One or a set of directives issued in the *nix environment to get information, change the state of something or to execute something. In other words: To gain an objective.

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3
votes
1answer
42 views

Printing short latex snippets

Is there a way to quickly (render and) print short latex snippets like single equations? Something similar to echo "Some text" | lpr like make-latex-image "$\frac{some}{equation}$" | ...
15
votes
2answers
521 views

Is there something like `time` that also records I/O and CPU?

I can pretty quickly monitor the running time of a process with time: x@y ~ $ time foo real 0m14.299s user 0m4.770s sys 0m0.440s Is there a way I can get the same data for ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Escaping dash in `dch` call

I'm using dch to modify the changelog for a debian package that is being built using some bash script. The messages for changelog are taken from some data source and are just passed to dch --append. ...
1
vote
2answers
240 views

How to get SCP execution time in milliseconds?

I have a script in which i am reading source and destination IP address from a csv file and recording the time in milliseconds it is taking to copy the file from source to destination (using scp). ...
0
votes
3answers
148 views

Remove extra line break from a variable

I am an absolute newbie to the *ix ,so if my question is dumb please bear with me. I am writing a script where I am trying to export some variable , and after exporting my variable when I am printing, ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the shell permitted to optimize out useless terminating commands?

If a shell is asked to perform a probably useless (or partially useless) command known to terminate, such as cat hugeregularfile.txt > /dev/null, can it skip that command's execution (or execute a ...
4
votes
2answers
468 views

Command completion does not complete the files in the current directory

Something is wrong with my tab completion. Let's say I do this: cd test // works fine, go into test directory ls // works fine, displays all of the files Let's assume I have the following files: ...
20
votes
2answers
747 views

How do I move all files output from a command?

I have this grep command to find files without the word Attachments in them. grep -L -- Attachments * I want to move all the files that are output from that command. How do I do that in bash? Do I ...
-1
votes
3answers
62 views

How to know in which distribution is present one command [closed]

How can I know the Linux distribution of the command? For example, lscpu command Is there any place with a matrix (distribution, commands)?
2
votes
2answers
100 views

netstat command doesnt work anymore on the new dedicated server

I was using the following command on my previous dedicated server with the same version of the FreeBSD installation: # uname -a FreeBSD 9.2-RELEASE FreeBSD 9.2-RELEASE #0 r255898: Thu Sep 26 22:50:31 ...
2
votes
2answers
995 views

How can I restore file timestamps of video recordings using the embedded metadata?

I'm looking for a command that will read the metadata of a ‘*.mp4’ file and touch the file's timestamp with the creation time of the video. The command should be read-only with respect to the file ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

Retrieve system commands without reading sources

Sometimes I wonder how Linux programs achieve certain results knowing that they internally use system calls (system() or exec() in C programs). Given a working binary I wonder if it is possible to ...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

Command to Download Source Files in FreeBSD

In most Linux distros there is a command sometimes the same one used to install or build (compile) packages with extra switch; which just download the source files instead of building or installing ...
2
votes
1answer
650 views

How can I pipe commands to any terminal?

I often use more than one terminal (or terminal emulator) at a time; and while in X I can copy-paste commands, besides not being very practical, it obviously does not work on the real TTY. The first ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

No such process error with launch ctl start. Mac OSX 10.9

The goal is to set the machine's network name with the IP address of this machine. I have created a plist file and put it into /library/launchagents/. For debugging reasons, I used the commandlaunctl ...
3
votes
3answers
451 views

Shortening build command

Is there any way I can shorten this openCV build command? g++ file.cpp -o newFileName `pkg-config --cflags --libs opencv` I tried adding: -o newFileName `pkg-config --cflags --libs opencv` to an ...
0
votes
2answers
369 views

How do I get the list of exit codes (and/or return codes) and meaning for a command/utility?

Is there a way I can do what stated in the title from the terminal commands, or will I have to look into the codes?
2
votes
1answer
85 views

How does one determine the amount of space allocated to their command line?

How would one go about determining the amount of space allocated to their system for command lines. Is there anything else I need to be concerned with?
0
votes
4answers
132 views

Can I have the shell ignore the command line sometimes but not always?

For debugging purpose sometimes I access a remote Linux box via VNC. At that time someone else may be working on that same Linux box through VNC and it may happen that I do not have facility to chat ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

AIX cifs hostname with underscore

I am trying to type this comand but for some reason it takes the first and not the second version. I have entered both the host names in the host file, FYI. This command works (hostname zq13c1): ...
68
votes
15answers
11k views

What are the legitimate uses of the `touch` command?

What's the point of the touch command? I know I can create empty files with it, but so is also the case with echo -n. Otherwise, why would someone need to change the timestamps of a file? Unless to ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to randomly sample a subset of a file

Is there any Linux command one can use to sample subset of a file? For instance, a file contains one million lines, and we want to randomly sample only one thousand lines from that file. For random ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Linux - How to open a console and display command results on startup?

I have a Linux server with a screen always displaying the end of a very usefull file. How could I automatically enter a shell and display the end of this file when the server starts? I'd like to do ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Mysql import the most recent file from a directory

I have a directory with daily backups of my entire MySQL database. I want to import the most recent backup into the database. I know to import a backup I need to use mysql -u root -ppasswordhere ...
4
votes
1answer
390 views

Which 2-letter POSIX command is different from all the others?

I was interviewed for an internship and I got the same question as this one: http://www.glassdoor.com/Interview/Which-2-letter-POSIX-command-is-different-from-all-the-others-QTN_498236.htm The ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What does “rm is hashed” mean?

I'm going through http://mywiki.wooledge.org/BashGuide/CommandsAndArguments and came across this: $ type rm rm is hashed (/bin/rm) $ type cd cd is a shell builtin Just a little earlier, the guide ...
7
votes
2answers
192 views

what is `env <command>` doing?

What is the command env ls -al doing? I had a Linux test and there was question: "How to run command directly, but not its alias?" I knew that there exists solution like prefixing command with some ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

What is the extended version of the “sl” command?

Recently I've been discussing Unix humor with a friend and we got to the topic of the sl command. I got the sources, compiled, installed on our development machine, and... got rather disappointed. The ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

What does `init [2]` mean in the COMMAND column of ps?

Reading What do the brackets around processes mean? I understand that the executable name is printed. Linux ps man page: Sometimes the process args will be unavailable; when this happens, ps will ...
3
votes
3answers
498 views

Correctly parse arguments in script behaving like a shell called through SSH

I have a server with a very limited used whom I want to be able to run two very specific (and custom) instructions through SSH. In order to do that, I have set the shell for that limited user to be a ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

command not found handle doesn't work for url

I'm trying to setup the command_not_found_handle for URL links, %> command_not_found_handle() { echo "OK"; } %> aaaaa OK %> http://www.google.com bash: http://www.google.com: No such file or ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Using globbing/wildcards when Opening Files from Terminal

I have a folder A. Inside the folder, there are some files a,b,c,d and there is a subfolder, B, containing files e,f,g. Suppose I want to open files a,b,c,d: then I just type xdg-open *. However, ...
6
votes
2answers
390 views

what is the meaning of this sed command: `;/@/{h;s/test/next/g;x;G}`?

sed -e 's/72;/72, next_val = 0x11111111;/;/@/{h;s/test/next/g;x;G}' fmt_vuln.c > fmt_vuln2.c could you tell me about what is the meaning of ;/@/{h;s/test/next/g;x;G}?
13
votes
1answer
522 views

What does yes $(yes yes) do?

Wondering what use the yes command might be, I stumbled upon this comment, and tried to execute yes $(yes yes) From what I understand, this should simply print out an infinite sequence of yes, but ...
4
votes
2answers
729 views

print command instead of echo in linux

I simply can print a message in terminal using linux echo command. prayag@prayag$ echo "prayag works on JVM" prayag works on JVM Can I have the same output with print command. I actually went ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between sudo -i and sudo su [duplicate]

I was wondering what the difference is between sudo -i and sudo su?
3
votes
2answers
7k views

How to list groups with gid in redhat?

I first listed the groups using : groups I added group using groupadd -g 300 oinstall groupadd –g 500 dba and then when I do groups root bin daemon sys adm disk wheel sfcb I am unable to ...
0
votes
1answer
431 views

Unable to execute command in the Linux with an user

Two scenarios here. Sudo rights are given for a particular group. a. A new user is created and is assigned to the group. b. Using this user, when we execute commands via shell script it is unable to ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Linux Red Hat Library Dependencies question

I have to create a script that will download 8 libraries. However, on the server where we have all the libraries, I can only find 2 or 3 of these 8. I believe these 2 or 3 actually depend on other ...
1
vote
4answers
498 views

How can I force the use of a specific binary when running a script

How can I force a specific binary to be used when executing a bash script? I have a bash script which uses the "php" binary. There are several php versions on my computer. The main php binary, as ...
0
votes
1answer
509 views

Linux Mint XFCE, command to launch menu

What is the command that launches the whisker menu in the Linux Mint xfce edition. For another distribution that used xfce it was xfce4-popup-whisker menu but that doesn't seem to work. I would like ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

In which way is a commented line active in a program file?

To solve the bug reported here the solution seems to be commenting, not just adding a certain line in a file - as explained here and here. That is - to make that bug disappear in Xfce, a certain line ...
1
vote
4answers
236 views

List all commands that a shell knows

What can I type at my shell (which happens to be bash) that will list all the commands that are recognized? Also, does this differ by shell? Or do all shells just have a "directory" of commands they ...
0
votes
2answers
715 views

I used the move command and all files disappeared [duplicate]

I was moving all data to another folder and made 1 mistake and run this commmand mv * /* all files have disappeared now. How can I find them? Or are they deleted?
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between 'ifconfig' and 'ip' commands

I read some articles/tutorials on 'ifconfig' command, most of them included a common statement - "ifconfig is deprecated by ip command" and suggested to learn ip command. But none of them ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

The -cp option to the java command [closed]

java -cp FILE.jar FILE.Main inputfile What does the -cp option mean? For that matter, what a negative sign in front mean? I've searched everywhere and couldn't find the answer.
0
votes
2answers
193 views

What is the Run prompt equivalency in Linux?

In Windows, there is the Run prompt, which you can access with Win+R key. What is the equivalency to this in Linux? Is there even such a thing or is the Terminal the main prompt you would use in ...
2
votes
3answers
648 views

what is “play” command/package available by default in Linux Mint and how to remove it

I'm trying install play framework on Linux Mint and setup its variable: export PATH=$PATH:/relativePath/to/play But command can't run because it's being overlapped by another play command which was ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Using alot MUA with nottoomuch-addresses

I try to use the MUA alot to work with the nottoomuch-addresses.sh script for autocompletion of addresses within alot like described in: ...
4
votes
3answers
843 views

How to find a file with specific permission of a specific user?

How do I get a list of all the files which permission is "read and write" for a specific user. For example, when I go on the desktop of my mac, then right click on file "A", then "get info", then on ...