The command-line is the interactive interface to your shell.

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1answer
12 views

How to exclude the folders proc and sys from search with find command ?

I wanted to execute a script that picks out a random directory path: find / -type d | shuf -n1 Unfortunately I get error messages about the prohibition of entering certain directories. How can I ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Can not evoke watch command with non-integer time option

I want to start the w command periodically, according to man watch the smallest possible time interval is 0.1. I tried: watch -n1 w (works) watch -n1.5 w (does not work) watch -n0.1 w ...
3
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1answer
42 views

How to perform the watch command onto expression with pipes?

I learned today the wonderful shuf command: ls | shuf shows me a listing of the working direcotry, but thanks to shuf each time I execute this piped command expression with another order. So I ...
3
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1answer
58 views

How to copy a file several times into randomly choosen paths within the filesystem?

I have a filesystem and a special file foo. I would like the script to choose several times (5,10 or 100) random paths to folders within this filesystem and to copy the file foo into each of them. ...
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2answers
38 views

pipe in shell with redirection

My understanding is that a pipe in shell like a | b redirects b's stdin to a's stdout. However, I tried ls | less < somefile, the behavior is very strange. less shows the output of ls concatenated ...
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0answers
31 views

How do I realize a Shell Script that keeps track of how long the keyboard has not been used ?

Is it possible to write a script that counts the time between two pressed keys, so that one could put a script into the crontab that checks if the keyboard had not been for longer than a certain time ...
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3answers
76 views

How can I create new shell commands?

I'm using bash, and I want to be able to execute a script just by typing its name as a command, same as pwd for example. Is there a specific directory where I need to save my script to, or any other ...
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2answers
108 views

How can I list files of which no symlinks exist?

I have a large "myfiles"directory full of miscellanous documents and do not want to modify its structure. I therefore created (several) other directories for each class of documents. For example I ...
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1answer
1k views

How to access u boot environment from linux?

How can I access and change the u-Boot env variables in linux. Using the u-boot/tools/env directory in u boot directory: u-boot$ make env Which created the executable file fw_printenv. I copied ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Error I get when I try install IDE Anjuta

sudo apt-get install anjuta Error I get while installing the IDE. What is this error about? However, I am able to successfully install the IDE Unknown media type in type 'all/all' Unknown media ...
2
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1answer
57 views

sudo -i returns an error

When I try to switch to root using sudo -i i get the error /var/tmp/sclDvf3Vx: line 8: -i: command not found... However, su - works which I will continue to use. I'm by no means a linux system ...
2
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1answer
890 views

How do I decrypt a message using openssl's CLI?

I have a message, I know the password and the cipher that was used to encrypt it, but I can't figure out how to ask openssl to decrypt it. I see the cipher in the output from the ciphers command, and ...
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1answer
18 views

Imagemagick mogrify with shadow geometry

How can I specify the size of a shadow with imagemagick? This command works: montage foo.jpg bar.jpg foobar.jpg -background lightgray -geometry 1031x1642+57+57 -shadow -monitor -tile 3x1 out.png ...
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1answer
40 views

How can I save the result of a continuous command?

I am trying to append the result of airodump-ng mon0 to a file. I want to run it once, append, and exit. I can repeat the command each x minutes with sleep and so.
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0answers
15 views

Why reading from and writing to framebuffer shows no effect ?

I read a very short description of how to make a Screenshot by making use of the file which represents the framebuffer /dev/fb0. in order to write the screen content: cat /dev/fb0 > file in ...
0
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2answers
31 views

How to fix curl sslv3 alert handshake failure?

I'm trying to curl HTTPS website in the following way: $ curl -v https://thepiratebay.se/ However it fails with the error: * About to connect() to thepiratebay.se port 443 (#0) * Trying ...
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2answers
44 views

How to list only the last line of each directory?

I learned thanks to you, how to display only the last line of a listing,e.g. ls -ltr | sed '$!d' Now I thought, how to combine it with the find command, in order to repeat this onto each directory ...
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0answers
39 views

How to generate a list of configuration files accessed by a tool (eg bash or vi)?

Many times, there are slight inconsistencies between two similar linux machines, where (for example) tmux supports colours on Machine M1, and does not support colours on Machine M2, or vi adds ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the meaning of read -r ?

in order to understand another answer: find / -type d -print0 | while read -r -d ''; do ls -ltr "$dir" | sed '$!d' the first step is to understand the usage of the option -r of the read command. ...
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1answer
28 views

How to convert all odt files in a folder into microsoft word files ?

I have a folder with a lot of odt files from LibreOffice, I could open each one by hand and save it as a microsoft word file, but that would take a long time, is it possible to reach this goal using ...
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0answers
31 views

Why won't my python scripts run without the python command when moved from Windows to Linux? [duplicate]

I have some Python files that I wrote on my Windows PC and then sent over to a Linux machine using pscp. They work as intended on Windows, but when I try to execute them on the Linux machine, I always ...
2
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4answers
46 views

input file stream to command

How is it possible to send a file stream to this command instead of a file? /usr/local/bin/wkhtmltopdf --title "$SUBJECT" -q $SOURCEFILE $OUTPUTFILE The file stream is from a string in PHP.
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3answers
35 views

How to display only the last line of a listing ?

Supposed I make a listing and sort the files by its temporal attribute: ls -ltr -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla 4096 Feb 01 20:10 foo1 -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla 4096 Feb 01 20:12 foo2 . . . -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla ...
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0answers
5 views

Is it possible to make a key word search of all existing channels of all the irc networks from the command line ?

I am new to IRC (internet relay chat), as I understand it, an IRC network has a unique name like DALnet, is made of a chain of servers, a person can connect to one of them in order to connect to the ...
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5answers
62k views

ssh-add complains: Could not open a connection to your authentication agent

I've been trying to get ssh-add working on a RaspberryPi running Raspbian. I can start ssh-agent, when I do it gives the following output into the terminal: ...
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4answers
138 views

Applying different permissions to files vs. directories

Sunny answered the question above in this post, The answer was given as No need for scripts. // Directories: find . -type d -exec chmod XXX {} \; // Files: find . -type f -exec chmod ...
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1answer
34 views
0
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1answer
174 views

How to find all JPG files on the file system when .jpg extension is not obligatory ? [duplicate]

First thing I noticed when switched from Windows to Linux was, that Linux has no strict naming convention and no obligatory file name extensions like .bmp, .jpg, .exe etc. Therefore I can not tell by ...
0
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1answer
198 views

What is the command-line equivalent to 'mintupdate' for Linux Mint?

Linux Mint has a nice GUI-based Update Manager with selectable update tiers. The defaults are for levels 1 through 3 our of a possible 5 levels. However, I often handle administrative tasks for a ...
2
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3answers
89 views

Difficulty converting from binary to hexadecimal using bc

I read how to calculate using the command line calculator and a HERE-document, but nevertheless I do not get what I expected and can not find my error, what I did in the shell was: bc << HERE ...
1
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2answers
691 views

An alternative to `xdotool type`

Is there an alternative to xdotool type "a string" It will be more useful if it is not an X11 app. Because X11 apps seem to be more vulnerable. Note: I will not use it in a terminal window. So ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Search a file for a string in multiple directories

Can someone please help me with a command to search a file for a string in multiple directories? I am searching for the VIP in httpd.conf in multiple httpd instances. I am using: find ./ -name ...
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0answers
35 views

Touch a file and give it an icon image via command line

Imagine this situation: for a given task, at some point of it, I should be able to create an empty file, which I can achieve by touch file.ext on the command line. However, if I touch a .jpg file, and ...
5
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4answers
236 views

How to put a newline special character into a file using the echo command and redirection operator?

I would like to create a file by using the echo command and the redirection operator, the file should be made of a few lines. I tried to include a newline by "\n" inside the string: echo "first ...
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10answers
6k views

linux diff tools: create list of modified files

How do I create a list of modified files programmatically using linux command line tools? I'm not interested in the difference in any particular file (delta, patch). I just want to have a list of new ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Only pipe on Success [duplicate]

Is there a way in the Linux command line, to only have a command pipe its output to another, when the command didn't fail? $ cmda | cmdb I would like it, so when cmda returns a status code other ...
0
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1answer
12 views

Makes it a difference whether I use a different -n flag value for xargs in combination with find command ?

Assume, someone searches for files that match some criteria using the find command and pipes the result into the rm command. find / -type f -name "*.jpg" | xargs rm First, I am not sure if the ...
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3answers
101 views

What is the reason for having numbers within the brackets of a function ? [duplicate]

I have seen on many occasions a name of a function (frankly speaking I just call it function because of it typical appearance, they are though sometimes named commands or system calls but I do not ...
3
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1answer
28 views

why does the output of xargs -n2 applied to the same number of arguments different whether piped or from keyboard?

when I execute xargs -n2, enter x x x x x and hit Enter, I get only 4 x back: $ xargs -n2 x x x x x x x x x But, when I pipe the x x x x x into the same command, I get the same amount of x back: ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Can not set the LC_TIME variable for the current process [duplicate]

On Linux Mint Rebecca, my current LC_TIME setting is LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8" I would like to execute date and watch how the current date is displayed in a Chinese format with Chinese characters. ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

executing if-statement from command prompt

In bash I can do the following: if [ -f /tmp/test.txt ]; then echo "true"; fi However, if I add sudo in front, it doesn't work anymore: sudo if [ -f /tmp/test.txt ]; then echo "true"; fi -bash: ...
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0answers
23 views

Linux command inside C code: /* treat as comment? [migrated]

In C, I want to run linux command. Namely, int status; status=system("lftp ftp://192.168.1.1 -e "mget -E /2015/Date*/*Snap/*.csv"); The * above is wildcard matching. The C compiler thinks this is ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How to remove URI encoding from file names?

I realise this might be quite a simple question, but I'm still quite new to the command line and only have a grasp of basic commands. I've downloaded some lecture presentations (~25 or so) from my ...
1
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1answer
52 views

cat .bash_history | grep ./configure [closed]

Why does this not give any output: cat .bash_history | grep ./configure on an system/in an shell where ./configure has been run multiple times. And if I use the arrow key's to scroll the history in ...
9
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6answers
3k views

Displaying week's number in certain format using ncal or cal

Don't you just love it when two commands each do one thing you want but neither do both? This is what cal does. Nice formatting. Lacks week numbers though. $ cal January 2012 Su Mo Tu We ...
2
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1answer
684 views

List All Network Printers (including ones not installed)

It is easy to list the printers you've already installed with this command: lpstat -a However, this does not list network printers you have NOT installed. nmap will scan for all open ports on the ...
22
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8answers
79k views

How to connect to a serial port as simple as using SSH?

Is there a way to connect to a serial terminal just as you would do with SSH? There must be a simpler way than tools such as Minicom, like this $ serial /dev/ttyS0 I know I can cat the output ...
3
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2answers
58 views

How to list files on terminal so that we can see the file types such executable, ascii etc?

I have been trying to list files in directory using ls and passing it different options. Does it have the ability to list types of files as well ? I want to know which ones are executable , ...
11
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4answers
18k views

pdf to jpg without quality loss; gscan2pdf

When I convert a pdf file to bunch of jpg files using convert -quality 100 file.pdf page_%04d.jpg I have appreciable quality loss. However if I do the following, there is no (noticeable) quality ...
6
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4answers
4k views

Easy way to paste command line output to paste bin services?

Are there any command line tools on Linux that allow you to post output from commands or text files directly to a sharing service such as pastebin.com?