The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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29
votes
12answers
45k views

Efficiently delete large directory containing thousands of files

We have an issue with a folder becoming unwieldy with hundreds of thousands of tiny files. There are so many files that performing rm -rf returns an error and instead what we need to do is something ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Renaming files works, but soft links point to the old names. How can I fix that?

For example, I'm renaming many files inside a tree like this: [bash]$ for file in `find . -name "*gsf*"`; do `mv $file ${file/gsf/msf}`; done That renames all the instances of "gsf" in file names ...
10
votes
3answers
9k views

Refresh/reload active browser tab from command line?

I'm trying to set up a custom toolchain where the browser (Firefox or, preferrably, Chrome) is often/frequently/constantly forced to refresh from the commandline. (The idea is to instantly see the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I create a ZIP archive that preserves only the structure of the target directory and below?

I need to create a zip archive where the unzipped result preserves the directory structure from the specified directory down. I also need to do this without actually switching to the directory. My ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What does @ sign mean in 'ls' output on Mac OSX Lion terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: what does the @ mean in ls -l? What does the @ sign mean in the following "ls" output? -rw-r--r--@ 1 root wheel 489 Jan 4 13:14 boot.plist
46
votes
5answers
2k views

cd by just typing the directory's name?

I either had this somewhere 20 years ago or I dreamed about it. Basically: If if type blobblob I get blobblob: command not found Fair enough. I would like it so that when my shell gets those ...
2
votes
2answers
899 views

How to display server's TLS certicicate details in terminal?

Having TLS certificate in local file, I can display its details using syntax like: openssl x509 -text -noout -in cert_filename Is there any way to display remote SMTP/POP3/HTTP server's TLS ...
3
votes
3answers
647 views

Unique file name for different files

I'm working with graphic design. I've downloaded many files (EPS files, PSD files, etc) from various websites. Because it come from various websites, after downloaded from more than 10 different ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

command line audio with mpg123 - how to save position in audio and begin from that location next time?

I am contemplating using mpg123 as an audiobook player. I can't find any other good audiobook players for Linux, and I think mpg123 may be my best option. My audiobooks are organized by directories ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

How reliable of using “nameofmychoice=”anyname“”

For backup MySQL MyISAM database, I'm using: backupdb=siteone mysqldump -u root -pthepass --lock-tables --add-locks --disable-keys --skip-extended-insert --quick $backupdb > /var/www/html/db2.sql ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

regex replace text in xml file within node from the command line

I have an XML file and I would like to replace everything that is between the open and closing tag within multiple instances of the g:gtin node with nothing. Is this possible from the command line, ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Sending HTML with Mutt (or another terminal mail client)

While I can find some scattered info on the topic, I can't seem to find a straight walkthrough (or even a definite answer)... Basically I'm too low on the totem pole to start sending plain-text ...
1
vote
1answer
381 views

Unable to kill sar process

I have a shell script to run JMeter test. Script generates the Jmeter log out put and creates sar (suppose to create sar file though it does not). Shell script is - runtest() { export ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I expand a relative path at the command line, with tab completion?

In bash is there any way to expand a relative path into an absolute path, perhaps with tab completion? I ask because sometimes I will search for a file, find it, then vim it: cd /etc cd apache2 cd ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to create a confirmation question in Linux?

I have a certain command (git push server-name) that has major consequences. How to require confirmation for this command only? It should ignore white space. The confirmation could be Enter 'yes i am ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What does “Invalid argument” mean in Solaris?

-bash-3.00$ ./p4 -V -bash: ./p4: Invalid argument What does "Invalid argument" mean in Unix? More details: p4 is an executable in the current directory. p4 actually refers to perforce. The option ...
0
votes
2answers
449 views

Functional shell scripting [closed]

I found out that when I want to create some shell script or advanced command it always made me trouble to remember the names of the commands and their switches. e.g. tr -d '\n' < file | wc -c ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

pdf viewer for command line only

Is it possible to view pdf documents without having gdm (or similar) running? Rationale: I'm working on a remote server (assume no X forwarding) processing some data, creating some plots (assume pdf ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

List of available command options?

I'm currently setting up my first web server without a control panel and so far things are going pretty good! I was just wondering if anyone could direct me to somewhere that explains all of the ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

What's the “Unix way” for a CLI app to report no arguments specified?

I'm developing an application which I'd like to follow the "Unix way." What should I program it to do in case it is called with no arguments (which makes no practical sense): display an error ...
0
votes
2answers
135 views

How to act on output from a failed command [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the easiest way to execute text from tail at the command line? I was guessing the ouput of a command that fails to execute should be sent to stdout and hence can ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to pkill from a script?

How can I write a script that basically just runs pkill -HUP inetd? I want to restart inetd via a script so I can schedule it to run at a particular time. I tried to write it myself, but I'm getting a ...
5
votes
1answer
8k views

Encode with ffmpeg using avi to mp4

What command lines to use to convert from avi to mp4, but without destroying the framesize and making the file small as the original size or a little bit bigger, and same thing with mp4 to avi? ...
1
vote
0answers
324 views

ffmpeg: error while running with libx264

Main code: ffmpeg -i 2269801.avi -threads 0 -vcodec libx264 -b 900k -acodec libfaac -ar 44100 -ab 96k -ac 2 earthgirlsareeasy1.mp4 [libx264 @ 0x16cdde10]broken ffmpeg default settings detected ...
8
votes
4answers
808 views

What is the easiest way to execute text from tail at the command line?

Sometimes I'm working on a new (ubuntu) box and I type git and am alerted: The program 'git' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing: apt-get install git-core If that happens I ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

stderr redirection not working in csh

I run the following command: pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2> output.log The output still displays in the terminal. When I press ↑, I get pkg_add emacs-23.4,2.tbz 2 > output.log with a space ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

How to perform GREP on FTP?

I tried searching for similar command in ncftp (actually this is the only terminal ftp client I used) and I didn't find it. What's the way (if possible at all) to use grep command on remote server, ...
1
vote
0answers
225 views

i386 libtool conflicting with x86_64 libtool when installing Handbrake

I've been trying to install Handbrake on centos 5.8 with the help of some different guides. I'm running x86_64, and whenever I try to install packages necessary to build the binary, the arch ends up ...
4
votes
1answer
669 views

Home key acting strange in bash (tty and X) on long input strings

When I hit Home if my current input is short enough (say, <36 characters), it works fine. However, when I've typed a longer command and then want to go back to the beginning, it seems like it does ...
16
votes
7answers
41k views

What is the fastest way to view images from the terminal?

The terminal is very fast and convenient way to quickly access directories and files (faster than find and click on the directory). One thing that it cannot show in text-mode is "pictures". What ...
14
votes
1answer
8k views

ls taking long time in small directory

Running Ubuntu, I open a terminal and do sudo bash cd / ls | head -n 1000 And predictably about 20 directories are returned. However, if I do an ls, and don't pipe it into anything, the ls just ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Replace whole line in a file from command-line

I have a text file which has some contents similar to this: # General information about the project. project = u'Py6S' copyright = u'2012, Robin Wilson' # The version info for the project you're ...
1
vote
3answers
190 views

how to forbid a command without a permission

I intended to delete all the backup files in a directory, so I was going to type rm *~ in the terminal. Unfortunately, I hit the Enter before hitting the tilde and unhappy things happened. Although, ...
1
vote
4answers
11k views

Kill all process of users in Ubuntu?

How to kill all process of one user? When I make ps aux I obtain a list of process with several users, and I want to kill all process of user name1 for example! What's a command to do that in Ubuntu? ...
4
votes
1answer
188 views

How can I act on the results of the “locate” command?

I'm trying to find where check_dns is defined in nagios' commands.cfg file, although there are quite a few files. I know I could run something like find / -name "command.cfg" -exec grep check_dns {} ...
5
votes
1answer
324 views

How to replace a symbolic link with an equivalent hard link?

Having a (single, no batch filesystem processing needed) symlink, what a command line to use to turn it into a hard link to the same file?
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How to replace a symbolic link with a copy of a file it links to?

Having a (single, no batch filesystem processing needed) symlink, what a command line to use to replace it with a copy of the file it links to?
2
votes
5answers
635 views

Is it possible to reference the most recently modified file in a command line argument?

I frequently download PDF files with heinous numeric file names from my browser. These automatically go into ~/Downloads. Ideally I would like to just be able to open these files with: evince "the ...
0
votes
1answer
378 views

Postgres 9.0 linux command to windows command conversion [closed]

i am working on an application using delphi 7 as the front end and postgres 9.0 as the back end. I have to upload images to the server so i use \lo_import and \lo_export for inserting images on the ...
18
votes
8answers
1k views

How to tell what type of filesystem you're on?

Is there a command to tell what type of filesystem you're using?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Cannot set up screen panning in Ubuntu with xRandR which states that it cannot find the modes

I am using a Samsung n150 netbook with a 10.1 inch screen and it has a maximum screen resolution of 1024x600. I am running Ubuntu 10.04 LTS and want to enable screen panning for a larger virtual ...
2
votes
2answers
321 views

Shell Prompt Customization? [closed]

I have used oh_my_zsh (and tinkered with bash_it) on multiple systems and have generally been happy with it, though I hate it's auto-correction feature and generally turn it off. My usual shell is ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I get the netmask from an IP address?

How do I get a netmask from the IP address? Is there a command to get it?
3
votes
5answers
538 views

Unix/Linux command syntax

This might come across a completely noob question, but on the other hand this has puzzled me more than a few times or probably I haven't seen enough of linux to draw a pattern. When linux commands ...
79
votes
7answers
33k views

How can I find broken symlinks

Is there a way to find all symbolic links that don't point anywere? find ./ -type l will give me all symbolic links, but makes no distinction between links that go somewhere and links that don't. ...
5
votes
2answers
430 views

How to print Unicode glyph names for input string?

I'd like to be able to run unicode-names 'abç' and see the corresponding Unicode character names: LATIN SMALL LETTER A LATIN SMALL LETTER B LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA Printing a string as ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the tool that allows me to specify arbitrary directories using **

I once saw a colleague uses a tool which allows to use ** to represent any directories. For example: if a file called myfile.java sits deep inside: src/main/com/mycompany/product/store/myfile.java ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

zsh Interpret/ignore commands beginning with '#' as comments

In bash, if I type a command beginning with a '#', bash ignores it as a comment. Ie, the following is ignored at the bash prompt: > # Hi there! Whereas in zsh: > # Hi there ! zsh: bad ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Sending some input into a process, then resuming input from command line

I have an interactive terminal program, that accepts stdin (telnet for example). I want to send it some input before interacting with it, like this: echo "Hello" | telnet somewhere 123 But that ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to execute one command on all files within a folder

Saying, I have this tree and I want to execute ruby on all scripts within the folder. How could I archive through one line of command. ./ ../ rb-script/ sample1.rb sample2.rb