The system console is an interface used by human to control the computer. Basically, it consists of a keyboard and a monitor that can provide a text user interface.

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How to map a console keyboard layout to a X keyboard layout in Linux

In my distribution (Slackware 13.37), the console keyboard layout is chosen among some of those available in /usr/share/kbd/keymaps ' sub directories, coming from the kbd package. Under X instead ...
7
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1answer
102 views

Why does 8250 UART driver not wake up TTY if more than 256 characters are pending?

What is the motivation of this if-condition in void serial8250_tx_chars(struct uart_8250_port *up)? if (uart_circ_chars_pending(xmit) < WAKEUP_CHARS) uart_write_wakeup(port); It has been ...
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3answers
1k views

How can one switch to ttyX in virtualbox?

I run VirtualBox in Linux , running CentOS in it , and I can't switch to ttyX in the CentOS since I'll go to the ttyX in my Linux. Any solutions ?
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2answers
9k views

How do I temporary change my keyboard layout on Debian? (no X)

How can I quickly change my keyboard layout between US and German? setxkbmap does not apply here, as I only have an SSH shell. Persistent changes via dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration ...
6
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5answers
891 views

Is it possible to view media on the console?

I know the console (outside X11, e.g. /dev/tty1) works in text-mode, but I think if it is possible to play music using programs like cvlc and mplayer, it should be possible to view pictures and watch ...
6
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1answer
181 views

Why are multiple command-line terminal consoles available/running at the same time on RHEL systems?

I'm studying for the RHCSA and am trying to wrap my mind around a seemingly basic concept: terminal consoles. I don't understand how/why RHEL systems make 6 terminal consoles (/dev/ttyN) available ...
6
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1answer
3k views

What is the difference between a Console, Shell, Terminal, Terminal emulator, Terminal multiplexer, and a Window manager?

For example. What is the difference between a default 'interface/console' of FreeBSD/archlinux, vs Terminal, vs Terminal emulator like Xterm, vs Terminal multiplexer like tmux, vs Window manager like ...
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1answer
3k views

Send a command from the console to a running X server

Is it possible to send a command from the console, say tty1, to the terminal currently occupied with X (in my case tty7 as I use Debian), to tell for example mplayer to play a movie? Edit - made a ...
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1answer
2k views

Change the status of the keyboard leds, from within an X session, without root access

I am trying to force the capslock led on. xset does not work for me, so I am trying to use setleds. In a graphical console, this command returns: > LANG=C setleds -L +caps KDGKBLED: Inappropriate ...
6
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1answer
18k views

Change the number of rows and columns in the TTY [duplicate]

I want to resize the terminal which comes up when you press CtrlAltF1 (or F2,F3,...). 25x80 is small for a 24" screen. Tried using stty, but the commands stty columns 200 and stty rows 50 does not ...
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2answers
2k views

Why are there so many virtual terminal devices?

I've been reading the Advanced Linux Programming book and it mentions about virtual terminals which, if I understood it correctly, it is a Linux-specific feature (not in Unix) to allow multiple login ...
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1answer
666 views

Locking console input without screen blanking

I'm looking for a method to lock/disable keyboard input into a text console (tty, no xorg) without blanking the screen. I would like to be able to monitor the on-screen progress of a long-running ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Cannot switch to TTYs or back

I just upgraded to Mint 13 - KDE x64 I am unable to switch to ttys by using the CtrlAltF1 .. F6 keys. The gettys are running and I can switch to the terminals with the sudo chvt 1 command. I have ...
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2answers
1k views

Using curses with Linux console

I'm trying to use Curses on Fedora 12 to output status information to a VT (one of the terminals you can get to by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Fx). When I start up my application on one of VTs ($TERM=linux) ...
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10answers
685 views

How to quickly add some space in the terminal?

I often find myself scrolling back through the terminal with the mouse-wheel to see the first of many C++ template errors issued by a command. Anticipating this, I'll hold down the Return key to give ...
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2answers
5k views

Change colors in console/virtual terminal

Is there a way to alter all the available colors in console / virtual terminal? By console, I mean what you get after pressing CTRL + ALT + F1 and not anything like xterm or urxvt. So, I guess that ...
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2answers
251 views

How to modify linux console prompt line ( for a while )

For example I typed such commands: user@my-machine:~$ cd ABC user@my-machine:~/ABC$ cd long-name user@my-machine:~/ABC/long-name$ cd another-long-name ...
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3answers
3k views

How to clear terminal after logging out?

Currently on my laptop when I log out I can still see traces of my last activities (in tty). How can I tell it (Gentoo) to clear the screen before logging out?
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438 views

How to display commands in a different terminal?

I have a raspberry pi with a screen attached to it. It boots up to a login prompt. I have no keyboard and no mouse attached to it and would like to keep it this way. I proceed to login to it via ssh ...
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2answers
264 views

How and where is $TERM interpreted?

I'm wondering how some terminal magic works internally. While playing around with docker containers, the environment variable $TERM was not set. This led to strange-looking console applications like ...
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2answers
1k views

caps lock led not working on Linux console

When I switch to a TTY and turn on the caps lock, the caps lock LED on my keyboard isn't turning on. On X it works fine. When I activate caps lock and then switch to a TTY and then press caps lock (on ...
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2answers
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Preventing access to TTY when X is killed

Assume I start an X server manually from a virtual console /dev/tty1 with xinit or startx, with the line id:3:initdefault: set in /etc/inittab. The X server gets run and put on another virtual ...
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3answers
7k views

Try to disable console output, console=null doesn't work

as mentioned above, I want to to completely turn off the console output, but putting console= or console=null in the kernel command line doesn't change a thing. When I enque quiet to the kernel ...
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2answers
3k views

Can I start my main desktop graphical session remotely?

So my workstation at work got rebooted and I'm currently not logged in physically there with a graphical session. I have ssh access to it, and I can start a new X windows session and use my graphical ...
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1answer
3k views

Ubuntu Server, set terminal font to a custom ttf font?

I would like to change the system (console) font of my ubuntu server to a custom (downloaded) font. Is this possible? I've tried to use: dpkg-reconfigure console-setup but the only allows me to ...
5
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1answer
4k views

How to change font-size, number of rows / columns on a terminal

I am running a Linux server (without xwindows or any kind of GUI), with a modern 22" LCD monitor. Given the huge size of my monitor, I would like to increase the number of rows and columns on my ...
5
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2answers
559 views

Fully Disable PrntScr Key

I recently came across a Linux feature I have never seen before, where pressing the PrntScr button on the keyboard prints a physical piece of paper with the contents of my console. I really need to ...
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1answer
770 views

Cannot switch to console anymore after using Alt_R as mod4

I'd like to use the right ALT key as 'mod4' (most notably because, by default, the 'awesome' window manager is using mod4 as a modifier for most WM commands and I like that idea a lot). However I've ...
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2answers
5k views

How to change the default TTY after boot?

Normally when system starts you have all output printed on the TTY1, and that's ok, but I start X-server via startx and achieve this by the following lines in the ~/.profile file : if [[ $(tty) = ...
5
votes
1answer
574 views

Console ScreenSaver without X11

I'm trying to setup a very slimmed down console only Debian system to act as a simple slideshow photo display. I know that it is possible to show graphics (I guess using the framebuffer) in the ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Convert .bdf/.pcf font to .psf(u) for using as consolefont?

I am using Arch Linux. Is it possible to convert a BDF or PCF font to a PSF font for use in console/CONSOLEFONT in rc.conf? I haven't found anything that can do it,except bdf2psf which I got the ...
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2answers
975 views

In linux console (no X), how to stretch console screen to fit monitor

Google could not help me with this problem. I hope you guys can. When I boot my computer, the first few screens presented to me by BIOS and boot menu are stretched to fit the LCD screen. Once Linux ...
5
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1answer
2k views

How do I configure setfont and loadkeys properly?

I'm installing LFS and I'm struggling with this section. My locale is sv_SE.UTF-8 and I have a Swedish keyboard. So I suppose I should enable unicode and that the keymap is sv-latin1: cat > ...
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526 views

Name of the font used in Linux Console (TTY)

What is the name of the font that is used in Linux Console TTY 1-6?
5
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1answer
241 views

Different console font sizes on two installations of debian wheezy

I have installed Debian Wheezy on two different partitions of the same desktop computer. The first installation was done a few months ago with a version 7.5 iso image. The installation has been ...
5
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1answer
164 views

Printing to an X terminal faster than printing to tty?

In Linux Mint 17, I was testing the printing speed of the default ttys versus the speed of a mate-terminal running on Xorg. To test the speeds, I generated a random file: dd if=/dev/urandom ...
5
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1answer
971 views

Switch display output without rebooting but not in Xorg

My graphic card has two output (VGA and DVI). Is it possible to switch from one to the other without rebooting ? It works in Xorg by restarting the X server (I guess it should be doable with xrandr ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Disabling or changing console switching keys

For some reasons on my Ubuntu 11.04 Natty running Linux 2.6.38-13, with an Italian layout for the keyboard, the keystrokes AltFx switch between virtual consoles (instead of the normal CtrlAltFx ...
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80 views

enable external display on FreeBSD console

tl;dr, I'd like to use the external display with FreeBSD 10.0 on an HP Pavilion g7-2270us. Don't care if it's mirrored or I have to select one or the other. Here's the symptoms: When a display is ...
5
votes
1answer
464 views

Linux VT Emacs in tmux, breaks color and cursor

TERM is set to screen. I tried with screen-256color, but then the colors went really nuts. I also tried xterm, linux, and some others (that I could think of, not really thinking) but screen is the ...
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votes
2answers
603 views

Interpret backspaces in file

Is there a way to interpret/"execute" backspaces in a file/line using common bash commands? I have a console program which prints some stuff and than erases it using backspaces and finally writes the ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

256 color in Linux console

I have in my .bashrc export TERM=xterm-256color but this cause blinking all colored text (ls --color, in vim etc.) in a Linux console (Ctrl+Alt+F1). So is there any possibility to recognize in ...
4
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2answers
409 views

How to safely shutdown computer during boot sequence?

Due to a bug my computer has stopped in the middle of the boot sequence, just waiting. If I type anything, it prints stuff like ^[[B. I do not want to damage the files on the computer by pressing the ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Origin of /etc/termcap linux entry

Why is there a type of $TERM called linux described in /etc/termcap? Why and when was it created and what's the point of it? Couldn't we just stay with vt-generic? Is linux just a customary name and a ...
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3answers
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clear command in Konsole

I know about the Linux clear command, but it just moves the previous output from the visible part of terminal window (KDE Konsole). I can still scroll up and see all previous text. Is there similar ...
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935 views

tmux: shared session, one user in a pane, another in another pane, two different cursors

I've decided to try tmux: have been reading the docs and googling around, trying to find a way to have two users sharing a session, each with a different cursor. However, giving 777 permissions to ...
4
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1answer
16k views

How much speed difference for a tweaked bios versus uefi boot? [closed]

EFI can be faster, but that's not certain. The biggest speed difference is in hardware initialization early in the process. On my systems, this is a fraction of the total boot time, so a ...
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1answer
870 views

Switch to TTYs without Function keys

At the moment I have a keyboard which lacks function keys (F1 through F12), and I was wondering - is there a way I could switch to textual TTYs (and back, which might prove to be a problem if I were ...
4
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1answer
5k views

open /dev/fb0: No such device

I installed fbi framebuffer to view images on TTY terminals (outside X). When I do: fbi image.jpg it outputs the following error: open /dev/fb0 no such device Yet when I run ls /dev/fb*, I ...
4
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2answers
263 views

Where is the `$TERM` environmental variable set in Debian Jessie for console logins?

I have read a lot of articles and SE questions regarding how and where the default $TERM environmental variable gets set. Unfortunately in Debian 8.1 I can't seem to find where the default $TERM ...