The character based display-interface between human and computer.

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8
votes
1answer
334 views

Why do we need so many terminal emulator packages and what is their use?

This is something that has been so confusing to me for a long time. I am using Linux but I have gaps in my understanding of certain aspects and one is about the terminal. As I came to understand it ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Stop tailing log

I have a problem, I accidentally did tail -f on a log, but now I cant quit! - Its the anaconda log during a redhat install. Control-C doesn't seem to work, I guess due to it saying sh: no job control ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Detect if running in a virtual terminal?

I'd like to autologin to tty1 on login and then use vlock to lock it. How can I detect from Bash if the current terminal is a console virtual terminal (e.g. tty1), so that I can put the vlock line ...
2
votes
2answers
182 views

Weird escape sequence

I need help identifying what this escape sequences represents. I see this sequence is autogenerating on my server's console, but I'm not sure what is the reason for that. Escape sequence: ^[[[D I've ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

LDAP: view DIT structure from terminal

Can I get list of existing entries using any console utilities? For example - I can get a tree of my filesystem with tree: $ tree . ├── Catalina │   └── localhost │   ├── host-manager.xml │   ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

How Do You Pass VGA/VESA Modes with GRUB2?

One of my machines has a 3 TB HD setup to triple boot into Mint 14 (Ubuntu 12.10 variant), Slackware 14.1 and Arch Linux. The HD is formatted using the GPT/Guid system. The Grub2 technically "belongs" ...
1
vote
0answers
429 views

Console Terminus Font Size in Slackware?

I am running Slackware 14.1 mostly from the command line on a 1366x768 monitor (using a vesa mode appropriate for the resolution, 0x34c if it matters, giving me a screen resolution of 1366x768x32 in ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Virtual TTY jumps to the next on launching from the Openbox menu

When I launch a terminal from my Openbox menu my virtual terminal TTY jumps to the next CtrlAltF12 slot. It seems that this problem appeared after I wanted some more than 7 TTYs and added some to ...
3
votes
2answers
402 views

Clipboard sharing between the host OS and a virtual console of a VirtualBox linux guest

I have a CentOS guest OS running without X11. Is there anyway I can paste text from the host clipboard into the virtual terminals or highlight text in the vt via the console mouse daemon and paste it ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Get current output

This just crossed my mind. Let's say that I'm operating a remote machine via SSH and I executed a make command to, e.g. build a new kernel for my machine. While I'm logged in that session, I can see ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Read what is written to /dev/tty*

How can I read what is written to /dev/tty*(* = 0 - number of tty)? I tried sudo tail -f /dev/tty1 on one terminal(X) and then sudo cp .emacs /dev/tty1 from another. X didn't show the the content of ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there any reason why I get ^[[A when I press up arrow at the console login screen?

Whenever I'm at the console login, I press up arrow intentionally to see the previously typed commands. But I see this ^[[A. But when I press Ctrl Alt Print Screen Scroll Lock Pause Break Page Up ...
2
votes
2answers
755 views

How can I replace a tty using getty with qingy on ubuntu 12.04 or later?

Qingy is a getty replacement. I'd like to use it for a tty terminal on Linux Mint 15 (in hopes of getting tmux to get proper 256 colors in tty which fails with fbterm) which means replacing getty. ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

How do I prevent the screen from blanking?

I am running 12.04 Ubuntu Server and my screen blanks after some time. I am unable to unblank it without power cycling the computer. I can however log in via ssh and type who see that the tty1 ...
31
votes
1answer
856 views

What happens when Ctrl + Alt + F<Num> is pressed?

I am looking for an explanation of what happens in Linux when this key combination is pressed to change the current terminal. In particular, what software component intercepts this key combination and ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Capture textual snapshot of pseudo terminal

My question is related to Keyboard and Console, but I want to do it for an arbitrary pseudo terminal, and not just the built-in Linux ones. Also, I'm not interested in a stream, I just want the ...
1
vote
0answers
656 views

Debian 7 - Startx fails to start system

When I boot into the second primary boot loader, I get to the text based console to boot when I type 'startx'. The screen loads, and goes black for 10 seconds. Then when it loads a white screen ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

Why does the FreeBSD handbook recommend using a virtual console because of system messages? [closed]

Quoting from the FreeBSD Handbook, in section 4.2.1. “Virtual Consoles”: While the system console can be used to interact with the system, a user working from the command line at the keyboard of a ...
3
votes
0answers
156 views

Getty not starting in qemu

I'm trying to get running an ARM based Debian inside qemu. As a rootfs I'm using structure from embeddedarm 2gb sdcard image with versatile 2.6.24 kernel downloaded from fedora qemu tutorial site. At ...
2
votes
1answer
318 views

accessing stdin/stdout of a process started in another tty

I logged in to my linux physically(say tty1) and started a process that watches stdin for commands and has some stdout-put. How can I access/use this process from a SSH session?
3
votes
1answer
272 views

How can I capture an OpenBSD install console?

So.. How can I save the text that is based on Q/A's when installing an OpenBSD 5.3? Or I only have the choice to manually type the texts down? or an OCR software using printscreens?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

/dev/console dynamic redirection

Is it possible to dynamically redirect all data sent to /dev/console into something else (for example - to /dev/null, /dev/tty9 or even /dev/null)? Of course, it can be done statically via ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Graphical console applications in Emacs

I am having trouble running htop within an ansi-term in Emacs 24.2. It looks like some of the control characters are not interpreted correctly. I thought ansi-term was capable of handling font ...
1
vote
0answers
946 views

badblocks and “end_request: I/O error” in output

I have 500GB disk in my toshiba laptop, I tried to do backup of files in this HDD but it failed few times (ubuntu just closed copying operation or unmounted disk during copying files). So I boot my ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Scrambled Xen Console on dom0

I installed Xen using the recommended procedure on Ubuntu's site using motherboard Supermicro X7SBL-LN2 and Ubuntu 13.04 amd64. After the installing it and rebooting my console looks like this: ...
2
votes
3answers
350 views

RHEL - shutdown a locked out system

I have a RHEL system which is locked out. I don't have the password of the system. If am able to shut it down or properly restart it, I can edit the kernel to have single mode and then reset the ...
1
vote
2answers
6k views

How to set default console keyboard layout in Arch Linux?

Whenever I reboot my computer I have to set the keyboard layout in a console again with loadkeys. Is there a way to change the default keyboard layout that is loaded everytime the computer boots?
21
votes
2answers
13k views

How to colorize output of ls ?

I'm running CentOS in Linux text mode. When I run the command ls /usr/, the output is too hard to read (dark blue on black). How can I change the text coloring?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

256 color in real console

I have in my .bashrc export TERM=xterm-256color but this cause blinking all colored text (ls --color, in vim etc.) in real console (CTRL + ALT + F1) . So is there any possibility to recognize in ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

How to get 256 color support in a login shell TTY? [duplicate]

I want to experiment with a fully text-based environment, however, the only thing that is stopping me - is getting 256 colors so my Vim color schemes could work perfectly. When I enter a TTY by ...
1
vote
2answers
531 views

What stream does perf use?

What stream does the perf command use!? I've been trying to capture it with (perf stat -x, -ecache-misses ./a.out>/dev/null) 2> results following http://stackoverflow.com/q/13232889/50305, ...
2
votes
1answer
500 views

Is many consoles in securetty file a risk?

I got a problem So I expect you can give me an answer. I have to evaluate the security of a RedHat server. The idea is review the /etc/securetty file to ensure that only the console tty is listed. But ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Clearing the “old” scrollback buffer

This might seem to be a duplicate question but it isn't. I know that I can use printf "\033f" to clear the scrollback buffer of the "current" session but that doesn't work for old sessions. My ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Looking for a GUI application to enter linux commands

I am looking for a GUI console where I can enter Linux commands in an entry widget and the result will be output in a text area widget. Is there is such software available? Something like this: In ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Emacs - Strange Whitespace

(I posted this same general question here on StackOverflow thinking it had something to do with my emacs configuration, but after following a comment there, I think it is exclusive to urxvt) My ...
9
votes
1answer
34k views

How to set the resolution in text consoles (troubleshoot when any `vga=…` fails)

It is a common way to set the resolution of a text consoles (that are usually available by Ctrl-Alt-F1 thru Ctrl-Alt-F6) by using a vga=... kernel parameter. I'm using Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid, output of ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Customizing console appearance [duplicate]

I recently made this thread about disabling the lightdm auto start. I got the solution I wanted, but some things are really unpleasant. For example when using ls directories are colored dark blue ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Change the number of rows and columns in the TTY [duplicate]

I want to resize the terminal which comes up when you press CtrlAltF1 (or F2,F3,...). 25x80 is small for a 24" screen. Tried using stty, but the commands stty columns 200 and stty rows 50 does not ...
3
votes
1answer
484 views

TERM=(linux|xterm) vi in an xterm or the AAABBBBBBCCDDD-problem

Usually when I want to run vim in a desktop konsole session, I make sure the TERM variable is set to linux as the arrow keys don't work in insert mode with TERM=xterm. They show capital A..D instead ...
1
vote
0answers
338 views

why cannot read /dev/console after reboot AIX

I use < /dev/console when running Micro-Focus cobol programs in background cron jobs instead of < /dev/null because then we don't get an warning about the input file not supporting ioctl. The ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

console displaying quote character from gcc wongly

After an upgrade to debian wheezy my text consoles displays questions marks where there should be quotes Under X I see things correctly window.cpp:1056:21: error: base operand of ‘->’ is not a ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are there so many virtual terminal devices?

I've been reading the Advanced Linux Programming book and it mentions about virtual terminals which, if I understood it correctly, it is a Linux-specific feature (not in Unix) to allow multiple login ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Whether monitor is off without appealing to X or /proc

How can I know whether the monitor is on or off if X is not running, and without appealing to /proc/acpi/video? The latter isn't available from my kernel. If X is running it's just a matter of $ ...
3
votes
1answer
360 views

Switch to TTYs without Function keys

At the moment I have a keyboard which lacks function keys (F1 through F12), and I was wondering - is there a way I could switch to textual TTYs (and back, which might prove to be a problem if I were ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Can I configure bash to execute “clear” before every command typed in the console?

I would like to configure bash to execute clear command every time I type some command in the terminal (before executing my command). How can I do that? I'm using Debian Linux.
8
votes
1answer
242 views

How do I prevent system information from being displayed on a terminal?

I'm working on a curses GUI that is supposed to start up automatically on boot-up in the default linux terminal (I have no X server installed). I have this working great, but I have a problem where ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Fix terminal after displaying a binary file

I'd tried command cat with an executable file: cat /bin/ls Now I can't read any word in this terminal (Linux console). How can I fix it?
1
vote
0answers
100 views

can I run xvfb on a console-only debian system

I am developing a console-only debian-based rescue cd loosly based on thfixed spelling.e live-system's rescue cd. One of the things I need for my livecd is to be able to run firefox for some testing, ...
2
votes
1answer
365 views

open() console for default file descriptors

I'm reading a shell program implementation in C ( the xv6 shell from MIT's 6.828 Operating System Engineering course ). The main() function for this shell starts with the following code: //Assumes ...
2
votes
2answers
394 views

incorrect lines display in ssh console

I have problem with my console drawing lines. The problem is when I connect through ssh to server everything draws ok. But when I use up arrow key to show last used commands it often leaves few ...