The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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56
votes
11answers
65k views

How do I convert an epoch timestamp to a human readable format on the cli?

How do I convert an epoch timestamp to a human readable format on the cli? I think there's a way to do it with date but the syntax eludes me (other ways welcome).
16
votes
9answers
29k views

Generate random numbers in specific range

After googling a bit I couldn't find a simple way to use a shell command to generate a random decimal integer number included in a specific range, that is between a minimum and a maximum. I read ...
16
votes
4answers
18k views

find n most frequent words in a file

I want to find, say, 10 most common word in a text file. Firstly, solution should be optimized for keystrokes (in other words - my time). Secondly, for the performance. Here is what I have so far to ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

View timestamp for CUPS print jobs

I'm looking for a way to view the timestamp of a job in CUPS. I've searched the man pages and can't seem to find it. The long term goal is to have a script that parses the time from the jobID and ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Give the command to remove duplicate lines in a .txt file and save the new file as new.txt file

I'm trying to do this but I cant create the file. I enter: sort myfile.txt uniq -u | tee newfile.txt and It wont create the file automatically. What am I missing here?
3
votes
5answers
179 views

Command line method to find repeat-word typos, with line numbers

Updated: Clarify line number requirement, some verbosity reductions From the command line, is there a way to: check a file of English text to find repeat-word typos, along with line numbers where ...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

What is the purpose of the grub command line

In the grub bootloader if you press esc it will take you to a command line interface that looks like grub> _ What is this promt used for? It doesn't look like it's connected to Linux. Is it a ...
10
votes
1answer
587 views

How do I 'unbook' a pdf

I have a pdf file that was made into a booklet format. It is meant to print on A4 paper in landscape orientation; here are two pages in the pdf, which should correspond to four pages in the actual ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I redirect `time` output and command output to the same pipe?

Suppose I have a binary called foo. If I want to redirect the output of foo to some other process bar, I could write ./foo | bar. On the other hand, if I wanted to time foo, and redirect the output ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Read columns from file into separate variables

I need to read the following input into separate columns as variables? input.txt b73_chr10 w22_chr9 w22_chr7 w22_chr10 w22_chr8 w22_chr6 I have written the following command;but I guess it ...
6
votes
2answers
269 views

Amplify quiet passages in an mp3 file

I have an mp3 file where is a dialog with two voices and one of the voices is very quiet. Is there a command or application that is able the detect the quiet passages and amplify them? The two voices ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Open multiple pdfs in Okular from command line

I have Okular configured that when it's already running and I open a pdf from the command line, it should open the new file as a new tab in Okular. However, if this new file is in another directory ...
-1
votes
1answer
29 views

Linux file create time [duplicate]

Hi I am new to Linux and I am searching a command that gives me the file create time in a folder. Thanks in advance
0
votes
0answers
12 views

embedded linux- to check uart in raspberry pi

Checking whether the Pi is sending and receiving UART data by installing the tool Minicom. Pi is sending serial data but is not receiving data. Whatever I type in Pi minicom is received to PC ...
0
votes
1answer
666 views

How to boot GUI on a fedora 21 server through the command line

I am trying to install a GUI onto my fedora21 virtual machine. The only problem is due to the nature of work i am doing it needs to be done through the command line( i am using a program called ...
3
votes
3answers
35 views

Can the Bash shell “Ignore” Excess copy-paste text?

Say, I have a "Quick&Dirty" Perl script in a gui text editor, and I start the Perl interpreter in a terminal window which is running Bash. I can copy-paste the Perl script to the terminal & ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How to Move Large Number of Files to Original Directories?

I accidentally ran a command that moved the contents of all the subdirectories in my home folder to my home folder. Should I call it a loss and reinstall my system, or is there some command(s) I can ...
24
votes
14answers
27k views

What's a good example of piping commands together?

If you were helping someone to learn the concept of pipes on the command line what example would you use? The example that actually came up was as follows: cat whatever.txt | less I feel like ...
4
votes
3answers
157 views

How do you extract a whole word containing substring?

If I have a file that looks like this: example.png example.jpg example2.jpg example2.png example.swf example2.swf example3.jpg example4.jpg example3.png example3.swf and I want to extract the ...
4
votes
7answers
8k views

Fast tool to generate thumbnail video galleries for command line

I use gframecatcher to generate thumbnail video galleries, i.e. something like this: However this is a GUI tool and I want to create recursively a gallery for every video in a directory structure, ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

How do I transfer (to a usb drive) or read a .odt file in the command-line?

Currently my computer is not allowing me to start it up properly (guessing my hard drive is malfunctional), but I've figured out that Ctrl+Alt+(F1,F2,F3,F4,F5,F6,OR F7) allows me to access ...
39
votes
8answers
128k views

How to determine Linux kernel architecture?

uname -m gives i686 and uname -m gives i686 i386 output in Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5.4 (Tikanga) machine. I need to install Oracle Database 10g Release 2 on that machine. So, how can I ...
28
votes
1answer
1k views

ESC + { : What is it and where I can know more about it?

I was play around at the bash prompt, and pressed ESC followed by { , after which , the shell showed all the files for completion, in a fileglob string. Eg : If I had typed bash C followed by ESC+{ , ...
1
vote
5answers
13k views

check running process

I am new babe to Linux. So please skip to read if you are not patient with beginner. Let's say I am asked to check and shut down the processes that I am not familiar with. So when I ls under bin ...
0
votes
3answers
38 views

How to loop through a file and make each line a new regular expression into an awk statement?

FileA.txt: ATGCATGC GGGGGGTT TTTTT AAAA FileB.txt: asdfasdf blah2 ATGCATGC blah3 blah4 delte-me-too GGGGGGTT blah5 blah5 .... I want to compare the each line from FileA.txt and check if it ...
1
vote
6answers
20k views

How can I output the difference between 2 files?

My file consists of the the following; roughly: username:username:username:username:username The above line continues to about 600 characters. I use the awk command in order to use it as an ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

augtool saving failed

I am trying to set some parameter using augtool but getting strange error Linux$ sudo augtool set /files/etc/abrt/abrt-action-save-package-data.conf/OpenGPGCheck no error: Failed to execute command ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Possible to prevent multitail from closing “finished” command windows?

Assume a multitail call like the following: multitail -s 2 -l "long-running-command" -l "short-running-command" Now, I would like to have both windows remain open, even after they are finished. ...
3
votes
4answers
14k views

Remove ^M character from log files

Remove ^M character from log files. In my script I redirect output of my program to a log file. The output of my log file contains some ^M (newline) characters. I need to remove them while running ...
30
votes
8answers
66k views

Do we have an undo in Linux?

I renamed a few files in one batch script. Is there a way to undo the changes without having to rename them back? Does Linux provide some native way of undoing?
1
vote
4answers
95 views

What command would I use to find out how much total space my hard drive has left?

What's a single command I can run that shows me the total amount of space free on a hard drive? I don't want to do any math, I just want a command that shows me the total free space on my hard drive.
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Passing an argument to multiple commands in a single line

I'd like to be able to run multiple commands on the same file in a single line. The way I currently do this is: commandA file && commandB file && perl -ne '...' file My gut instinct ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Linux yum Commands that are Equivalent to these Ubuntu apt-get Commands [closed]

I'm using an AWS EC2 instance and I'm trying to switch from an Ubuntu instance to a Linux (Amazon Linux AMI) instance and in doing so I need to figure out the equivalent apt-get to yum commands and ...
-1
votes
0answers
62 views

Understanding {1},{2},{3},{4}… parameter to parallel [closed]

DISCLAIMER: I am using Mac OSX. The bash script is in a different directory from the files that require processing. From here my struggle begins… HELP 1: I have multiple files each housed ...
10
votes
3answers
14k views

How do I insert a space every four characters in a long line?

I've got a long line that I want to insert a space every 4 characters, on a single lone line of solid text to make it easier to read, what's the simplest way to do this? also I should be able to input ...
0
votes
4answers
56 views

grep match multiple substrings and pass or fail on missing

I have a nginx -V 2>&1 | \ grep -qi 'nginx/1.9.10\|ngx_pagespeed-release-1.9.32.10\|openssl-1.0.2f\|modsecurity-2.9.‌​0' \ && echo "has the stuff we need" \ || echo "missing ...
7
votes
5answers
807 views

How to randomize the output from seq?

I know I can use seq to generate a random list of numbers: 1, 2, 3, 4... I want to get those numbers into a random order like 3, 1, 4, 2... I know I can use shuf to shuffle the lines of a file. So I ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Check ping statistics without stopping

Is there a way to tell ping to show its usual termination statistics without stopping the execution? For instance, I'd like to quickly view: --- 8.8.8.8 ping statistics --- 2410 packets transmitted, ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Split string into array and print each element on a new line with commandline

I'm having a String which is seperated by commas like a,b,c,d,e,f that I want to split into an array with the comma as seperator. Then I want to print each element on a new line. The problem I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

How can I change the password of a LVM setup in Fedora?

Using CLI, how can I change the password of a LUKS/LVM setup in Fedora (2x), where x can be 1,2, or 3? Note: The physical LVM2 volume spans over two partitions on two drives (/dev/sda3 and ...
-4
votes
0answers
28 views

Finding Parent of a path in Unix [closed]

I have a query of: $unix_linux/stack_overflow/20160201 This is a sample file name. Is there a way to find its parent? I tried . find but I want to find this specific folder for this date. Not a list ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How to execute shell script in remote windows machine [duplicate]

I have a shell script which will be useful to download the jars from ftp and copy it in a particular location and do some deployment stuffs.. I need to run the script in remote Linux and windows ...
13
votes
8answers
25k views

Is there a simple linux command that will tell me what my display manager is?

Is there a simple linux command that will tell me what my display manager is? I'm using Xfce. Are different desktop environments usually affiliated with different display managers?
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Input from file: “advanced” (using less-than sign) vs. “beginner” syntax

I read the following in the grymoire: A simple example is changing "day" in the "old" file to "night" in the "new" file: sed s/day/night/ <old >new Or another way (for UNIX ...
0
votes
1answer
235 views

automatically download latest stable tarball from sourceforge from command line?

I'd like to install a program from sourceforge sources. Is there a way to download the latest stable source from SourceForge? an example for ntopng would be very welcome.
-1
votes
2answers
49 views

GUI gone after apt-get upgrade on clean install, Ubuntu Wily-

I was pointed here from AskUbuntu because my question was about an unsupported Ubuntu derivate, here is the copy-pasted question: I upgraded my fresh install of Netrunner 17 Horizon (Ubuntu-based, ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Change hostname on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP3 for VMware

I want to update the hostname for one of my VMware virtual machines running SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP3 for VMware . I tried changing the hostname using YaST but after reboot the old name ...
50
votes
3answers
40k views

What are the differences between most, more and less?

I'm now using Arch Linux, and find a command most works like more and less. To understand the differences between them is a confusing problem. This Question has mentioned the differences between less ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to access u boot environment from linux?

How can I access and change the u-Boot env variables in linux. Using the u-boot/tools/env directory in u boot directory: u-boot$ make env Which created the executable file fw_printenv. I copied ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How can get the screen command to work properly?

I'm trying to work out how to use the Unix screen command. I'm using Zsh on Mac OS 10.11.3. So far, nothing is working as described. (I don't have enough reputation to link to the tutorial I'm ...