The character based display-interface between human and computer.

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3
votes
2answers
45 views

Is a virtual console considered a process running on the OS kernel?

A terminal emulator is a program/process running in the GUI of an OS. A linux kernel offers 7 virtual consoles. Is a virtual console also a process running on the OS kernel?
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Virtual console pauses video and audio playback running in KDE

In Kubuntu 14.04, when I switch to one of the virtual consoles by pressing CTRL-ALT-F1...F6 all audio and video playback running in the GUI gets interrupted and continues only when going back to X. ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Is it possible to change what tty a terminal emulator is connected to?

If I have a terminal emulator (say, xterm) by default it connects to a pseudoterminal like /dev/pts/3 What I would like to know is if it is possible to connect it directly to, say, tty1? Could I ...
508
votes
3answers
102k views

What is the exact difference between a 'terminal', a 'shell', a 'tty' and a 'console'?

I think these terms almost refer to the same thing, when used loosely: terminal shell tty console What exactly does each of these terms refer to?
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Stop init.d from running, and go to terminal prompt

I'm running Rasbian (Debian?) on my Raspberry Pi, and have allot of auto-starting things in init.d. But what if I want to stop them all from running, and simply break into a terminal prompt? I've ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Linux console: only kernel messages are printed

My Linux system is built by Buildroot and runs on a Raspberry Pi. I use a Usb to TTL Serial cable to get a console. Here comes cmdline.txt dwc_otg.fiq_fix_enable=1 sdhci-bcm2708.sync_after_dma=0 ...
3
votes
2answers
179 views

Multi-function CapsLock without X

I would like to remap CapsLock to Esc when pressed by itself and Ctrl when pressed with another key without using X. This is similar to a previous question ( Remap CapsLock to Escape and Control ...
3
votes
1answer
705 views

Loadkeys gives permission denied for normal user

I am trying to perform loadkeys operation. For normal user, I am getting permission denied error. the error is as follows. <tim@testps>~% loadkeys mykeys Loading /usr/tim/mykeys Keymap 0: ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

How to define a Compose Key in terminal (no desktop environment)?

I would like to define a compose key on my system (Debian Sid "Wheezy"). I have no Xorg (and don't want any desktop environment). Only in terminal. I would like to set it up on my Alt-Gr key (right ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Removing Gnome GUI and Booting From CLI

I'm running an ARM version of Ubuntu provided by Linaro. I'm not 100% sure on current version as I'm re-installing using the manufacturing tools (I want to say its Linaro 11.10). However, I was ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Escape on Control key, Control on Capslock key, Capslock on Escape key

I'm looking for a method that works in both X and the console with console-setup (e.g. xkboptions, no X-exclusive methods like xmodmap). With XKBoptions, combining ctrl:swapcaps and caps:swapescape ...
7
votes
2answers
27k views

Can I change the font of terminal?

I have a Un*x OS installed without desktop, I wonder if it is possible to change the font of terminal.
6
votes
5answers
495 views

Is it possible to view media on the console?

I know the console (outside X11, e.g. /dev/tty1) works in text-mode, but I think if it is possible to play music using programs like cvlc and mplayer, it should be possible to view pictures and watch ...
2
votes
3answers
803 views

Insert Unicode Characters at Console Login

My password contains "special" characters like ü. How can I login at the console (no X running) when the default keyboard layout does not provide these characters? Or, differently put: how can I ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Configuration file for Virtual Console

Does any configuration file exist for virtual console, when a user logins in it which is read and executed ? My requirement: To execute some shell commands when a user logins using the virtual ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

USB device messages flooding dmesg (and console)

When USB mouse is plugged into my laptop, dmesg is flooded with following messages: usb 3-1: USB disconnect, device number 28 usb 3-1: new low-speed USB device number 29 using xhci_hcd usb 3-1: New ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

How to list console and kernel fonts?

I have a number of console fonts installed in /lib/kbd/consolefonts/ installed. How do I list them (obviously all I can do, is just look at the filenames, but not at a list at available fonts). How ...
2
votes
2answers
400 views

utf-8 sequence in the console

when I perform the "tree" command in the console, here's what I've got : . ├── Annexe\ 1\ -\ Sch\303\251ma\ global\ de\ la\ base\ de\ donn\303\251es.raw ... The result is composed of utf-8 ...
2
votes
0answers
272 views

add monitor to linux tty framebuffer

Whenever I use my laptop at my desk, I usually connect it to an external display on DP-1. To switch the window manager output to this display, I can just use xrandr --output DP-1 ... However, ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

I no longer see the output of rc scripts

My current problem After cloning the root filesystem of my debian system to an SSD (cp -ax) I no longer see the output of my rc scripts during boot from the SSD. I do see them during shutdown or when ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

How do I temporary change my keyboard layout on Debian? (no X)

How can I quickly change my keyboard layout between US and German? setxkbmap does not apply here, as I only have an SSH shell. Persistent changes via dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Can I use two sets of I/O devices for two user sessions on one computer?

I want to connect a second monitor, keyboard and mouse to my PC (running Ubuntu) and let somebody else (e.g. my son) use the a different TTY while I am working. I know I can switch between TTYs using ...
2
votes
0answers
360 views

How can force my screen to unblank?

I've been doing a lot of looking around forums for different ways to unblank the screen. I am running embedded linux on a machine I have and I found out that the screen goes blank under certain ...
5
votes
1answer
649 views

Cannot switch to console anymore after using Alt_R as mod4

I'd like to use the right ALT key as 'mod4' (most notably because, by default, the 'awesome' window manager is using mod4 as a modifier for most WM commands and I like that idea a lot). However I've ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

(nologin) root and id X re-spawning

Today I faced a strange issue on one of the test server. Server was set to Runlevel 5. But it didnt work and system changed to runlevel 3. It was showing "init: Id "x" respawning too fast: disabled ...
4
votes
2answers
480 views

Interpret backspaces in file

Is there a way to interpret/"execute" backspaces in a file/line using common bash commands? I have a console program which prints some stuff and than erases it using backspaces and finally writes the ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Block physical console access

I'd like to block physical console access to my linux. I'd like to find, which module is responsible for keyboard input (ps/2, usb, ...) and vga output (only physical), so I can remove them from my ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Where can i find any information about ancient doshell(8)?

I check the openvt manual by running "man openvt" command, and i found doshell(8) under "SEE ALSO" section: But there's no manual if i do "man 8 doshell": I checked the online manual at ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Caps lock doesn't take effect on all letters

I have a laptop running Debian Jessie with only the Linux console (X server not installed). On this laptop caps lock doesn't take effect on the special Danish characters æøå (I just get æøå instead of ...
0
votes
4answers
161 views

Unwanted console text

For some reason, every time I plug in a USB device, a whole bunch of messages get dumped onto the terminal. (Saying something about device IDs, buffering modes, etc.) How to I prevent this from ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I check which terminal definitions are available?

The bulk of the question is in title, but to elaborate a little: On most Linuxes I can find /usr/share/terminfo -type f. But on Solaris machine I have nearby - this directory doesn't even exist. I ...
0
votes
1answer
281 views

Switching from Xorg to console does not work

I am running Debian testing with Xfce. When I boot the machine I can see some usual booting messages, the last message is this: Waiting for /dev to be fully populated ... After a short time (1-2 ...
0
votes
1answer
466 views

How can I print out the current keybindings in Linux/Debian? [closed]

How can I print out the current keybindings in Linux/Debian ? I tried xmodmap -pp and got the response: xmodmap: unable to open display ''
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Combos with shift not working in emacs on console

I'm running emacs 24.3.1 on a system with a console-only minimal install of Debian Jessie. Non of the keybindings that involve the shift key works in emacs (except shift to modify upper case). These ...
2
votes
2answers
836 views

Changing TTY font to a non-default font

I found two ways to change the TTY font: dpkg-reconfigure console-setup editing /etc/default/console-setup Either way I'm limited to the fonts in /usr/share/consolefonts (I'm using Debian). How ...
1
vote
2answers
376 views

Can't switch to console using my own compiled kernel

In my Ubuntu, I can't switch to console through Ctrl+Alt+Fx using my own compiled kernel, and a black screen appears. I can switch back through Ctrl+Alt+F7. Using the default Ubuntu kernel, I can ...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

Locking console when computer suspends/hibernates

In X I've used the following script (from here) to lock the computer with i3lock each time pm-suspend or pm-hibernate are invoked. /etc/pm/sleep.d/00screensaver-lock: #!/bin/sh # ...
1
vote
2answers
177 views

Lock console session

I've set up a no-x/console only system running a minimal install of debian jessie/testing. For this system I need a screen locker to lock the entire session when I'm away. vlock would be appropriate ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

Options to show images when on the console

When I am on the console (the tty, the virtual terminal, which you reach with Ctrl+Alt+F1-6, not a terminal emulator), what options do I have to view images, tiff, whatever that's not text?
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Is there any way to play gpu accelerated video without X?

You can play use mplayer on fbdev, but not with the gpu. That's as close as I can find.
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What is the Command to check the history of the command executed which should based on the user who accessed it [closed]

I am looking for the command or script to meet the following requirement. I wanted a history of all the users who connected to my machine and what commands they execute in there session and at which ...
2
votes
3answers
998 views

netcat doesn't work as expected when detached from console with nohup (Ubuntu/Debian 64bit)

I'm trying to leave netcat running and close the ssh session (even stop the ssh daemon). But it then exits before all of the data is written. I'm testing in a non-ssh (local) console: nohup nc -l -p ...
5
votes
1answer
349 views

Linux VT Emacs in tmux, breaks color and cursor

TERM is set to screen. I tried with screen-256color, but then the colors went really nuts. I also tried xterm, linux, and some others (that I could think of, not really thinking) but screen is the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change the default TTY after boot?

Normally when system starts you have all output printed on the TTY1, and that's ok, but I start X-server via startx and achieve this by the following lines in the ~/.profile file : if [[ $(tty) = ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

TTY not work after X starts

I have a HP Envy4 5306tx laptop with Intel+Nvidia dual cards, and I install fedora 19 X64 on it without NVidia proprietory driver. However, there are some problems about the X and TTY。 The TTYs are ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Why CentOS 6 adjusts console width when running screen?

I run a console window through my PuTTY session. That console windows has a column width of 140. When I start the screen session, the console shrinks to 80 columns. I do not see this behavior on ...
8
votes
1answer
467 views

Why do we need so many terminal emulator packages and what is their use?

This is something that has been so confusing to me for a long time. I am using Linux but I have gaps in my understanding of certain aspects and one is about the terminal. As I came to understand it ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Stop tailing log

I have a problem, I accidentally did tail -f on a log, but now I cant quit! - Its the anaconda log during a redhat install. Control-C doesn't seem to work, I guess due to it saying sh: no job control ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Detect if running in a virtual terminal?

I'd like to autologin to tty1 on login and then use vlock to lock it. How can I detect from Bash if the current terminal is a console virtual terminal (e.g. tty1), so that I can put the vlock line ...
2
votes
2answers
314 views

Weird escape sequence

I need help identifying what this escape sequences represents. I see this sequence is autogenerating on my server's console, but I'm not sure what is the reason for that. Escape sequence: ^[[[D I've ...