve got a Debian web server that I’m using for occasional screen-scraping via Selenum and Python. I use Xvfb as a virtual X server for Firefox to run on when being controlled by Selenium. Given that ...
6
votes
1answer
22k views

Set persistent routing table on Debian

I have modified my routing table by deleting one rule, and adding two new rules for my second interface eth1: route del -net 10.1.2.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 route add -host 10.1.2.51 eth1 route add ...
5
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3answers
223 views

How can I find the package that contains a program in Debian? [duplicate]

I am using a minimal Debian system which does not have the top program installed. I tried to install top with sudo apt-get install top, but top is not a package name. It seems that top is a part of ...
4
votes
2answers
534 views

Why is it that my initrd only has one directory, namely, 'kernel'?

I'm using debian live-build to work on a bootable system. By the end of the process i get the typical files used to boot a live system: a squashfs file, some GRUB modules and config files, and an ...
4
votes
2answers
16k views

How to automatically mount an USB device on plugin-time on an already running system?

I know how to use /etc/fstab to automatically mount devices on boot or when doing sudo mount -a, which works perfectly fine. For example, here is my current line for my device UUID=B864-497A ...
4
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0answers
653 views

How do I set up the SELinux sandbox in Debian?

I've installed SELinux in Debian sid in order to use the sandbox that locks down apps to a restricted enviroment, but I can't get it to work. If I try to use the sandbox command in permissive mode ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to change the default version of Python in Debian 7.5?

I'm using Debian 7.5, and I've installed Python 3.3 and 3.2. How do I make 3.3 the default for when someone types python in the command line?
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Making ruby available to all users

I intend to use Ruby when programming my Raspberry Pi which is running the Debian based Occidentals. Via SSH, I executed: curl -L https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --ruby which downloaded the ...
3
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2answers
12k views

stop/start gui on debian

I would like to start Debian without the GUI and then just type commands in to launch the desired programs (which are located on my local machine), eg $ chromium-browser & I already do a ...
2
votes
2answers
11k views

Restarting Gnome 3 in Debian Wheezy?

What's the correct way to restart Gnome 3 (and Xorg) under Debian 7.0 Wheezy? I've seen older documentation on how to this, but it is outdated. The ctrl+alt+backspace shortcut no longer works by ...
2
votes
1answer
10k views

Installing debian 7 besides windows 8

I ask this question in superuser but no one can answer my question, I hope any one can help me: I bought a VAIO laptop which Windows 8 preinstalled on it in UEFI mode. Now I want to install Debian 7 ...
15
votes
3answers
6k views

How Debian package should create user accounts?

The package qqq.deb installs the program qqq that should run from uqqq user account. The package consist of the qqq program, qqq.conf config file and /etc/init.d/qqq initscript. How should the ...
14
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4answers
1k views

TCP dies on a Linux laptop

Once in several days I have the following problem. My laptop (Debian testing) suddenly becomes unable to work with TCP connections to the internet. The following things continue working fine: UDP ...
13
votes
4answers
22k views

“no public key available” on apt-get update

When performing apt-get update, I get the following error: root@ADS3-Debian6:/home/aluno# apt-get update Atingido http://sft.if.usp.br squeeze Release.gpg Ign http://sft.if.usp.br/debian/ ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How can I reliably “hold” a package in Debian?

I have a package in Debian that has been manually patched (not ideal, I know) that I must hold at its current version so upgrades don't overwrite the patched changes (I will manually inspect and apply ...
9
votes
4answers
19k views

Removing broken packages

Recently in a bout of frustration with getting phpmyadmin setup, I decided to start from scratch. Unfortunately, during the uninstall phase, I was prompted with the root password for mysql which I ...
8
votes
2answers
11k views

How can I resize my root partition in Debian?

I am trying to add space to my root partition and am really not sure the safest way to go about it. I have read this thread, Can I resize the root partition without uninstalling and reinstalling ...
8
votes
1answer
7k views

How to run a GUI program as a different user (Debian)?

Using a terminal, I can change the running user with su and sudo — but how can I do that by clicking on an icon/shortcut on the desktop/start menu? If I have to be root to execute I will be asked ...
8
votes
1answer
6k views

How to install some packages from “unstable” Debian on a computer running “stable” Debian?

On a computer running "stable" Debian, when trying to install a package which is in the unstable list on the Debian web site using the aptitude install <package>/unstable command, I get output ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Make apt-get update and upgrade automate and unattended

I have about 7 Debian servers I manage, and I would like to set them to automatically update themselves. So, I created a script as such: #!/bin/sh apt-get update apt-get upgrade and placed it on ...
7
votes
1answer
950 views

pm-utils: No network in suspend scripts?

I'd like to put a script in /etc/pm/suspend.d/ that needs network access (for a very short time) before allowing the system to suspend. However, even with scripts named "001_something" in ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How to make a distro be fullscreen on VirtualBox?

I'm running Debian as host and I fail to get Debian, Ubuntu, and Fedora guests to be fullscreen. Changing video memory didn't help. NOTES: I haven't tried any other distro I didn't create WinXP ...
6
votes
3answers
11k views

How to force fsck at every boot - all (relevant) filesystems?

I'm working with a fanless PC (hundreds of them, in fact) that has debian 6 and 3 partitions( FAT and 2x ext2). The system doesn't have a power button as such so most people tend to yank the plug to ...
6
votes
2answers
855 views

Static IP for 2 PCs on crossover cable in interfaces(5) file?

I've got 2 PCs connected on an Ethernet crossover cable. On PC1 I run: sudo ip addr add 192.168.2.1 peer 192.168.2.2 dev eth0 sudo ip link set dev eth0 up On PC2 I run: sudo ip addr add ...
6
votes
2answers
20k views

Debian: very low resolution and an “unknown monitor” problem

Edit: I have installed CrunchBang (or #!, a Debian-based distro), and that seems to have solved all of my resolution problems. I've just installed Debian after using Linux Mint for a few months. ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Can I stop Linux from listening to a USB input device as a keyboard, but still capture events with a program?

I have a USB barcode scanner at /dev/input/event0 (/dev/input/by-id/usb-Metrologic_Metrologic_Scanner-event-kbd), and scanning a barcode causes it to send keypress events. I'm capturing these ...
4
votes
2answers
21k views

How to add self to sudoers list?

I've added myself into the sudoers users list by using the command root@debian:/home/oshirowanen#adduser oshirowanen sudo If I try to run that command again, root@debian:/home/oshirowanen# ...
4
votes
3answers
484 views

Debian PXE Preseeding: Can I clone my existing Debian system instead of using the Internet?

I'm currently working on PXE booting 10 or so machines to install Debian on them over the network from a centralized DHCP + TFTP server. I'm using the TFTP server to serve the Debian netboot image to ...
4
votes
1answer
620 views

Incoming/Outgoing seperation for VPN

My situation is that I want all my outgoing connections from my Debian server to pass through a commercial VPN service I've subscribed to, but I still want to run public-accessible services on this ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Upgrading Debian Squeeze To Wheezy - Should conf' files be kept or replaced?

I am currently upgrading my all-new Linode server running Debian 6 (Squeeze) to 7 (Wheezy) this way: Updating current system: sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade Replace all ...
4
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3answers
3k views

Is Debian stable a rolling release?

The question is really that simple: is Debian stable a rolling release? If it's not a rolling release type OS, does a rolling release distro exist which is based on Debian stable? I know Debian ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Debian 6.0 system with 2.6.39 kernel dropping packets, sandy bridge hardware

I recently migrated an existing Debian system to new hardware, a core i3 chip running on an intel sandy bridge motherboard. I’m experiencing a very strange problem; when I ping my router, about 50% of ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to see who is logged on to many workstations?

Before I go to work creating my own I would like to find an existing system to do the following: Provide a concise list of users logged on to any of the workstations Show workstation host name, IP, ...
3
votes
3answers
463 views

Automating tasks on a website on a headless server

I want to automate a task which can only be done on a website (with prior login) on my debian server. There is no public API available, so I can't use one. Is there a way to do so? I thought about a ...