The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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3
votes
1answer
70 views

lshw shows a different amount of RAM than the 'free' command. Missing RAM? [closed]

Title says it all! uname -a: Linux servername 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.65-1+deb7u2 x86_64 GNU/Linux lshw output: *-firmware description: BIOS vendor: Dell Computer Corporation ...
0
votes
3answers
78 views

Is there something like “common Linux commands”? [duplicate]

I come from the windows world trying to switch to Linux. Sorry for the naïve question but is there something like "common Linux commands"? For example in Windows, the command line is pretty limited, ...
135
votes
5answers
24k views

I deleted /bin/rm. How do I recover it?

Just for fun, I thought I would use this command on my Raspberry Pi running Raspbian: sudo rm -f /bin/rm I thought I could just reinstall coreutils: I was wrong! apt-get install --reinstall ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Closing a GUI window from the command line

I often run scripts to transform a CSV file which I then preview in LibreOffice. I often open the CSV with xdg-open file.csv. However, if I run that command when the file is already open, ...
12
votes
6answers
13k views

How do I limit the number of files printed by ls?

Is there a way to limit the quantity of listed files on a ls command? I've seen: ls | head -4 but to get head to be executed I need to wait for ls to finish execution, and with directories with an ...
32
votes
9answers
52k views

How can I get a count of files in a directory using the command line?

I have a directory with a large number of files. I don't see a ls switch to provide the count. Is there some command line magic to get a count of files?
21
votes
7answers
4k views

how to glob every hidden file except current and parent directory [duplicate]

I want to glob every hidden file and directory, but not the current (.) and parent directory (..). I am using bash. Observe current behaviour: $ ls -a . .. ...a ...aa ..a ..aa .a .aa .aaa ...
2
votes
2answers
980 views

How to convert a group of video files using FFMPEG?

I have several video files in a directory and I want to convert all of them into other video formats. Is there any way that I can convert all of them in just one go using FFMPEG. I mean without having ...
33
votes
12answers
51k views

Efficiently delete large directory containing thousands of files

We have an issue with a folder becoming unwieldy with hundreds of thousands of tiny files. There are so many files that performing rm -rf returns an error and instead what we need to do is something ...
4
votes
1answer
15k views

access external hard drive to delete folder on terminal Mac

I want to delete a folder of portable hard drive on terminal in Mac. Are there any command line ?
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Can not access my external hard drive.

I am fairly new to Linux and have been trying to move some files around with terminal on my external hard drive but I can't seem to get it to work. I am using a generic external hard drive with a ext4 ...
4
votes
3answers
55 views

Why can't I open a shell from a pipelined process?

I've condensed my problem into the following code: #include <stdio.h> int main(){ char buffer[256]; printf("Enter input: "); scanf("%s", buffer); system("/bin/sh"); ...
3
votes
2answers
441 views

convert bulk of text files to pdf with naming based upon header file

Knowing that "How to convert from text to .pdf" is already well answered here link and here link, I am looking for something more specific: Using Claws-Mail [website] and a Plug-In [RSSyl] to read ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Files greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months

I want to find files which are greater than 1 GB and older than 6 months in entire server. How to write a command for this?
29
votes
6answers
5k views

How do I get a websites title using command line?

I want a command line program that prints the title of a website. For e.g.: Alan:~ titlefetcher http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dd7dQh8u4Hc should give: Why Are Bad Words Bad? You give it the ...
14
votes
4answers
7k views

How to kill a process with a single command?

I want to kill a process, after finding the id in a single step. I currently use these two commands: pidof <name> kill <#number_which_is_result_of_command> How can I write a single ...
-1
votes
2answers
133 views

How do I get a list of all directories and files with absolute paths each line ?

Using ls -R / i get every file and directory listed that exists, but not in the desired format. What do I need to write on the command line in order to get a list in such a format, that every line ...
30
votes
5answers
43k views

Set volume from terminal

Is it possible to set the audio volume using the terminal?, instead of clicking the speaker icon in the topbar, the reason I want need to do this is because my keyboard does not have a volume ...
9
votes
8answers
16k views

How do I install a PHP CLI with a usable interactive prompt on Debian Wheezy?

When I install php5-cli on Debian Wheezy (currently testing), the interactive prompt is very unusable due to missing readline support (bug 341868). What's the easiest way to install a version linked ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

prevent multi-line paste in bash

I often use ctrl+c to copy text from some gui application and then paste it into my terminal emulator (terminator), using right-mouse-click-menu and paste. Sometimes I forget that the clipboard ...
12
votes
10answers
5k views

Console Text Editor with Windows-like keyboard shortcuts (ctrl-z, x, c, v)

Ok, I realise that I risk a religious war asking a question about text editors, but here goes. Requirements Mostly used for config file edits Text based not GUI Available for Raspian flavour of ...
14
votes
4answers
28k views

How to check password with Linux?

I want to check, from the linux command line, if a given cleartext password is the same of a crypted password on a /etc/shadow (I need this to authenticate web users. I'm running an embedded linux.) ...
-5
votes
2answers
65 views

PDF: Using Terminal [closed]

I tried creating a PDF file using terminal . I wrote "vi New.pdf". It created the file. Now that when i trying to double click and open it . It said something like :- The file "New.pdf" could not ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Saving from arecord on a raspberry pi across a network to a mac

I've currently got a usb mic plugged into a Raspberry Pi B+ and am using the following code to record data: arecord --buffer-time=5000000 -D plughw:1,0 -f cd -t raw | lame -r - stream.mp3 I then ...
1
vote
6answers
4k views

Fast tool to generate thumbnail video galleries for command line

I use gframecatcher to generate thumbnail video galleries, i.e. something like this: However this is a GUI tool and I want to create recursively a gallery for every video in a directory structure, ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Why doesn't tar ask before overwriting existing files?

I lost a couple hundred lines of a Vim plugin I wrote and continue back up every so often because I extracted a tar file containing an older version. I decided not to use source control management ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

How to extract the Nth file using 7-zip

I have an archive which, for reasons beyond my comprehension, contains 900 files all with the same name. That means that if I ask 7zip to extract them all, at the end there is just one file. The ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

How to create a deterministic tar.gz using git-archive?

Creating a git repository for testing. ~ $ mkdir somefolder ~ $ cd somefolder/ ~/somefolder $ git init Initialized empty Git repository in /home/user/somefolder/.git/ ~/somefolder $ echo test > ...
3
votes
1answer
588 views

Estimate the size of the extracted files before extraction a `tar.gz` archive?

Before using tar to extract a .tar.gz archive, it is possible to get an estimate of how large the extracted files are in total?
0
votes
1answer
95 views

How to prevent expansion

My script parameters on the mask and consist parameters for the find tool: $mopt=false case $1 in ... -m|--mask-file) if $mopt; then or="-o" fi ...
8
votes
5answers
6k views

Show contents of many files

From the command line, what is the easiest way to show the contents of multiple files? My directory looks like below. ./WtCgikkCFHmmuXQXp0FkZjVrnJSU64Jb9WSyZ52b ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Command line tool to fingerprint and tag MP3

I have a large collection of MP3 files, accumulated over the years. The collection is intermittently tagged, and many filenames are totally nondescript as well (e.g. file01.mp3, file02.mp3, etc). The ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Unzipping a .gz file without removing the gzipped file

I have a file file.gz, when I try to unzip this file by using gunzip file.gz, it unzipped the file but only contains extracted and removes the file.gz file. How can I unzip by keeping both unzipped ...
3
votes
4answers
73 views

Find the last occurence of a string in a given filetype in all subdirectories

I have multiple sub-directories each with different depths. I need to search for the last occurrence of a string in a specific filetype (say *.out). How can I accomplish this? I have tried: grep -r ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

tool in terminal like helm-occur/helm-swoop for terminal?

I don't know whether this is the right place to post this question, but if you are not an Emacs user, I'll explain the basic usage of helm-occur/helm-swoop. I like helm-occur/helm-swoop for Emacs ...
36
votes
4answers
4k views

Reverse grepping

Let's say, I have a really big text file (about 10.000.000 lines). I need to grep it from the end and save result to a file. What's the most efficient way to accomplish task?
1
vote
3answers
133 views

Checking pop mail account using terminal

Is there any command in unix to check a pop3 account using terminal? I mean, type the server/username/password of a pop3 account and see if the username/password is correct?
23
votes
9answers
43k views

Converting multiple image files from JPEG to PDF format

I want to convert some files from jpeg to pdf. I am using following command. $ convert image1.jpg image1.pdf But I have 100 images. How should I convert all of them to corresponding pdfs? I ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Transparently run wine programs

When I want to run a wine program I have to type e.g. $ wine ~/.wine/drive_c/Program\ Files/TextAloud/TextAloudMP3.exe Would it be possible to run directly TextAloudMP3? I mean not only from command ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

Spawn multiple processes with a single command

Is there a way to create say 10 instances of a process (for example yes) with a single command? $instantiate 10 yes
24
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I display syntax highlighting on a file?

Is there a variant of cat that outputs syntax-highlighted lines of code when used on a source file? An idea: maybe vi[m] or another editor can be asked to dump the syntax-highlighted contents of said ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

How to kill a bunch of jobs based on ps output?

Here is output from ps: $ ps aux | grep blob ubuntu 4286 0.0 0.1 34748 9592 ? S Jan14 0:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/local/bin/pynt start_blob_reader ubuntu 4287 0.0 0.1 34748 ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

process id and command

I want to write the process id and command of all processes with some name and from some user (for example root and init). What should I do? ps -f -u root -C init or ps -f -U root -C init ...
5
votes
3answers
474 views

command-line tool for a single download of a torrent (like wget or curl)

I'm interested in a single command that would download the contents of a torrent (and perhaps participate as a seed following the download, until I stop it). Usually, there is a torrent-client daemon ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Sending a HTML file (with images) as email body using command line

This seems like a basic question and there are variations of it. I have a ONE-COLUMN html file (let us call it status.html). I would like to send this file which has a few images as the BODY of an ...
4
votes
7answers
5k views

How to remove blank lines from a file in shell?

I want to remove all empty lines from a file. Even if the line contains spaces or tabs it should also be removed.
27
votes
5answers
84k views

How to stop a background process?

I have started a wget on remote machine in background using &. Suddenly it stops downloading. I want to stop its process, then start it again. How can I stop it? I haven't close its shell window. ...
6
votes
2answers
132 views

Identify alias for the command typed

Is there any shell/shellscript which identifies that there is already an alias for the command I have typed on the command line. Eg On shell I type git checkout master Shell prints "You can use ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

linux commandline can connect but webserver (or php) can't connect

We can connect to a specific url with linux (centos 6) commandline (curl, wget,...) But we can't connect to it by webserver (apache) or php. I did 'setenforce 0' command, after that webserver and ...
12
votes
6answers
15k views

Is there a simple linux command that will tell me what my display manager is?

Is there a simple linux command that will tell me what my display manager is? I'm using Xfce. Are different desktop environments usually affiliated with different display managers?