The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
3answers
97 views

What is the meaning of ls -d ?

I entered the man page of ls, the entry for the -d option is as follows: -d, --directory list directory entries instead of contents, and do not derefer‐ ence ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

tail-ing a filename that is a date [duplicate]

I am creating a logfile from kermit named the current date (which is in the format of DD MMM YYYY - which can not be changed AFAIK), and using the file name as today's date. I then have a Bash script ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Replace case-insensitive string in all folder files

I'm trying to replace a string with another in all files in dir. Trying to use this command sed 's/foo/bar/' * But it replaces foo and not fOo or Foo and others. how to find "foo" ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

Why can't I kill the shell using the PID obtained from the $$ special variable? [duplicate]

After I have learned that the $$ special variable holds the process number of the shell, I tried too kill the shell by simply: kill , however this did not work, I also tried some variations, but them ...
7
votes
7answers
192 views

What is the purpose of having two variables ($@,$*) to transmit the arguments of a command into a script? [duplicate]

I have read of the special variables used in a script $@ and $*. As far as I understand, the arguments used while executing the script are stored into two special variables, once all arguments into $@ ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

No such directory after creating it

I'm taking a basic Unix course and right now we're learning terminal. My directions are create a directory called company and subdirectories called sales, accounting and marketing. So I did that. ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

SIPp “hello world” message to Asterisk

How do I run diagnostics against Asterisk? Asterisk is running on tleilax; and doge is on the same network (My network topology isn't optimal). Specifically, I want to do something like: sipp ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Changing themes and hot-corner settings from command-line

I want to change the elementary tweak themes and hot-corner settings on my Elementary Luna (built on Ubuntu 12.04 "Precise") from the commandline. With what command can I do this? I know how to make ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Linux commands for kids [closed]

My youngest daughter (6) is fascinated with the sl and gti commands. She even learned to combine them with ; and when the time comes to teach her about return values I'll show her how sl && ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

How to display metainformation for different kinds of time of a file ?

As far as I know each name within a path, e.g. /name1/name2/name3, is allocated to one inode. This inode is a collection of meta information for each name (file or directory). Some of these ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

How to install stardict from a tar.gz manually ?

I have downloaded stardict-2.0.0-pre2.tar.gz and applied the extraction on it by writing: tar xzvf stardict-2.0.0-pre2.tar.gz , thereupon a new folder was created with the following content: From ...
11
votes
5answers
846 views

How do I get the size of a directory on the command line?

I tried to obtain the size of a folder (containing folders and sub folders) by using the ls command with option l. It seems to work for files (ls -l file name), but if I try to get the size of a ...
3
votes
3answers
66 views

how to remove accidentally created '~' and '..'

I'm using wget to download some webpages and I used the -P option without knowing that it wouldn't expend .. or ~. So I found I've created them after running the program. Now the problem is, how do I ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

How to display entire subject line in `mail`?

There are two messages in /var/mail/test. mail Mail version 8.1.2 01/15/2001. Type ? for help. "/var/mail/test": 2 messages 2 new >N 1 test@test Tue Feb 17 15:07 18/628 *** SECURITY ...
-1
votes
2answers
62 views

How to create a new partitioning table on SD card from the command line ? [closed]

I have tried to mount a SD card on Linux Mint, I have found the right device file and tried: mount -t vfat /dev/sdb /mnt/zauberportal ,but it failed and I tried some variations like different types of ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

Using find to list all files under certain directory

I'm trying to use a single line command that will find every directory (or sub-directory) named bin and will then print a list of all the files under it, but will not also list the directory names ...
0
votes
3answers
184 views

Simple TCP server listening on a port but not returning SYN-ACK

I am looking for a command-line TCP server (preferably a one-liner), that will listen on a specified port and when received SYN, it will not respond with SYN-ACK as usual TCP servers do. The purpose ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Simple http server from the command line that will always cause a timeout

Regarding the question Simple command line http server I would like to know, what is the simplest method for creating a http server listening on a specified port that will always cause timeout (it ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

How to find with grep lines that end in a certain string?

I know that to find a REGEX that ends in a certain string I have to write "string$". Although I tried the following variations of grep : cat foo | grep "string$", cat foo | egrep "string$", grep -E ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Copy files to multiple computers over LAN

Good day, I am pretty new to Unix and I need to do this simple task. I have a few files, let's name them file01, file02, file03 etc. and I need to copy each of them to one computer from a list. The ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

What does the option -C achieve in ls output?

In the man pages it says: -C list entries by columns However, I really cannot notice any difference between the output of ls or ls -C, could someone explain this to me?
1
vote
0answers
31 views

How much arguments can I pass to command? [duplicate]

Is there any limit of arguments that could be passed to C/C++, Python, Bash etc. program? Practical usage: pass bitmap data from/to C++ to/from Python program via arguments.
0
votes
2answers
65 views

What regular expression in grep searches for strings of three same letters in a row?

I have a text file and I am using the grep command with a regular expression to get only the lines which contain three same successive letters, e.g.: aaa bbb ccc ddd What regular expression do I ...
12
votes
4answers
667 views

What is the meaning of IFS=$'\n' in bash scripting ?

at the beginning of a shell script program in the bash is the following line: IFS=$'\n' What is the meaning behind this collection of symbols ?
-1
votes
2answers
62 views

How do I get a list of all directories and files with absolute paths each line ?

Using ls -R / i get every file and directory listed that exists, but not in the desired format. What do I need to write on the command line in order to get a list in such a format, that every line ...
5
votes
3answers
336 views

How do I move all the files with the same name scattered through the file system into one folder?

I have a file system tree and on different locations within it are files with the same name. I tried the following command on the command line: find / -name "HAHA" -exec mv {} /home \; It only ...
6
votes
3answers
310 views

How do I use the regular pattern operator {m,n} in grep?

I have a text file, from which I need to select only those lines, which include the string "tt". So I tried this on the command line: grep "t{2}" textfile Allthough I know the textfile contains ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Command to to restart Pantheon files manager (elemenaryOS)?

After editing context menu entries (by editing files in /usr/share/contractor) I have to restart the file manager to see the changes. How to restart Pantheon Files with a command so that I don't have ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

How do i start a sound file without displaying the window of the player ?

Whenever I type xdg-open filename or vlc filename, a window opens and start playing the filename. How can I achieve to play the sound file without displaying a corresponding window in the command line ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

How can I get my Linux distribution name and version using the command line ? [duplicate]

I have Linux Mint Version 7.1 Rebecca. What do I need to write in the command line in order to find this information. I tried uname -a , but I got informations about my computer name, Kernel Version ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

what do i need to do additionally to start X in order to not end in a black screen?

From the xfce desktop environment in Linux Mint, I pressed Ctrl + Alt + Fn in order to get into a virtual terminal, then I stopped the mdm display manager with killall mdm. So far it worked, but once ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

command to clean up old log files

I was trying to automate some auto cleaning of my Ubuntu System, with Cron Jobs I tryed to simplify this: sudo find /var/log -type f -name "*.1.gz" -delete sudo find /var/log -type f -name "*.2.gz" ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

what are considered old and powerfull commands? [closed]

I came across the terms awk and sed, awk goes once through all lines and performs a task whenever a line meets a certain condition, sed can manipulate a stream of input before it goes further to the ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Show connected printers in CUPS

Is there a way to list the available/connected printers in CUPS using the command line or better yet using the CUPS API ? I already tried lpstat -a but it only lists the installed printers and not ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

How do i log into a virtual terminal ?

I do not know what a virtual terminal is, but i have to enter one, in order to switch off the display manager in a fashion that allows me to type next a command in the virtual terminal that starts the ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Is it possible to recover an OS from (initramfs) ? [closed]

I have a non working battery and a bad cable connection, so my pc often switches off inpropriately and i end into the dark image with the prompt (initramfs). When i type help a list of commands i can ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

what is the difference betwwen starting a command with nohup and &? [duplicate]

nohub and & seem to have a similar effect on the surface, they both start processes without occupying the shell from which they have been started, how do they differ on a deeper level?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How can i enter the sudo X command after having killed the mdm display manager?

I was told, in order to just start the x window system, i have to input at the command line: sudo killall mdm. After having done so, my window freezes and i have no further controll, my only option so ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

how to start into the x window server from linux mint ? [closed]

what do i have to do in the terminal in order to switch all the frontends of the xserver off, just to have the x window system running without any window manager or desktop environment?
0
votes
2answers
37 views

How to match multiple lines starting with a TAB, and the line before the 1st one in a group?

I've got some third party log files I'm trying to pull errors out of on the command line. The logs look like this: time=1 time=2 time=3 at com.test.com.... at com.test.com.... at ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Debian Linux: Start/run application/process in another virtual terminal

You'll have to bare with my my Linux terminology is pretty bad. When I say virtual terminal I'm talking about when you press ctrl+alt+ a function key (F1-F12). I think they are called virtual ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

How to insert bash variables in awk?

How to insert bash variables in awk (for example i need to do in in some for loop - like this: in first iteration use awk to search string by first column, next by second column and so on with using ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Is there a way to find the uptime of a network card in unix?

Some of the information i am requesting can be gleaned from /var/log/syslog , e.g: grep wlan /var/log/syslog But the usefulness of that information also depends on how you are network connecting; ...
1
vote
2answers
250 views

Perform multiple commands on one line

There are two steps, that I would like to be run on one line: twinkle -c then call sip:in06khattab@sip.linphone.org Here is the output: I wanted to perform these two steps on one line, I ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Unix sort by multiple columns

I have trouble understanding unix sort. Consider the following file (tab separated) aa ~ a1 aa B b A b ~ e bb B bb ~ B When calling: cat tmp2 | sort -t $'\t' -k1,2 I get aa ~ a1 aa B ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Coordinates X237595Y81600 to X2375Y8160

I have create a gerber file and it has lines inside which look like this: X90095Y15350 X100095Y15350 X110095Y15350 X120095Y15350 X120095Y25350 X110095Y25350 X100095Y25350 X90095Y25350 X80095Y25350 ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Downgrading nvidia drivers in Sles 11

I'm trying to find out how to downgrade my graphic driver? Current Driver nVidida driver : 319.76, Needed Driver: 319.32 Can anyone help me with some steps on how to do this?
0
votes
0answers
45 views

TTL Editor Tera Term Macros

I am running TTL editor to send command via ethernt to a control unit to get status data, The problem I have is that part of the test is to shut off for about 20 minutes, I need a command to still ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

How do I allow privileged commands to fail but respond?

I am reading up on several commands, some of which are privileged and some that may or may not be installed. My system (gentoo) will respond with command not found sometimes when the program in the ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Can I treat all what I typed after a command as raw string?

I made a bash func for myself so I can through some words into a tree_hole file, it looks like this in bashrc: function th { echo -e "\n$@" >> /Users/zen1/zen/pythonstudy/tree_hole; } export -f ...