The CPU (Central Processing Unit), is the chip in the computer that actually performs the operations and calculations that are done as a program runs. It is essentially what executes a program.

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What's the correct value to base the maximum number of CPU's to sched_setaffinity to?

I have some confusion as to what's the correct value to use for the number of CPU's I can use to make a CPU_SET for a sched_setaffinity call on my system. My /proc/cpuinfo file: processor : 0 ...
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3answers
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How come I installed Ubuntu 64 bit on a Pentium 4 machine?

I have just tried booting the Ubuntu 10.10 64 bit live USB on this machine and to my amazement everything works fine. I even installed the system, after which I checked with uname -a and the result is ...
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96 views

Find out if CPU supports dynamic speed setting

I need to find out in my script if a (potentially legacy) CPU supports dynamic speed setting, and eventually get value of maximum and current speed. What makes it more complicated is that I need to ...
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1k views

Does BIOS read directly the bootloader or load it into RAM?

I'm trying to understand the very first steps of the boot process. The CPU read the BIOS It reads a fixed address instruction It will jump to the first BIOS instructions address It will execute ...
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Intel Xeon stuck at 800mhz CPU Freq on RHEL 6.5 [duplicate]

Currently running into a headache trying to figure out why my CPU speed is stuck as such a low frequency. After doing some research, I found that cpuspeedutil does actually control the state of the ...
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128 views

Check SSE3 support from bash?

Is there a way to check whether or not the current system supports SSE3 from a bash script? I'm currently writing an installer script, and the program in question has an alternate version that takes ...
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3answers
7k views

Bash script that automatically kills processes when CPU/memory usage gets too high

I have created a script that kills processes if CPU and/or memory usage hits 80%. It creates a list of killed processes when this happens. What can I do to improve it? while [ 1 ]; do echo echo ...
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3answers
456 views

Is there a way to make your process use less CPU?

I want my device to use less CPU to save battery. I have a program that uses a large amount of it. nice won't help as all it does is change scheduling when CPU is at %100, while I don't want it to get ...
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1answer
509 views

CPU Placement in KVM

I have a configuration of KVM guests where the cpu placement is configured as follows: <vcpu placement='static'>1</vcpu> Now since I don't have a cpuset specified I was reading libvirt ...
3
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1answer
359 views

Slow down CPU when it heats up

I run Gentoo Linux on my laptop. I have an issue, though, where if I'm building some very large piece of software (as I do fairly frequently, since the purpose of this laptop is development), the CPU ...
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2answers
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High Idle CPU / Low CPU Load average

After removing APC (alternative php cache), I noticed that there are less pagination access and less dirty pages but in the same time: High idle CPU Very low CPU load (relatively to the time before ...
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2answers
762 views

What does it mean exactly when a processes “Time” has stopped in top?

I'll be looking into why we're getting critical swap alerts, and I'll find something like: PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ SWAP COMMAND 14683 user1 30 10 16.0g 772m ...
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461 views

performance monitoring

Is there some performace monitoring tool which would run in background gathering info about all system activity? Somethimes my system (Arch linux, 32 bit) slows down terribly and the top utility ...
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1answer
89 views

Minimizing hardware interrupts

I am using a modified Linux kernel as a soft real-time OS, on a system that has an architecture like this: CPU1 and CPU2 have 8 cores each. I have 4 processes that need to be run with minimum ...
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1answer
93 views

How the network packets are transferred to the memory on linux?

Is there some command or tool for monitoring network packets and how those packets are handled by the memory and than proceeded to the CPU on linux platform? Using tcpdump I can capture many apache ...
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2answers
370 views

How to get CPU Percentage as a Counter?

I would like to monitor total CPU utilization percentage as a counter. The reason I would like it as a counter is that data won't be lost between samples (and I can have the graphing side calculate ...
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1answer
112 views

CPU and RAM monitorization by parent id

I'm trying to monitor the CPU and RAM usage (in % of total for example) of a given process wich may spawn several processes. The parent process is /bin/rscw so I get its pid by ppid_bl=$(ps -ef | ...
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1answer
139 views

Having an independent console to kill rogue process?

Sometimes a flash plugin starts using all the mem and CPU or an app is also behaving "naughtily" and my system starts to crawl until i finally get a terminal with htop up and kill the rogue process, ...
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1answer
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What happens to the files when they are being decrypted?

I have the server's webroot directory mounted on a partition which is being protected with LUKS encryption. I want to know what happens to the files within when that partition is being decrypted. Does ...
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cron Vs. sleep - which is the better one in terms of efficient cpu/memory utilization?

The Case: I need to run some commands/script at certain intervals of time and for this I have two options - 1. set up a cron-job or, 2. implement a loop with sleep in the script itself. Question: ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I monitor CPU usage by user?

I need to monitor CPU usage by users of two servers' (Ubuntu and CentOS). For example: user1 5% user2 10% ... Is there a tool similar to top or htop that can do that?
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1answer
640 views

How to set the CPU freq. in Linux?

I'm using this ARM9 SAM9G25 embedded system, that when switched on, is only online for a few seconds and because I want to speed up the whole process, I'd like to check the CPU frequency, and set it ...
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132 views

Why my cpu spend so much time on system? [closed]

top - 08:58:42 up 20 days, 8:23, 1 user, load average: 67.17, 58.94, 62.75 Tasks: 630 total, 40 running, 524 sleeping, 0 stopped, 66 zombie Cpu(s): 57.3%us, 41.6%sy, 0.0%ni, 0.0%id, 0.0%wa, ...
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Top c - CPU usage >200% Will it Crash?

I would appreciate some advice from your experience. My main concern is I really REALLY do not want to cause the computer server to crash. The question is, I am running a program on a Linux computer ...
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1answer
344 views

Determine the intel CPU family for C compiler?

I am checking the CPU information on a Linux server, and tuning options of the Intel C compiler icc for my C code running on the server's specific architecture. I am thinking about choosing the value ...
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881 views

Mint fan control

I've installed Mint 15 on my Alienware m14x and can't figure out one thing. For some reason CPU overheats and fan does not respond to that. It always stays calm and quiet. How exactly I can change ...
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How does load average work with modern CPU's?

My understanding of load average lead me to be quite shocked with my current system. The CPU in my workstation is an i7 with hyperthreading enabled, and cat /proc/cpuinfo produces 4 'cpu's. That all ...
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1answer
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Limit CPU and memory usage for PHP-FPM and Nginx processes in CentOS

I want to limit CPU and memory usage for PHP-FPM and Nginx processes in CentOS. I came across following tools cpulimit cggroups memory resource locater which will more efficient and how can I ...
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1answer
63 views

Is there a tool that I can use to create a diagram of my system's architecture?

I'm looking for a tool that can create both graphical files as well as text based ASCII representations of my system's CPU & motherboard architectures.
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226 views

When speaking about cache size of a CPU, we only need the size of the cache at the furthest level [closed]

When speaking about cache size of a CPU, do we only need to know the size of the cache at the furthest level (such as at level 3, when the cache hierachy is 3-level)? Instead of the sum of all the ...
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0answers
27 views

Limit CPU/RAM usage per user? [duplicate]

I'm running game server applications on dedicated server that I have, but I want to be able to limit the CPU/RAM/etc usage on a per-user basis to make sure one of the servers doesn't eat up more ...
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2answers
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Is there a way to dump a CPU's CPUID information?

I'm familiar with lshw, /proc/cpuinfo, etc. But is there a method for getting at a CPU's CPUID opcode?
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1answer
358 views

Monitor CPU Registers

I'm looking for such tool, to see state of CPU registers, eax, ebx, ecx, edx. I've discovered cpuid: eax in eax ebx ecx edx 00000000 0000000d 756e6547 6c65746e 49656e69 00000001 ...
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Why is kworker consuming so many resources on Linux 3.0.0-12-server?

Last Friday I upgraded my Ubuntu server to 11.10, which now runs with a 3.0.0-12-server kernel. Since then the overall performance has dropped dramatically. Before the upgrade the system load was ...
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0answers
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VPS freezes every few days (rcu_sched_state detected stall on CPU x)

Background: I have an Ubuntu 12.04 (64bit) in Xen virtualization environment. 1 GB RAM, 1 processor. Every few days I get the following error message: rcu_sched_state detected stall on cpu 0 ...
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1answer
326 views

Number of cores on FreeBSD

What would the equivalent of Debian's nproc be in FreeBSD? I'm trying to include this in a bash script variable so if it could just print out the number of cores that would be fantastic.
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1answer
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Measuring CPU %steal on VMware and Hyper-V hypervisors

For Xen Linux guests, %steal time is readily available via top and other utilities. Is it possible to get this and related metrics from within a Linux guest when running a non-Xen hypervisor such as ...
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2answers
112 views

Linux and CPU usage

What does it mean for a core to run at different loads in different moments? How does a 10% load differ from a 90% load? How is this number calculated, essentially?
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6answers
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Is there a way to limit overall CPU consumption?

My laptop (an HP with an i3 chip) overheats like crazy every time I run a resource heavy process (like a large compilation, extracting large tarballs or ... playing Flash). I am currently looking ...
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0answers
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Limit CPU cycles inside of Xen

I'd like to run some minimum-expectation benchmarks on EC2, but I'm having an issue of high variability in my output data. Specifically, they keep giving me more CPU than I'm minimally entitled to, ...
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1answer
242 views

How to monitor top applications using CPU (and IO if possible) in a graph?

I need to find what and when these applications used so much CPU (and IO if possible too). This should be in a graphic timeline like we see in GNOME System Monitor CPU History. I also want to compare ...
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1answer
483 views

sar -P ALL command AIX 6.1

What is the meaning of - in the cpu column below? Is it average of all CPU cores? bash-3.00$ sar -P ALL 2 2 AIX tinapp1 1 6 00F6F78B4C00 11/27/13 System configuration: lcpu=4 mode=Capped 19:02:54 ...
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32-bit, 64-bit CPU op-mode on Linux

I'm confused. Running Fedora Linux, lscpu yields: Architecture: i686 CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit ... But when I try to install a 64-bit program (Chrome) I get error like: ...
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applications that would benefit having a 64bit Os on a 64bit cpu with maximum of 4gb ram [closed]

I am trying to find out for which kind of applications (cpu intensive, io intensive, good mix of cpu/io apps) it is worth putting a 64 bit Os on 64 bit hardware instead of a 32 bit os where the Ram ...
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2answers
165 views

Should I care for applications that increase the system Load in order to prevent overheating?

I found that my "PCI Adapter" overheats when load is above 4.0 (having 4 cores). It does NOT overheat when the load is below 4.0 (but I had an overclocked memory that was causing trouble as I explain ...
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Limit process to one cpu core

How to limit process to one cpu core ? Something similar to ulimit or cpulimit would be nice. (Just to ensure: I do NOT want to limit percentage usage or time of execution. I want to force app (with ...
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260 views

Externaly limiting number of CPU cores used

I need to externally limit a process/session to a certain number of cores. Are there any other possibilities than CPU affinity (I don't like the need to specify the actual cores) and cgroups (hard to ...
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1answer
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Ubuntu- How do I change clock speed from terminal? [duplicate]

The title of this question pretty much says it all. What command or program do I need to run in order to change the clock speed to a specific value I want? For example, I'm looking for something like ...
4
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1answer
291 views

Execution time and resources after processes that has been running for so long

This might be a basic question, but I am getting hard time finding an answer to it. I am using RHEL6. After running any process that takes significant cpu time, I get a line that tells (I guess) the ...
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Is my laptop's overheating issue CPU (Dual Core i5) or GPU (Nvidia 320M) related, and can I fix it in Linux Mint?

I've had the same problem in both Ubuntu 12.10 and Linux Mint 15. I've tried taking my Acer laptop apart (no mean feat for a noob like me) and cleaned and resat the GPU and CPU heatsinks and fan ...