The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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7
votes
2answers
786 views

What commands have -h human readable option, and how can I enable it by default w/env variable?

I'm tired of using aliases or typing -h. I want human readable output 24/7. Is there a way to enable it all the time for all commands that offer it?
4
votes
2answers
21k views

Command to install linux headers fails

I need to install my linux headers for an Nvidia driver install. But I get an error when doing so: peter@peter-deb:~$ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) Reading package lists... Done ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Seeking command-line example for adding images to MP3 files [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Searching for a command line tagging tool for mp3 and ogg that supports pictures Anyone have a command-line example illustrating how to properly embed an image (for ...
8
votes
5answers
20k views

How to display line number while doing grep on a file

How to display line number while doing grep on a file. For example: grep CONFIG_PM_ADVANCED_DEBUG /boot/config-`uname -r
16
votes
5answers
7k views

How to soft kill gui applications via terminal?

Is there a way to close a GUI application in friendly "please quit yourself now" way, without graphical access to the applications window? For example, if Gnome/X display crashes to black, I'd like ...
28
votes
4answers
7k views

How can I display syntax highlighting on a file?

Is there a variant of cat that outputs syntax-highlighted lines of code when used on a source file? An idea: maybe vi[m] or another editor can be asked to dump the syntax-highlighted contents of said ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the “caller” command?

I'm running Ubuntu 10.10 with openbox running on top. I noticed today a command called caller, however there is no man page, it does not respond to any input (or --help) and whereis doesn't find it. ...
2
votes
4answers
438 views

sudo to remember password for list of commands?

Is there a way in Linux to make sudo command to remember the password the user entered for in the first of the lines? For example, for a list of commands that the user has to enter, the some of then ...
15
votes
2answers
7k views

mv a file without breaking a symlink to that file

Is it possible to mv a file w/out breaking a symbolic link to that file? My initial response to this is no, and I'm working out a script based solution to change the links immediately following the ...
5
votes
4answers
153 views

Change command-line “environment” to programs command

In a console, is it possible to change into a commands "environment"? To explain, I take "git" as an example. While programming and using a git repository, I change to the repos path and then do many "...
2
votes
3answers
941 views

Recommended Resources To Get Started With Terminal-Only Linux Server?

I want to try to setting up a headless (terminal-only) Ubuntu Linux server, and am trying to find resources to get started. I've been a GUI Linux/Windows user for a while now, and have run through a ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to prevent my screens from dimming (going black) from the command line

In KDE, there was a system setting where you could specifically set the monitors to never go black. Now I've switched to dwm and (it might not be related) my screens dim after about 10 minutes. How ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Use `less` to view comma-aligned data

I have a big CSV file. I would like to view my file using less or some command like it which doesn't have to read the whole file at once to show me part of it. Is there a command out there which can ...
30
votes
3answers
34k views

How does the “tail” command's “-f” parameter work?

$ tail -f testfile the command is supposed to show the latest entries in the specified file, in real-time right? But that's not happening. Please correct me, if what I intend it to do is wrong... I ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Handling an option-like filename in the shell [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I delete a file whose name begins with "--"? Due to mismatched switches when I was trying to run a command, I have a log file named -w in a directory. I ...
4
votes
3answers
619 views

GNU: Delayed jobs Queue

Is there a simple way for me to add a shell command to a list of jobs to have run on the system when I'm not logged in? For example: I SSH into my system, decide that I want to read an ebook later, ...
3
votes
1answer
855 views

Keyboard input not displayed on the screen?

We use the `exceed tool to connect to our UNIX servers, but sometimes the command-line behaves erratically. When I am typing some command on the command-line, nothing happens -- nothing is displayed ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

command line tool to set time zone

In Centos 5.x there is the text mode interface of system-config-date to set the time zone. Although that utility still exists in Centos 6 the text mode is gone. Is there anything similar in Centos 6?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a tool in linux that allows multi-line regex expressions?

I'm wanting to find the results of a multi-line regular expression in linux. I tried grep, but like most linux utilities it's line based. Is there something similar that allows me to search across ...
38
votes
3answers
20k views

How can I “relink” a lot of broken symlinks?

I have a directory tree which has a bunch of symbolic links to files under /home... however, I have moved /home to /mnt/home and need a way to "relink" all of the symlinks. Does such functionality ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

How can I display file info of a man?

I know when you are in a man page it will display the file name at the bottom inside the man. How can I do the same thing manually?
10
votes
1answer
3k views

How to run my own program without specifying its path

Let's suppose I have compiled something and I run it like so: $ /path/to/my/executable/mycmd Hello World What do I need to do to run it like $ mycmd Hello World from everywhere in my computer?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I add ncmpcpp search results to the current playlist?

Using the ncmpcpp MPD client, in the search function (F4) how can I add all the search results to the current playlist short of adding each item one-by-one? For example, say I search for all music ...
2
votes
1answer
390 views

rotating buffer type file logging utility

I'am trying to debug a server that throws a lot of logs on stdout/stderr. I need to redirect only last N lines to a file. Something like a rotating buffer feature there in tcpdump's -C & -W flags. ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Convert a folder of images into a multi-page pdf file using command line tools?

I have a folder with 100 jpg images. I want to convert these images into a multi-page pdf file, with all the images (cropped to A4 size). They are already in the correct rotation. Which tools should ...
8
votes
5answers
6k views

How can I run `watch` as a background job?

When I run: watch 'cmd >> output.txt' & the job gets suspended by the system: 3569 Stopped (tty output) Is there a workaround?
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Change character position with sed

The file contains: dateutkfilename25012009 I want to change the position of character 16th to 17th with 18th to 19th. And then change position of character 16th to 19th with 20th to 23rd... so it ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Add carriage return to output of `tail` while using `grep`

I'm looking to refactor the following command: tail -f production.log | grep -e "Processing " -e "compatible;" -e "Completed in " -e This is the output of the command: Processing ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

creating simple command for sudo apt-get install?

I need to run these commands very often: sudo apt-get install <package> sudo apt-get remove <package> Can I make it simple like: install <package> remove <package> I ...
4
votes
2answers
15k views

How to list ALL directories according to their size? [without including the parent directory]

I have a bunch of random folders, some of them are hidden (beginning with a period). I want to list all of them, sorted by their sizes. I have something on the lines of this in mind: ls -d -1 -a */ ...
7
votes
4answers
673 views

How can I find a file whose name includes a given string, such as “abcde”?

Within a set of directories, how do I find a file whose name includes a given string, such as "abcde"?
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Where has the trailing newline char gone from my command substitution?

The following code best describes the situation.  Why is the last line not outputting the trailing newline char?  Each line's output is shown in the comment.  I'm using GNU bash, version 4.1.5 ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

stdin/stdout names in BASH?

I have a program that takes a -o log_file option, which writes extra data to log_file. Is there any way for me to redirect that to stdout? i.e. is there a "special name" for stdout that can be used ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

SWF to PDF conversion

Are there any tools for converting SWF to PDF? I have a bunch of SWF files (to be ripped from the web) and I'd like to group them into single PDF.
5
votes
4answers
893 views

Equivalent of forward/back buttons for unix shell (when navigating directories)?

I'd like to be able to type in terminal commands of forward/back especially if I went from a directory with a super-long name to home (and want to return back to the directory with the super-long name)...
1
vote
1answer
494 views

Command-line way of send pinging

I have lots of Drupal powered website. Each of the website has Multiping module to pinging ping server. Is there any way of send pinging through command-line? I hope I can build dedicated server for ...
3
votes
1answer
509 views

Conditionally killing a process based on its output

I have a REPL (read-eval-print-loop) for the Clojure programming language listening on a network socket. I can send it code over the network and the code will be evaluated and the answer sent back to ...
9
votes
2answers
598 views

What languages are used to build Unix commands?

Examples of commands I'm referring to are ls, pwd, and cd. Also, how are these built? Do you have an example?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

A more readable ps

Are there any tools that improve the readability of ps in the same spirit as ack for grep? This would be especially on OS X where ps does not even have options such as --sort user. So far the nicest ...
1
vote
2answers
193 views

How to run regular programs as daemons/services [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I close a terminal without killing the command running in it? I'm using Debian for my Server. I just installed MediaCore, which works well. Now I want to have it ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Performance difference between stdin and command line argument

For some commands, it is possible to specify certain input as either stdin or a command line argument. Specifically, suppose command can take stdin input and a filename as command line argument, and ...
3
votes
3answers
836 views

When does the order of arguments matter?

In bash, I am not sure if my observation is correct. For most commands, option-like arguments, i.e. arguments that begin with --abc or -a, can be anywhere in the list of arguments to the command, ...
3
votes
1answer
304 views

Could someone please explain some of these escape codes?

I'm seeing this in my .bashrc file: PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\ [\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ ' and I have absolutely no idea what all those ...
4
votes
3answers
735 views

Output exceeding terminal window height

I had run a program that resulted in many more lines of output than my current terminal window width. As a result, I could only see partial results...is there any way to get the full output? I am ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Ubuntu x86 10.10 terminal

I just downloaded a Ubuntu v10.10 vmware image for Windows. I'm trying to install a web application that can only run on Linux MySQL, Apache and PHP. How do I open a terminal in Ubuntu?
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Play RTMP stream from command-line

I've managed to get flvstreamer to read a radio station's RTMP stream with the options --live -r [url], and it outputs what I guess is the raw audio data + stream info to stdout. Can I make it play ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Why do 'man' pages have many extra lines?

When I run the command: man fork There is a highlight line at the bottom that reads: Manual page fork(2) line 52/99 (END) But when I navigate to line 53 and up to 99, these are just blank ...
2
votes
1answer
329 views

Command to monitor elapsed time in background?

I've been trying to find a decent way to monitor elapsed time in the shell. Basically, I'm asking for a stopwatch. The end result is easy enough to accomplish; I've seen examples of using time read, ...
2
votes
3answers
141 views

A command used in another command

For djvused command, there is an option: -e command Cause djvused to execute the commands specified by the option argument commands. It is advisable to surround the djvused commands by ...
2
votes
1answer
618 views

How to resume multiple instances of Screen from command line with minimal steps?

I have about 15 instances of screen running on my linux server. They are each running processes I need to monitor. I had to close terminal (hence the reason I launched screen). Is there a way to ...