The action of modifying a program's behavior, generally by modifying a text file.

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1answer
12 views

What are these %(…)s strings in fail2ban's jail.conf file, and how do they work?

In setting up fail2ban there are what appear to be variables at the top of the jail.conf that look like this: mytime=300 . . . [ssh] bantime=%(mytime)s Or in this more complicated form like this: ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Distro that runs off DVD but saves settings to USB

I'm looking for a way to run a distro off a DVD, using a USB drive to save settings, basic files, text documents. etc. I have a 7.45GB USB drive and about 10 DVDs. I managed to get Ubuntu 12.04 LTS on ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

stop/restart X server

I want to generate xorg.conf but for that X needs to not be running. How do I stop X or start without it? I tried ctrl + alt + F2 but the X server is still running. I'm running Lubuntu 14.10.
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Can somebody explain The Debian Apache2 configuration files conundrum?

I am a newbie to Apache2.4. I know I am running the said version because of :- $ sudo apache2ctl -v Server version: Apache/2.4.10 (Debian) Server built: Jul 23 2014 13:15:48 Apparently there are ...
1
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1answer
57 views

where in Apache2 do you set the Servername directive globally?

NOTE: This is related to my question: "apache 2.4 won't reload, any problem with my configuration?". The thing is I'm trying to test a local site, locally. As I understand Apache2 (and perhaps ...
16
votes
1answer
753 views

How to automate Linux server configuration?

Is there any way to automate Linux server configuration? I'm working on setting up a couple of new build servers, as well as an FTP server, and would like to automate as much of the process as ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Which file defines the LESSOPEN environment variable?

please advise me about the following. On my Linux machine - I do the following: $ env | grep -i LESSOPEN LESSOPEN=|/usr/bin/lesspipe.sh %s So from env command I see that: ...
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0answers
23 views

How to set up MouseButton4 on TeamSpeak

Is there a way to set up Button4/5 to push-to-talk in TeamSpeak? For Example: In Firefox I can undoing and forwarding but TeamSpeak doesn't recognize clicks. I'm using Arch Linux and my mouse is ...
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2answers
28 views

Apache web server configuration with a DNS server Linux 14.04 LTS [closed]

I need to configure a Apache web server with a DNS server, it can be a simple local server configuration just to practice and see how a DNS server resolves a URL to an ip address and connects to a web ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

How is the content of configuration files parsed on different Linux distributions?

Different Linux distributions store the same configuration parameters in different files. For example IPv4 address in Debian Wheezy is stored in /etc/network/interfaces file while in Fedora 20 it is ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

How to configure which sound card jack2 will use

I've installed jack2 as a substitution for jack from official repositories (I'm on Arch Linux): # pacman -S jack2 I need to use jack2 because it provides jackd (it's needed for another ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

What does xterm's Escape Sequence option do and how do I enable it?

xterm's control-right-click menu contains an option named Escape sequence. It is always disabled ("grayed out") in Ubuntu-14.04. What is this option is used for? How do I enable it? I am looking for ...
1
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1answer
18 views

How does ssh server defines which key to use first having more than 1?

I have just found out that on my Ubuntu machine I have more public keys to serve in /etc/ssh directory: $ ll /etc/ssh total 296K -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 237K lip 3 2013 moduli -rw-r--r-- 1 root root ...
2
votes
3answers
108 views

bashrc in custom folder [duplicate]

I want to cleanup my home folder and have managed to move out most of the configuration files to the .config folder. But, one file I'm not able to figure out is the .bashrc file. How can I specify ...
1
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0answers
24 views

OpenEmbedded: root account doesn't exist!

I'm using the current OpenEmbedded system from: http://git.openembedded.org/openembedded-core/tree/ (For what it's worth, I'm also pulling in layers from ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Webalizer: website/stats doesn't show index.html but directory listing

I'm working with Linux and want to provide my users with up-to-date statistics of their website. ex: user1 has a website on my Linux DNS server: user1.be but when he surfs to user1.be/stats he has to ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

ifconfig not showing changed ip address

I'm trying to configure IP settings on my Raspberry Pi running Rasperian. I edited /etc/networks/interfaces to be: auto lo iface lo inet loopback iface eth0 inet static address 110.76.71.106 ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

OpenVswitch in Linux kernel configuration

There's a kernel configuration variable Open vSwitch (CONFIG_OPENVSWITCH). This enables openVswitch support inside the kernel, but still to use it, we need a userspace daemon. My question is, what ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Linux Mint root app theming breaks when changing controls

So, this is a strange occurrence, which seems similar to other questions but which I've not been able to find a reference for. Maybe my Google-Fu is not strong right now. It seems to be a common ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Postfix configuration? problem

I try to configure mail server on my VPS. I try this tutorial but unfortunately I cant run it. My configuration files are exact the same I only replaced mydomain.com with my own domain. Also when I ...
2
votes
3answers
46 views

bash: dynamic environment control

I have an application which modifies environment variables. The intent is to launch a bash shell with a modified context-specific environment. When my application modifies the environment, and ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Which config files in /etc folder must be unique for each computer?

I am doing a restoration test of backup files on a computer. Without putting much thought into it, I did an rsync to replace all files in /etc folder with the ones in the backup. Then, I realize I ...
1
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2answers
262 views

crontab error with (No MTA installed) but I use >/dev/null 2>&1

I'm new on linux user I try to run crontab to backup my database with vagrant user * * * * * /usr/bin/mysqldump -h localhost -u root -p root mydb | gzip > /var/backup/all/database_`date ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Allowing outgoing emails that will be delivered to localhost only

I operate a Linux system where I give out free Linux shell accounts to people for educational purposes. Unfortunately, while doing so it's expected to meet abusive users who will keep sending spam ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Less command change color of “~” and “(END)”?

How do I change the color of the "~" characters that go along the edge of a Less command output. And how to change the color "(END)" at the bottom?
3
votes
4answers
202 views

Using OpenVPN with systemd

Ok, so I've been searching the web for solutions to this problem with no answers seeming to work for me. Hopefully someone can help me. I'm only trying to configure the OpenVPN Client. I'm running ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Postfix is sending and receiving mail locally, but not to external mailbox

I have a CentOS box running my Apache website and Postfix, but whenever I try PHP's mail() function to my @aevidi email, it sends to my local mailbox in ~/mail, but is not visible in Zoho's webmail. ...
3
votes
2answers
33 views

Using Linux kernel config file from version to version

I have currently Linux Kernel 2.6, which works for my hardware. Now I want to compile Linux kernel 3.2 for the same hardware. Can I use the same .config of 2.6 directly for v3.2? Is there any ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How to receive emails on CentOS 5 server?

I've installed postfix with this nice tutorial http://wiki.centos.org/HowTos/postfix and postfix and dovecot are up and running. I set up user maildir as tutorial suggested. Now I can check my ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

'xorg.conf' and hybrid graphics

Is there any sane way to be able to configure X server and have working hybrid graphics at the same time? Whenever I add "xorg.conf" X server stops loading driver for second (discrete) GPU. ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

fail2ban not working

I have several services running on my Ubuntu 12.04 server and set up fail2ban, but it doesn't block the attacking IPs. SSH is running on port 22. jail.conf [DEFAULT] bantime = 600 maxretry = 3 ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Why do upgrades to KDM/KDE not preserve changes to configuration files?

The kdebase-workspace package on Arch Linux only preservers changes made to /usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc when the package is updated. I need to edit /usr/share/config/kdm/Xsetup to get my monitors to ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

When are spaces around the = sign forbidden?

I know that in ~/.bashrc one must not put spaces around = signs in assignment: $ tail -n2 ~/.bashrc alias a="echo 'You hit a!'" alias b = "echo 'You hit b!'" $ a You hit a! $ b b: command not ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

How does SMART work for scsi device?

After going through the man pages of smartctl, smartd and smartd.conf, I am no clearer on how S.M.A.R.T. is supposed to work on a scsi device. I have a default configuration file that says: ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

No eth0 after HD transplant

After moving the hard drive of a makeshift server to another compatible hardware (64-bit, same processor "generation", laptop->desktop) configuration, networking fails to initiate. Specifically: ...
4
votes
2answers
28 views

Use non-root user configuration for root account

When I work with the terminal and use su or sudo to execute a command with the root user's permissions, is it possible to apply the configuration of my "non-root user" (from which I am invoking su or ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

how to read and modify fstab in python?

I want to automatically configure my fstab in python by running a script. I thought of using ConfigParser in python, but I am unable to use it properly.
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Software firewall with “zone files”

I am using an automatic deployment system for my new Unix deployments. I have a fairly complicated network topology to implement, and I'm looking for firewall software that makes this easy. In ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Iinstallation of Kali linux under dual boot in Win-7

I am completely new to Linux and its related distributions and I am trying to install the Kali-Linux in Wind 7 64 bit OS through dual boot option. I have downloaded the kali-64 bit mini.iso and after ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

X has blank screen but clearly runs

At my last reboot X started but blacked the screen. When logging into the system remotely all processes seem to be running just fine (e.g. Firefox is automatically started), so X is clearly running, ...
5
votes
2answers
54 views

How to tidy up the .keywords file on a gentoo system?

One can select testing packages on a gentoo stable system by adding a line with the following syntax to keywords list: cat /etc/portage/package.keywords =dev-python/ipython-0.13.2 ~amd64 # and many ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

What config changes are being tracked by aureport?

I am interested in using aureport to audit my server. When I run: # aureport -c It gives the following output: =================================== # date time type auid success event ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

How to replicate basic configuration tasks? [duplicate]

(This might be off-topic and/or not answerable, but I want to ask anyway.) Recently, I am managing a lot of VPS server with Linux for my personal and professional projects. However, I am kind of ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

kernel config with strange dependancies

I am trying to build the Android Linux kernel from source following this README. The instructions very clearly state: 1.1 Required enabled config options: After building a standard defconfig, ...
1
vote
1answer
350 views

Can't install graphics driver on Wheezy - Using Inspiron 3537

I've recently installed Debian Wheezy 7.5 and dual booted it with Ubuntu 14.04. I've installed all of the drivers except the graphics driver which I've been trying to install for a couple of days. ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Understanding Mixing of sounds in ALSA

I can't seem to bend ALSA completely to my will, even after I spent a lot of time configuring it. I just do not seem to understand it well enough. Here is my /etc/asound.conf: pcm.dmixed { ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

vim: hide status line in the bottom

Sometimes I work with really small terminal windows and need every piece of space available. So I want to hide the vim status line. I already set laststatus=0 this hides one of the status lines. But ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Editing nsswitch.conf file safely

What's the best way to edit the /etc/nsswitch.conf file other than just using sed -i to edit it in place or overwrite it in total. For our build we need to make changes to this file without ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

What values from debconf-get-selections should not be preseeded?

I want to replicate the Debian installation choices made for my system's current configuration in the installation of a new system. Debian can be pre-configured through a "pre-configuration" (aka ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Sendmail not masquerading email “Received:” headers

I followed the instructions from NixCraft site and try to masquerade my emails with the following configuration: MASQUERADE_AS(example.com)dnl FEATURE(masquerade_envelope)dnl ...