It is possible to use colors on the Unix command-line interface.

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121
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How to have tail -f show colored output

I'd like to be able to tail the output of a server log file that has messages like: INFO SEVERE etc, and if it's SEVERE, show the line in red; if it's INFO, in green. What kind of alias can I ...
104
votes
15answers
144k views

Colorizing your terminal and shell environment?

I spend most of my time working in Unix environments and using terminal emulators. I try to use color on the command line, because color makes the output more useful and intuitive. What options exist ...
95
votes
5answers
24k views

Can less retain colored output?

Can I get less not to monochrome its output? E.g., the output from git diff is colored, but git diff | less is not.
78
votes
2answers
50k views

Getting 256 colors to work in tmux

I have 256 colors working just fine in konsole,. I thought I'd give tmux a try because, unlike screen, it seems to support vi mode. However I find that the colors of my prompt show up and this is ...
67
votes
4answers
28k views

How to colorize output of git?

Is there a way to color output for git (or any command)? Consider: baller@Laptop:~/rails/spunky-monkey$ git status # On branch new-message-types # Changes not staged for commit: # (use "git add ...
45
votes
6answers
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Can I configure my shell to print STDERR and STDOUT in different colors?

I want to set my terminal up so stderr is printed in a different color than stdout; maybe red. This would make it easier to tell the two apart. Is there a way to configure this in .bashrc? If not, is ...
37
votes
5answers
28k views

vim - better colors so comments aren't dark blue?

Mostly I edit ruby files, although shell script file comments are also # Currently my comments show as dark blue on black which is really hard to read. See screenshot. How can I change their color? ...
36
votes
5answers
10k views

Program that passes STDIN to STDOUT with color codes stripped?

I have a command that produces output in color, and I would like to pipe it into a file with the color codes stripped out. Is there a command that works like cat except that it strips color codes? I ...
32
votes
3answers
6k views

Colors in Man Pages

When I look at a man page in my 'console' (not an xterm) I see some coloration, but I don't get this in my xterm's (e.g. konsole) is there any way I can enable this? hopefully a fairly simple ...
24
votes
3answers
21k views

What causes this green background in ls output?

There are two directories shown by 'ls'. Normally directories anywhere are blue on black background. But the first one is blue on green and impossible to read. Why is this? How to make it blue ...
22
votes
6answers
14k views

Removing control chars (including console codes / colours) from script output

I can use the "script" command to record an interactive session at the command line. However, this includes all control characters and colour codes. I can remove control characters (like backspace) ...
22
votes
4answers
20k views

Dark blue color in vim or ls output in linux

I have a problem with dark-blue color in vim or ls output. Because I'm using black background color, words colored in dark-blue are almost completely invisible. How can I address this problem?
22
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3answers
24k views

CLICOLOR and LS_COLORS in bash

I have the following setup in .bashrc for coloring of listings. export CLICOLOR=1 export ...
21
votes
6answers
10k views

How to check if bash can print colors

I want to know if there's any way to check if my program can output terminal output using colors or not. Running commands like less and looking at the output from a program that outputs using ...
21
votes
1answer
4k views

git diff displays colors incorrectly

In order to get coloured output from all git commands, I set the following: git config --global color.ui true However, this produces an output like this for git diff, git log whereas commands ...
21
votes
4answers
7k views

How can you change the GNU screen status line based on hostname?

I have a shared home directory that is automounted via NFS on all the UNIX servers I log in to. I would like to have a single .screenrc that (for example) puts the hostname in the hardstatus line in a ...
21
votes
2answers
22k views

How do I get the solarized colour scheme working with gnome-terminal, tmux and vim?

There's a lot of questions around this, but it's because there are so many variables. I had to piece together instructions from many sites before I got this working. First, I could not easily set up ...
21
votes
2answers
15k views

How to colorize output of ls ?

I'm running CentOS in Linux text mode. When I run the command ls /usr/, the output is too hard to read (dark blue on black). How can I change the text coloring?
20
votes
4answers
34k views

Why is Debian's root shell colorless?

Are there any security concerns? What is the best way to enable it?
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Are the terminal color escape sequences defined anywhere for bash?

I've used every so often colors in Bash scripting (mostly on CentOS), but to make their usage more convinient I end up redefining variables to color values: local GRAY="\[\033[1;30m\]" local ...
19
votes
3answers
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What color codes can I use in my PS1 prompt?

I used several colors in my PS1 prompt such as \033]01;31\] # pink \033]00m\] # white \033]01;36\] # bold green \033]02;36\] # green \033]01;34\] # blue \033]01;33\] # bold yellow Where can I ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Coloring different sources for tail

I'm watching different logs by tail -q -f /var/log/syslog -f /var/log/fail2ban.log -f /var/log/nginx/error.log How can I have the output of each log colored differently?
18
votes
2answers
15k views

tmux bottom bar color change

I recently started to use tmux and like it much, but it's green bottom bar is a bit distracting, is there a way to change its color? or a way to hide it?
18
votes
3answers
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tmux, TERM and 256 colours support

Introduction My question arises from the necessity of understanding why I have now (after multiple trials) Terminal and tmux supporting 256 colours and tput colors telling me there are only 8 of ...
18
votes
1answer
10k views

How to make Vim display colors as indicated by color codes?

In short, I'm in an effort to replace less with vim (vimpager). I have settings for scripts to spit out colors (and bold and everything nice) whenever they can. less understands the color codes and ...
17
votes
6answers
1k views

How can I highlight matches using GNU grep?

I have seen on some Linux, that grep is configured to highlight the match, and print the matching file. How can I configure grep to highlight matches?
17
votes
7answers
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Converting colored output into html

There are tools providing coloured output: dwdiff -c File1 File2 # word level diff grep --color=always # we all know this guy ... The question is: How to convert their colored output of arbitrary ...
16
votes
1answer
19k views

Color schemes good for the eyes

Are there any common guidelines howto choose a color scheme (for example foreground/background color) for terminal, emacs etc. to minimize exhaustion of the eyes? If so, is there scientific evidence ...
15
votes
3answers
20k views

dircolors: modify color settings globaly

I understand ls uses dircolors to display colored output. dircolors has default database of colors associated with file extensions, which can be printed wiht the command dircolors --print-database ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

tmux, Vim and Solarized

Premises Browsing around tmux, Vim and Solarized I can find lots of complains about 256 colours and "user experience". Well, I'm having the opposite "problem", i.e. Vim works well with a full ...
15
votes
2answers
968 views

Can the empty spaces/background in a terminal be replaced with a random(but pretty) pattern of ASCII characters?

Context and Question There are many ways to colorize the terminal and shell environment. The output of individual commands, such as ls and grep, can also be colorized. Not directly related but ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Invert colors of the active window

Sometimes I work in low light and I need to invert the color of specific windows to reduce my eye strain. This could be my pdf viewer to web pages for reference work. I know how to invert the entire ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Where do my ANSI escape codes go when I pipe to another process? Can I keep them?

I sometime want to pipe the color-coded output fror a process, eg. grep... but when I pipe it to another process, eg. sed, the color codes are lost... Is the some way to keep thes codes intact ? ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Documentation on LESS_TERMCAP_* variables?

I see these pretty colors in manpages viewed with less when setting a bunch of these variables. What do they mean, where is the documentation? Is this interpreted by less or termcap? screenshot
14
votes
1answer
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How can I simply adjust monitor color temperture in X?

I have a new 27" iMac, on which I run Fedora 15 (with no Apple OS) — just boot straight to Linux. The colors are basically accurate to my eye, but the white point is much higher than I'd like (that ...
13
votes
1answer
256 views

What is the name of this terminal window graphical trick, which shows accented edges around highlighted text?

I've noticed a few screenshots of terminal windows online which show thin highlighted edges around status bars or highlighted lines. In the following example, note the light grey edging around lines ...
12
votes
3answers
667 views

No colored output in less for the ls command

If I run ls I get colored output which I find pretty handy for quickly getting a glance of the kind of file. When I try to pipe it to less even with the -r and -R flags the coloring always get lost. I ...
12
votes
3answers
11k views

How to get VIM to display 256 colors properly

I'm trying to get 256 color theme files to work with VIM under xterm. This is peaksea how it looks for me: How it should look: I've tried following the tips on the wiki page to no avail. set ...
11
votes
4answers
11k views

How to turn off color with `ls`?

It is normally nice to have color output from ls, grep, etc. But when you don't want it, is there a switch that can turn it off? ls -G turns it on (with BSD-derived versions of ls) if it's not the ...
11
votes
1answer
25k views

Where to get Kate color schemes?

Does anyone know where one could find some good Kate color schemes for syntax highlighting? The only ones that I found that work fine are zenburn and mdark. Besides those two, I couldn't find ...
10
votes
2answers
784 views

Filter output of command by color

I am running a utility that doesn't offer a way to filter its output. Nothing in the text of the output indicates that a particular function failed but it does show in red. The output is so long that ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Using sed to color the output from a command on solaris

I have a ksh script that must work on both linux and solaris. I'm trying to color the output of specific commands. It works on linux (specifically RHEL6), but not on solaris (SunOS 5.10). Command ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

256 colour prompt in Zsh

How can I set my prompt to be colourized in 256 colours? I am looking for an equivalent to the bash prompt: local DEFAULT="\[\033[0;39m\]" local ROOK="\[\033[38;5;24m\]" ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Change the PS1 color based on the background color?

I learned that I can change the format of PS1, especially the color of the string. Then, is it possible to change the color based on the background color of the shell? Or, how can I detect the ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

tmux copy mode search highlight

Is there any way to highlight the searched term in tmux copy mode? Below is my tmux config: # remap prefix to Control + a set -g prefix C-a unbind C-b bind C-a send-prefix bind a send-prefix # ...
9
votes
1answer
729 views

Is there any env variable to turn --color (and the like) on for all commands?

I do use aliases to turn on color for some commands by default. But I'm wondering if there's an easier way at telling my system, color is supported, don't make me use --color for grep, ls, etc.
9
votes
1answer
175 views

colorize bash_completion

When I type grep and then press TAB twice, bash_completion will list files and directories in current directory. It will also complete filenames when I type initial letter. That is all very nice, the ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How to have tail -f show colored output with vim?

In this question, Gilles answered Yet another possibility is to run tail -f in an Emacs shell buffer and use Emacs's syntax coloring abilities. Because I'm a vim user, I'd like to do this with ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Git pager is less, but what is causing the output coloring?

less itself isn't capable of doing syntax highlighting, according to this thread. However, git diff nicely shows colored output in less, its default pager. When I redirect the output of git diff ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

vimdiff disable/enable color coding

Is there any way to quickly disable/enable color coding in vimdiff ? The problem is, I have colored text in vim and the text is invisible is the text-color is Red, and the vimdiff too tries to put a ...