The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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16
votes
3answers
10k views

How do I find the window dimensions and position accurately including decorations?

I've been trying to figure out the size of a window for use in a small script. My current technique is using wmctrl -lG to find out the dimensions. However, the problem is this: The x and y figures ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

syntax of ls --hide= and ls --ignore=

ls --hide and ls --ignore provides the possibility leave out files defined through regular expressions set after the --ignore= part. The latter makes sure that this option isn't turned off via -a, -A. ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How can i list all stopped services in the order that they were stopped

I have a Debian server on which there are certain stopped services. I would like to know how can i list all the services in the order that they were stopped. Also would like to get the time when they ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

get command line agrument by variable in shell script

I want to get the arg of a command from a var that has the index in it of the arg that I want. Something like this # command in terminal, `foo -r -f value_wanted` index="3" var=$"$index" echo $var ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

What does this command mean?

lines=$(grep '^[^:]\+::' /etc /shadow) What does this whole command mean? What does '^[^:]\+::' mean? if I put if else statement like: if [ "$lines" == "" ]; then Will it display (which is ...
3
votes
2answers
723 views

Jingle CLI client / Jitsi replacement / VOIP

I am looking for a Jingle client for the command line. Currently, I use Jitsi, but my dreams of not needing the GUI for more than just web-browsing are not realized due to my reliance on this ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Bring up shutdown menu of Cinnamon via command line

How can I bring up the shutdown menu of Cinnamon via command line? Note: I don't want the user menu. This menu for switching or logging out a user is brought up via Ctrl+Alt+Del.
32
votes
7answers
8k views

How do I get a websites title using command line?

I want a command line program that prints the title of a website. For e.g.: Alan:~ titlefetcher http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dd7dQh8u4Hc should give: Why Are Bad Words Bad? You give it the ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

The discrimination between short and long option is only `-`?

On Unix system, options begin with - is short option, while options begin with -- is long option. Is my understanding right?
0
votes
1answer
16 views

umask permissions that result in no change

I am having a really hard time understanding how umask works. How is something that is 666 masked with 001 still 666 ?
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Using terminal to reset icon cache - which method?

I've been trying to find out how to reset the icon cache on my MacBook, and two methods seem to always be suggested. However, the two approaches differ slightly in the third line. Method 1 sudo find ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to merge patches

Sometimes I need to merge two patches. I can apply them but often it is not convenient (coping, temporary files etc.). Is there a tool to merge patches (assuming they are not conflicting)?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

What audio players can start playing an Audio CD with one command?

I want to know about players that can start playing an inserted Audio CD if started with a command line. That command can then be used to create a specialized launcher/icon/desktop file or an entry ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Autocomplete from grep output

How might I more easily use a filename found by grep as an argument to vim: $ grep -r foo * lib/beatles/john.c lib/pantera/phil.c lib/pinkfloyd/roger.c lib/pinkfloyd/richard.c ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How to get sound intensity of an audio input through terminal?

I want to know the intensity of the sound being heard by an audio in source like a mic or Line-in through Command line. Kinda like the progressbar under the mouse but in CLI. audiointensity mic0 10 ...
-2
votes
1answer
33 views

What does the -p option do exactly with the cp command?

So I am trying to understand what is the significance of the -p option for the cp command. I opened the manual of the cp command and it says -p same as --preserve=mode,ownership,time stamps. But ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

usermod question about option e

after reading the man pages I am unable to find an explanation of what this does (the tack e option) usermod -L -e 1 username -e 1 does this mean one day after the linux epoch, jan 1 1970? How ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

How do I remove text blocks within a log file? [closed]

I have the following log: 2016/01/20 00:00:16.035 [T114BaseServlet] ... Blah Blah Blah 2016/01/20 00:00:16.036 [ApplicationState] ... Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah Blah ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

How to write contents of a file to new file removing repeated lines [duplicate]

For example, a file file1.txt contains Hi how are you hello today is monday hello I am fine Hi how are you After the processing of file1.txt it should write to file2.txt and contents ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I decrypt a message using openssl's CLI?

I have a message, I know the password and the cipher that was used to encrypt it, but I can't figure out how to ask openssl to decrypt it. I see the cipher in the output from the ciphers command, and ...
8
votes
5answers
8k views

How to put a newline special character into a file using the echo command and redirection operator?

I would like to create a file by using the echo command and the redirection operator, the file should be made of a few lines. I tried to include a newline by "\n" inside the string: echo "first ...
42
votes
4answers
54k views

How to copy the partition layout of a whole disk using standard tools

I want to take a backup of the whole partition layout of a hard drive, including logical drives, so that I can restore that layout to another disk. I do not want to copy the contents of the ...
3
votes
2answers
423 views

BASH: �ls: command not found when typing 'ñ' by mistake

When I erroneously type 'ñ' (expecting to type any command) and then remove it and type the correct letter, the output returns the command with a special character attached �, obviously the shell ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Unix Command Line Create Text File and Transfer Locally

I have a file located in unix command line using 'SecureCRT'. I want to get this file's data in excel so I need a .txt file. I have 'WinSCP' installed aswell. After I do "more [file name]" it ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

grep for numbers over 10

I'm looking through a file for specific kernels. I want everything from 3.8. to 3.17. egrep 3.[8-17] is kind of the thing I want but that obviously doesn't work. How do I grep using the example ...
0
votes
2answers
360 views

Unable to follow steps for building application in Linux Os?

I was using these steps to build an application from Csipsimple but the problem is, they have mentioned it's for Linux and I tried, as a first step: subversion git quilt unzip wget swig2.0 python ...
15
votes
3answers
39k views

How can I verify SSL certificates on the command line?

I'm trying to validate/verify that the rsa key, ca-bundle, and certificate stored here are ok. They are not being served by a webserver. How can I verify them?
57
votes
15answers
33k views

Markdown Viewer

I found a file formatted with Markdown. Could you guys suggest what viewer that I could use to view this type of files? Hopefully one without gui (if it's possible) Update I was actually looking for ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

sed search and replace is not working for below XML

My input is: <TransactionMode modified=\\'1\\' type=\\'int\\'><![CDATA[2]]></TransactionMode> <ClientCharacterSet modified=\\'1\\' ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Eject / safely remove vs umount

I'm using Ubuntu 12.04, and when I rigth click on a my flash drive icon (in the Unity left bar) I get two options that have me confused: eject and safely remove. The closer I came to answer was this ...
162
votes
16answers
113k views

How to do integer & float calculations, in bash or other languages/frameworks?

Using echo "20+5" literally produces the text "20+5". What command can I use to get the numeric sum, 25 in this case? Also, what's the easiest way to do it just using bash for floating point? For ...
3
votes
5answers
38 views

List available man page sections for an application

I am thinking about the man page sections 1 = user commands, 2 = system calls etc. Is there a way, a command that will tell me what sections are available to read besides running something like man ...
17
votes
4answers
37k views

How to check password with Linux?

I want to check, from the linux command line, if a given cleartext password is the same of a crypted password on a /etc/shadow (I need this to authenticate web users. I'm running an embedded linux.) ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

How can I type a command to execute when the current command completes?

I have a function (not) that displays a notification. Hence, I can use it to show when a command is complete. sleep 5; not However, sometimes I forget to add ;not. In OS X's terminal (a few years ...
1
vote
3answers
53 views

Type and the speed of CPU using the lscpu command

I want to determine the type and speed of my CPU so I executed the CPU command, However, I have some confusion, so from my output I can't really determine what is my CPU type and my speed is 1600 ...
1
vote
3answers
23 views

Shutdown PC after suspending terminal process (apt-get upgrade)

What's going to happen if I shutdown my PC after suspending a terminal process (with Ctrl+Z)? In my case, it's sudo apt-get upgrade. The upgrade file size is 250 MB, it takes far more time downloading ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Why is echo not working for mt valgrind command?

So I have my makefile working great, except that It doesn't create the valgrind.out file and I don't know why. So the console succesfully prints out that my executable file line is created but not ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Execute a command after each output line from ping command

I am trying to build a one-line command to monitor when my Internet connectivity drops. I'd like it so that if I run ping www.google.com indefinitely (one ping per second), if the word "timeout" ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

What does newermt mean in find command?

I know I can use this option to find file between particular modified times. But I'm curious about what does this mean? I used man find | grep newermt trying to find something. But I got no direct ...
1
vote
1answer
307 views

Listing audio files with bit rate in the command line

Is there a way to list the contents of a folder via the command line in such a way that the audio files in mp3 format have the bit rate info? I tried ls -l but it doesn't work.
31
votes
7answers
92k views

Is there a way to see details of all the threads that a process has in Linux?

For Windows, I think Process Explorer shows you all the threads under a process. Is there a similar command line utility for Linux that can show me details about all the threads a particular process ...
25
votes
4answers
29k views

How to cause kernel panic with a single command?

Is it possible to cause a kernel panic with a single command line? What would be the most straightforward such command for a sudoing user and what would it be for a regular user, if any? Scenarios ...
21
votes
5answers
39k views

How can I make a program executable from everywhere

What should I do if I want to be able to run a given program regardless of my current directory? Should I create a symbolic link to the program in the /bin folder?
7
votes
2answers
22k views

Set Ubuntu System Proxy Settings without Restart from commandline

I am using Ubuntu 14.04 . I want to change the http proxy settings from the command line. This should be equivalent to changing in the GUI(All Settings->Network->Network Proxy) and clicking the button ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

What are the keyboard shortcuts for the command-line?

I'm talking about the keyboard shortcuts that you use in command-line/terminal. Example: Ctrl+c that kills the process, Ctrl+d that logout, Ctrl+z that send process to background... etc. I've tested ...
2
votes
4answers
94 views

Moving and renaming hundreds of .jpg files, all named 5003.jpg

So here's the deal, my girlfriend wants me to transfer all of her photos off from her iPhone onto her laptop (on which we are running Ubuntu 14.04). All of the dedicated programs I tried to do this ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Proper escaping of double quotations for curl post data?

I'm trying to test out a server, by sending it JSON data and reading the response. I need to POST data like {"item":"value with spaces"} but when I use curl I find that it sends the backslashes as ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

How do file managers split off opened programs?

I'm challenging myself for the next few weeks to use a terminal emulator as my main file manager. I've run into a question: how do I open a file (e.g. an Inkscape .svg) in it's GUI program from the ...
1
vote
2answers
20 views

linux bash if statement inside for loop [duplicate]

I am attempting to iterate through 1-30, say hello #number for each except for number 10. This is what I have which is not working for i in {1..30}; do if [i != 10]; then echo "hello $i"; fi; done ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

How do I turn entire stdin into a command line argument verbatim?

Attempt 1 xargs -I '{}' -0 -n 1 myprogram --arg '{}' --other-options But that does not preserve zero bytes. Also the program may run multiple times. But instead of failing in case of zero byte ...