The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
13 views

How to change configuration of detox (dash instead underscore)?

I found, best to this moment, a solution when changing all those annoying filenames in large quantities, making them readable and easier to manipulate with in command-line. So I found, among many ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Updatedb unrecognized option '--localpaths='

I am attempting to update a single directory I created. I'm using updatedb so it will be found by the locate command. Command used: updatedb ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How to generate a list of configuration files accessed by a tool (eg bash or vi)?

Many times, there are slight inconsistencies between two similar linux machines, where (for example) tmux supports colours on Machine M1, and does not support colours on Machine M2, or vi adds ...
6
votes
4answers
275 views

Strip Filenames and Rename

What rename command can I use which will delete the present filenames in a directory and replace them with alphanumeric filenames? Such as gg0001, gg0002, et cetera? And I'd like the command to work ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

wget to get all the files in a directory only returns index.html

I'm new to using bash, and I have been trying to wget all the files from a website to the server I have been working on. However all I'm getting back is an index.html file. I let it run for 15 minutes ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

useradd -c “Text” username does not work when reading data from a file [on hold]

useradd -c "text" username works only from within a script when parameters are passed to the script on the command line, but when the parameters are read from a file, it doesn't work
20
votes
3answers
13k views

How to Determine the Amount of RAM Slots In Use?

I forgot how many RAM modules are installed on my laptop. I do not want to unscrew it but want to look it up on the console. How do I gather this information?
3
votes
0answers
17 views

Can't login via telnet in ddwrt

I have a Gateworks laguna 2388 router with dd-wrt firmware installed in it. It was working fine till i change "http_passwd" nvram attribute. I wanted to change the web GUI password via telnet. So I ...
3
votes
3answers
513 views

How to undo in spreadsheet calculator sc?

spreadsheet calculator sc is a very old console-based program. It does what the name says. I cannot find how to undo an operation in its man page. I currently use it together with RCS, ie. manually ...
180
votes
23answers
114k views

Repeat a Unix command every x seconds forever

There's a built-in Unix command repeat whose first argument is the number of times to repeat a command, where the command (with any arguments) is specified by the remaining arguments to repeat. For ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Using text from previous commands' output

EDIT April, 2015: If you have this same question I recommend also checking http://xiki.org/ I know this is not how terminals work, but I find myself often wishing there was an easy way of using ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Create complex installation script for Linux (Centos)

For deployment of a complex system I would like to create a script that runs all compilations and set up. I am looking for an existing product that interpret installation scenario and performs all ...
40
votes
4answers
22k views

What is the difference between Halt and Shutdown commands?

What is the difference between the halt and shutdown commands?
131
votes
5answers
23k views

I deleted /bin/rm. How do I recover it?

Just for fun, I thought I would use this command on my Raspberry Pi running Raspbian: sudo rm -f /bin/rm I thought I could just reinstall coreutils: I was wrong! apt-get install --reinstall ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

How to redirect output from file to stdout?

I'd like to rip the titles from a bunch of word documents. All the CLI tools I've tried for converting .doc to text lose the title... but Abiword's conversion to RTF preserves it, eg: $ abiword ...
4
votes
4answers
204 views

Make tail not modify the charset of the terminal

In a linux terminal (CentOS) I am using the command tail --follow=name my-rolling-file.log in order to see the logs of my application. Sometimes in the log there is some binary data dumped (I dump ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to grep the output of cURL?

I need to retrieve the expiry date of an SSL cert. The curl application does provide this information: $ curl -v https://google.com/ * Hostname was NOT found in DNS cache * Trying ...
61
votes
9answers
17k views

How do I delete a file whose name begins with “-” (hyphen a.k.a. dash or minus)?

How do you remove a file whose filename begins with a dash (hyphen or minus) -? I'm ssh'd into a remote OSX server and I have this file in my directory: tohru:~ $ ls -l total 8 -rw-r--r-- 1 me ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Auto Delete Inactive files after x

Is there a way I could delete certain folders after x amount of days of inactivity? I was thinking of using cron but that wouldn't take the inactivity part into consideration. Is there any Debian ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

Expand wild cards in command before executing it

Suppose I want to type something like this: rm build/* tmp/* I am about to run it but I want to expand the wildcards before executing so I can verify what is about to happen. How can I do this? ...
108
votes
14answers
47k views

How to have tail -f show colored output

I'd like to be able to tail the output of a server log file that has messages like: INFO SEVERE etc, and if it's SEVERE, show the line in red; if it's INFO, in green. What kind of alias can I ...
1
vote
3answers
90 views

Bash long string, no word splitting?

I want to tidy up some script with long commands, so that for example: { somecheck || somecomand "reallyreallyreallyreallyreallyreallylongstring" } &> /dev/null & becomes something like: ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Can't run php cli at webuser but will run as root

I am running a Magento application on a Nginx server. nginx + php-fpm running as webuser:www There are some function in the shell directory of Magento which run fine as root and the import run fine ...
1
vote
5answers
7k views

checking running process

I am new babe to Linux. So please skip to read if you are not patient with begineer. Let's say I am asked to check and shut down the processes that I am not familiar with. So when I ls under bin ...
4
votes
4answers
400 views

How to capture command line input into logfile and execute it at the same time?

Let's say I issue some commands on the command line: #capture what follows $ echo "foo" foo # don't capture $ echo "bing" bing # capture again $ echo "bar" bar How can I log commands selectively ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

-bash: auto: command not found

I'm going to config my network interfaces and run this command: auto eth0 but it returns -bash: auto: command not found. It seems I've missed something which I don't know. Any idea? What should I ...
6
votes
6answers
11k views

How to output only file names (with spaces) in ls -Al?

I should echo only names of files or directories with this construction: ls -Al | while read string do ... done ls -Al output : drwxr-xr-x 12 s162103 studs 12 march 28 12:49 personal ...
9
votes
2answers
257 views

How to access the second argument from the last command in the history ?

I am starting to learn some Regex, therefore I use this command repeatedly: grep pattern /usr/share/dict/american-english Only the part with pattern changes, so I have to write the long expression ...
0
votes
3answers
40 views

is it possible to create a macro-like user defined shell command?

Is it possible to run a single shortened command that would in turn initiate multiple longer to type commands? for instance, $ kontact & rekonq when passed to my terminal opens two ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

how to open sets of programs simultaneously with command line

I recently learned here how to open a program from the command line. my question is, how can i make a set of programs open simultaneously with one command entered?
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Initiating programs from command line

Silly question, but hopefully some easy rep for someone. I am new to the linux/open source community, and I find it very feature rich, but often confusing. I am trying to configure a speedy ...
21
votes
7answers
50k views

How can I display the contents of a text file on the command line?

I would like to display the contents of a text file on the command line. The file only contains 5-6 characters. Is there an easy way to do this?
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Why a long delay after command not found?

Often when I mistype a command such as ls (e.g. I hit ENTER before I type 's') there is a long (~2s) delay after the terminal displays: bash: l: command not found... I can understand the reasons ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Merge lines in file together from regex to “lineify” multiline log log files

Stadard unix command line tools (grep, cut, sed etc.) all work one line at a time. And nearly always, this is great. However I am trying to parse some postgresql slow query logs. Each entry has some ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Running every command through another

I'm setting up a system in which any external command that does something with real effect must be crypthographically signed before before the system will execute them. The restrictions are in place ...
2
votes
2answers
411 views

How to permanently enable scl CentOS 6.4?

I installed a newer version of devtoolset (1.1) and was wondering how I would go about permanently setting these to be default. Right now, when I ssh into my server running CentOS, I have to run this ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Replace mutiple strings with different values in a file using unix [duplicate]

I have a file in which the data is like below, 01,0000000,xxxxxxx/ 02,xxxxxxxx,yyyyyy/ 03,test1,41203016,,/ 01,0000000,xxxxxxx/ ...
17
votes
6answers
7k views

How to display numbers in reverse order using seq(1)?

I have iterate over numbers in various order. I am able to display them in increasing order, even with steps like: $ seq --separator="," 1 10 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 $ seq --separator="," 1 2 10 ...
0
votes
2answers
800 views

How to get sound intensity of an audio input through terminal?

I want to know the intensity of the sound being heard by an audio in source like a mic or Line-in through Command line. Kinda like the progressbar under the mouse but in CLI. audiointensity mic0 10 ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to copy a directory with only specified type of files?

I got a git directory with plenty of python files(and some special file like .git). I'd like to copy only these python files to another directory with the directory structure unchanged. How to do ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Get list of subdirectories which contain a file matching a string

How can I get a list of the subdirectories which contain a file matching a particular string? More specifically, I am looking for directories which contain a file with the letter 'f' somewhere ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

What is the email matching regex in basic regex for grep?

I created a text file and put some email addresses in it. Then I used grep to find them. Indeed it worked: # pattern="^[a-zA-Z0-9]+@[a-zA-Z0-9]+\.[a-z]{2,}" # grep -E $pattern regexfile but only as ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Convert a folder of images into a multi-page pdf file using command line tools?

I have a folder with 100 jpg images. I want to convert these images into a multi-page pdf file, with all the images (cropped to A4 size). They are already in the correct rotation. Which tools should ...
35
votes
11answers
21k views

Markdown Viewer

I found a file formatted with Markdown. Could you guys suggest what viewer that I could use to view this type of files? Hopefully one without gui (if it's possible) Update I was actually looking for ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

command line tool group chat utility under linux

I am working on mac osx Yosemite. I want to reach to a user under a certain IP address. (It might be local network or thru internet). I want to do it thru terminal using the default tools that ...
3
votes
3answers
119 views

extract from line to line and then save to separate file

I tried my luck with grep and sed but somehow I don't manage to get it right. I have a log file which is about 8 GB in size. I need to analyze a 15 minute time period of suspicious activity. I ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

cfdisk or fdisk?

While reading the man page for fdisk I came across this interesting text: There are several *fdisk programs around. Each has its problems and strengths. Try them in the order ...
8
votes
5answers
567 views

What's the best way to take a segment out of a text file?

What's a good way of extracting say, lines 20 -45 out of a huge text file. Non-interactively of course!
3
votes
2answers
562 views

Jingle CLI client / Jitsi replacement / VOIP

I am looking for a Jingle client for the command line. Currently, I use Jitsi, but my dreams of not needing the GUI for more than just web-browsing are not realized due to my reliance on this ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

How did this '&' at the end of my command, make the script SO fast?

While solving some CTF challenges online, I came across a situation where I needed to bruteforce a server. This is the code I wrote: #!/bin/bash for i in {0..9}{0..9}{0..9}{0..9} do echo ...