Cron is a job scheduler that allows users to run commands periodically.

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223 views

Cronjob to Run and then Terminate

I want to add a cron entry that does something like: 00 00 * * * * /tmp/script.sh Is there something I can add to the end of the line, so that when it is finished, it will remove the line out of my ...
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2answers
1k views

Interactive shell with environment identical to cron

I am aware of a lot of pitfalls in the magic world of crontabs, but sometimes it would help troubleshooting a lot when you have some smart way to enter an interactive (bash) shell with exact identical ...
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5answers
10k views

Run script in a non interactive shell?

I have a cron job that is running a script. When I run the script via an interactive shell (ssh'ed to bash) it works fine. When the script runs by itself via cron it fails. My guess is that it is ...
9
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1answer
480 views

Finding which cron jobs are scheduled to run at some future date/time X

Is there a way to "query" a crontab to find which cron jobs run at some arbitrary date/time, or during a certain range of times? For example, determine which will be run at sometime between 14:00 and ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Run multiple cron jobs where one job takes a long time

I have the following general question regarding cron jobs. Suppose I have the following in my crontab: * 10 * * * * someScript.sh * 11 * * * * someScript2.sh 30 11 */2 * * someScript3.sh <-- ...
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5answers
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Check if script is started by cron, rather than invoked manually

Is there any variable that cron set when it's running a program ? If the script is running by cron, I'll skip some parts; otherwise invoke those parts. How can I know if the bash script is started by ...
8
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3answers
6k views

What's wrong with these two cron job's?

I have the following cron jobs defined. 55 8 * * 3 /usr/bin/php /home/mark/dev/processes/customClient/events.php > /home/mark/dev/processes/customClient/events-`date +%Y-%m-%d --date='...
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4answers
30k views

Cron running job every 15 seconds

Could you advise me what to write in crontab so that it runs some job (for testing I will use /usr/bin/chromium-browser) every 15 seconds?
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How to add unique id to file name in cron job?

My cronjob looks like this: 5 3 * * * mysqldump -u root test > /srv/backup/mysql_daily.dump How can I make filename unique for every time when cronjob writes mysql_daily.dump?
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1answer
27k views

As root, how can I list the crontabs for all users?

I have a script being run automatically that I can't find in the crontab for the expected users, so I'd like to search all users' crontabs for it. Essentially I want to run a crontab -l for all users....
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3answers
5k views

Crontab entry with hour range going over midnight

Is this valid crontab time specification, doing what is expected: 0 22-4 * * * Or is it necessary to do something like 0 22,23,0,1,2,3,4 * * *
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1answer
3k views

How to autostart a background program by a non-root user?

As a non-root user, I want to run a background job when the system boots. It's sort of a service which doesn't require root privilege. Is there a way to do it? One way is to put sudo -u user command ...
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4answers
4k views

Is setting a higher nice level for a process an effective way to reduce its impact on system load/CPU time?

I have an rsync cron job which is pushing the server load and triggering monitor alerts. If I set the job to be run with a high nice level, would that effectively reduce the impact it has on system ...
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2answers
7k views

Can I automate tar's multi-volume-feature?

Ok, so I've just had a read through this page after a way to improve my current backup solution on my Debian server. Tar seems to be offering a quite nice multi-volume feature, although when I try it ...
7
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1answer
33k views

Where to find the Crontab logs in CentOS

First of all I'm using CentOS [root@a etc]# cat system-release CentOS release 6.5 (Final) [root@a cron.daily]# ps -ef | grep cron root 982 1 0 Jun14 ? 00:01:15 crond root ...
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3answers
13k views

/etc/cron.daily/foo : Send email to a particular user instead of root?

I'm running CentOS 5.5. We have several cronjobs stored in /etc/cron.daily/ . We would like the email for some of these cronjobs to go to a particular email address, while the rest of the emails in /...
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3answers
45k views

How to start a cron job without reboot?

I use a cron job to call offlineimap every 2 minutes: */2 * * * * /usr/bin/offlineimap > ~/Maildir/offlineimap.log 2>&1 I needed to kill the cron job to fix a problem. How can I then ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Have cron email output to MAILTO based on exit status

I have a cron job running a php command like this: php /path/to/script.php > dev/null This should send only STDERR output to the MAILTO address. From what I gather the php script is not ...
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2answers
14k views

Can I change the default mail recipient on cron jobs?

I believe that if there is any output from a cronjob it is mailed to the user who the job belongs to. I think you can also add something like MAILTO=vivek@nixcraft.in at the top of the cron file to ...
7
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2answers
5k views

Logging ALL stderr output of crontab to file

For example, I can log stderr of one script in this way: * * * * * run_script.sh > /var/log.txt 2>&1 But I want to log stderr of all scripts in my crontab. I can append > /var/log.txt ...
7
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1answer
3k views

List of modified files of the past 24 hours

Is there a reliable way to have a system that mails me the list of files that were modified in the past 24 hours inside a set of directories? (like /home/*/public_html/* and /home/*/*domains/*)
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3answers
19k views

Running a script during booting/startup; init.d vs cron @reboot

I am currently trying to understand the difference between init.d and cron @reboot for running a script at startup/booting of the system. The use of @reboot (this method was mentioned in this forum ...
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3answers
2k views

Where to put system cronjobs?

If I need a cronjob that runs at system level (i.e. not specific for a certain user) how do you suggest me to create it? running crontab -e as root appending it to /etc/crontab creating a file ...
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3answers
657 views

Create cron jobs to repeat every X units of time starting on an arbitary unit

I have a cron job on CentOS that I want to execute every 3 minutes but I have many other cronjobs that run at every 3 minutes starting from 0, 3, 6, 9... So, to avoid my server getting too overloaded,...
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2answers
11k views

Location of the crontab file

as many (most?) others, I edit my crontab via crontab -e, where I keep all routine operations such as incremental backup, ntpdate, various rsync operations, as well as making my desktop background ...
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4answers
28k views

How do I add an entry to my crontab?

I am using crontab for the first time. Want to write a few very simple test cron tasks, and run them. $crontab * * * * * echo "Hi" doesn't produce anything. crontab */1 * * * * echo "hi" says */...
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1answer
8k views

Meaning of “* */1 * * *” cron entry?

Somehow, I am finding it difficult to understand tweaking around * parameters with cron. I wanted a job to run every hour and I used the below setting: * */1 * * * But it does not seem to do the ...
6
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2answers
3k views

Open emacs in a terminal when editing crontab

I have setup emacs as my default editor in /etc/profile. When I want to use emacs in a terminal. I open it with the -nw option. How can I have the same behavior when doing a crontab -e preventing it ...
6
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3answers
4k views

Cron to not run on specific day but all other days

I have a cron setup to execute a bash script daily at 10pm. I have another cron setup to run monthly on the 1st of the month. Both crons launch a bash script, and the only different in the bash script ...
6
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3answers
6k views

How can I ensure my cronjob will run at specified time?

I'd like to know how I can check to see if my cronjob will run at the specified time I set it at. Is there anyway I can test this without having to wait for that time? Here are my crontab -l results: ...
6
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2answers
2k views

script to check if SSL certificate is valid

I have several SSL certificates, and I would like to be notified, when a certificate has expired. My idea is to create a cronjob, which executes a simple command every day. I know that the openssl ...
6
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2answers
12k views

How to find a cron job if you know the specific time it runs?

I've been using kSar to look at my servers resource use. There is a definite spike in process creation at 4:04AM daily. Cron seems to define the interval they should be run, but not the specific time ...
6
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2answers
6k views

System Crontab or Root Crontab

System crontab: /etc/crontab Root crontab: sudo crontab -u root -e Which way is preferred? As they all run tasks within administration privilege.
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3answers
3k views

How to get which version of cron daemon is running

Background: I am working on CentOS Details # cat /proc/version Linux version 2.6.18-308.4.1.el5PAE (mockbuild@builder10.centos.org) (gcc version 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-52)) #1 SMP Tue Apr 17 ...
6
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5answers
2k views

Change the time zone of a cronjob

I have a cronjob which is executes every day at 9:00 AM of UTC-Time. I'm in GMT+1 so it executes at 10:00 AM local time. When there is the timezone change (to daylight saving time, DST), the cronjob ...
6
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1answer
24k views

How to run a cron job to execute every minute?

I am trying to create a directory having timestamp in its in name in the /home directory. I have created the following cron job as root user. But it's not running. What am I doing wrong? Following is ...
6
votes
1answer
12k views

mail: cannot send message: process exited with a non-zero status

I've had a cronjob working for about a fortnight without any problems. Then last night I checked I didn't get the email that I usually get. I went to the terminal to try send myself an email, I got ...
6
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2answers
631 views

systemd - Timer units that mimic anacron behaviour

I need to write a timer unit for a machine which is turned of frequently (e.g. classical desktop setup). This timer unit needs to be activated regularly but not very often (e.g. weekly, monthly). I ...
6
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2answers
13k views

cronjob for automatic DB backup to date prefixed file

I am using the latest Linux Mint. I was wondering if it's possible to create a special cronjob for a database backup. In my /etc/cronjob file I have the following code: # Minute Hour Day of ...
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5answers
3k views

How can I use cron to display messages on the screen via notify-send

I am toying around with notify-send and cron (on an Arch machine) and I can't figure out a way to combine them: I tried the solution given here and here, but neither worked. How can I use them? EDIT:...
6
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1answer
2k views

How is cron scheduling actually implemented and makes sure scripts run on time?

I want to ask about cron jobs. OK, we place the scripts in the crontab and the cron daemon executes them. Now if I understand this, each minute, cron checks the crontab of each user and executes the ...
6
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3answers
4k views

What could cause a cron to run twice at the same moment?

I have a cron that is setup to run every Monday at 1 AM 0 1 * * 1 /script/dir/script >> /script/dir/file.log After two years of running as expected, it ran twice on June 18, with the second ...
6
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1answer
142 views

How can I make `sudo crontab -e` use my `sudoedit` environment?

I've started using sudoedit <file> instead of sudo vim <file>. One of the advantages is that it uses my local ~/.vimrc. However, when using sudo crontab -e, it uses /root/.vimrc instead. ...
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4answers
1k views

A gzip process regularly runs on my system, how do I figure out what is triggering it?

For a while now, I have had the problem that a gzip process randomly starts on my Kubuntu system, uses up quite a bit of resources and causes my notebook fan to go crazy. The process shows up as gzip -...
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5answers
71k views

crontab -e , then 0 * * * * = every hour… Where is stored

After sudo crontab -e (it wrote "/tmp/crontab.XXXX70pN9h" 1L, 19C 1,1 All Then I saved the file. And to check..? (how? i don't know) And to check I ps -e | grep cron 29818 ? ...
5
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2answers
11k views

Cronjob to run every 30 minutes

I want to set a cronjob entry that runs a script every 30 minutes from 9:00 to 18:00 but I do not want it to run at 18:30. The script should run for the first time at 9:00 and for the last time at 18:...
5
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2answers
303 views

Upgrading packages automatically

I'm fairly new to using servers (debian 7) and I'm currently running cron-apt to e-mail me when there are new upgrades available. Is the following command safe to run when new upgrades are shown? ...
5
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2answers
404 views

cron every X exact meaning

In cron you can specify */n where n means every n times period, for instance in the first column is minute. */5 means every 5 minutes, but which minutes? 0, 5, 10, ...? What happens if the number ...
5
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3answers
18k views

executing a sh script from the cron

I have a test.sh script #!/bin/sh php /home/v/file.php sh /root/x/some.sh when I execute the file as root from command line it works. sh /home/v/test.sh when I set it to crontab -e (is the root ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Execution order with multiple commands

I'm relatively new to Linux and I'm working on a CronTab for scheduled backups. I figured out how to do multiple sequential jobs with ; and &&, but I'm unsure how the dependency affects the ...