The CPU (Central Processing Unit), is the chip in the computer that actually performs the operations and calculations that are done as a program runs. It is essentially what executes a program.

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How to measure the clock pulse of my computer manually?

My PC has two processors, and I know that each one runs at 1.86 GHz. I have just read about clock cycles and I only have a (very) rough understanding, so I apologize beforehand if my question is so ...
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How can I keep track of what's using the most CPU?

I use nagios to monitor my server. Once in a while I'll get a report that the CPU load is warning / critical, etc. Usually this happens at some odd hour or when I don't have the tools to immediately ...
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Program to test CPU load and process priority

I am running some test on Amazon EC2 instances and we want to make the CPU always busy at above 80%. What I have is a program main that needs to run in high priority and I want to launch another ...
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Will enabling Hyper-Threading create two virtual half-speed processors?

If I enable Hyper-Threading for my netbook which has an Intel Atom (1.6 GHz) will the kernel see two virtual 800 MHz processors?
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125 views

How to sort ps output to find processes realtime priority and identify processess currently occupied running queue

How to properly identify real-time processes currently occupied CPU queue and count them using ps? I know there is a bunch of fileds like prio,rtprio,pri,nice but do not know correct to use. It seems ...
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287 views

Understanding the output of /proc/cpuinfo

I have a LeMaker HiKey development board. I purchased it for testing a couple of libraries on ARM64 cpu architecture. The board provides two Cortex-A53 processors, provides eight cores, and uses ...
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Rebuild original file from diff files to save disk space

Every day 10GB text file is downloaded, the file is ~200 million lines and ~1% of the lines are changed the next day. I want to keep daily files as backup, but I'm trying to save disk space by using ...
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3k views

Where is PCB on linux

A PCB is a process control block , this is its definition on Wikipedia Process Control Block (PCB, also called Task Controlling Block,[1] Task Struct, or Switchframe) is a data structure in ...
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962 views

CPU Placement in KVM

I have a configuration of KVM guests where the cpu placement is configured as follows: <vcpu placement='static'>1</vcpu> Now since I don't have a cpuset specified I was reading libvirt ...
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183 views

What's the correct value to base the maximum number of CPU's to sched_setaffinity to?

I have some confusion as to what's the correct value to use for the number of CPU's I can use to make a CPU_SET for a sched_setaffinity call on my system. My /proc/cpuinfo file: processor : 0 ...
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2k views

Measuring CPU %steal on VMware and Hyper-V hypervisors

For Xen Linux guests, %steal time is readily available via top and other utilities. Is it possible to get this and related metrics from within a Linux guest when running a non-Xen hypervisor such as ...
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371 views

How to assign tasks to GPU

I have found a benchmark from computerbase.de (http://www.computerbase.de/artikel/grafikkarten/2013/intel-haswell-grafik-fuer-desktop-pcs-im-test/3/ in german) where in one case a task (here video ...
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What is the correct way to view your CPU speed on Linux?

I found two commands to output information about my CPU: cat /proc/cpuinfo and lscpu. /proc/cpuinfo shows that my CPU speed is 2.1 Ghz, whereas lspcu says it is 3167 Mhz. Which one is correct? This ...
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211 views

Supervisord at 99% cpu usage

I've installed supervisord using: sudo apt-get install supervisor on my Ubuntu 14.04 server as per the instructions in the Laravel documentation. I've noticed that the supervisorctl process on my ...
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58 views

How to distinguish between v2 and v3 of Xeon processors?

I'm trying to determine what processor my server is running. I tried looking at /proc/cpuinfo, using lshw and dmidecode. In all of them I get: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E31220 @ 3.10GHz How do I ...
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414 views

Unexpected processor/core counts for AMD processor

I wanted to determine if a machine has hyperthreading enabled or not. To determine this, I used advice I found online, which operates as follows: physical_proc_count = `grep "physical id" /proc/...
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881 views

Number of cores on FreeBSD

What would the equivalent of Debian's nproc be in FreeBSD? I'm trying to include this in a bash script variable so if it could just print out the number of cores that would be fantastic.
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Do I have PCLMUL instruction set support?

Here are the flags from /proc/cpuinfo: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc ...
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992 views

Hyperthread and processors Clock, Size, and Capacity

When I enable hyperthreading, CPU size and capacity decrease to about half the non-hyperthreaded value. Since most of my processes use only two cores, should I disable hyperthreading? lshw -C ...
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57 views

How does the kernel assign cpu ids to physical cores?

One may find a lot of info about how to inspect physical cores layout in a running linux system, but I'm wondering how the physical cores are assigned a cpu id in the first place. After experiencing ...
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158 views

Resource (CPU time and memory) limitation and termination of a process upon violation in Linux

The problem: Given a process, limit the resources it and its child-processes can use. I.e. set CPU time and virtual memory quotas. When the process group exceeds one of the limits, terminate it, ...
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676 views

Slow down CPU when it heats up

I run Gentoo Linux on my laptop. I have an issue, though, where if I'm building some very large piece of software (as I do fairly frequently, since the purpose of this laptop is development), the CPU ...
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746 views

Only one CPU core is active on Fedora 16

I've upgraded from F15 to F16 and noticed that I have a problems with hardware detection. Upon loading I can see message like ... CPU#1 not responding ... on the screen. It disappears and I can ...
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How to find if hyperthreading is enabled on FreeBSD

Is it possible to find out if hyperthreading is enabled within the BSD kernel of a given machine without watching the boot up sequence?
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530 views

Linux cgroups: limit CPU usage in absolute values which do not depend on CPU speed

I have a server with a 2.4GHz processor. And there are several cgroups, each one allowed to use 25% of CPU. That's equal to 600MHz. Then I replace the CPU with a faster one, let's say 3.0GHz. If I ...
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Difference between 'sar' and 'iostat' commands

With sar and iowait, we can get CPU time utilization. But, when I executed both commands, I could see significant differences in their outputs. > iostat && sar 1 1 Linux 2.6.32-042stab090....
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Figuring out physical cache layout in FreeBSD

I'm trying to figure out they physical cache layout of my CPU in FreeBSD 10. I see the following from sysctl kern.sched.topology_spec kern.sched.topology_spec: <groups> <group level="1" ...
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300 views

VPS freezes every few days (rcu_sched_state detected stall on CPU x)

Background: I have an Ubuntu 12.04 (64bit) in Xen virtualization environment. 1 GB RAM, 1 processor. Every few days I get the following error message: rcu_sched_state detected stall on cpu 0 (t=...
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Exynos 5 DVFS or turning off cores in Ubuntu - Scaling frequency for one of the cores only (dual core) (cpufreq)

I was wondering if there is possible to scale only one of the cpu cores in the A15 in Exynos 5 ? I have tried using e.g cpufreq-set -c 1 -f 500MHz, but both cores are set to the same frequency. When ...
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573 views

cpufreqd does not control temperature plus shows no output

Since my laptop (an Acer Aspire 5750G running a Gentoo Linux with a not-quite-up-to-date kernel 2.6.39-r3 (a weird wLan hardware makes the update difficult)) tends to run rather hot I am trying to ...
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331 views

eldoc mode makes emacs use 100% cpu

When I use eldoc, I add this to .emacs: (add-hook 'emacs-lisp-mode-hook 'turn-on-eldoc-mode) (add-hook 'lisp-interaction-mode-hook 'turn-on-eldoc-mode) (add-hook 'ielm-mode-hook 'turn-on-eldoc-...
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684 views

Is there a way to make your process use less CPU?

I want my device to use less CPU to save battery. I have a program that uses a large amount of it. nice won't help as all it does is change scheduling when CPU is at %100, while I don't want it to get ...
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Is my laptop's overheating issue CPU (Dual Core i5) or GPU (Nvidia 320M) related, and can I fix it in Linux Mint?

I've had the same problem in both Ubuntu 12.10 and Linux Mint 15. I've tried taking my Acer laptop apart (no mean feat for a noob like me) and cleaned and resat the GPU and CPU heatsinks and fan (...
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Was my CPU kinda broken?

Today I've received some message from mcelog utility, Processor 3 heated above trip temperature. Throttling enabled. Please check your system cooling. Performance will be impacted It happens when I ...
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1answer
702 views

System IDLE Time > System Uptime?

I was testing out the linux api while working on something but got stuck on the following output. [Abhii@localhost net]$ cat /proc/uptime 39135.53 149657.73 As per specs the first number should be ...
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Video player that uses multiple CPU/GPU cores in Linux?

I've got a relative with a four-cour AMD Phenom II 3.0 gHz CPU (can't remember exact specs) and ATI 5750 1GB graphics card, running Ubuntu 10.04. Right now I am aware of VLC and Mplayer for playing ...
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Is there a brief way to view the top resource usage(CPU, memory or even bandwidth) of a program after its running?

I know I can use top to view the overall real-time CPU & Memory usage, and nload for overall real-time bandwidth usage. But I wish to view the maximum(or average) CPU, Memory, & bandwidth ...
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586 views

CPU speed and cat /proc/cpuinfo

I use centos 6.4 64. I have old proc - CPU AMD Phenom II X4 810 (HDX810W) 2.6 GHz. However, when I execute the command cat /proc/cpuinfo I get the following: processor : 0 vendor_id : ...
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Find the PID of top CPU/MEM usage, save to a shell variable

Is there any way to get the PID of the top CPU/MEM usage, I need to use that in a script, top command doesn't seem to work for it.
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668 views

How to get CPU Percentage as a Counter?

I would like to monitor total CPU utilization percentage as a counter. The reason I would like it as a counter is that data won't be lost between samples (and I can have the graphing side calculate ...
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Ubuntu- How do I change clock speed from terminal? [duplicate]

The title of this question pretty much says it all. What command or program do I need to run in order to change the clock speed to a specific value I want? For example, I'm looking for something like &...
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1answer
3k views

i686 versus i486 kernel on an Intel Core i3

I had installed Debian 6 Squeeze on my laptop a couple of weeks ago. Coming from Ubuntu, I did this by downloading the hybrid i386 image and booting it off a USB drive. Now on GRUB, I'm presented ...
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782 views

What tool(s) should I use to test my hardware for errors?

Are there any Linux tools (command line, or Live CD) that will test hardware components for errors (hard drive, RAM, CPU, graphics card, buses) and show me some detailed output with wrong parts etc.?
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Finding MFLOPS using Linux

How can I find out the Mflops on my linux computer? I can see the bogomips on my /proc/cpuinfo but I don't see any Mflops on that file: $ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -ie mips -ie flops bogomips : ...
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xorg performance in openoffice

I've just been monitoring my cpu usage in openoffice calc when cells have been copied vs when they haven't and seen a dramatic increase in cpu usage for the Xorg process. The additional rendering ...
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Is there any command that limits the use of cpu resources by percentage?

So far I've been using nice -n 10, but that's just sets the priority of the command I want to run low, but if there's no other process running at that time the command will take all the remaining cpu ...
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Can one core on a multicore linux system be dedicated to one user-space app?

Can a core be dedicated to one user-space app (e.g. for the purpose of bit-banging GPIO without any interruptions)?
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108 views

How to get all CPU cache information without SU access

I am trying to find out the cache mapping scheme for all the levels of class of a linux server, however I do not have root access. I would just use DMIdecode for this but you need root access. Is ...
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Does BIOS read directly the bootloader or load it into RAM?

I'm trying to understand the very first steps of the boot process. The CPU read the BIOS It reads a fixed address instruction It will jump to the first BIOS instructions address It will execute ...
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Top c - CPU usage >200% Will it Crash?

I would appreciate some advice from your experience. My main concern is I really REALLY do not want to cause the computer server to crash. The question is, I am running a program on a Linux computer ...