The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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3
votes
1answer
304 views

How to use SCSUDO to run scripts with positional parameters?

I am trying to use scsudo to run a number of defined commands to stop and start processes on a UNIX host. The issue I am experiencing is that scsudo does not seem to like the use of positional ...
2
votes
1answer
988 views

Sort and count number of occurrence of lines

I have Apache logfile, access.log, how to count number of line occurrence in that file? for example the result of cut -f 7 -d ' ' | cut -d '?' -f 1 | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]' is a.php b.php a.php ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Outputting common lines from 2 files and uncommon lines from both the files in one output file

I have 2 text files. Lets name them file1.txt and file2.txt file1.txt is as follows chr10 181144 225933 chr10 181243 225933 chr10 181500 225933 chr10 226069 255828 chr10 255989 267134 ...
2
votes
3answers
327 views

How to get a list of applications associated with a file using command line

File associations usually are made in the desktop environment, but how to get a list of applications associated with a file using command line? Something like: $ getassoc foo.pdf <CR> $ ...
2
votes
3answers
858 views

ssh: execute a command before login

I am looking for a way to execute a local command when logging into a remote machine via SSH. (I want to stay logged in after the command has finished.) In other words, I want to specify the command ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

cp : short way of copying [closed]

I don't remember exactly but there was either cp or mv command which I was able to do something like this with: cp file{.cpp, .cpp.org} Which would copy file.cpp and make a copy named file.cpp.org. ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does Firefox refuse to die despite killing it with pkill -9?

I am issuing the following command to kill Firefox on my Red Hat Linux box: [subhrcho@slc04lyo ~]$ pkill -9 -f firefox [subhrcho@slc04lyo ~]$ However, when I try to invoke Firefox through ...
2
votes
2answers
565 views

View all user's printing jobs from the command line

I'm running Fedora 17, Gnome (3?), and using bash from terminal. Whenever I run lpstat I only get a list of my jobs, but every time I go to retrieve my jobs from the printer, somebody else is ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

Why does “grep '.*[s]' file” work and “grep .*[s] file” doesn't?

Comparing grep '.*[s]' file with grep .*[s] file Why do you need quotation marks to let this work properly? In the second case, grep seems trying to inspect every file with a period.
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Using cURL command-line tool on Mac, how does one fetch stock data which comes back *without* commas? [duplicate]

The below script is not working. cd desktop/quoteUpdate while true do curl-o quotes.txt -s "http://download.finance.yahoo.com/d/quotes.csv?s=goog,aapl&f=sl1" sed -i '.bak' 's/,/ /g' quotes.txt ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How to unpack a downloaded tar.bz2 archive?

I downloaded YOONO-Desktop from http://www.yoono.com/, and I try to install it with the following steps: [root@localhost mpatil]# tar xfv yoono-destop-1.8.43.tar tar: yoono-destop-1.8.43.tar: Cannot ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Renaming files works, but soft links point to the old names. How can I fix that?

For example, I'm renaming many files inside a tree like this: [bash]$ for file in `find . -name "*gsf*"`; do `mv $file ${file/gsf/msf}`; done That renames all the instances of "gsf" in file names ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Using the cURL command, how does one fetch stock data which comes back *without* commas and spaces?

What can I add to the below script so that it fetches the stock data and brings it back WITHOUT any commas and spaces? For example GOOG Outstanding shares is 675,000,000. I desire the output of ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

How to use find command with wildcard when current directory contains a match? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: find not recursive when file at top I'm having some confusion with the find command. If I type: find . -name *.xml or find ./ -name *.xml I receive a list of all ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Commandline gstreamer player

Is there a good, simple commandline player that uses gstreamer?
58
votes
6answers
8k views

When is xargs needed?

The xargs command always confuses me. Is there a general rule that can help me figure out when I need it? Consider the two examples below: $ \ls | grep Cases | less prints the files that match ...
20
votes
4answers
22k views

How to attach terminal to detached process?

I have detached a process from my terminal, like this: $ process & That terminal is now long closed, but process is still running and I want to send some commands to that process's stdin. Is ...
48
votes
8answers
34k views

How can I edit multiple files in VIM?

I know I can open multiple files with vim by doing something like vim 2011-12*.log, but how can I switch between files and close the files one at a time? Also, how can I tell the file name of the ...
31
votes
2answers
19k views

What are the differences between most, more and less?

I'm now using Arch Linux, and find a command most works like more and less. To understand the differences between them is a confusing problem. This Question has mentioned the differences between less ...
57
votes
3answers
49k views

How to tell gzip to keep original file?

I would like to compress a text file using gzip command line tool while keeping the original file. By default running the following command gzip file.txt results in modifying this file and renaming ...
27
votes
3answers
12k views

Find out current working directory of a running process?

What command(s) can one use to find out the current working directory (CWD) of a running process? These would be commands you could use externally from the process.
41
votes
6answers
29k views

Is there a tool to get the lines in one file that are not in another?

Is there any tool that can get lines which file A contains, but file B doesn't? I could make a little simple script with, e.g, perl, but if something like that already exists, I'll save my time from ...
14
votes
3answers
13k views

Copy and paste a file/directory from command line

Instead of using the following command: cp {source file} {dest file} I want to be able to copy a file into the clipboard, and paste it somewhere else, in another directory. something like this: ...
21
votes
5answers
10k views

echo a file without the first and last lines

Is there a simple way I can echo a file, skipping the first and last lines? I was looking at piping from head into tail, but for those it seems like I would have to know the total lines from the ...
27
votes
2answers
21k views

How to remove a single line from history?

I'm working in Mac OSX, so I guess I'm using bash...? Sometimes I enter something that I don't want to be remembered in the history. How do I remove it?
36
votes
4answers
3k views

Reverse grepping

Let's say, I have a really big text file (about 10.000.000 lines). I need to grep it from the end and save result to a file. What's the most efficient way to accomplish task?
24
votes
5answers
14k views

Filtering invalid utf8

I have a text file in an unknown or mixed encoding. I want to see the lines that contain a byte sequence that is not valid UTF-8 (by piping the text file into some program). Equivalently, I want to ...
14
votes
2answers
764 views

What is a simple way to schedule a single event to happen at some time in the future?

There are often times that I want my computer to do a single task, but not right now. For example, I could have it notify me in 30 minutes that it is time to leave work. Or maybe I want it to run a ...
13
votes
5answers
21k views

User-friendly command to list all users on Ubuntu system?

Is there a user-friendly command I can use to list users in a console on an Ubuntu system? When I cat /etc/passwd I get a hard-to-read list of users. It would be nice to see an alphabetized list, ...
12
votes
1answer
14k views

command to zip multiple directories into individual zip files

I have a single directory that contains dozens of directories inside of it. I'm new to command line and I'm struggling to come up with a command that will zip each sub-directory into a unique ...
11
votes
3answers
47k views

Connecting to wifi network through command line

I am trying to connect to my WEP network just using the command-line (Linux). I run: sudo iwconfig wlan0 mode Managed essid 'my_network' key 'xx:xx:... hex key, 26 digits' Then I try to obtain an ...
30
votes
5answers
7k views

How to echo a bang!

I tried to create a script by echo'ing the contents into a file, instead of opening it with a editor echo -e "#!/bin/bash \n /usr/bin/command args" > .scripts/command The output: bash: ...
29
votes
5answers
38k views

How do I convert an epoch timestamp to a human readable format on the cli?

How do I convert an epoch timestamp to a human readable format on the cli? I think there's a way to do it with date but the syntax eludes me (other ways welcome).
18
votes
7answers
45k views

What is the fastest way to view images from the terminal?

The terminal is very fast and convenient way to quickly access directories and files (faster than find and click on the directory). One thing that it cannot show in text-mode is "pictures". What ...
17
votes
9answers
2k views

How to make sure that a command is not interrupted, even if terminal is closed? [duplicate]

In Linux. Say I want to run a command and it takes too long. I just want to ensure it's done. How?
16
votes
10answers
17k views

What's a good example of piping commands together?

If you were helping someone to learn the concept of pipes on the command line what example would you use? The example that actually came up was as follows: cat whatever.txt | less I feel like ...
11
votes
7answers
41k views

How to boot Linux to command-line mode instead of GUI?

I am using 32-bit Red Hat Linux in my VM. I want to boot it to command-line mode, not to GUI mode. I know that from there I can switch to GUI mode using startx command. How do I switch back to ...
17
votes
1answer
3k views

copy (to X clipboard) shortcut in .tmux.conf

In order to copy text to X clipboard in tmux, what I currently do is: go selection mode with prefix[ start selection with space (using mode-keys vi btw) select the text and press enter copy tmux ...
14
votes
7answers
6k views

Converting colored output into html

There are tools providing coloured output: dwdiff -c File1 File2 # word level diff grep --color=always # we all know this guy ... The question is: How to convert their colored output of arbitrary ...
13
votes
10answers
2k views

Where do I master the most useful linux commands for programmers? [closed]

The power of combining xargs, cut, tail, grep, seq, amazes me. What resource should I look at for a tutorial on the most useful linux commands for programmers? I'm interested in just the ones ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a way to intercept interprocess communication in Unix/Linux?

For intercepting/analyzing network traffic, we have a utility called Wireshark. Do we have a similar utility for intercepting all the interprocess communication between any two processes in ...
11
votes
1answer
47k views

Sending messages to another user

Is there any command to send messages through the Linux shell to other people on the same network? I'm using write user and then write the message itself. But there's any command that doesn't show my ...
11
votes
4answers
478 views

rolling diffs for storage of highly similar files?

At work we do a nightly dump of our mysql databases. From day to day, I would guestimate that close to 90-95% of the data is duplicate, increasing as time goes on. ( Heck at this point some are ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Using text from previous commands' output

EDIT April, 2015: If you have this same question I recommend also checking http://xiki.org/ I know this is not how terminals work, but I find myself often wishing there was an easy way of using ...
10
votes
2answers
706 views

Highlight the three last updated files in ls output

Is there any way to overload or wrap the ls command so that it will highlight / underline / otherwise make obvious the last three modified files? I know that I can simply ls -rtl to order by reverse ...
8
votes
3answers
687 views

how to queue a command to run after another command finishes?

Sometimes I start a program that takes a very long time to finish (emerge), then realize that I should go to bed instead of waiting for it. If I know this in the first place I would run program; halt ...
19
votes
3answers
5k views

Command for forcing a pointer ungrab (captured mouse release)

Sometimes Firefox doesn't release the mouse after dragging, so I need to kill the application to force it to release its pointer grab. Is there any command to force an application to ungrab the ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

Why do I have to cd out of a deleted directory?

On my server I have a directory structure looking something like this: /myproject/code I normally have an ssh connection to the server and 'stand' in that directory: root@machine:/myproject/code# ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Where do my ANSI escape codes go when I pipe to another process? Can I keep them?

I sometime want to pipe the color-coded output fror a process, eg. grep... but when I pipe it to another process, eg. sed, the color codes are lost... Is the some way to keep thes codes intact ? ...
13
votes
4answers
26k views

How to check password with Linux?

I want to check, from the linux command line, if a given cleartext password is the same of a crypted password on a /etc/shadow (I need this to authenticate web users. I'm running an embedded linux.) ...