Cron is a job scheduler that allows users to run commands periodically.

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Recover cron jobs accidently removed with crontab -r

I entered crontab -r instead of crontab -e and all my cron jobs have been removed. What is the best way (or is there one) to recover those jobs?
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How to autostart a background program by a non-root user?

As a non-root user, I want to run a background job when the system boots. It's sort of a service which doesn't require root privilege. Is there a way to do it? One way is to put sudo -u user command ...
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Can I change the default mail recipient on cron jobs?

I believe that if there is any output from a cronjob it is mailed to the user who the job belongs to. I think you can also add something like MAILTO=vivek@nixcraft.in at the top of the cron file to ...
6
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1answer
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Meaning of “* */1 * * *” cron entry?

Somehow, I am finding it difficult to understand tweaking around * parameters with cron. I wanted a job to run every hour and I used the below setting: * */1 * * * But it does not seem to do the ...
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902 views

sort at jobs chronologically

Possibly a simple solution I misplaced. How can I get the output of atq sorted chronologically, so I can easily see who's due to run next? The man page for sort doesn't have anything built-in to ...
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System Crontab or Root Crontab

System crontab: /etc/crontab Root crontab: sudo crontab -u root -e Which way is preferred? As they all run tasks within administration privilege.
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Have cron email output to MAILTO based on exit status

I have a cron job running a php command like this: php /path/to/script.php > dev/null This should send only STDERR output to the MAILTO address. From what I gather the php script is not ...
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Logging ALL stderr output of crontab to file

For example, I can log stderr of one script in this way: * * * * * run_script.sh > /var/log.txt 2>&1 But I want to log stderr of all scripts in my crontab. I can append > /var/log.txt ...
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How do I find out why cron is not running my jobs?

I'm using Ubuntu 14.04, and the cron daemon is running: # ps ax | grep cron 822 ? Ss 0:00 cron but it is not executing any jobs. I was previously getting entries in /var/log/syslog such ...
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Check if script is started by cron, rather than invoked manually

Is there any variable that cron set when it's running a program ? If the script is running by cron, I'll skip some parts; otherwise invoke those parts. How can I know if the bash script is started by ...
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Open emacs in a terminal when editing crontab

I have setup emacs as my default editor in /etc/profile. When I want to use emacs in a terminal. I open it with the -nw option. How can I have the same behavior when doing a crontab -e preventing it ...
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cron every X exact meaning

In cron you can specify */n where n means every n times period, for instance in the first column is minute. */5 means every 5 minutes, but which minutes? 0, 5, 10, ...? What happens if the number ...
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Cron to not run on specific day but all other days

I have a cron setup to execute a bash script daily at 10pm. I have another cron setup to run monthly on the 1st of the month. Both crons launch a bash script, and the only different in the bash script ...
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What's wrong with these two cron job's?

I have the following cron jobs defined. 55 8 * * 3 /usr/bin/php /home/mark/dev/processes/customClient/events.php > /home/mark/dev/processes/customClient/events-`date +%Y-%m-%d ...
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3answers
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How can I ensure my cronjob will run at specified time?

I'd like to know how I can check to see if my cronjob will run at the specified time I set it at. Is there anyway I can test this without having to wait for that time? Here are my crontab -l results: ...
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613 views

why doesn't 0 0 * * 1 root hostname >> /tmp/hostname.txt work as a crontab?

0 0 * * 1 root hostname >> /tmp/hostname.txt The above cron entry should run midnight on monday and create a file in /tmp called hostname.txt with the output of the hostname command. But it is ...
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How to add unique id to file name in cron job?

My cronjob looks like this: 5 3 * * * mysqldump -u root test > /srv/backup/mysql_daily.dump How can I make filename unique for every time when cronjob writes mysql_daily.dump?
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Change the time zone of a cronjob

I have a cronjob which is executes every day at 9:00 AM of UTC-Time. I'm in GMT+1 so it executes at 10:00 AM local time. When there is the timezone change (to daylight saving time, DST), the cronjob ...
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Cron job to delete files older than 3 days

I need to remove files older than 3 days with a cron job in 3 different directories. (these 3 directories are children of a parent directory /a/b/c/1 & /a/b/c/2 & /a/b/c/3) Can this be done ...
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How to start a cron job without reboot?

I use a cron job to call offlineimap every 2 minutes: */2 * * * * /usr/bin/offlineimap > ~/Maildir/offlineimap.log 2>&1 I needed to kill the cron job to fix a problem. How can I then ...
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How to get which version of cron daemon is running

Background: I am working on CentOS Details # cat /proc/version Linux version 2.6.18-308.4.1.el5PAE (mockbuild@builder10.centos.org) (gcc version 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-52)) #1 SMP Tue Apr 17 ...
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Crontab job not emailing on failure

I have a cron job on Debian: 1 * * * * /home/paradroid/bin/myscript.sh >/dev/null There is an installed and configured MTA, and I have received emails when the script has a syntax error, so I ...
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Does cron know that the instance to be scheduled is already running?

I was wondering if we add a job in the crontab e.g. to run every 5 mins and the job does not actually manage to finish in 5 mins, does the cron daemon know that the previous instance is already ...
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Frustrating issue where neither cron nor su -c runs my job (permissions?)

Updated (and snipped) with more details below. I've set up a cron script and I'm trying to debug why it's not running. [Snipped context testing, which is all ok; see revision 2 for details] The ...
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Is any extended logging available for cron jobs?

I have 3 scripts under /etc/cron.daily. My cron logs are written in /var/log/cron. The below is an entry for the above cron that has run. (root) CMD (run-parts /etc/cron.hourly) Here the stdout or ...
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How can I use cron to display messages on the screen via notify-send

I am toying around with notify-send and cron (on an Arch machine) and I can't figure out a way to combine them: I tried the solution given here and here, but neither worked. How can I use them? ...
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BASH_ENV and cron jobs

I have several questions related to non-interactive, non-login shells and cron jobs. Q1. I have read that non-interactive, non-login shells only "load" $BASH_ENV. What does this exactly mean? Does ...
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Scp doesn't work in cron

Yeah, I know it's classic. I've googled it all around, but still it doesn't work. I have the following script: #First go to SVN repo folder cd $svnrepos # Just make sure we have write access to ...
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249 views

How to schedule a job that depends on network availability?

I have cloned a git repository of some project. I want to automate git pull and compile the project once in a week. I am using a laptop which wont be on 24x7. Now, I cannot use cron as I should keep ...
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What could cause a cron to run twice at the same moment?

I have a cron that is setup to run every Monday at 1 AM 0 1 * * 1 /script/dir/script >> /script/dir/file.log After two years of running as expected, it ran twice on June 18, with the second ...
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Run script when specific users logout

I need to run my application in screen when specific users are logged out and kill the screen when someone from my user list logged in. So I am thinking about bash script, which will be called ...
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How can I peek at the output of a running crontab task on OpenBSD?

I have an hourly hour-long crontab task running with some mtr (traceroute) output every 10 minutes (that is going to go for over an hour prior to it being emailed back to me), and I want to see the ...
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1answer
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Running cron script with lynx fails to work

I'm trying to automate a login process that can only be done through a browser. I am using the lynx browser to script the actions required to do this. Lynx does this by dumping a user's keystrokes ...
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CRON Permission Denied [closed]

I have a Debian 7. 3 Server with WebMin installed. I configured a cron job to run every minute as root user, so I run the command crontab -l when I'm logged in as root it shows: * * * * * ...
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Schedule job at irregular intervals

It's simple enough to use cron to schedule a job to occur periodically. I'd like to have something occur less regularly -- say, run the job, then wait 2 to 12 hours before trying again. (Any ...
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Is setting a higher nice level for a process an effective way to reduce its impact on system load/CPU time?

I have an rsync cron job which is pushing the server load and triggering monitor alerts. If I set the job to be run with a high nice level, would that effectively reduce the impact it has on system ...
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Cronjob to run every 30 minutes

I want to set a cronjob entry that runs a script every 30 minutes from 9:00 to 18:00 but I do not want it to run at 18:30. The script should run for the first time at 9:00 and for the last time at ...
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Execution order with multiple commands

I'm relatively new to Linux and I'm working on a CronTab for scheduled backups. I figured out how to do multiple sequential jobs with ; and &&, but I'm unsure how the dependency affects the ...
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873 views

What's the purpose of having different crontabs per user?

Is it just for controlling the permissions of the script being called or does it also effect when or if the script runs? I assume if I setup a cron for a non-root user it should always run, even if I ...
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Can I use logrotate to compress daily (date named) logs?

I have logs in the following format: YYYYMMDD I want to compress old logs (older then current day) and maybe move them to a different directory afterwards. Can I do this in logrotate, or do I have ...
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How to find a cron job if you know the specific time it runs?

I've been using kSar to look at my servers resource use. There is a definite spike in process creation at 4:04AM daily. Cron seems to define the interval they should be run, but not the specific time ...
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In linux, would it be possible to run a script every day 3 minutes later than the previous day?

My first solution to this was to execute date +%Y%m%d%H%M and put that format of numbers into a file, and run the script every minute from cron. Then if the date from the file matches the date ...
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/etc/crontab permissions

The /etc/crontab file has the permissions: -rw-r--r-- I understand that this file is for system cron jobs and other users should not have permission to modify it. The current permissions allows all ...
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How can I know when a cron job was killed or it crashed?

Usually when a cron job crash, it will leave some error messages in the log. We run shell script and some java program with cron job. Recently we found some weird thing out from the log. Obviously ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to put arithmetic expressions in a crontab?

I know I can do simple arithmetic in shell scripts, like so: #!/bin/bash ((sum = 1 + 2)) echo sum This will output 3 on execution. My question now is, can this kind of expressions be used in ...
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Cron allowed special character “L” for “Last day of the month” on Debian

I'd like to know if L is one of the allowed special characters on Debian's cron implementation? I'm trying to set up a cron to run on the last day of every month. From the cron entry on wikipedia: ...
4
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1answer
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In crontab is it possible to specify a user from a variable?

I am trying to have the following cron executed with a certain user. U=`/usr/bin/w | grep -w :0 | awk '{ print $1 }'` */1 * * * * $U /opt/script.sh It seems the deamon doesn't know how to interpret ...
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start-stop-daemon makes cron pidfile with wrong pid

I have an init.d script to start crond which specifies the following for start(): start-stop-daemon -S --quiet --make-pidfile --pidfile /var/run/crond.pid --background --exec /usr/sbin/crond ...
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crontab, instance, memory issues+spamming

I have a cronjob that runs php5 wp-cron.php every minute to update my website. However something happened and i had 30+ instance of it (31 is marked on this one dump of ps aux). It ate up my ram, ...
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cifs write errors in cron job

EDIT: THE SOLUTION With Tim's help I determined that larger writes of data were failing versus smaller ones. Why they didn't fail when I ran the script interactively, I don't know...But here was the ...