The CPU (Central Processing Unit), is the chip in the computer that actually performs the operations and calculations that are done as a program runs. It is essentially what executes a program.

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Less resource hungry alternative for piping `cat` into gzip for huge files

I have some files of which some are very large (like several GB), which I need to concatenate to one big file and then zip it, so something like this: cat file1 file2 file3 file4 | gzip > ...
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0answers
104 views

Changing CPU frequency programmatically

I have seen that standard CPU Frequency driver(comes with default package with linux kernel) can change the CPU frequency at runtime, when being used under the supervision of "Ondemand" governor. ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Total CPU usage and CPU usage under processes list is different in FreeBSD top implementation?

For some reason, overall CPU usage on my FreeBSD machine fluctuates between 1% and 85%, but the CPU usage in processes column never adds up to this amount. For example here the overall CPU usage is ...
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2answers
175 views

/proc/cpuinfo shows a single core under VirtualBox

My host machine is Windows 7, running an Intel Core i5 Processor. The Task Manager shows that I have 4 boxes under the Performance tab, which I assume to be 4 cores. However on my OEL guest (on ...
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1answer
86 views

Questions about CPU usage [closed]

How bad/normal/good is this CPU usage? Cpu0 : 14.4%us, 6.3%sy, 0.0%ni, 78.8%id, 0.0%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.5%si, 0.0%st Cpu1 : 88.3%us, 8.0%sy, 0.0%ni, 0.0%id, 0.0%wa, 0.0%hi, 3.7%si, 0.0%st ...
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3answers
809 views

Setting running process affinity with taskset fails

I'm attempting to limit a process to a given number of CPU cores. According to the taskset man page and this documentation, the following should work: [fedora@dfarrell-opendaylight-cbench-devel ~]$ ...
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2answers
116 views

Find average CPU, vMem, sMem usage on 1, 5, and 15min

I am trying to find at time T the average CPU usage on 1, 5, and 15min, just like what you get from /proc/loadavg Same thing for virtual memory, and swap memory. I would be fine with a python ...
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0answers
188 views

Are there any alternatives to pidof? (smaller footprint)

Well, I've just found out that with extensive usage of pidof in very short intervals, the seemingly tiny tool can be a great CPU hog. (Source: top) On my older machine, it can easily reach 30 percent ...
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1answer
256 views

How to stop CPU fan in Linux?

I use an old computer. CPU fan creates big noise. Sometimes CPU fan suddenly stops and does not work for a long time, and CPU does not get heated in these long periods, because I use very light-weight ...
4
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0answers
237 views

Strange cpu usage values reported by pidstat

I have a script that reports the cpu usage of a specific program reading values from pidstat. The script launches as: pidstat -C ^frontend$ -h -l -p ALL 1 1 The values reported this way sometimes ...
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1answer
464 views

Elementary OS Gala using more than 100% CPU constantly

I am using ElementaryOS with the default Drivers and my Gala process is constantly using tons of CPU (sometimes more than 200%). I have looked everywhere but couldnt find a solution. I tried to ...
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0answers
137 views

Help troubleshoot a very slow system performance (Kubuntu, intel graphics) [closed]

As the title says the performance of my laptop is simply terrible. i3 M380 @ 2.53GHz, 4GB RAM (of which more than 2GB is rarely used), intel HD graphics (to external monitor through HDMI). It takes ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Hyperthreading not detected by Linux [closed]

I have a Dell server with two Intel Xeon E5645 cpus, each cpu has 6 cores, and each core is hyperthreaded (i.e. should be equivalent to two virtual cores). I installed CentOS 6.2 on this server and it ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Comparing Windows and Linux machine hardware

I have to compare Linux and Windows machine hardware? In windows system, I can open the My computer properties and see the details like processors, RAM Hard disks etc. Through task manager, I can see ...
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1answer
187 views

why is my laptop-mode configuration being ignored?

I am running Debian GNU/Linux Jessie (testing) on my laptop. I enabled the systemd laptop-mode service: $ sudo laptop_mode Laptop mode enabled, active [unchanged] and in my ...
10
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1answer
251 views

What does a computer actually do with its spare CPU cycles?

When a computer is not running at full load, in the context of Linux, what does it actually do? Between scheduled threads, if there is nothing to do, does it spin wait? Does it enter some sleep state? ...
2
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2answers
307 views

How to compare usage of memory by Window Managers?

I'd like to test a few window managers to see which of them takes less memory and CPU in certain time period (so is better choice for older computers). I'd like to make the tests myself (not to read a ...
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0answers
172 views

File to access for CPU load average on AIX

Is there a file with the load average in it on AIX? I'm looking for something like Linux's /proc/loadavg.
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3answers
4k views

/proc/cpuinfo “cache” category: L1, L2 or total?

When I look in /proc/cpuinfo, one of the lines tells me I have 6144 KB of cache. Is this L1 cache, L2 cache, or the sum of both of them? In any case, how do I find out how much L1 and L2 cache my ...
3
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0answers
670 views

Difference between 'sar' and 'iostat' commands

With sar and iowait, we can get CPU time utilization. But, when I executed both commands, I could see significant differences in their outputs. > iostat && sar 1 1 Linux ...
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0answers
241 views

How do you run CPU at turbo speed continuously

processor : 7 vendor_id : GenuineIntel cpu family : 6 model : 60 model name : Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E3-1230 v3 @ 3.30GHz stepping : 3 cpu MHz : 3299.670 ...
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1answer
275 views

How to calculate per CPU load

Is there any C API to calculate per CPU load? /proc/loadavg gives the CPU average load for all available CPUs and /proc/stat doesn't mention anything about active processes per CPU. How can I obtain ...
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1answer
227 views

KVM reports strange CPU usage peaks (bash infinite recursion)

On a KVM machine running Fedora 20 I ran ulimit -s unlimited (this removes limit on stack size) and an experimental torturing testing script. All this script does is just infinite recursion: ...
0
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1answer
121 views

Lower cpu performance in Linux [closed]

I have a problem with my CPU performance in Linux. I have a laptop, Toshiba Satellite C660-101. Despite the fact that the CPU works perfectly fine in Windows 7, Linux has some serious issues. ...
5
votes
1answer
787 views

Get CPU usage for single process

I've got a problem getting a real-time CPU usage of a single process (by its PID). I'd like to setup a watchdog for the CPU usage of a process because it's suddenly reaching 100% of the CPU usage ...
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4answers
12k views

Number of processors in /proc/cpuinfo

While i was learning about cpu load i came to know that it depends on numbers of core. if i have 2 cores then load 2 will give 100% cpu utilization. So i tried to find out cores.( i already know that ...
17
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1answer
18k views

What are software and hardware interrupts, and how are they processed?

I am not sure if I understand the concept of hardware and software interrupts. If I understand correctly, the purpose of a hardware interrupt is to get some attention of the CPU, part of implementing ...
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0answers
396 views

Disable CPU scaling with U 1404

I know there are a lot of things about this topic but I couldn't find anything not older than 4 years. As the stuff develops so fast I hope it is fine to ask again a few years later. What is ...
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0answers
105 views

Figuring out physical cache layout in FreeBSD

I'm trying to figure out they physical cache layout of my CPU in FreeBSD 10. I see the following from sysctl kern.sched.topology_spec kern.sched.topology_spec: <groups> <group level="1" ...
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2answers
9k views

Top “id” is using 50-99% of CPU

My i386 Lubuntu install is running with a constantly 100% CPU. Using top I have diagnosed "%id" as using up a lot of CPU, usually between about 50% and 99%. Why is this happening, and how can I stop ...
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0answers
649 views

NVIDIA: could not open the device file /dev/nvidia0 (Operation not permitted)

When I try to run chrome/ium on command line it says NVIDIA: could not open the device file /dev/nvidia0` (Operation not permitted) I don't know whether its related with high CPU usage on ...
4
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2answers
16k views

Understanding %CPU while running top command [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what does %CPU means when I run top. I am seeing %CPU for my application as 400 or 500 most of the times. Does anyone knows what does this mean? What number is a high ...
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3answers
5k views

kswapd0 takes 99% to 100% CPU in RHEL 6.3

I have 5 systems on which I have just installed RHEL6. System configuration is CPU-i7 HDD-500 GB RAM-2 GB Swap- 4 GB I have installed the same software's and all the configuration as per ...
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2answers
679 views

What does % utilization mean in htop if only 1 process can execute at a time?

I see that the htop command reports respective the % of utilisation of each CPU core and also that of the processes. We know that only 1 process can execute at a time in the CPU. How is it possible ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

detect process eating cpu without: top, htop, ps?

I went thru a problem where I could only guess what process was eating the cpu. My cpu usage was about 80% for all cores at psensor. I tried htop, top and ps -A -o pcpu,pid,cmd --sort +pcpu (the ...
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2answers
328 views

CPU percentage of a single process

How do I get the average CPU percentage (for every second) consumed by a single process since it starts until it ends (exists)? Could I make this with Top?
3
votes
1answer
155 views

What's the correct value to base the maximum number of CPU's to sched_setaffinity to?

I have some confusion as to what's the correct value to use for the number of CPU's I can use to make a CPU_SET for a sched_setaffinity call on my system. My /proc/cpuinfo file: processor : 0 ...
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1answer
107 views

Find out if CPU supports dynamic speed setting

I need to find out in my script if a (potentially legacy) CPU supports dynamic speed setting, and eventually get value of maximum and current speed. What makes it more complicated is that I need to ...
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2answers
2k views

Does BIOS read directly the bootloader or load it into RAM?

I'm trying to understand the very first steps of the boot process. The CPU read the BIOS It reads a fixed address instruction It will jump to the first BIOS instructions address It will execute ...
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0answers
23 views

Intel Xeon stuck at 800mhz CPU Freq on RHEL 6.5 [duplicate]

Currently running into a headache trying to figure out why my CPU speed is stuck as such a low frequency. After doing some research, I found that cpuspeedutil does actually control the state of the ...
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1answer
191 views

Check SSE3 support from bash?

Is there a way to check whether or not the current system supports SSE3 from a bash script? I'm currently writing an installer script, and the program in question has an alternate version that takes ...
3
votes
3answers
503 views

Is there a way to make your process use less CPU?

I want my device to use less CPU to save battery. I have a program that uses a large amount of it. nice won't help as all it does is change scheduling when CPU is at %100, while I don't want it to get ...
3
votes
1answer
613 views

CPU Placement in KVM

I have a configuration of KVM guests where the cpu placement is configured as follows: <vcpu placement='static'>1</vcpu> Now since I don't have a cpuset specified I was reading libvirt ...
3
votes
1answer
430 views

Slow down CPU when it heats up

I run Gentoo Linux on my laptop. I have an issue, though, where if I'm building some very large piece of software (as I do fairly frequently, since the purpose of this laptop is development), the CPU ...
2
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2answers
2k views

High Idle CPU / Low CPU Load average

After removing APC (alternative php cache), I noticed that there are less pagination access and less dirty pages but in the same time: High idle CPU Very low CPU load (relatively to the time before ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What does it mean exactly when a processes “Time” has stopped in top?

I'll be looking into why we're getting critical swap alerts, and I'll find something like: PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ SWAP COMMAND 14683 user1 30 10 16.0g 772m ...
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5answers
474 views

performance monitoring

Is there some performace monitoring tool which would run in background gathering info about all system activity? Somethimes my system (Arch linux, 32 bit) slows down terribly and the top utility ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Minimizing hardware interrupts

I am using a modified Linux kernel as a soft real-time OS, on a system that has an architecture like this: CPU1 and CPU2 have 8 cores each. I have 4 processes that need to be run with minimum ...
5
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1answer
114 views

How the network packets are transferred to the memory on linux?

Is there some command or tool for monitoring network packets and how those packets are handled by the memory and than proceeded to the CPU on linux platform? Using tcpdump I can capture many apache ...
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2answers
484 views

How to get CPU Percentage as a Counter?

I would like to monitor total CPU utilization percentage as a counter. The reason I would like it as a counter is that data won't be lost between samples (and I can have the graphing side calculate ...