The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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2
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3answers
65 views

How to start first command from the list printed by command 'history | grep something'

For example, I have the following output from command: loom@loom:$ history | grep MAKE 219 ../build.sh -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug .. 909 history | grep MAKE How to write a command, that start ...
8
votes
3answers
197 views

Clear / erase a mistyped password in a terminal

One thing that annoys me using Linux's terminal is when I have to type a invisble password, like when you run ssh the terminal I was wondering if there's a way to clear/erase the invisible password ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Convert image with imagemagick command line convert tool

I have an image Image.png. How do I use the ImageMagick command convert to make this file into a Image.jpg file with the following requirements: File size is 200~500 kb. Resolution in not less than ...
5
votes
2answers
707 views

Processes do not respond to my signals

I have a strange behavior on my system. When I invoke a command in the shell (bash version 4.2.45(1)-release), say top or cat, the running program (the process) does not respond to Ctrl+C. I even ...
0
votes
4answers
138 views

Can I have the shell ignore the command line sometimes but not always?

For debugging purpose sometimes I access a remote Linux box via VNC. At that time someone else may be working on that same Linux box through VNC and it may happen that I do not have facility to chat ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Can “grub-emu” make any changes to my system?

Can "grub-emu" make any changes to my system? I understand that the command "grub-emu" opens a GRUB emulator. However, since it loads the configuration files used by the "real" GRUB, I am a little ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

fg a bg process because you forgot to redirect output to /dev/null

I did Ctrl+Z bg with the intention of disowning next, but I forgot to redirect, now I cant get to my terminal because the scrolling of the output (tarballed a huge directory with verbose set). How do ...
1
vote
1answer
457 views

How to escape spaces while using command's output in command line [duplicate]

I want to perform the following command in command line : $ md5sum $(find . -type f) But this would cause problems when it encounter files with spaces in filenames : md5sum: Kaufmann: No such ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Why when I enter the command “hostname” it returns something other than my computers name?

I am using a macBook Pro I enter: new-host-2:~ Justin$ hostname And it returns: new-host-2.home Why is this when it says in setting/sharing my computers name is "Justin's macbook pro" and computers ...
1
vote
2answers
615 views

How do I grep a file in a smb mount point without using mount or fstab?

I don't have permission to mount a smb share with the mount command or by using /etc/fstab, but I'm able to use the smb protocol in Nautilus (smb://10.1.1.1/share), for example ... s Is it possible to ...
4
votes
3answers
264 views

Preserving color output with cut

Using bash interactively I am trying to use cut to prevent the lines from going longer than my terminal width. But when using a command with colorized output all the color gets removed by cut. For ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Command prompt switches to >, what does this indicate ?

Sometime I have observed that when I type a character at the command prompt such as the one shown below I get a > . root@ubuntu:/home/heena# \ > I observed even the following works fine: ...
17
votes
9answers
2k views

How to make sure that a command is not interrupted, even if terminal is closed? [duplicate]

In Linux. Say I want to run a command and it takes too long. I just want to ensure it's done. How?
3
votes
3answers
890 views

rlwrap: mysql autocompletion not working

Normally, autocompletion works fine in mysql command-line client (mysql-client-5.5). I have a table called booking. When I type the letter b and pres TAB the name of my table gets autocompleted: ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

How to randomly sample a subset of a file

Is there any Linux command one can use to sample subset of a file? For instance, a file contains one million lines, and we want to randomly sample only one thousand lines from that file. For random ...
4
votes
5answers
13k views

Pass the output of previous command to next as an argument

I've a command that outputs data to stdout (command1 -p=aaa -v=bbb -i=4). The output line can have the following value: rate (10%) - name: value - 10Kbps I want to grep that output in order to ...
0
votes
3answers
977 views

How to compact a chmod UNIX command

Is there anyway to compact the follow UNIX command: chmod 755 scriptA.ksh | chmod 755 scriptB.ksh | chmod 755 scriptC.ksh | chmod 755 scriptD.ksh The above command makes every KornShell (ksh) ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

'which' reports one thing, actual command is another [duplicate]

I am running Ubuntu 12.04, which came with Cmake v 2.8.7. I had need for a more current CMake, so I downloaded the source for 12.8.12.1, built, and installed it per directions. The last step, make ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Multiply 2 array index variables shell programming [duplicate]

How do i multiply 2 array index variables given the following foo=(1 2) bar=(0.1 0.2) foobar=$((foo[1]*price[1])) # this is wrong echo "$foobar" Current output : 0 Correct/Expected output : 0.4
6
votes
1answer
377 views

shebang line not working with cr-lf

Why are the shebang parts of the following elementary scripts not working: $ cat hello.sh #! /bin/sh echo Hello $ ./hello.sh bash: ./hello.sh: /bin/sh^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory $ ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Does cron impose some limitations to types of commands and privilege of execution? [duplicate]

I've experienced an issue where some of my scripts run perfectly fine when I call them manually, but these same scripts when called as cron jobs via cron don't seem to work at all. So my question: ...
2
votes
2answers
806 views

Is it possible to execute the result of wget as a command?

I have 10 VPS machines and all of them have to run this one script that I need to change often, but I don't want to change it at 10 places, every time I need to make a change. I put the script as a ...
1
vote
1answer
908 views

check internet speed from terminal? [duplicate]

How can I get the speed of my internet connection from the terminal? Is there any script or commandline application(s) available? I'm using CentOS 6.5 .
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How to see all commands executed by the current user, in all sessions/screen/byobu terminals?

If there is debian box, some users have access to the root account, some of those users open an ssh connection and start executing commands, some open screen or byobu or other similar tools to execute ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

How to search for available software in repositories though CLI?

I want to be able to search all available software like one would using "Synaptic Package manager" or "Ubuntu Software Center" through Command Line.` I want a better way than pressing Tab after ...
1
vote
0answers
511 views

Console Terminus Font Size in Slackware?

I am running Slackware 14.1 mostly from the command line on a 1366x768 monitor (using a vesa mode appropriate for the resolution, 0x34c if it matters, giving me a screen resolution of 1366x768x32 in ...
2
votes
1answer
384 views

Replace spaces and tabs at the end of the line in all files

I need to replace all unwanted spaces in all files from the current directory and from directories from the current directory (recursive search). I define the unwanted spaces the spaces and tabs that ...
9
votes
1answer
673 views

Is there any env variable to turn --color (and the like) on for all commands?

I do use aliases to turn on color for some commands by default. But I'm wondering if there's an easier way at telling my system, color is supported, don't make me use --color for grep, ls, etc.
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to change camera info in Exif using command line

I have analog camera and I give a film to the lab where they scan it, I wanted to upload it to flickr but want to change info about camera. Right now it's NORITSU KOKI QSS-32_33 and I wanted it to be ...
7
votes
2answers
908 views

Cisco-like command Line Interface

I'm looking for a way to implement a fairly basic Cisco like command line interface on my Ubuntu server appliance (12.04 in particular). I've come across the following project: CLISH however, ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Mysql import the most recent file from a directory

I have a directory with daily backups of my entire MySQL database. I want to import the most recent backup into the database. I know to import a backup I need to use mysql -u root -ppasswordhere ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Can't cat a file or make a directory: contradictory output?

I am getting output from a terminal in Ubuntu 12 that I don't understand. $cat sublime no such file or directory $mkdir sublime cannot create directory 'sublime': File exists How can both of these ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Are nautilus and command-line commands the same?

When I copy, move, or delete a file in Nautilus or using the corresponding commands (cp, mv, or rm) does the same tool perform the action behind the wraps? I ask because nautilus tends to hang on big ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

What's the practical difference between `command` and $(command)? [duplicate]

Both give the output of the command, so what is the semantic difference between the two? Some reading led me to suspect is that $(command) is Bash syntax, and the back quotes are integrated into Unix ...
7
votes
3answers
354 views

what is meant by vi and emacs editing modes [duplicate]

What is meant by "Enabling command line editing and vi and emacs editing modes"? I know vi is an editor and have used it as well, but what and how is it related to command line editing bamboozles me. ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Find filesystem of an unmounted partition from a script

I'm writing a custom automated install using AIF (Arch Installation Framework), and I need to find the filesystem on a partition given a partition. So far I have this: grok_partitions () { local ...
2
votes
3answers
378 views

What command do I use to see the start and end block of a file in the file system?

Is there any command that will output the beginning and ending blocks of any file?
11
votes
5answers
4k views

How to shut down the computer after a task has been completed?

I usually start a download before I go to school. Which command should I use to automatically make the necessary saves and turn off the computer after a particular task has been completed? (Say, ...
11
votes
5answers
4k views

How to soft kill gui applications via terminal?

Is there a way to close a GUI application in friendly "please quit yourself now" way, without graphical access to the applications window? For example, if Gnome/X display crashes to black, I'd like ...
1
vote
1answer
451 views

Slackware Console Resolution when Dual Booting with Another Distro's GRUB2?

I am tweaking my new Linux Installs on a new home-built machine. I installed Linux Mint 14 first followed by Slackware 14 and Arch Linux on separate partitions. I don't think it matters, but the ...
2
votes
3answers
448 views

When does the order of arguments matter?

In bash, I am not sure if my observation is correct. For most commands, option-like arguments, i.e. arguments that begin with --abc or -a, can be anywhere in the list of arguments to the command, ...
4
votes
4answers
741 views

How to show network adapters with their statistics?

Is there any terminal command I can use to display all the network adapters like eth0, wlanoand their data statistics like data transmitted & received?
1
vote
1answer
225 views

Mount home partition on user login

I got a VPS with a user dedicated to store my files. As i am aware of the current situation with the NSA and many other governments, and my VPS is hosted on a doubtful country i would like to ensure ...
3
votes
1answer
410 views

How does the piping in this command ultimately achieve to kill the process?

I have seen the following line in a bash script for killing a process(in this case started with the command loadgen): ps xww | grep -i "loadgen" | grep "PATTERNMATCH_FACT.xml" | cut -c1-5 | xargs -i ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

zsh: What does the command “time + number” do in zsh

When I type time + number in zsh: # atupal at local in /tmp/atupal/setup/bin [10:01:49] $ time 1 /tmp/atupal/setup/bin/lib/python2.7 # atupal at local in /tmp/atupal/setup/bin/lib/python2.7 ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Wi-Fi with WEP from command line in Ubuntu 12.04, Kernel 3.8.0-29-generic

I have removed network-manager and am trying to configure Wi-Fi with WEP manually. I am running on an X1 Carbon. Here are the commands I am running: ifconfig wlan0 down iwconfig wlan0 essid ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Cannot remove iwlwifi module, even though interface is down

When I run the following two commands, the first one returns without eror, but the second one gives me FATAL: Module iwlwifi is in use. sudo ifconfig wlan0 down sudo modprobe -r iwlwifi If bringing ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I install Awesome Windows Manager in Terminal?

Right now I'm running on Kubuntu and I'd like to install Awesome Window Manager in terminal. I've used Xmonad but I'd like another window manager, but don't know how to install "Awesome" from the ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

Using newline delimited list as parameter

There have been several situations where I have had some output such as thing1 thing2 thing3 But have wanted to do something like: *command* thing1 *command* thing2 *command* thing3 An example ...
-2
votes
1answer
95 views

how do I make a $VAR empty so it don't effect the command line argument and still be within that argument?

This is the basic setting for hsetroot for it to work: hsetroot -center /path/to/image/ - setting the wallpaper with just that the picture. To use these options, just one has to be place within the ...