The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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14
votes
7answers
29k views

What is the fastest way to view images from the terminal?

The terminal is very fast and convenient way to quickly access directories and files (faster than find and click on the directory). One thing that it cannot show in text-mode is "pictures". What ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

how to delete files from a specific date and extension

Short and sweet: One of my hosting subscriptions got hacked. I ran this command: find path-to-folder/ -mtime -7 -name "*.php" –print this produced about 11 pages worth of malicious code which was ...
37
votes
7answers
71k views

How to overwrite target files with mv?

I have a ton of files and dirs in a subdirectory I want to move to the parent directory. There are already some files and dirs in the target directory which need to be overwritten. Files that are only ...
40
votes
4answers
55k views

ssh-add complains: Could not open a connection to your authentication agent

I've been trying to get ssh-add working on a RaspberryPi running Raspbian. I can start ssh-agent, when I do it gives the following output into the terminal: ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Tilde on unix:hpux and / or solaris

On Linux press F9 return a correct ~ On unix(solaris or hpux) return 0~ How to set correct tilde on those systems?
1
vote
2answers
38 views

List the files of another format while finding a certain name pattern

I had wanted to edit the txt files of videoA and videoB only if the movs files names contains the namespace -test For eg. videoDir |-videoA |- videoA_v001_test.mov |- ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Remove all files recursively without deleting directories

I want to "clean out" all of the files a directory including all files in subdirectories but I want to leave the subdirectories in place. My understanding of rm -r is that it will also delete the ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

ss is replacing netstat, how can I get it to list ports similarly to what I am used to?

I've been trying to modernise my way with Linux by, for one thing, ditching netstat for ss. I looked up my favourite command line flag for netstat in the ss man pages, and was very glad to find that ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Zip the contents of a folder without including the folder itself

I have a directory called folder that looks like this: folder -> root_folder -> some files I want to zip this directory into zipped_dir, I tried: zip -r ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

How to install oddjob-mkhomedir repository on AMI box using command line

I'm trying to install oddjob-mkhomedir and it comes back with no package available nothing to do. I used sudo yum install oddjob-mkhomedir so I'm assuming the repository is not available. My ...
32
votes
8answers
6k views

Linux tools to treat files as sets and perform set operations on them

Does anyone know of any linux tool specifically designed to treat files as sets and perform set operations on them? Like difference, intersection, etc?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Read out pulseaudio volume from commandline? (I want: “pactl GET-sink-volume”)

I want to read out the volume level I can set with pactl set-sink-volume $SINK $VOLUME Is there an easy way to do that? As easy as the hypothetical pactl get-sink-volume $SINK ? (What I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

How to zip only files under multiple subdirectories?

I have a folder working and its structure is something like this - working/ 100/ 1/ 2/ 3/ 200/ 1/ 2/ 3/ 300/ 1/ 2/ 3/ And each of these 1 ...
1
vote
3answers
46 views

Display distinct values of a list and number of occurences

I have a program that writes on the standard output a list of string values, one per line, and I would like to display in real time the list of distinct values along with the number of occurences for ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

split line based on space and delete the second part

I have a big file >fid|29290408|locus|VBIEntCas2262_0001| Phosphoglycolate phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.18) [Enterococcus casseliflavus EC20] ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Broken git autocompletion after I have overridden the git command

Recently git branch <tab> started showing me the following error: $ git branch bash: -c: line 0: syntax error near unexpected token `(' bash: -c: line 0: `/usr/bin/git --git-dir=.git ...
12
votes
5answers
13k views

Delete 100 lines from vi editor using single command

I am using Ubuntu and trying to delete all 100 lines from vi editor but I got interview question of doing this in one command.
3
votes
2answers
512 views

Jingle CLI client / Jitsi replacement / VOIP

I am looking for a Jingle client for the command line. Currently, I use Jitsi, but my dreams of not needing the GUI for more than just web-browsing are not realized due to my reliance on this ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Count tabs per line in text file with utils

I have a tab-tabulated file. I would like to check if every line has the same number of tabs. For first step, I'd like to print the number of tabs for each individual line. I've tried grep -o '\t' ...
1
vote
3answers
48 views

Removing mulitple lines

I am trying to write up a command line interfaces that will removes a particular section / lines of codes within a list of json files. By the way, the json file are located within the sub-folders of ...
3
votes
3answers
75 views

extract from line to line and then save to separate file

I tried my luck with grep and sed but somehow I don't manage to get it right. I have a log file which is about 8 GB in size. I need to analyze a 15 minute time period of suspicious activity. I ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Insert space at specified position in a file

I have this sample file: 234234|111||J1X0H8|SERP||R|D|666|M 234235|222||J1X0N5|SERP||C||555|M For each line, I need to insert a space after the 3rd character of the 4th column, like so: ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I print well formatted code

Similar to using markdown on Stack Overflow to create monospace output, how can I do that for my programs. I tried lp filename.txt and was pleasantly please to find that it was able to use the local ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Save and restore terminal tabs with custom tabs title

I have a Terminal window with a dozen named tabs open *(gnome-terminal) I would like to save the current configuration and have it restored with names and directories. Is there a way to do this? I've ...
14
votes
6answers
4k views

Converting colored output into html

There are tools providing coloured output: dwdiff -c File1 File2 # word level diff grep --color=always # we all know this guy ... The question is: How to convert their colored output of arbitrary ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How to run a command in background always?

the below command when I run from the terminal will keep posting the output to message.log cf logs broker-analytics > /var/www/cfbrokerlogs/message.log However, if i close my terminal it will ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Using the output of `grep` as variable in second command

I currently have 2 bash command line strings I use to gather data needed for a certain task. I was trying to simplify and have only one command used to gather the data without using a script. First I ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

BASH: Command not running, special character '�' suddenly appeared (Ubuntu)

When I erroneously type 'ñ' (expecting to type any command) and then remove it and type the correct letter, the output returns the command with a special character attached �, obviously the shell ...
0
votes
3answers
34 views

Unable to use make to install Valgrind

I am attempting to download and install Valgrind using the following instructions: I get through step 3 just fine, but when I type make I get the message make: *** No targets specified and ...
8
votes
2answers
426 views

Run another command before running the command the user wants to run

Let's say I want to modify the original behavior of the ls tool this way: $ ls Hello World file1 file2 ... How can I do this? When running ls I would like to run another command let's say echo ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Assign specific line from a variable to another variable

I would like to take a specific line from a variable to another variable. I tried this but it doesn't work: c="1.apple 2.banna 3.peach" read "Please choose fruit [1-3]:" t a=$c | awk "NR==$t" echo ...
1
vote
3answers
211 views

How to copy files from the folder without the folder itself

I'm trying to copy files and subfolders from A folder without the A itself. For instance, A folder contains next: | file1.txt | file2.txt | subfolder1 Executing next command gives me ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

Why does “grep '.*[s]' file” work and “grep .*[s] file” doesn't?

Comparing grep '.*[s]' file with grep .*[s] file Why do you need quotation marks to let this work properly? In the second case, grep seems trying to inspect every file with a period.
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to access u boot environment from linux?

How can I access and change the u-Boot env variables in linux. Using the u-boot/tools/env directory in u boot directory: u-boot$ make env Which created the executable file fw_printenv. I copied ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

ls .. doesn't work properly with symlinks

I have directories set up a bit like this ~/code ~/code/src ~/code/build -> /path/to/somewhere/else That last one's a symlink. If I do this cd ~/code/build ls .. then I get the listing for ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Show contents of many files

From the command line, what is the easiest way to show the contents of multiple files? My directory looks like below. ./WtCgikkCFHmmuXQXp0FkZjVrnJSU64Jb9WSyZ52b ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

obexftp return code 97

I have been trying to send a file with bluetooth from my raspberry to my phone. I tried to use obexftp to do this but it gave me the return code 97. I have not been able to find out what this code ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Sourcing a redistributable script by default

I am creating a bash script which I wish to release on github. The script needs to access the command history but this is not possible without sourcing that script. I don't want users to put it in ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Service network restart same as ifup and ifdown?

Can service network restart take place of ifdown and ifup? I was managing my server the other day using SSH and I changed my internal IP from DHCP to static. After editing the config file I had to ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Cannot remember the name of a CLI recorder software

I stumbled across a useful command line recorder that allows the user to copy the text when watching the 'recording'. I just cannot remember the name of the project. I just remember you can play and ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Tell gzip/bzip2/7z/etc not to compress already-compressed files?

I'm tarring up /home, and piping it through bzip2. However, I've got lots of already-compressed files out there (.jpg, .mp4, .mkv, .webm, etc) which bzip2 shouldn't try to compress. Are there any ...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

ls -l /proc/self | increamental PID?

Each time, when the commandls -l /proc/self is executed, the link points to process who's PID keeps increasing. Why is this so ? Is it the PID of the ls command ?
36
votes
10answers
7k views

Easy way to determine virtualization technology

I have command line access to a Linux machine which may or may not be virtualized. I want to determine what kind of virtualization technology it runs on, if any (VMWare, VirtualBox, KVM, OpenVZ, Xen, ...
-2
votes
2answers
34 views

What is a simple example where the use of the command line is unavoidable or better? [closed]

I want to see a simple example that motivates the use of the Linux command line. Like I want to see an example where the use of the command line will do it in seconds and on GUI , it will take you ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Why does terminal say I have mail every time I open it?

I am using OSX 10.9.5 Whenever I open a terminal, it says something like: Last login: Wed Jan 21 10:29:13 on ttys002 You have mail. What mail is it talking about ? If I open the mail app, I have ...
4
votes
3answers
870 views

How to represent date format in '2015120' in Linux shell?

My colleague is generating log files with a preceding date format like 2015120, which represent January as 1 instead of 01. The usual way I'm using to deal with this kind of issue is using date ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

Copy image from command-line to clipboard

Is there a way in a bash to copy a picture to the clipboard? For example if there is a picture mypic.png I want to have a command like clipcopy mypic.png such that I can go for example to inkscape ...
2
votes
1answer
659 views

How do I decrypt a message using openssl's CLI?

I have a message, I know the password and the cipher that was used to encrypt it, but I can't figure out how to ask openssl to decrypt it. I see the cipher in the output from the ciphers command, and ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Formatting ifconfig using sed/awk

I'm using ifconfig on OpenSUSE. When I run ifconfig eth0 I get eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr CE:FD:75:DF:A5:6D inet addr:172.16.4.177 Bcast:172.16.5.255 Mask:255.255.254.0 inet6 ...
17
votes
4answers
21k views

What's the best way to join files again after splitting them?

If I have a large file and need to split it into 100 megabyte chunks I will do split -b 100m myImage.iso That usually give me something like xaa xab xac xad And to get them back together I have ...