recall commands previously typed in a shell or other utility

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2
votes
4answers
272 views

Is there a way to show the history of the commands used in the shell?

If my Linux installation has three registered user accounts, is possible to check the history of the commands introduced by each one, and how?
2
votes
1answer
199 views

How does execution of !find command work?

The !find command lets the user perform the previously executed find, with all its parameters. How does it work internally, where exactly has this behaviour been programmed?
2
votes
2answers
178 views

Is there any way to undo a bash history modification?

By pressing up, I can go through previously entered commands. I've noticed though that if I modify one of them, that alters the history. For instance, if I type: echo a echo b echo c ...
2
votes
3answers
361 views

Copy command from history to bash prompt

Sometimes I'd like to get some command from history output, copy it to bash prompt, make some changes and run it. Is there a way to copy command from a history output to bash prompt without involving ...
2
votes
6answers
181 views

Bash - Split the previous commands parameters

How would one parse the previous command in bash? Example: root$ ssh foo@1.2.3.4 root$ echo !$ &>/tmp/foo.txt root$ cat /tmp/foo.txt foo@1.2.3.4 Goal: Send just the ipaddress 1.2.3.4 to ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Export Command History into a Shell Script

Often I have complicated installation procedures to follow, like having to build dependencies for buildtools, to build dependencies for the application I wish to install from source. Once I have done ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

How do I create history files with date automatically attached?

E.g. at the end of the session for each day I want to create a history file with the date attached at the end. So, say, history > history07162012.txt or something like that.
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How to exclude some commands from being stored in TCSH history?

I store my commandline history in TCSH, but I want to prevent certain frequent, simple commands like "exit", "cd" to be included in the history (the history holds only a fixed number of commands, so I ...
2
votes
3answers
68 views

How to start first command from the list printed by command 'history | grep something'

For example, I have the following output from command: loom@loom:$ history | grep MAKE 219 ../build.sh -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug .. 909 history | grep MAKE How to write a command, that start ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

How to get a history entry to properly display on multiple lines

Suppose I have entered a function at the bash prompt, on multiple lines rather than squeezing it onto one with semicolons: $ function blah { echo blah } $ history -1 12690 function blah {\necho ...
2
votes
1answer
270 views

How to keep a line from being remembered in the history?

This is for a single line, not a command. I found the way to make it always prevent history for a single command. Thanks. EDIT: Sorry for the poor wording. Single line - For example, if I type, git ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Extending history search in zsh

How to extend Ctrl+R search in zsh? It cannot find entry despite it is in history file. Edit: My .zshrc: setopt AUTO_CD setopt CORRECT_ALL setopt EXTENDED_GLOB # History SAVEHIST=10000 ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

How to merge duplicated history of command on terminal?

Do you have an experience like this? When you try to find a previos used command on terminal by up arrow and you find $ls # 1st time push `up arrow` $ls # 2nd time push `up arrow` ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

HISTTIMEFORMAT syntax

There are many bash guides that include adding lines such as HISTTIMEFORMAT='%d/%m/%y %T ' or HISTTIMEFORMAT="%F %T " to ~/.bashrc or /etc/bash.bashrc. There's always a space before the final quote. ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Livesearch with first 10 matches as preview for zsh-history?

I have seen a history-livesearch with a preview, that shows the 10 first matches in the history in a list below the BUFFER-line, which is updated on every keystroke, and acts like the standard ctrl+r ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Is using shorthand quick substitution of history expansion problematic?

In my terminal (bash 3), I sometimes use the quick substitution ^aa^bb^ ^string1^string2^ Quick substitution. Repeat the last command, replacing string1 with string2. Equivalent to ...
2
votes
1answer
255 views

Commands run when terminal is open do not appear in history

I have the simple following terminal.sh script: #bin/bash --login str=(--tab --title="Test" -e "bash --login -c 'echo history';bash") gnome-terminal "${str[@]}" exit 0 I basically use it to open a ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I set an unlimited size to the history file for tcsh?

This is a follow-up question to Is there a maximum size to the bash history file?. Unfortunately, it doesn't work with the atmospheric science department computers, as they use tcsh rather than ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

How to get history search to start afresh?

When I do a search using CtrlR, the search gets limited to entries older than displayed hit. How do I reset this so that it starts from the beginning (i.e. from latest history entry) without leaving ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Never clear .bash_history (HISTFILE)

Is there any command that I could use that makes .bash_history never clear itself? After a certain amount of commands it just clear itself. I think this works but I'm not sure? ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Duplicates in history file even after HISTCONTROL specified

I am using cygwin with bash (on Windows 7 pro). I have the following in .bashrc: # Don't put duplicate lines in the history. export HISTCONTROL="ignoredups" and the following in .bash_profile: # ...
2
votes
3answers
572 views

How can I get the last line number of unique commands when grepping my history file?

I rely on my history file for previous commands, especially ones that are long with many parameters. Once I find the command and its line number(nn) I use !nn to run it. I prefer to see the full ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

How to use quick substitution to replace all the strings of the previous command? [duplicate]

I know I can replace a string of the previous command using ^old^new. But it seems to only replace the first occurrences as I do the follow: $ cat /proc/5742/task/5742/status ... $ ^5742^2839 cat ...
2
votes
2answers
416 views

Bash's declare -p HISTIGNORE brings bash to a halt! Why?

Executing the following code in GNU bash, Version 4.2.45(1)-release (x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu), Fedora 19 ... shopt -s extglob export ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Shell - Deal with multiple command history files

Where I work, for security and auditing purpose, we have to keep one history file for each session (user, date, terminal, etc in the file name). Obviously, the HISTFILE variable, is set to read only ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

Auto correct path when running a command from history?

I perform a recursive search to find a command I executed few days back and I want to run it. However that command should run from the path from where I ran it previously from and not where I ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

History-search in zsh working only for commands?

Say I have the following entries in my command history: less documents/doc1.txt less documents/doc2.txt less files/file1.txt less files/file2.txt ls pwd and that I have the following keyboard ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

How can I use !! in zsh alias

I am trying to create an alias that builds upon my previous command. Say I run ag foo After looking at the list I want to be able to use those results in vim so I do vim -q<(!! --vimgrep) The ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How to protect against purge of bash history?

Following the answer: When closing multiple bash instances at the same time, there is a known race condition that may cause the history to be cleared. This occurs because there is no locking ...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

Can you change timestamp format for history command on tcsh

When I run history command (on tcsh), it only prints the TIME portion of the timestamp and omits the date: 3 15:07 echo $PATH 4 15:07 ls -la In bash, you can use HISTTIMEFORMAT ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Ctrl-R style interactive search in custom file

I want to be able to search a custom text file similar to the interactive history search in bash. Once the wanted entry is found, executes the line. Bonus Points: have each record contain two ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

History in the Almquist shell in the NetBSD

In NetBSD /bin/sh is a modified version of the Almquist shell. With the command fc -l it is possible to view the last 16 commands typed in the prompt in the current session and not the older ones. ...
2
votes
1answer
338 views

Get the last executed command line in ksh

Is there a way to get the last executed command possibly together with the arguments within a ksh script? I am using mksh with cygwin. I tried fc -nl -1, but the script throws a "“fc: history ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

zsh history - full path

Suppose I do the following in zsh cd ~ cd dir1 cd dir2 cd dir3 evince foo.pdf zsh writes exactly the same in its history file. Now my question is whether it is possible to have cd ~ cd ~/dir1 cd ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Execute commands from history that match regex or grep

I was wondering if its possible to execute commands from history that match a certain regex? I know you can do something like fc 232 248 And it will go into your history and then do revisions ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Preserve tcsh history in multiple terminal windows

How can we preserve or maintain the same history across multiple terminals? The same question, but for bash shell , were discussed in the below link Preserve bash history in multiple terminal ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

why bash history overlap the prompt when scroll up in the history? [duplicate]

I customized my bash prompt, PS1 value. ~/.bashrc: Color_Off='\e[0m' # Text Reset BGreen='\e[1;32m' # Green BPurple='\e[1;35m' # Purple BWhite='\e[1;37m' # White ...
2
votes
0answers
280 views

Tcsh: Searching history using Ctrl-P and Ctrl-N

What are the equivalent functions in tcsh for the following zsh functions? up-line-or-history history-beginning-search-backward down-line-or-history history-beginning-search-forward I have the ...
1
vote
3answers
57 views

Command to 're-apply' previous command?

Is there an easy way to re-apply a previous command to a new command line entry? Say I typed in chmod u+r,g+x file.txt but forgot the sudo. Could I simply type sudo <some easy symbol>'? ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

How do I get command name of the last executed command?

Example: I type man ls, than I want to get man only. By using !! I can get man ls but how do I get man?
1
vote
1answer
301 views

How to check the time at which the command was executed?

When history command is executed, it shows a list of recently executed commands. Is there any provision with which we can see the time at which those particular commands were executed?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Unable to make .zhistory a symbolic link

Every time I try to make my Zsh history file (.zhistory file) a symbolic link to a file (previously existing .zhistory file) that lives in another folder, Zsh deletes the symbolic link and makes it a ...
1
vote
1answer
631 views

Recover my history of past commands?

Always when I turn on my Fedora 18, my history command disappear. How can I recovery all my history since I installed my OS? In my ./bash_history show olny the command of the day when I turn off ...
1
vote
3answers
95 views

Terminal: Use different command on previous file

I know that there is the !! command to reuse the previous command. How would one reuse the file or directory specified in the previous command but use a different command on it? Example: I want to ...
1
vote
3answers
331 views

Best tool for monitoring server usage

I was just wondering what the best tools for retracing logs and what logs I should be checking to work out what's going wrong with a server, or what the client has executed to get the server into it's ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

bash history for current session

Maybe I'm overlooking something but is there a way to get your current bash history for the current session you are using like if i run ssh host $ pwd $ ls $ cd /tmp I just want to see those 3 ...
1
vote
2answers
240 views

shell saves ip address that you ping? [duplicate]

I was once shown a shortcut that I can't recall/ find. After pinging an ip, then attempting to ssh into it - the ip was saved into to a variable automagically. Something like: ping 10.1.23.4 ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Can I see in history output from which directory I had actually issued a command?

CTRL+R allows me to reverse search through the command history which is great but can I also find out from which directory that command was run? I am using C-shell in Linux.
1
vote
2answers
59 views

How do I prevent just 'exit' from being saved when I close an SSH connection?

When searching for a way to do this on Google, all I can find are ways to quit the session without saving history (like kill -9 $$), but I have the opposite problem. I want to save all of my history, ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

After removing the history file, why do I still have older commands in the history?

In a ssh session every time that I open it I assign a value to a variable. Then I remove history with command rm -f .sh_history. Everything is ok but why if I have other session opened and I do an ...