The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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2
votes
3answers
648 views

What command do I use to see the start and end block of a file in the file system?

Is there any command that will output the beginning and ending blocks of any file?
2
votes
3answers
5k views

UNIX commands help - find

I'm trying to learn UNIX commands and I'm playing this game to learn and I'm really stuck at the moment. I'm in a server through ssh and the directory is full of random files and folders and the ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

How to round floating point numbers in shell?

How do I correctly round IEEE 754 floating point numbers on the command line? I want to specify the precision of the output number - the count of fractional digits. Rounding 6.66 to precision 1 ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

grep: input file 'X' is also the output

I use ubuntu 14.4, and attempt to redirect the output of grep command to a file, but I keep getting this error: grep: input file 'X' is also the output I've searched for this issue and just found ...
0
votes
5answers
551 views

Why, still in modern GUI-based Linux distros, is it common to use the command line? [closed]

Is the command line a popular choice thing, or do I have something wrong here? In modern Linux there's dozens of fresh, robust, 3-D rendered GUIs, graphical-based APIs, and desktop interfaces that ...
19
votes
6answers
821 views

Why is aliasing over standard commands not recommended?

For example, a common alias I've seen in the ~/.bashrc file (or equivalents) is alias rm='rm -i' However, I've seen people recommend against this because the alias might not exist on another ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What does “-” mean as an argument to a command?

I found this link on how to open tgz in one step. gzip -dc target.tar.gz | tar xf - What does the '-' mean?
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Samba mount with password prompt as non-root user

I want to mount a password-protected SMB share (served by a Windows machine). The share is protected by a user name and password, and I may not write the password in a file, I want to be prompted for ...
7
votes
4answers
12k views

How to display line number while doing grep on a file

How to display line number while doing grep on a file. For example: grep CONFIG_PM_ADVANCED_DEBUG /boot/config-`uname -r
7
votes
4answers
2k views

How can I check if a gzipped file is empty?

Is there a quick way to check if a gzipped file is empty, or do I have to unzip it first? example: $ touch foo $ if [ -s foo ]; then echo not empty; fi $ gzip foo $ if [ -s foo.gz ]; then echo not ...
7
votes
4answers
10k views

How to install software on Red Hat?

What's the simplest way to download/install software on Red Hat Linux (from bash command line)?
6
votes
7answers
3k views

What is the easiest way to add a string on the beginning of every line of the file from the command line?

I am looking for a way to add some string to the beginning of every line (same string for every line). Not something customizable but rather something that will be easy to remember and available on ...
6
votes
3answers
10k views

Characters encodings supported by more, cat and less

I have a text file encoded as following according to file: ISO-8859 text, with CRLF line terminators This file contains French's text with accents. My shell is able to display accent and emacs ...
6
votes
1answer
270 views

Output redirection and spaces

I'm paranoid about this, but hopefully it's a simple question: Is there any difference between cat file1 | egrep -oP "[Mm]y string" > /home/user/file.txt and cat file1|egrep -oP "[Mm]y ...
5
votes
4answers
496 views

How to move all files inside present subfolders up here

I have 50 folders with some subfolders too, with more than 1000 audio files total. I need to remove all subfolders and put all files in present level. Tried mv */* ./ but it complaints: argument list ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Multiple ssh sessions in single command

I'm trying to copy a database from one server to another. I tried using the following command and it's getting tied up on entering the ssh passwords. If I put in one server's password, it complains ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

What is 'ls quote'?

Today I happened to press ' after ls So the command is ls' After I issued this command: [edit]Seems the image can't display properly > ls' quote> ls' zsh: command not found: ls\nls > ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I run a command on multiple files

This is pretty basic, I have a folder with several subfolders of JS files and i want to run Google's Clojure compiler on all of the files in those folders. The command to process a single file is as ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

Sending a file as the body of an email

I want a utility that does something like this: email --subject="xxx" --body=body.txt --to=to_address@hostname.com (using pre-configured sender information for e.g. gmail). Note that body.txt is ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

How to use SCSUDO to run scripts with positional parameters?

I am trying to use scsudo to run a number of defined commands to stop and start processes on a UNIX host. The issue I am experiencing is that scsudo does not seem to like the use of positional ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Outputting common lines from 2 files and uncommon lines from both the files in one output file

I have 2 text files. Lets name them file1.txt and file2.txt file1.txt is as follows chr10 181144 225933 chr10 181243 225933 chr10 181500 225933 chr10 226069 255828 chr10 255989 267134 ...
2
votes
3answers
363 views

How to get a list of applications associated with a file using command line

File associations usually are made in the desktop environment, but how to get a list of applications associated with a file using command line? Something like: $ getassoc foo.pdf <CR> $ ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

ssh: execute a command before login

I am looking for a way to execute a local command when logging into a remote machine via SSH. (I want to stay logged in after the command has finished.) In other words, I want to specify the command ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

cp : short way of copying [closed]

I don't remember exactly but there was either cp or mv command which I was able to do something like this with: cp file{.cpp, .cpp.org} Which would copy file.cpp and make a copy named file.cpp.org. ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does Firefox refuse to die despite killing it with pkill -9?

I am issuing the following command to kill Firefox on my Red Hat Linux box: [subhrcho@slc04lyo ~]$ pkill -9 -f firefox [subhrcho@slc04lyo ~]$ However, when I try to invoke Firefox through ...
2
votes
2answers
689 views

View all user's printing jobs from the command line

I'm running Fedora 17, Gnome (3?), and using bash from terminal. Whenever I run lpstat I only get a list of my jobs, but every time I go to retrieve my jobs from the printer, somebody else is ...
1
vote
2answers
331 views

Why does “grep '.*[s]' file” work and “grep .*[s] file” doesn't?

Comparing grep '.*[s]' file with grep .*[s] file Why do you need quotation marks to let this work properly? In the second case, grep seems trying to inspect every file with a period.
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Using cURL command-line tool on Mac, how does one fetch stock data which comes back *without* commas? [duplicate]

The below script is not working. cd desktop/quoteUpdate while true do curl-o quotes.txt -s "http://download.finance.yahoo.com/d/quotes.csv?s=goog,aapl&f=sl1" sed -i '.bak' 's/,/ /g' quotes.txt ...
1
vote
2answers
6k views

How to unpack a downloaded tar.bz2 archive?

I downloaded YOONO-Desktop from http://www.yoono.com/, and I try to install it with the following steps: [root@localhost mpatil]# tar xfv yoono-destop-1.8.43.tar tar: yoono-destop-1.8.43.tar: Cannot ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Renaming files works, but soft links point to the old names. How can I fix that?

For example, I'm renaming many files inside a tree like this: [bash]$ for file in `find . -name "*gsf*"`; do `mv $file ${file/gsf/msf}`; done That renames all the instances of "gsf" in file names ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

extract subfolders outside and rename if necessary

I have a directory looks like: dhcp-18-189-47-44:CE-06-new-stuctures_backup wenxuanhuang$ ls DFT-00001 DFT-00004 DFT-00007 DFT-00010 DFT-00013 DFT-00016 DFT-00019 DFT-00022 DFT-00025 DFT-00028 ...
0
votes
2answers
205 views

Files greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months

I want to find files which are greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months in entire server. How to write a command for this?
0
votes
1answer
317 views

Using the cURL command, how does one fetch stock data which comes back *without* commas and spaces?

What can I add to the below script so that it fetches the stock data and brings it back WITHOUT any commas and spaces? For example GOOG Outstanding shares is 675,000,000. I desire the output of ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

How to use find command with wildcard when current directory contains a match? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: find not recursive when file at top I'm having some confusion with the find command. If I type: find . -name *.xml or find ./ -name *.xml I receive a list of all ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Commandline gstreamer player

Is there a good, simple commandline player that uses gstreamer?
63
votes
6answers
11k views

When is xargs needed?

The xargs command always confuses me. Is there a general rule that can help me figure out when I need it? Consider the two examples below: $ \ls | grep Cases | less prints the files that match ...
22
votes
4answers
27k views

How to attach terminal to detached process?

I have detached a process from my terminal, like this: $ process & That terminal is now long closed, but process is still running and I want to send some commands to that process's stdin. Is ...
70
votes
4answers
62k views

How to tell gzip to keep original file?

I would like to compress a text file using gzip command line tool while keeping the original file. By default running the following command gzip file.txt results in modifying this file and renaming ...
40
votes
2answers
27k views

What are the differences between most, more and less?

I'm now using Arch Linux, and find a command most works like more and less. To understand the differences between them is a confusing problem. This Question has mentioned the differences between less ...
34
votes
3answers
17k views

Find out current working directory of a running process?

What command(s) can one use to find out the current working directory (CWD) of a running process? These would be commands you could use externally from the process.
55
votes
8answers
39k views

How can I edit multiple files in VIM?

I know I can open multiple files with vim by doing something like vim 2011-12*.log, but how can I switch between files and close the files one at a time? Also, how can I tell the file name of the ...
23
votes
9answers
103k views

How to connect to a serial port as simple as using SSH?

Is there a way to connect to a serial terminal just as you would do with SSH? There must be a simpler way than tools such as Minicom, like this $ serial /dev/ttyS0 I know I can cat the output ...
49
votes
6answers
37k views

Is there a tool to get the lines in one file that are not in another?

Is there any tool that can get lines which file A contains, but file B doesn't? I could make a little simple script with, e.g, perl, but if something like that already exists, I'll save my time from ...
26
votes
8answers
105k views

How to determine Linux kernel architecture?

uname -m gives i686 and uname -m gives i686 i386 output in Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5.4 (Tikanga) machine. I need to install Oracle Database 10g Release 2 on that machine. So, how can I ...
16
votes
4answers
70k views

Connecting to wifi network through command line

I am trying to connect to my WEP network just using the command-line (Linux). I run: sudo iwconfig wlan0 mode Managed essid 'my_network' key 'xx:xx:... hex key, 26 digits' Then I try to obtain an ...
31
votes
2answers
27k views

How to remove a single line from history?

I'm working in Mac OSX, so I guess I'm using bash...? Sometimes I enter something that I don't want to be remembered in the history. How do I remove it?
14
votes
3answers
15k views

Copy and paste a file/directory from command line

Instead of using the following command: cp {source file} {dest file} I want to be able to copy a file into the clipboard, and paste it somewhere else, in another directory. something like this: ...
27
votes
5answers
17k views

Filtering invalid utf8

I have a text file in an unknown or mixed encoding. I want to see the lines that contain a byte sequence that is not valid UTF-8 (by piping the text file into some program). Equivalently, I want to ...
24
votes
7answers
64k views

What is the fastest way to view images from the terminal?

The terminal is very fast and convenient way to quickly access directories and files (faster than find and click on the directory). One thing that it cannot show in text-mode is "pictures". What ...
23
votes
5answers
14k views

echo a file without the first and last lines

Is there a simple way I can echo a file, skipping the first and last lines? I was looking at piping from head into tail, but for those it seems like I would have to know the total lines from the ...